I have asked USec Collantes to tell the American chargé d’affaires that there is a warrant of arrest or threat against Ex Pres. Macapagal and we will help him go whenever he wants to go –even to the U.S.
The chargé told Gen. Ver and USec Collantes that “Political asylum is out.” They must be embarrassed by the Macapagal “escape” to their premises.
Conference on prices 10:00-12:30 AM. Tariff Code amendments –Sec. of Agri. recommendations
Reassignments in the AFP –Sec. Ponce Enrile and Gen. Espino.
Luncheon with the original group –Sec. Ponce Enrile, Gen. Espino, the major service commanders, Gens. Zagala, Ramos, Rancudo and Commodore Ruiz, Gen. Paz, J-2, Gen. Ver, Gen. Montoya, Gen. Paramis, Col. Romeo Gatan and Cong. Eduardo Cojuangco. Gen. Picarbe who was not in the group was also invited.
This is the group in the last two meetings
I spoke of my plans on the constitution –its scheduled approval November and a plebiscite Jan. 15, 1973. So the need for an information drive even among the troops. And an AFP newspaper.
There is still sporadic firing in Marawi but the two additional companies including our PSC Special Forces company formerly assigned to Salvador and Malabang, Lanao del Norte are there. Even the two APC’s in the last two towns have been ordered moved to Lanao del Sur but the two half-tracks armored cars taken from Cebu (Lulu’s farm) are being sent to replace them.
Frankie Teodoro reported tonight that a son of one of his executives was asked to participate in another assassination plot against me by a group of six students from PCC, UP and MLQ who were showing off their firearms in a safehouse in Project 4.
I have assigned Gen. Ver to look into it.
This confirms the report of students preparing to show off during the period from the 25th to the 30th.
I have alerted Sec. Ponce Enrile, Gene
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Oct. 24th (Con’t)
Received information on Customs anomalies from Antonio Marcos, my second cousin who is a superviser in the Bonded Warehouse Division of the Bureau.
We must arrest some of the leaders of the syndicate in the Bureau and the big-time smugglers in Cebu.
Amb. Farolan wired that Pres. Suharto and Minister Adam Malik are happy about martial law as it assures their northern boundary (of Indonesia) of a strong bastion.
Directed the trial by military tribunal of dollar blackmarketeers today.
Cong. Ali Dimpaporo arrived from the Middle East and report the initial adverse reaction to martial law changed to a favorable one. We need him to help stabilize the two Lanaos.
Ex-Gov. Udtog Matalam sent word he does not want to surrender through Cong. Pendatun. So I am sending Gen. Ver alone with Gen. Cajelo.
Spent the whole day from noon to midnight in the boat. Had a two hour nap after lunch and finished four books on Nehru, Nasser, Indo China and some histories.
Quite a relief from the routine of the palace. And the moldy decaying air replaced by the fresh ocean breeze.
This morning Gen. Ver called up from the home of Cong. Pendatun in Cotobato City to inform me that they might not be able to return today as they would like to pick up the Alontos in Lanao as well as the other Moslem leaders other than Ex-Gov. Udtog Matalam, Datu Kudanding, the Sangki brothers, Abdullah and Balacat as we all Abdullah’s son. So I will wait for them tomorrow.
My impression of Nehru and Nasser was that they belong to the improvising leaders like Quezon and Osmeña to whom we ascribe many of our present day problems.
Met the Bishops Councils Executive Committee of Mons. Gavola, Alberto, Mon Diu and Fr. . They promised to help in the reform program and wanted to publish a resolution.
They confidently gave me information on a Carlos Selles who is supposedly being paid to assassinate me. He is supposed to be a Panamanian like a Negro and has suddenly become affluent as he is opening deposit accounts in different banks.
Gen. Ver has traced his residence in Pasay and we will apprehend him for questioning.
Sec. Abad Santos has prepared a plan to ask the judges to voluntarily resign.
And we will do the same in the Bureau of Customs and the BIR, LTC, CIR and other offices.
Sept. 27th (Con’t)
I was interviewed by John Nance and Gil Santos of AP.
Traced the study of martial law to the writing of the book “Today’s Revolution -Democracy” and my revolution from the top or the center.
How the present peaceful revolution is a legal exercise of force to attain revolutionary objectives.
The setting and justification of a proclamation of martial law -the awakening to the threat in the Dagojo, Palawan landings, the rise in uncontrolled criminality both petty and syndicated, the paralyzation of government and business in the wake of the bombings, ambushes and the kidnappings –then the review of the captured documents and their reassessment showing that all that was happening had been planned a long time ago although the criminals were taking advantage of the confusion.
And the fundamental requisite of peace and order and reform for a New Society to be created out of the chaos and helplessness that governed everyone.
Sept. 27th (Con’t)
Joe de Venecia suggests a meeting with Gerry Roxas so that the Liberals may cooperate on the reforms. He suggested I invite Gerry to a conference tomorrow. But this may involve a compromise of our strong no-exception stance.
So I have not accepted the suggestion.
Everybody is saying how swiftly the peaceful revolution was accomplished. John Nance told Imelda “You did not expect it to be so neatly done.”
Will it be said by history that the communist threat was just a legal justification for a legal use of force?
