Wednesday, May 3d, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy black clouds obscured the sky; very hot; no rain. Slept well last night; quite weary. Read a chapter in Numbers & a psalm. Cooked breakfast and washed dishes.

After cleaning up went down to Quiapo Dist to the Imperial Photo Gallery. Secured one print of the No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena photograph unmounted, for London “All the World”. The negatives of one film left with this gallery are badly torn. Left another making 3. May be the fault of the hot weather. Photographic work done for me in this city is unsatisfactory. Called at the barracks of the 1st Montana vol. Inf. to see Bro. Dave Freeman. He was asleep when I entered. Awaked him. Requested him to put on cartridge belt to get his Springfield. This he did; then I took a Kodak of him with the tent in which he was save in the background. Called at the post office; then of a Filipino man purchased some sea shells and returned home.

Private (Bro.) Ackarett, Section 4, B. Battery. Utah Light Artillery dropped in. we had a conversation on spiritual & other topics. I made him & Rev. Owens some lemonade. Private (Bro.) Peter Shipper of the U.S. Engineer corps, drove up in the wagon belonging to the corps bringing me a lot of San Francisco War Crys, viz, 28 copies, No. 589 Mar. 11th ’99; 61 of 590, Mar. 18th; 36 of 591, Mar. 25th and 50 of 592, Apr. 1st. This I will distribute. Packages are sent him & not to me. A few copies were taken by various parties which made the number given above, larger. Before Shipper, left, he, Bro. Ackarett & I had prayer together.

Following their departure I wrote & copied a 4 page letter to Brigadier Henry Stillwell & addressed it to 124 W. 14th St. New York marked private. The letter describes the Philippine present & prospective, my work, support etc. and advice re starting work in the future. I took pains with his letter & hurried it, because he expects to farewell from his division & hints that the Philippines may be his future command.

The hour was late when I finished the letter. Hurried to the Commissary warehouse on the rail road street in Barrier San Nicolas, but it was closed. Then inquired my way, abiding place. Found it & my man. Greeted me pleasantly. I took supper with him & the other Commissary clerks & detail. They live quite well. Have a Chinese cook. Supper over Kline accompanied me as far as the Gen. Blanco bridge, where we parted. Gave him good advice. Is backslidden. Will secure supplies for me from the Gov’t for which I am to pay.

Returning home called at the Cuartel Meisig for my evening “Times”. Saw the torn wrapper bearing my name on the seat vacated by the sentry. Got my paper from him. While awaiting the man’s return I pressed the duty of man towards Christ on the attention of a Third Artillery soldier who formerly attended S.A. meetings in San Francisco.

I loaned Rev. Owens $2 Mex. to by supplies. At the post office I was paid on salary a/c for the month of April $34 U.S. coin. Less $3 goes to Gen’l a/c fund as that amount was paid out from that fund.


Monday, May 1st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy clouds on the horizon; no rain; cool when quiet; hot when exerting oneself; thunder & lightning tonight.

Finished reading Leviticus this morning. Then prayed. Slept but little last night. Have been very busy today.

Cooked breakfast & supper & washed the dishes.

Agreed to pay Maria Panga, the Filipino widow employed as servant by Rev. Owens, $2 a month Mex. to keep the floor of my rooms clean & to scrub the smoke off my stew pans regularly. Owens pays her $10 a month. After washing dishes, Rev. Owens & I went to the Imperial photo’ gallery. Looked out a specimen print of No. Calle Santa Elena. Is quite good. My films are not ready. Next called at the post office. On the Escolta I bought 3 or 4 sea shells, also groceries.

In the post office Private Chas W. Nelson of Co. L. 13th Minnesota vol. Infantry said Peter Fallon of the same company told him that Marshall (from his description I concluded he meant Brigadier Steve Marshall of Oregon & Washington) left the Salvation Army and joined Ballington Booth’s volunteers. Nelson claims to be a Salvationist.

