April 24, 1942

Made a guide on how to apply for rice ration for provinces short of supply.

1. Take an accurate census of your provinces.

2. Based on 300 grams milled rice (uncooked) per person per day, make an estimate of the needs of the provinces per day, per month and for the whole period of scarcity. Indicate deduction that can be made for any local harvests.

3. Have the provincial governor and the provincial commander (army) recommend the ration requested.

4. The request for rice ration will have to be approved by the Military Administration (Manila) at the former Department of Agriculture building. (At present, approval is made by Col. Uzaki). Said office will also determine the quantity and method of rationing for the provinces.

5. Once approved, take to the NARIC, 732 Evangelista, corner Azcarraga.

6. Present price: 117.50 per cavan, no sack, ex bodega. Deposit for sacks: 40¢ each. No checks accepted. Prices subject to revisions

Mr. Inada is getting more despotic, day by day, he slapped another employee.

The newspapers are filled with stories on the kindness of the Japanese. Pictures of Japanese soldiers playing with Filipino children and pictures of Japanese soldiers giving food to Filipino war prisoners.

The Japanese indulge in self-deception.


April 22, 1942

Received information that there is plenty of camote in Pangasinan, particularly in the municipalities of Bautista and Gerona; mongo, in the municipalities of Bautista and Gerona; mongo, in the municipalities of Urdaneta, Villasis and Binalonan; corn is almost all municipalities. There is no outlet for these products at present because of the dislocation of transportation and the lack of fuel. Must ask the Military Administration to take a hand in the purchase of these valuable food products for distribution and marketing.

Several prisoners of war have escaped from camp. That is like escaping from death.


April 19, 1942

Four-page pictorial on this Sunday’s Tribune regarding the historic defeat of the Fil-American defenders of Bataan.

In the front page is a candid shot of Lieut. Gen. Masaharu Homma, Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. Ironically, the background of the picture is Jose Rizal’s monument.

On the lower portion of the page is a picture of Major General Edward King, Jr., Commander of Bataan, with members of his staff. They are seated on wooden chairs. General King has his arms crossed and he looks aloof. The aide beside him looks thin, haggard, lonely.

The next page shows several shots of Japanese tanks breaking through jungle vines and dusty, winding roads. Also pictures of USAFFE troops marching towards Orani, some carrying white flags. In the center of the page is a heart-rending picture of troops closely hemmed in a small area with pieces of cloth tied on their heads to protect themselves from the sun. You can that see they all look gaunt, skeletal, weary, sick.

There is also a picture of two American doughboys, helmets tilted at an angle, with cigarettes dangling on their mouths and a smile on their faces.


April 18, 1942

Commissioner of Agriculture, Rafael Alunan, gave a speech before the rice-production conferees. He said in part:

With the closing of the sources of imported rice and the disruption of the normal life in our rural districts, a situation already bad has been aggravated.

The country imports an annual average of 1,500,000 cavans of rice which is equivalent to 3,000,000 cavans of palay.

It behooves us therefore to give more intelligent thought and to take better coordinated steps to solve this important problem of food of our people.

We have held numerous conversations with the Japanese authorities and it was agreed to adopt a national program of rice production authorities of the rice-growing provinces to cooperate in the carrying out of such a program. Necessarily, the program of increased rice production involves the increased production also of other food crops.

The danger of a food shortage in view of the difficulty to import rice cannot be minimized. War has cut our overseas source of supply. We must depend on ourselves if we are to be saved. I hope the Commissioner of Agriculture, Rafael Alunan, and the Commissioner of the Interior, Jose Laurel, will exert every effort to increase the country’s rice production to a point commensurate with its consumption.

The campaign for increased rice production should not end with the Commissioner’s speech.


April 17, 1942

Meeting on rice-production at the Legislative building under the auspices of the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce, Rafael Alunan. Main problems discussed:

(1) Emergency plan for encouraging production of rice and other food crops to meet the present emergency:

(2) Long-range program for increased rice production;

(3) Methods for increasing total production;

(4) Methods for improving the rate of production per hectare;

(5) Elimination of marginal lands;

(6) Soil fertility and conservation and use of fertilizers;

(7) Diversification of crops and home industries of rice farms;

(8) Reduction of cost of operation through labor-saving devices;

(9) Development of irrigation system and improvement of irrigation practices;

(10) Stabilization of the rice industry through organized marketing and distribution and the granting of lands to small farms.

Will close the radio. Can’t stand Japanese music.


April 16, 1942

Mauricio Cruz told my brother that a certain captain stated that he saw my son Philip 3rd embarking on a boat for Corregidor. On the other, Jorge de Leon, Jr. called me up and stated that together with his uncle, Luis Dizon, PASUDECO’s secretary, he was able to talk to my son, in San Fernando, Pampanga. He said Philip had fever and malaria.

