December 14, 1944

All were tired last night and turned in early as it was very quiet. Tenko was held at 6:00 M altho we were not on AR status. Breakfast was served about 7:00 and at approximately 8:00 AM there was an A.R. (the first since 11/25/44) with considerable activity. I trust our friends are now all safe, but I have an emergency plan with all assignments made is case of casualties.

Only break came at 4:30 PM when we were able to serve chow and move personnel a little. More activity about 6:30 PM with light part of the night.


December 13, 1944

Up at 4:30 AM-most people slept very little, and front office worked on roster all night. Breakfast served at 4:30 to all of draft – steamed rice and last two sacks of mango beans, (Purchased out of general fund) mixed-in.  There were two rations issued, half to be saved for a meal later in the day.

Assembly of the three groups began at 7:00 AM with hour of departure scheduled for 8:00 AM, but this was delayed to 9:00 because of difficulty in organization. The first group reached the front gate and then “about face”, marched back, halted and fall out. All by Japanese order. They were reassembled after ten, left soon and had cleared the compound between 10:30 and 11:00.

The difficulty in organization was this – the first group had 500, the second 600, and the third 519 (for a total of 1619). For bango purposes, the Japanese like to have them in groups of 100 but without a captain for each hundred, the organization is difficult to administer, and these had only group leaders. The first (who was draft CO) Warner P. Portz, Com. USN, the second, Curtis T. Beecher, Lt Col USMC, and the third Maurice Joses Com (MC) USN.

Col Shack, DC, said this administration had done more to please all then any he had seen in P.I.  – during war or since – very nice of him, I thought.

36 non-walking cases were taken out with their equipment on two trucks. There were also two truck loads of RC medicine (61 cases) that accompanied them.

Tenko was held immediately after their departure. 429 are left in the compound including staff, patients and technicians. The compound is deserted, and littered with discarded equipment and junk. A detail was assigned for policing but only shelter halves, mosquito nets and sun helmets were picked up. These were ordered to be discarded by the Japanese. The rest will be gathered up tomorrow and the buildings swept and cleared.

At least 22 men were not issued woolen uniforms. All were issued soap by the Japanese authorities last night, also toilet paper, and one pkg. of cigarettes (only 1577 received these, a little extra picadura left from purchase was given to the rest.).


December 11, 1944

official order chopped by Captain Nogi to be published in all Bldgs. prohibiting lectures, etc.

Checked all special diets today. Have 30 on #1 and 25 on #2 (supplementary milk).

There are rumors around camp to effect that the draft is leaving soon, but so far it is all scuttle.

Mr. Kuboda okayed appendectomy on M.C. Farr, Ph. M. 2/c.

Saw Mr. Kuboda this morning and business appeared to be “as usual”. We knew Iast night that the draft might leave since there was a recapitulation of the roster by our office, and postal savings accounts were being separated (Bilibid detail from the draft). At noon, I was ordered to have all draft personnel unfit for travel ready for Captain Nogi’s inspection. I had anticipated this from last night’s rumors and had the ward surgeons bring lists up to date this morning.

Captain Nogi came at 330 and surveyed 48 patients who were all lined up in Wd #3. He o’kayed the entire list to stay, and I transferred 8 from the hospital to the draft at his request (4 cured amoebic dysentery cases and two beri-beri in good condition).

I was told all draft personnel would he examined for amoebiosis tomorrow. At 6:00 PM Mr. Schwizer came in with news that the draft would leave at 8:00 AM tomorrow. It was tenko time therefore the news was not disseminated until this was over and it was nearly dark. There were were a thousand details to handle tonight and I felt very sorry for the entire group. It was difficult packing as there are very few lights bulbs in the compound even though the Japanese authorized lights all night (with black out shades). At midnight. I went to Mr. Kuroda about Captain Ashton. MC, a patient in isolation, who was involved in a shooting scrape here 5 mos. ago. He said his last witness was leaving on the draft. Mr. Kuroda sent for Captain Ashton and looked up the list of witnesses. This person (Reideman) was not included on the Japanese list, so was not dropped from the draft. And so to bed (at 1:00 AM).

P52,000.00 were given Gun Portz by W0 Hanson. This out of total pay for Oct. and Nov. less am’t. spent for mongo beans and tobacco, etc. We retained P14,992. (23% of total since that was our percent by population). The Com was also given P postal saving for all officers.