Brother Geo. Turner & his family visited the Owens; T. is of the Ecclesia mission, or Come Outers. He looks bad. Had diarrhea. I gave him $5 gold, the Lord’s tenth paid in by me. Turner said “God bless you.”

Mounted orderly Clayton Scott rode up on his pony to No. 2. Paid his tenth, $3 with a greenback. Before parting we prayed together.

I then took street car & went out to Malate, 2d Reserve Hospital. Expected first to call on Bro. Mason of Co. D. 9th U.S. Regular Infantry, but on my way to his barracks I passed him on the street. He saw me. Was marching with a squad of men away to do the guard duty.

Called at the 2d Reserve Hospital to see Bros. Temple and Freeman. The former was absent & the latter was sent to the regimental quarters.

My next move was to the 1st Reserve or Divisional Hospital. Bro. Geo. Schumerhorn who is up again, praise God. Seemed glad to have me come. Together we walked around Ward 16 (a row of tents) where lay Bro. D. G. Hines stretched on is back. Was sent here with a high fever but is improving. After some conversation Schumerhorn and I knelt beside his cot & prayed.

On my return home brought more eatables. Bought $5 gold worth of Mex. silver; only received 2 for 1.

The Lord grace me to speak to a number of men about Christ & salvation. Did more writing on my “All the World” article re my Philippine Island experiences.


Saturday, April 29th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy but no rain. Sun out at times. Cool at times also, when gusto of wind stirred. No trouble to perspire.

Read a chapter in Leviticus & one psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast, washed dishes then with Rev. Owens boarded a Jolo St. car & got off in Quiapo Dist. & proceeded to the Imperial Photograph gallery. Looked at the negative of my house; seems to be quite good. Said they will be printed next Monday. The negatives from Kodak films will also be ready. Purchased 3 photographs.

Went to the post office; no mail.

On the Escolta I met Bro. A. J. Merritt, a Salvationist who was converted about 8 months ago in San Francisco No. 2. He is a recent arrival. Is in the Government service as a boss packer. Has charge of Pack Train No. 2, with 13 men & 65 mules under him. Had years of experience as a Gov’t Packer in mountain countries. Expects to leave for Lawton’s command in 2 or 3 days. I believe Merritt is a good man – anyway he looks it. Also said he read my Philippine articles in the War Crys, and that the soldiers & comrades of No. 2 and 6 send regards to me.

Dropped in the “Freedom” office & bought 3 backnumbers; also bought or rather paid in advance for 2 copies of the extra edition for circulation in the U.S.; 1 copy is to be sent to Lt.-Col. Wm Brener, 124 W. 14th St. New York & 1 to the Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco paid 30 cts. Mex a copy, which includes postages.

Commenced an article for “All the World”. Wrote 8 pages. yesterday evening there came in on the train from the north. 2 Filipino officers, Col. Manuel Arguello [Arguelles] & Lieut.-Col. Jose Vernal [Bernal], to see Major General Otis regarding terms of peace. Rumor, newspaper & verbal says Aguinaldo wishes a cessation of hostilities until the Filipino Congress meets in May, when they will consider his proposition. Otis listened but granted not the request.


Tuesday, April 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Paid rent for the month of April, to Mrs. Ysabel Wood – Amount $35. Mexican silver. This money is for No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila. My landlady instead of asking rent in advance was content to let the month get pretty well on before sending her usual recibo to “Juan Major Milsaps”. Paid her the money. Read a chapter or two in Leviticus, a psalm & prayed, then cooked breakfast. In company with Rev. Owens went to the post office. Was handed out some more papers.

Purchased some more shells for my cabinet from a Filipino. Am keeping a sharp look out for different for different kinds. Want to make my collections as complete as possible. Also purchased groceries and treated my companion to a couple of oranges.

Hurried back home. Capt. Morrison, his daughter Agnes & a little girl from Australia a sea Captain’s daughter were awaiting my return to hear the gramophone. Gave them their desire in the matter.

