December 6, 1944 — Wednesday

Busy all day in the office. 5:30 p.m. called on President Osmeña’s daughter Henrita and her husband Mr. Veloso and the widow of Emilio Osmeña. Returned home at 6 p.m. While I was washing for dinner the air raid warning was sounded followed by machine gun fire in the landing strip. Soon we heard an explosion and saw a fire.

November 27, 1944 — Monday

Another wet day. I met General Willoughby going to his quarters at 12:20 p.m. He told me that early this morning 3 a.m. three Japanese transport planes crash—landed on the beach south of Dulag, loaded with troops that were armed to their teeth. They had bombs, hand-grenades and small weapons. Our men thinking that it was one of our own planes, did not shoot until they realized that they were Japanese. They killed two-thirds and the rest escaped. They caught some at noon on road No. 1. This afternoon General Head Quarters issued a memorandum to all officers and men to be on the alert and to carry a firearm and a helmet. I sent for Major Gaviola Commanding Officer of the local constabulary and instructed him to post his men around the building ready to fire at the first indication of landing. I stayed all night up.

November 25, 1944 — Saturday

Had only two air raids last night (11 p.m. & 4 a.m). A heavy day in the office. The eighth Army has disembarked and the streets were all jammed with trucks and jeeps etc. Three air raids during the day and one tonight so far.

November 24, 1944 — Friday

A heavy day of raids. We saw a Japanese twin engine bomber fall in a ball of fire. About 70 planes attacked us during the day, 41 were shot down by our fighters and our Anti-Aircraft guns.

November 23, 1944 — Thursday

We had thanksgiving dinner. I invited General Willoughby to dine with us. Dinner was considerably delayed due to an air raid warning. Finally we decided to eat. With the help of a small light covered with a black cloth we disposed of the turkey & salad, caramel cake and pumpkin pie. At 9:45 p.m. the all clear signal was sounded. General Willoughby left and I took a hurried bath. At 10:30 p.m. while I was in bed I was startled by three explosions each one nearer. Suddenly we heard the whizzing sound of the bombs falling through space. I tried to dress but realizing the impending danger, I rushed to the staircase to go to the ground floor. My companions and I had scarcely reached the bottom steps when three explosions occurred almost simultaneously. They all fell less then 100 yards from our quarters. One hit a civilian’s house killing one and wounding five. The others fell on the tent occupied by the personnel of the enlisted men’s mess killing the Mess Sergeant and eight cooks. The other landed on an empty lot. After this raid we returned to bed and were rocked out of bed five times by earthquakes. Fortunately they were mild and of short duration.

November 21, 1944 — Tuesday

It is 31 days since A day. Our situation is growing worse. The continuous rains have made the operations very hard. The mountainous terrain on the west coast of Leyte have made the problems of supplying food and ammunition to our troops very hard. The Japanese have counter-attacked and our troops had to withdraw below Limon. If only Filipino labor could be conscripted the problem of supply would be solved even partially, but both MacArthur and President Osmeña refuse to do it. Fortunately we have air-supremacy to keep their planes from raiding Tacloban. The reinforcements made by the enemy in Ormoc in October have slowed our advance.