Diary of Simeon Villa

November 16, 1899

Daylight came in the midst of rain. At 7 o’clock we were all awake, and Lieutenant-Colonel Joven, one of the rear guard commanders, presented himself to the honorable president, saying he had arrived last night after we were all asleep. He also reported that the rear guard soldiers disbanded and scattered in the town of Manaoag, on account of being surprised by a large American column while they were passing through that town, and that he had only been able to collect 17 of his men, whom he brought on with him to this place.

At 9 o’clock a.m. we left Famy and shaped our course for Tubao, keeping always in the mountains. After a continuous march, without either breakfast or lunch, except the sugar cane we found along the roadside, we reached this town at 4 o’clock p.m. As we were worn out with fatigue and hunger, and unable to continue our journey, the honorable president arranged for us to spend the night here.