Dinner peanuts, an orange & lemonade.

Supper, oatmeal mush, fried bacon and cocoa.

Company claimed more of my time than I cared to give. Private D. G. Hines & “Red” another soldier, called re preparing for a stereopticon. To Hines I gave a New Testament & 2 War Crys to take to Bro. Schumerhorn – No. 1 Reserve Hospital.

Bro. Clayton Scott rode up on his poney. Had a brief spiritual talk & prayer together. He informed me of a Salvationist – a packer – just over with the last batch of U.S. Government mules. His name is A. J. Merritt. Belongs to S. F. No. 2 Corps. Gave Scott 2 War Crys to read & pass on to the new comer.

Tried to write more for “Harbor Lights”, but made little progress. Bothered too much. This knocks an expected trip to the country in the head. I must catch the next mail.

The Utah Artillery sentinel captured a Filipino man this afternoon with his revolver. The Filipino is a prisoner of war. Was taken to the Utah quarters & by making himself useful to the soldiers won their good will & secured the freedom of the troops. Commenced to dress in spotless white. Lately he contracted the habit of holding up Chinese & robbing them. Tried it this afternoon. Struck a Chinese on the head. When I saw the men, blood was running down the face of the Chinese. Mr. Filipino’s priviledges will probably be restricted now.

News is coming in this evening late that Calumpit was captured. Some of our men were killed & wounded; ditto the enemy. I heard that an advance to be made to the next town forthwith.

God blessed me with His love last night.


Monday, April 24th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Lovely moon tonight. Strong breeze this evening; heavy clouds but no rain; hot. Busy day.

Out of bed read Leviticus & 2 psalms, prayed to my Lord, then cooked breakfast washed dishes & struck out for the post office. Heard that a mail from the U.S. arrived & a big mail at that. Asked the man at the General Delivery & rec’d several pockets full of papers & letters for Rev. Owens & myself. The latter written on the railroad by Adj. C. W. Bourne came. Brought me news prints. Adjutant Chas Danner is a very useful man in a printing office. I have never found a better, Bourne wants me to write a weekly letter for a Willoughby, Ohio, newspaper: The Fort Herrick. S.A. Colony is in a financial strait. Ballington Booth has assumed the title of “general”.

Rev. Ostora Gibson (formerly lawyer at Flagstaff, Arizona) pastor of Willcox and Peace, Ariz write from Willcox. Is addressing himself to pastoral work but continues his study of law. Is a noble man; one of God’s jewels.

  1. B. Marye of S.F. No. 6 corps wants me to find Hollie W. Ayers of the 1st California Vol. Inf. for his parents. Supposed to have been in the small pox hospital.

The Houston, Texas “Post” sends me a subscription dun although I renewed.

Capt. V. R. Post, for Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, enclosed me under date of March 20th, $36 postal Note no.             for one month’s salary. I collected the money (U.S. coin) immediately from the post office.

Read papers 2 or 3 hours. Dinner dry bread & lemonade.

Downtown again after dinner – hospital visitation. Called first at the 2d Reserve Hospital (military) out in Malate. Found Brother Dave Freeman. Claims to be well in soul & improving in body from overheating. Seemed pleased to have me call. He is in ward No. 4 Took him 2 War Crys, talked to him on spiritual matters & kneeled down beside his cot & prayed before leaving. Since my last visit the 2nd reserve has filled up remarkably with patients, even the verandahs were lined with cots.

Jumped on the street car & got off at the First Reserved Hospital. Was surprised how populous this hospital is become. The building is overcrowded & many tents are occupying vacant spaces in the yard. Found Brother Geo. Schumerhorn in Ward 3 down with dysentery, but is inspiring. Had a talk on spiritual matters. I knelt down & prayed with him before bidding him good-bye. Spoke to several men about Christ.

Met Dr. Kellogg of the Utah Light artillery on the Escolta. The Doctor is going home (DN.) on the transport “Sheridan”. Had a desire to do the missionary work in connection with his practice among the U.S. soldiers but found he said the military authorities offered to him. They are afraid of antagonizing the Roman Catholic power said the doctor.