Dr. Antonio Vasquez offered to accompany me to San Fernando. He gave me some quinine which is at present worth its weight in gold. But he said it is better not to give any medicine if it is malaria, because this causes a tendency to hide the disease due to the formation of spores. He stated that I should not worry because the Malarial cases from Bataan are of the mild type because it is still the dry season. Malaria becomes fulminant during the rainy season, he revealed.

Mr. Fukada said he was not able to secure a pass for me to San Fernando. He stated that the High Command does not want to give privileges to anybody. “If they give to one they must give to all,” he said.

Chairman Jorge B. Vargas offered me his car. He asked one of his Japanese aides if he would be willing to accompany me even if I did not have a permit. The Japanese was willing to take the chance.

Later in the evening, Mr. Fukada called me up in the house. He said: “Better postpone your trip, doctor. The prisoners now being sent to different concentration camps. Plenty confusion there. No names. Send to Capaz and everywhere. Better wait.”

Still later in the evening, Gregorio Nieva phoned: “My son Tony was seen entering Bilibid at about 6 p.m. Maybe your son is with him.”

Mary left for Cabanatuan. There is also a concentration camp there. She said she would see what she can do from there.

This is like looking for a needle in a haystack.


April 15, 1942

A Spaniard was called to Fort Santiago. While waiting for his investigator, he started cursing a Japanese soldier in Spanish. He thought the Japanese could not understand him. It so happened that the Japanese spoke fluent Spanish, having been in South America. The Spaniard left Fort Santiago black and blue.

Submitted a report on the capacity of warehouses:

Capacity bags

Floor area   sq. mts.

1. NARIC operated

PVO, Pureza St.

riente, Evangelista st.

Manila Rice Mill, Dagupan st.

Francisco Rice Mill, Azcarraga

2. Proposed (estimated)

Alhambra, Teodoro Alonzo

Cheng Siong Lam, Dagupan st.

Nestle’s Milk, Azcarraga

Adjoining Nestle’s Milk

La Insular, Reina Regente

TOTAL  

300,000

10,000

50,000

10,000

90,000

85,000

75,000

70,000

70,000

760,000

3,900

375

610

300

1,279

1,100

1,000

1,000

1 ,000

10,564

Mr. Concepcion, chief, warehousing division, explained that to load PVO bodega to full capacity, rearrangement of piles should be made. He also stated that the capacity of Oriente has been reduced as portions of the two compartments are (being) utilized by the National Trading Corporation for storing milk and the other chambers are used for fumigation.

A Nazi and a Filipino had an argument at the Astoria restaurant. The Filipino said: “Now you are winning the war. But in the end, you Axis fellows haven’t got a chance. This is just the first round.” The Nazi: “I can’t permit you to talk that way. Do you still think this is a democracy?” And so the Nazi called a Japanese officer who was standing nearby. The Nazi showed his swastika band and said: “This man is talking against the Axis,” The Filipino banged the table and told the Japanese: “Officer, this white man said that all brown men are monkeys.” The Japanese got the Nazi by the collar and kicked him out of the restaurant. Said an onlooker: “Nazi-pa.”


April 14, 1942

Received a phone call from Joe Escaler, Jr. He came from San Fernando, Pampanga. He said he saw my son Philip with several thousand captives. My Japanese supervisor, Mr. Fukada, was beside me when I received the news. He congratulated me and I thanked him. I asked him if he could secure a permit for me so that I can look for my son. He said he would take the matter up with the High Command.

Received a letter from an old friend, Augusto Gonzalez. It was a letter of condolence. He heard Philip died…

Tuned in on KGEI. The commentator paid tribute to the defenders of Bataan and extended sympathies to the parents of those who perished in the fight.

My barber was very lonely. His two sons were reported killed by machinegun fire in Aglaloma, Bataan. After my haircut, a Japanese wanted a shave. My barber refused. He told me: “I better not shave him. I might slit his throat.”


April 13, 1942

The city administration has started issuing ration cards to holders of 1942 residence tax certificates preparatory to carrying out the new plan of selling rice to the public of Greater Manila.

The rice ration cards are good for 90 days, the holders are entitled to purchase one ganta every other day, the cards to be punched every time a purchase of one ganta is made.

Justice Abad Santos captured in Cebu by the Japanese, according to the Tribune.

Picture of American prisoners with their hands up. The Americans had long beards, weary faces and tattered clothes. One young fellow lay sprawled on the sand. He was wearing an air-corps uniform.

The Red Cross was not able to obtain permission to help Filipino and American war prisoners.

Met a Japanese soldier who had three watches on each wrist and several fountain pens sticking out of his shirt.