November 6, 1972

02425

11:20 PM

Nov. 6, 1972

Monday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

I woke up at 7:14 AM, earlier than I expected as I was not asleep at 1:00 AM.

Wrote down my orders for the day to Dr. de Vega and Jake, Sec. Melchor and others.

Went through my papers. But checked on the pending projects especially on cooperatives through USec. for Cooperatives Dacay and Marquez.

Did not meet any visitors.

Worked on the sequel of Todays Revolution. I have set the end of month as my deadline.

We need a book to answer all the questions that the cynics (including New York Times which had an editorial yesterday calling me and Park Chung Hee of Korea dictators curtailing freedom). Keep asking up to now although most now applaud the proclamation of martial law and the reforms.


October 21, 1972

 

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1.

12:35 PM

Oct. 21, 1972

Saturday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Just arrived from the informal dinner given by Pres. and Mrs. Watanabe of the Asian Development Bank. Only Sec. & Mrs. Alex Melchor, Sec and Mrs. Cesar Virata and ADB Vice Pres. Krisna Moortli were present. Pres. Watanabe is retiring Dec. 25th.

It was a pleasant dinner with much story telling punctuated by laughter.

Proclaimed the emancipation of the tenant-farmer this morning. I attach a copy of my proclamation or decree. This should cause the actual start of the Reformation.

And gave a 1st month report of martial law.

Then met the labor leaders, the rural bankers, the governor, Liberal leaders and mayors of Masbate.

A Japanese straggler was killed and his companion wounded in Lubang yesterday by

2.

Oct. 21st (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

the PC patrol they ambushed.

Camp Keithley in Marawi City is under attack by a band of outlaws who have taken over the MSU radio, raised the red flag and surrounded the PC Prov. Hq. of Maj. Marolomsar, Prov. Commander. Eight of our men have been killed (six outright at Pantar Bridge that leads to the city from Iligan) and one wounded while nine have been killed on the enemy side and one captured who is being interrogated.

Reinforcements being rushed to the besieged forces.

The enemy may number anywhere from 100 to 400. But PC Prov. Hq. under attack holding out.

Other Mindanao units alerted in case this attack is a signal of an uprising in all of Mindanao and Sulu.

3.

Oct. 21st (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

I believe the attackers may be a combination of student radicals (KM and SDK) supported by outlaws. The red flag may show they are communist infiltrated or controlled.

And again this may be a diversion from the Luzon front where the communists are hard pressed.

Or a demonstration that the leaders I talked to and placated like the Alontos and Pendatun do not run things anymore.

Or again this may be a Pendatun and Alonto play to gain a stronger bargaining position.

But we are not going to bargain. We will hit them hard.


October 20, 1972

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12:20 PM

Oct. 20, 1972

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Imelda started playing badminton today at 5:30 PM while we were playing golf. With her at the tennis court which we walled with lawaint and canvas to serve as windbreak were Lulu Tinio, Meldy Cojuangco and Helen Cu Unjieng. She played for almost three hours.

Met the reporters of the newspaper Times-Journal Vic Tañedo and Roy Acosta with the Express Tibo Mijares.

Gov. G. Licaros on the Japanese loans and the punishment of dollar blackmarketers as well as registration of currency.

Alex Melchor on PES work on project planning and laws.

Sec. Roño on the LOI for the new Dept. of Local Governments and Community Development.

Then Com. Vera on the reorganization of the BIR.

Am working on the Report to the Nation for the 1st month of Martial Law and the Proclamation of the Emancipation of the Tenants by declaring their ownership of the land they till tomorrow at the Maharlika at 10:00 AM.


October 12, 1972

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1

9:40 PM

Oct. 12, 1972

Thursday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Met with about 2,000 Land Reform or Dept Agrarian Reform Field Technicians. I have diected the DAR to generate 3,000 Field Technicians and the ARC and BPI to generate 6,000 Field Technicians so that there would be 9,000 technicians for the 715,000 tenants to be serviced.

I have about ₱50 million for the organization of cooperatives and loans for them. Sec. Melchor told me this morning before the conference that the AID is ready to raise $50 million for land reform. I would put it into the Land Ownership financing.

So I have set the guidelines for acquisition of land for the tenants.

Then I met the Catholic bishops who explained the second letter which expressed reservations about martial law and my decrees was signed by 17 bishops most of whom were misled into thinking they signed the first resolution of support.

2

Oct. 12th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Tonight I met Sec. Abad Santos and Sol Gen Estelito Mendoza on the dismissal of CFI and CAR judges. They also took up the attitude of the Supreme Court justices which has turned for the better.

And authorized the new newspaper –Herald Tribune, the conversion of the Government Report into a weekly magazine.