Down on the Escolta, Private C. H. Goetz, Co. K. 14th U.S. Infantry & I had a talk re himself. He looks bad. Is so changed in appearance that I hardly knew him. War and undoubtedly is now a zealous Christian, studying for the ministry when he enlisted, the missionary spirit caused him to enlist.

Out of the firing line he purchased some bananas from Filipino fruit seller. They were all right. Afterwards, he purchased more. The second lot immediately made him sick. He is hardly over the effect yet. Goetz claims the Filipinos prisoned him.


Saturday, April 22, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Blinding flashes of lightning, thunder and a rain is at the time of writing relieving the monotony of hot day. The weather was unusually warm, although quite breezy.

The rumored uprising of Filipinos last night failed to materialize. I am glad to state. Capt. Morrison & his daughter Agnes stayed in No. 2 Agnes slept with Mrs. Owens & the Captain & Rev. Owens occupied on of my rooms.

God the Holy Ghost manifested His love & presence in my soul last night. Glory to His ever blessed name.

This morning a chaplain in Leviticus & one in the Song of Solomon claimed my attention; then prayer, after this I cooked breakfast, washed dishes & struck out for the post office. Received quite a few War Crys & other papers & letters for Rev. Owens & myself. While in town purchased a pitcher & 2 glazed cups from a Chinese firm for house keeping purposes. Also bought some beautiful shells for my collection from a Filipino woman. The variety of beautiful & strange shells in my possession make my cabinet quite respectible in size & value.

Was shaved in a Spanish barber shop on the Escolta. My last shave was in a Filipino barber shop at Cavite. I do not like to take chances on Filipinos. They are considered treacherous.

Private D.G. Hines dropped in again. Treated the 2 of us to prune pie (30 cts, Mex) & lemonade for dinner.

Arose from this morning with a headache, which troubled me all day. Felt like resting. Put in several hours reading War Crys, Houston “Ports” etc. The ship channel (Buffalo Bayon) from Galveston Bay to Houston interests me much.

Recommenced another article for the S.A. magazines “Harbor Lights.” Have been tumbled by visitors of late who spoiled my time for literary work.

Wrote & copied a letter to Bro. Hans Veiweibe, Brigade Hospital, Cavite, sending receipt for $7. Tenth League Payment also encouraged him spiritually.

I am much concerned to know how the trouble between the U.S. field staff & Booth-Tucker is shaping.


Thursday, April 20th, 1899

Paombong, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

I am returned from a village about 2 miles beyod Malolos, Paombong, and feel thoroughly tired and sleepy and still hot or rather feeling the effects of walking miles in the fierce sun. Rev. Owens purposed the other day that we go today, but when the time came he had an excuse and did not go.

I got up early, read as chapter in Leviticus & a psalm, prayed, cooked breakfast & then walked down to the 8.30a.m. train and at that have rolled north to Malolos where I arrived between 11 & 12 o’ clock noon. Spoke to a soldier about a salvation on the way down to the train. On my way to the main plaza from the depot met an old Filipino woman (beggar) crawling along the street. Gave her 2 cents Mex. Made my way to Battery H. 3d Heavy Artillery. On the way out by invitation went in the hospital to sit, chat & cool off.

Then struck out again to the extreme outpost towards the bay south west of Calumpit. All the way out met acquaintances. Half a mile before reaching Paombong I struck the American outposts facing the bay or marshes on that side & a watercourse from whence that Filipinos surprise & attach came last week. The boys are alert now for anything of the kind, which is likely to come at any moment. This forenoon when our train passed Guiguinto station south of Malolos, the 13th Minnesota men informed us that an attack had been made upon them a few minutes before our arrival. This several miles in the rear of our battle line. On my return by the 4.30p.m. train south, I could see in the direction of the foreman attack clouds of smoke ascending from a burning village & farm houses.

