November 15, 1944

Nov. 15th

All quiet again – These raids seem to last two days then stop – The Japanese claim they annihilated our task force off Eastern Luzon And in Leyte Gulf, Lt. Ito sank a battleship, was jubilant – but did not return.

“Madame Curie” by her daughter Eve has fascinated me – The struggles Marie Curie had to go through to study in Paris, the wonderful work she did with her husband, the simplicity amidst so many honors – And the motto “Good humor is the finest mark of Courage.” – a motto for us here in our hour of trial & suffering.


November 14, 1944

Nov. 14th

Raids all day – this is fine – It is interesting to note that we have no deaths on air-raid days – Perhaps they help in the struggle for survival – The air-raid alarm was on from 7:38 to 6:50– 11 hours – we’ll sleep well tonight –

I am reading the Beard’s “Rise of American Civilization.” While I agree with Justice Holmes that the economic interpretation of history can be carried too far, I feel that the Beards make their point 9 times out of ten – It would be interesting to do for the whole world what Meyer did for America in his “Great American Fortunes” (or some such title). Ouvrard, Rothschild, Bardi, Peruzi, Medici, Fugger – They made history just as much as the kings and politicians –

I used to be bitter about great fortunes – à la Nation & New Republic – but now I see that if self-interest & general interest combine (and they can combine) there is no ill effect.

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But there are some who have no interest in great wealth but who want to help others – These are the dreamers – They should be secured from exploitation by the first group their & works kept for The nation or the world.


November 13, 1944

Nov. 13th

The heaviest raid yet – wave after wave all day – This afternoon 13 torpedo planes flew over the camp at 300 feet headed for the bay – Explosions & fires all over Manila – Although the sun is shining, the City is dark – Smoke in the clouds pouring from the Port Area & the San Nicholas district (warehouses) – Cavite is burning –

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Again rumors of landing on Luzon – Morale is away up again –


November 11, 1944

Nov. 11th

No action –

The Japanese today distributed to the garden workers 1 pkg tobacco, 1 cake soap, 2 boxes matches & 6 bananas per person – The other heavy workers in the camp feel that they have been unjustly overlooked – But I am glad that some people got tobacco – Perhaps our turn will come

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later on – I have no sympathy for those who say they would not accept tobacco from the Japanese – They are envious – I will save my stand on principals something worth-while –

The old men continue to drop off like flies – one per day is average – And all the Japanese doctor says is “So sorry, many more will get Beri-beri.”

Bowing is in vogue again – The Japanese tell us we must bow as a sign of thanks for their protection – when I die, I want written on my coffin “Protected to the end” –


November 10, 1944

Nov. 10th

Still no action – Morale very low –

Worse than the shortage of food is the shortage of tobacco – Tobacco stills hunger pains – the Japs say there is none, but they brought in 600 pkgs of 250 grams each the other day – this native tobacco is very strong – I’ll bring you some – we are smoking it mixed with dried papaya leaves, dried hibiscus leaves, dried tea leaves – I am not very adept at rolling cigarettes and admire those who seem to do it proficiently –

I just finished Harold Nicholson’s trilogy “Portrait of a Diplomatist”, “Peacemaking”, and “Lord Curzon” The trilogy covers the years from about 1890 to 1924 – A masterly piece of work – Let us hope that Roosevelt does not go to a second Paris and that we do not have another Versailles Treaty – I agree with Nicholson that we should have a trained diplomatic corps, technicians just as lawyers and doctors are technicians – And we should look to them for technical advice but not

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for policy making –

I have been in favor of a national university – for the training of young men for administrative positions in the government, the states, and the diplomatic service – we must come to the European system of government administration as a career – Here too the men are technicians.

I would like to see after this war exchange scholarships on a vast scale – Let our young men go to Europe, South America, the Far East & let their young men come to the United States – if we had 50,000 a year, it would only cost $100,000,000, the cost of one day’s war.


November 9, 1944

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We hear Roosevelt was re-elected – Electoral vote 400+ to 100+, popular vote 18 million to 16 million – From the total of the vote I assume that the soldiers took no part in the election – They will have plenty to say, however, when this is over –

We are keeping Dorita and Albert3 in bed except for 2 hours in the morning and 2 hours in the afternoon – We find that they loose weight more slowly and that they are far calmer than the other children –

Morale is very low again – Poor food, no actions, many deaths – I hope the relief shipment comes –

Many internees, especially the older people, have swollen legs, very marked – This is due partially to beri-beri – But primarily to a protein deficiency, which resulting in a decreased protein content of the blood reduces its osmotic tension and the fluids accumulate in the tissues – we have some pitiful cases – But no supply of meats or fats for them – And sooner or later, they die –


November 8, 1944

Quiet again –

The Japanese are bringing more war materials into this camp for protection – The front grounds are covered with generators, engines, truck chassis, small field guns, tin plate, rolls of wire for runways – We protested when they started to make a dump in the front – But they told us it was none of our business, that all Manila was a military objective and that our government had not been informed officially that Santo Tomás was being used as an Interment camp –

While we are sure our planes will never bomb this camp, the presence of the war materials is disturbing to say the least –

I find I must remain in bed almost all the time when I am not working or getting meals – I weigh 114 now.


November 7, 1944

Quiet today – And the morale drops, of course – And we are always to have bombing and then quiet!
I have been reading “The Life of Pasteur” by Valery-Radot. How his life developed – one step logically following the other –

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The dys symmetry of the tartaric acid crystals, the work on wine, the fermentation of beer, the work on infectious diseases The discovery of vaccines – As Paul Bert says: his work can be summed up in 3 laws –

1) Fermentation is caused by the development of a special microbe

2) All infectious diseases are caused by the development within an organism of

a special microbe

3) The pathogenic activity of the microbe can be lessened by a process of attenuation – The virus becomes a vaccine.

That last “The virus becomes a vaccine” – These few words represent one of the greatest triumphs of man – greater than the pyramids, greater than all the other wonders of the world –

I admire the reasoning powers of the French – but surely their forte is intuition – A swift penetration to the heart of the question and then reason to trace the process step by step.

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The more I read of research and study and teaching, The more lost and lonely I feel in business – I know I will be successful, but I am not sure I want the success.