Feb. 4, 1945

Just after tenko last evening we heard considerable M.G. fire. This continued and increased in intensity. There was marked activity throughout the night – small arms probably tanks and light artillery demolition, pyrotechnics, fires etc. Everyone was inside from 7:00 P.M. on but little sleeping was done. The Japanese guards in the compound were on the alert all night. electricity off at 11:45 P.M.

Tenko as usual this morning. We had a double ration of corn and rice lugao. Sick rounds proceeded as usual altho there was still activity around. About 10:30 A.M. Mr. Kuhoda came and told me that Maj. Abiko wished to see me inmediately. [Mr. Kuhoda did not have information.]

We proceeded to the Japanese office and in a few minutes, Mr. Carl B. Eschboch who was in charge of the civilian internees in the outer compound joined us. The Major read a message stating that the Japanese were being transferred to other duty, that they were leaving the hospital with food and medicine and sign outside explaining who and what we are. I thanked him and Mr. Kuhoda for their courtesy, signed a roster as to number of personnel present and took leave.

Immediately I stationed guards inside the compound and about the inner sally port. Then called a staff meeting – appointed Capt. Wallace executive officer for the guard under me – with Mr. Byers, Mr. Schweizer and Capt. Gochenour as guard officers – using technicians and detachment men as guards to keep all inside and unauthorized person out.

The Japanese left the hospital area about 1:00 P.M., about 1:30 P.M. we locked the front gate with a chain and padlock and put up a red cross flag. Guards were place at sally port, outer compound gate, chapel (guard house) and west wall. I have kept the two compounds from fraternizing because they are not under military jurisdiction, however, I called on them this afternoon and we split stores left us for the Japanese – prorated their 465 to our 810 and gave them sugar, rice, tea and cigarettes to rate of 5 per person in each compound. Met the doctors including Dr. Marshall Welles formerly L.R.C.G.H.

Talked to Col. Hutson and Com. McCracken this afternoon and they were very nice. The former is the ranking army officer and the latter the ranking navy officer here.

Requested the outer compound to take down an American flag on their building as I felt this was premature.

As soon as I returned from the Japanese and had organized the guard (on pre-arranged plan) assuming command, publishing the Japanese order and explaining about the guard.


December 25, 1944

Christmas Day – very successful – candy and prunes lugao with extra rice flour hoarded issue (150 given per man instead of usual 125 gm.) and chocolate malted milk, hot drink with 15 cans of evaporated milk added.

At 9; 00 AM. I had Col. Vanderboget M.C. Com. McCrucken U.S.N. and Maj McLaughlin U.S.A. as a board for lottery of 58 added gifts. These were distributed all over the compound. At 10:00 A.M. the Wards started drawing their baskets and it took 1-2 hours for each word to distribute their products by raffle and issue. The Staff Officers including Warrants took from
11-1:00 P.M. Everyone seemed very pleased and morale is definitely better today.

A. R. (slight) about 11:00 A.M. Dinner about 3:00 P.M. of large rice issue, soup (beans meal and bouillon) a steamed camote, hot chocolate (15 cans more milk) and a baked camote – fruit pudding. Sorry there was no meat. The Officers had mango beans in their mess a chocolate cake from Bats Reynolds,
little chocolate muffin from the chaplain. Coffee all day, extra amarican cigarettes (also Reynolds), a butter cream pie (Sgt. Owen etc.etc.).

At 4:00 P.M. a conference with, Capt. Nogi and two more with him – before six P.M. relative to moving all personnel and installations including mess from outer to inner compound – this to start tomorrow.


December 17, 1944

Still on A.R. but no activity. Area fairly well cleaned up, but still have many beds to move. Made complete rounds of area and thing are running quite smoothly. There is a dearth of corps men and very few patients well enough to work on utilities. Four N.P. patients have been transferred to #5 and have been assigned to keep that work policed, except one who is on utility detail.

Col Hudson, Col McCracken, and Lt Com Goodall complained from Wd #10 about policing. They are willing to sweep, but don’t want to clean latrine. I will assign well patients as soon as they are available.

Question of accident to draft – much activity and out going group this afternoon.