After passing the Filipino beggar woman on the depot to the town of Malolos. I met Bro. Georgeson of Co. 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf. He is a backslider Salvationist. At one period, G. was a true Christian. Says now he tried to live a true Christian in the U.S. army but failed, can’t succeed so thinks trying is useless. Urged him earnestly to try again. Seemed more affected than any previous conversation since his downfall. G. had his gun & cartridges as if out on patrol.

Reaching the Roman Catholic church, a solid stone structure with thick walls & heavy buttresses at the base, a soldier acted as guide. I ascended thro’ some man-holes resembling passages in mines to the roof, where one or two American sentries were watching the surrounding country, at present occupied by the enemy. I saw a town in a forest. The men thinks it is Calumpit, but are not certain.

When I came down from the roof 3 men who rode up to the church on horseback were just preparing from dinner in the main entrance on an old broken bench. The men were 2 representatives of Frank Leslies’ Illustrated newspaper. Mr. and Mr. . also Dr. of A. Battery, Utah Light Artillery. The Doctor opened a can of baked beans, this with ginger snaps, soda crackers, and pea nuts (latter supplied by me) & water out of a canteen constituted our repast. These gentlemen were very friendly to me. God bless them.

On my trip I addressed salvation advice to 2 crowds of soldiers on outpost & spoke personally to Brothers, Oden, Harris, Rensberger, Hofferstine of the churches & Devine, (Landon) Frank Amie & an Army convert. Amie & I prayed together in a native hut. He brought me coffee beans and bread for dinner, but I thanked him for the food, accepting the will for the act. Devine was standing guard on the bank of a stream a few yards from where 2 of his commanders were shot last week. We talked of matters of Christ’s Kingdom as he sat in the shade of a pandamus tree. Indeed, all the men of H. battery I spoke to were on the extreme picket line.

Arrived in Manila about 5.50p.m. after a railroad trip of 42 miles. This makes my third to Malolos.

This evening’s “Times” denies that Gen. Pilar is captured.

I cooked supper after returning from the front. Did not feel like it. Rev. Owens gave me some stew. Was welcome. I am glad of the prospect of a grand night’s rest. The sweat is oozing from my body from every pore – the calming perspiration of this hot, steamy quarter of the earth.

The Christians in the batteries are keeping close to Christ. Praise God. I am very glad to learn this. Bro. Devine looks better. Is improving in health.

There is talk of another advance forward.


Tuesday, April 18th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Rain. Heavy black clouds hung on the horizon & partially emptied themselves upon the earth in a brief but heavy shower. A clammy heat heavily charged with moisture oppresses one tonight. Bible reading in Leviticus & Psalms & prayer started the serious work of the day. Cooking & washing dishes also claimed time.

Quite a number of visitors came in thro’ the day, some to see the Owens’ & some to see me.

Prepared my mail for the post office. Took the same to the office, likewise, mail from Owens & Chaplain Stephenson.

Down on the Escolta saw some beautiful & very odd sea shells. Purchased several for my cabinet. Shells, minerals & curios by purchase, gift and personal collecting having been accumulating in my hands for 18 or 20 years. In the aggregate they would make quite a museum. Purchased several papers.

Bro. G. H. French of Co. G. 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. called at No. 2, inquired about the state of his soul & prayed with him. Bro. D. C. Hines E. C. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. also called with a couple of soldier companions. A member of the 3d artillery brought me the Evening “Times”.

The non-official peace commissioner, composed of Filipino merchants, doctors, lawyers etc., went north as far as the train can proceed to urge Aguinaldo & his followers to quit their foolishness & surrender. I heard that Aguinaldo sent word the last day or two that he is willing to surrender but cannot control his followers. General Pio del Pilar was arrested in this city last Saturday. He slipped in somehow. I imagine Manila is rapidly filling with Filipinos again. How they get in is the question. Brother Stockton told me yesterday that where his is stationed there is a break in our line of about 5 miles but it is patrolled by our troops.