December 10, 1944

Raining all day – camp quiet and somewhat depressed due to rain. Steamed rice ration working out quite so far. The issue is still poor, but the afternoon meal was fairly filling consisting of steamed rice and corn, 10 gms of “bait fish” cooked it was nearly powdered, kangkong soup, and a good ration of camotes and bean curd — this is far better than usual.

Mr. Kuboda o’kayed use of Serbian barrel if it can be done with wood chips. He also talked with Captain Nogi and says we may give lectures if these are suhnitted ahead of time.

Temperature down to 78°F. – all complaining of the cold. I slept under a folded blanket last night as did most others. This is unheard of in Manila and is due to loss of fat and general emaciation to say nothing of no fat in diet.

Lt Col Harold Johnson 57th Inf. has been more than decent, has helped in auditing commissary acc’t. and is very friendly.

Talked with Col Beecher over plans. etc. He was very decent and very helpful.


December 9, 1944

Still raining – this has continued for days out for over two weeks. Steamed rice this morning – some like it and some don’t – the usual reaction. 700 pkgs. of picadura came in this afternoon making 1/3 pkg. per man. The rest (3500) packages is supposed to be in next week.

Sgt Gardner, Bldg. #11 picked up for attempting to cook rice last night (says, he swept it up in front of Japanese supply). Today, Sgt was attempting to quan rice (which he says the Japanese mess gave him), thru Lt Gamble to Lt Col Kane on officer’s ward. The new Japanese QM has not been so severe about the rice. The above named personnel were to have their tobacco held up but don’t believe we can enforce it on these cases. However, it will be held up on all thieving and other disciplinary cases including the duck case.

Someone broke into Med supply last night and straffed 3 bottles of sulfapyridine powder. We are putting on a special guard and keeping everybody out of the Bldg. between PM and AM tenko.


December 8, 1944

Rescript Day – Japanese office closed. Tobacco promised for tomorrow. JCM is cutting wood supply which means we must cook steamed rice instead of lugao.


December 7, 1944

Death this morning of Lee H. Shipman, Pvt 803rd Engr. – cause -beri-beri and malnutrition with bacillary dysentery – acute – confirmed by autopsy. (NB, this patient had been cooking and eating grass).

Japanese guards stopped three separate talks today. I think this was due to Americans who were not content with “bull sessions” and insisted on “speeches”. Mr. Kuboda censored the notes on a couple of them. I have not talked to him, and so have no idea what the reaction is.

Conference with Mr. Kuboda and talked over letter that I turned in regarding exchange of equipment and supplies with Camp #1 (Cabanatuan). I requested surgical instruments, liq. pet., a rice grinder, six large cuales, half soles far shoes and books.

The headaches are innumerable. – people urinating out of the windows of Wd #14 and Bldg #l3; straffing the Japanese garbage at their guard house and in the court thru the sally part; straffing the hog’s food (our garhage) constantly dealing with the Taiwans; stealing cigarettes, tobacco, shirts, rings, watches, pens, etc. and then selling to the Taiwans for quan; sending fool letters thru me, to the Japanese requesting tobacco, extra food, transfer to Santo Tomas, etc., etc. ad nauseum.


December 5, 1944

Yesterday, the laboratory finished a total exam of all mess personnel. Two positive for E. histolytica and these were taken off food handling.

The mess had to stop their fires at 3:00 AM because of aerial activity and unidentified planes over the city. A red flare was seen also. Breakfast was on time in the main compound but held up until 9:30 in the outer compound.

Talked with Mr. Kuboda this morning and requested use of Serbian barrel for delousing (it has been out of use several mos. because of wood shortage). Talked over letter for church supplies. Chaplain’s problems consume entirely too much time in my dealings with the Japanese. Also, I reminded him of commssary orders for tobacco and coconuts and he premised to try to expedite this. The personnel are all crying for tobacco, none has been sold or issued since almost October 20, except one pkg. of cigarettes per man.

Personally, I have lumbo – sacral myonitis, acute and am sleeping on a hard bed.

There is no change in ration issue — grain averaged about 270 gms. per men per day, last month and the caloric intake total was 1292 per day. 10 gms. of protein (live bait type dried fish) were issued per day in lieu of 100 gms anthorlzed and all vegetables were low. Wood for fires is now being cut, there is to be no more oil or sugar issued according to the QM. These factors, plus poor housing account for low morale altho I think it is better now than a month ago, because there have been no draft threats recently, people are more used to the place (4 walls don’t bother them so much), and talks are being given in little bull sessions about innoccuous subject such as cheese or candy making, gifts to be received stateside, investment counsel. etc. (all talks actually are verbatim).