October 6, 1972

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11:30 PM

Oct. 6, 1972

Friday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Worked on the outline of the whole program of reform:

1. Peace and Order

Criminality

Guns

Gangster

Private Armies

Judiciary

2. Investment, Production, Prices

Incentives

Taxes

Service Contract

3. Land Reform

Cooperatives

Financial Support

4. Government Reorganization

Graft and Corruption

Inefficiency

 

2

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Oct. 6th (Con’t)

5. Labor

Unemployment

Manpower Training

6. Public Finances

Taxes

Customs and Tariff Code

Code of Internal Revenue

7. Social Services

Social Security

Health

Housing

Education

 

Ex. Sec. Alex Melchor, Sec of Finance Cesar Virata and C.B. Gov. Greg Licaros arrived today from the United States. I immediately put them to work on the Reform Program.

 

3

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Oct. 6th (Con’t)

The U    tonight raided a store which was the warehouse for stolen communications equipment (apparently from U.S. Bases) and arrested three persons.

We must trace the other conspirators.

The heroin manufacturers (another laboratory has been raided in Caloocan, still belonging to the Tan Su syndicate) must be tried by the Military Tribunal and if found guilty, executed publicly.

And the same thing must be done to the AFP personnel who participated in the manufacture of the bomb in Joe’s Dept. Store (Sgt. Gacutan)

 


September 20, 1972

 

 

(1)

1040 PM

Sept, 20, 1972

Malacañan Palace

Manila

The two Americans paid to assassinate me were supposed to do the job this morning but when they tried out the guns (even the .22 caliber) they were too loud.  This was explained by our penetration man, Talastas.

They have prepared a Comby wagon, put a hole in the back and have tried to park it between the press and the Maharlika or the boathouse and they can swipe at me at the Pangarap boat landing on the golf course.

I declassified two documents which contain reports of Sen. Aquino to Sec. Ponce Enrile and Gen. Ramos July 27th and 29th, this year which show his propensity as a blubber mouth.

I attach copies of the documents in Envelope No. XXXV-A.  The original reports were in my diary.  Then I wrote Sen A. Roxas to inform him that what I wanted to do in the conference was

 

(2)

 

Sept 20th (Con’t)

v

Malacañan Palace

Manila

not to blame anyone but to break up a “link-up” of the Liberal Party to the Communist Party if any.  I attach this letter in XXXV-A.

I sent a  copy of the letter to all senators because of the expected privelege speech of Aquino copy of which I attach in XXXV-A.

Sen. Perez put my letter on the record.

Sec. Ponce Enrile dared Aquino who had denied his report, to a confrontation which the latter refused.

Sen. Maceda filed a motion to investigate Aquino but he withdrew it when Roxas objected.

I also sent copies of the affidavits of the other witnesses against Aquino to seven senators — Perez, Maceda, Almendras, Pelaez, Tevez, Tolentino, copy in XXXV-A.

 

(3)

 

Sept. 20th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

This afternoon General Staff with the SND and the Chiefs of the major services came to see us to submit the Assessment of Public Order wherein they recommend the use of  “other forms of countering subversion/insurgency should be considered.” This means they recommend the use of Emergency Powers including Martial Law, formally.  Envelope No. XXXV-B.

Then we gave an interview where we kept silent on Emergency Powers but spoke of listing Arrival (?) syndicates in the Order of Battle of the communist armed elements, the Self-Reliant Defense Posture as it relates to internal threats, expenditures, additional armaments and personnel etc.

I was surprised to hear Sec. Melchor say he was now in favor of Martial Law although he was against it a year and a half ago.  And all Sec. Abad Santos said was, Let us not talk about it publicly.

I asked Sec. Melchor to submit a study and recommendation in writing and to prepare to use his American contacts to see the U.S. does not oppose us.

 

(4)

 

Sept 20th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Johnny and I again reviewed the proclamation which we again amended.  He wrote out the orders on carrying firearms and on control of shipping.

While we were working on the list of target personalities, Amb. Byroade called to see me on the conversation I had with Robert Wales, President of the American community.  I see him at 11.00 AM.

I could not sign the proclamation and orders because they have to be re-typed.

Imelda is at the house of Imelda Cojuangco celebrating the latter’s birthday.


Jan. 4, 1971 Monday 10:00 pm

…Today (this morning 11:00 am up to lunch at 2:00 pm) in a conference with Sec. Juan Ponce Enrile, Sec. Alex Melchor and Gen. Yan, I ordered the setting up of a Special War Center, an Internal Security Agency, a Psy-War Branch all under the DND as well as the creation of a new command, the Metropolitan Command, that will cover the provinces of Cavite, Rizal, Bulacan, Bataan, the Pasig Task Force and the PGB under Col. Ver.