An effort is being made at any rate for peace, thank God. May the Lord give a peace that shall glorify His name & bless the dark-souled millions of this archipelago, amen. It is no pleasure to me – this slaughter of the misguided Filipinos now in progress.

I received two letters (1) Staff-Captain Emil Marcussen, Randers, Denmark. Said his division is in excellent condition. Took charge weeping, but God has given blessed success. Expects to farewell for foreign parts. My portrait hangs in his dining room. His children, the 2 sometimes imprint a kiss on it & Willie prays for me. Staff Captain Marcussen has been 9 years in Denmark. When he left California for that field the Lord gave me opportunity to give him a Christian send-off. May God make his future even more successful than the past. (2) Major John Bond, Secretary International Literary Bureau, 101 Queen Victoria street, London, Eng. wants me to write forthwith an article re the Philippines for “All the World”, the English S.A. monthly. Both this and the New York “Harbor Lights”, contributions are hurry articles.

Cooking & washing dishes twice each day makes a big hold in my time, add to that the time given to writing & it will be self-evident that time for meetings, camp and hospital visitation etc. is quite limited. My work in connection with the army & navy requires considerable travelling & much waiting on the opportunities & whims connected with war & the will of commanding officers.


Monday, April 17th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Up at 6.20. Fried bacon in a hurry & made breakfast – Corporal (Rev.) Sam Krell of Co. K. 51st Iowa Vol. Inf. – and I – of bacon, bread, pie and lemonade. My cocoa had given out. Don’t use tea or coffee. Krell slept in my room last night on the floor. Prayer together after breakfast. I loaned him my Bible to read a morning portion. Breakfast finished together we hastened to a Chinese photographer on Calle Nueva, where I looked at some of his (Krell’s work). K. instructed the Chinese to let me have 10 prints @ 20 American money each. Another rush. This time to the train on the Pasig quay. Got there 8.a.m. The last detachment of the 51st Iowa was on the train en route to the front. Brother Peter Shipper of the U.S. Engineer corps was down there with his wagon and team. Had a few San Francisco War Crys under his seat. Corporal Krell wanted to visit “Freedom” office on the Escolta. I spoke to Shipper & he gave us a place by his side on the seat & put us down beyond the Gen’l Blanco Bridge. Together we (K & I) visited the newspaper office. On the wagon I inquired of Shipper his spiritual standing. Replied that he is doing well in his soul. At the Freedom office I parted from Krell. Purchased some sea shells for my collection, also groceries.

Arriving home turned my attention to my Philippines narratives & completed it up to date – 8 pages MS under the following subheads, “Uncle Sam’s Railroad”, “On The Battle Line”, “A Spaniard Killed”, “Malolos”. Also sent a photograph: an Aguinaldo demonstration in Malolos at the time of declaring the “republic”. Wrote a letter to Lt. Col. Wm Evans & sent with it, also wrote my 23d weekly letter to Lieut-Col. Alice Lewis, New York & a letter to Private Geo Berry, Convalescent Hospital, Corregidor island. Copied these letters. Also made up a package of religious papers – specially War Crys – for him – Berry.

Brother Ed Stockton , Co. H. 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. Walked in from the water works, 9 miles. In answer to my interrogations said the Lord healed his backslidings & he is now saved. He prayed God to do it about the time of his last visit to No. 2. It will be remembered Stockton left a letter on my table requesting prayer on his behalf. The news of Stockton reclamation was cheering to me. Praise & glory to my precious God, who is so wonderful in mercy.

We prayed together before S. returned to his company.

Rev. & Mrs. Owens returned home from the bay. Bro. O. paid me $17.50 Mex, rent for his 3 rooms and kitchen for the month March 16th to April 15th.

Cooked supper. Busy all day. Time passes so swiftly. The Manila dailies surprised us with news of war just starting between England and China outside of Kowloon, near Hongkong, where Ensign May Jackson resides.