I ordered the transfer of Gen. Fidel Ramos from the 3rd Brigade to the 2nd PC Zone vice Gen. Zosimo Paredes whom I am retiring. Col. Palacios the CO of the 1st Brigade goes to the 3rd Brigade vice Gen. Ramos.

The Special War Center personnel may also be placed as a component unit of the command of Col. Ver’s, as Metropolitan Command CO. It integrates all the special forces of the major services, the special forces and rangers of the Army and Constabulary, the air commanders of the Air Force and the Navy’s marines and other teams. They will be retrained under chosen officers for special missions.

As I plan it, in the event of violence in the city, the Metrocom under Gen. Ordonez will seek to hold back the mass of rioters with his 1,400 men. If theyt are unequal to the task or special task forces are necessary, the Metropolitan Command comes in. If still unable to contain the violence, then the entire Internal Security Forces under Maj. Gen. Romeo Espino, Vice-Chief of Staff under whom both Gen. Ordonez and Col. Ver will be subordinated comes into the metropolitan area.

In the meantime outside of the NBI-Metrocom teams that will be fielded, Col. Ver will have special teams to arrest target personnel or take target areas. This will assure performance in the event that NBI and Metrocom are committed prematurely to the routine of maintaining order.

I have ordered the PC and 1st Infantry Division at Fort Magsaysay as well as the 51st Engineer Brigade brought up to full strength.

The P3 million needed for the procurement of 3,000 Armalites for the PC, I have ordered to be released and the guns delivered not later than the end of February.

The engineers should be ready to take over the public utilties like Nawasa, Meralco, PLDT, Butel, PNR, PAL, Air Manila, Fairways, land transport as well as shipping.

But the media which according to Sec. Melchor Ambassador Byroade calls a serious threat to security, calls for a separate operation. We have to take them over immediately.

The Psy-War Branch should use them for the purposes of the military administration.

The framework of government and present officials should be kept and all laws except those I suspend kept in force unless changed by edict by me.

But a new plan of government and society must be worked out…

While private property will be recognized and respected, they should be run for the state. Their profits should go to a fund for investment and development…

All able-bodied men must be put to work. There must be total exploitation of natural resources.

This must be a complete revolution.


February 13, 1970, Friday

13Feb1970

 

PAGE 81

Office of the President

of the Philippines

Malacañang

February 13, 1970

Friday

12:35 AM

Col. Ver reports that de Leon has just come back from Samar where the men of Osmeña numbering about 300 are training with an American among them. We must find out if this is Larry Trackman. De Leon brought two samples of home made bombs – beer bottles with gun powder and a fuse.

We must track down these training camps and eradicate them.

Met with Father Blanco, the revolutionary priest. He seemed impressed with the crash program of employment with me calling the 600 biggest employers in the Manila area and asking them to take five to ten unemployed – then the housing program in Tondo, Tala Leprosarium, Sapang Palay, Carmona, San Pedro Tunasan; the free trade zone and the sale of essential commodities without payment of tariff or tax if necessary; the agro-industrial estates and the Magalang project under a private foundation, the Filipinas Foundation of the Ayalas.

Have asked Sec. Melchor to start the housing project immediately with the DBP, PNB, GSIS and SSS contributing one million pesos each.

Hope to be able to visit some community projects soon.


February 8, 1970, Sunday

08Feb1970

PAGE 72

Office of the President

of the Philippines

Malacañang

February 8, 1970

Sunday

11:15 PM

I have sworn in the new cabinet members during my speech before the Constitutional Convention members during the cocktail for them at 5:00 PM at the reception hall except for the new Executive Secretary, Alex Melchor whom I swore in the evening at 7:10 when Iñing Lopez and Nanding, Heny Lopez and the Chronicle and ABS-CBN staff came to have dinner with us.

Iñing was very touchy, even arrogant, Heny was non-committal and IP Soliongco kept reapeating that nothing would be the same again and that we would have to listen to the voice of the students as this was the voice of the people.

I kept repeating to Ernie Granada that he should not push me to Byroade and the Americans.

It is my feeling that the Lopezes are going to do their best to undermine against us.

Met with Tony Pastalero brought by Angel Concepcion, former secretary of Sen. Camilo Osias, as well as Fernando (Gerry) Barican this noon for lunch with the first and the latter at 4:00 PM. They both promised to stop the talk about my resignation after I convinced them that if I were not around the military would take over. This is apparently feared by everyone including them.

Barican today has warned of a take over by the Jesuit-Fascist-CIA combine.

We really should warn our people of this. But today I met also with the Jesuit novices who want to be strengthened by my granting their demands (of the NUSP). I agreed to this to widen the split between them (the moderates) and the radicals.