Then let it also be said that it was a constitutional revolution –And that it was necessary to reform society — to convert a “sick society” into the “New Society.”
Gen. Ver’s men have apprehended Lehman the American triggerman and Manny Crisoligo the explosives and electronics man. But they have not caught Eddie Figueras, Tony Arevalo, Osmeña, Larry Truckman and others involved.
The duo have involved the other men and apparently there was an agreement that the Vice President would have to take over if I were assassinated so as to prevent anarchy.
But we have to check the involvement of the CIA or the U.S. Embassy, Vice Pres. Lopez and other important personalities.
Apparently they have been trying to assassinate me since Baguio (in Camp John Hay) in December 1971, the Rural Bankers Convention in the Pines Hotel, the SSS Convention of Labor in May 1st.
The Comby car that was prepared for the plot is indeed alarming.
Sept. 25th (Con’t)
I have dismissed some judges and punished some fiscals.
Met all the generals this morning to command them and issue instructions on:
1. The clean-up in Isabela, the Cagayan Valley and Mt. Province.
2. The policy in Mindanao and Sulu -we delay action there until we can concentrate our troops.
3. The Magantoc, Tarlac concentration of NPA’s
4. To prepare for the regrouping of the armed gangs, criminal or not, and the Communists.
4. Employment of the ROTC in civic actions
6. Reward for the Armed Forces.
Sept. 25th (Con’t)
Met Justices Fred Ruiz Castro and Salvador Esguerra on a consulta.
I told them frankly that I needed their help and counsel because we must keep all the actuations within constitutional limits.
Justice Castro asked permission to ask a blunt question, “Is this a coup d’etat?” and I told him that it is not but it is the exercise of an extraordinary power by the president for a situation anticipated by the constitution.
Justice Esguerra said immediately that he feels that it is a legitimate exercise of martial law.
And apparently reading my mind, he said, in the Merriman case, Justice Tannay had issued a writ of habeas corpus for a man who was detained on orders of President Lincoln. And President Lincoln just disregarded the judicial order. And Justice Tanney said, “what can we do, we are confronted by a superior authority?
I then concluded that there must be no conflict between the two separate departments of Justice and Executive for it would be embarrassing to both.
I believe that they are both of this persuasion.
Sept. 25th (Con’t)
The public reaction throughout the Philippines is a welcome to martial law because of the smooth, peaceful reestablishment of peace and order and the hope of a reformed society. In fact most everyone now says, this should have been done earlier.
I attach the report of Boni Isip about the same result of a survey conducted by Liberal Party Leader Gerry Roxas.
It is indeed gratifying that everyone now finds or discovers I am some kind of a hero!
The Concon and the sala of Judge Lustre of Quezon City trying the subversives were bombed by unidentified person this afternoon at 3:40 PM. It caused extensive damage and injured about thirty people.
Two of the subversives were almost able to escape.
This is apparently the answer of the subversives to the raids on their headquarters in Manila, Quezon and Pasay last Sunday morning at 4:30 where about 48 were arrested including Cabardo, a former PMA cadet who is tagged as the Visayan NPA head.
Ex Sec. Peding Montelibano, after bringing the problems of the PNB and the sugar industry, pledged that he and his family (one governor and one congressman) were behind me and Imelda even if I proclaimed martial law.
One thing about this man, he has a good nose for survival.
Sept. 18th (Con’t)
We finalized the plans for the proclamation of martial law at 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm with the SND, the Chief of Staff, major service commanders, J-2, Gen. Paz, 1st PC Zone Commander, Gen. Diaz and Metrocom commander, Co. Montoya, with Gen. Ver in attendance.
They all agreed the earlier we do it the better because the media is waging a propaganda campaign that distorts and twists the facts and they may succeed in weakening our support among the people if it is allowed to continue.
So after the bombing of the Concon, we agreed on the 21st without any postponement.
We finalized the target personalities, the assignments, and the procedures.
Our communications network will center in Malacañan as before.
After golf, at 9:00 at my room at Pangarap while taking breakfast, I told the SND, C of S, Major Service Commanders (Gen. Ramos, PC, Gen. Zagala, PA, Romando, PAF and Commodore Ruiz, PN) Gen. Ver and Gen. Paranis that I intend to declare martial law to liquidate the communist apparatus, reform our government and society, then have the Concon ratify our acts and the people can confirm it by plebiscite and return to constitutional processes; but that I needed at least one year and two months; that this would be a legitimate exercise of my emergency powers under the constitution as clarified by the Habeas Corpus case by the Supreme Court last January; that we need to cure the ills of our society by radical means (I mentioned corruption, tax evasion, criminality, smuggling, lack of discipline, unequal opportunities) so we must keep our moves clean and submerge self-interest.
I asked for any objection to the plan and there was none except for the observation of Gen. Ramos that the closing of the media should be done by a civilian minister supported by the military, and Gen. Gen. Rancudo who wanted missions definitely assigned to each branch of the service.
Sept. 14th (Con’t)
Amb. Byroade came to see me after the presentation of credentials by the new Malaysian ambassador.
He left me the Memorandum of Conversation of Marshall Green, Asst Sec of State, East Asian and Pacific Affairs and our Amb. Eduardo Romualdez.
I attach copies of the same.
Then he explained that he kept White House informed weekly of developments here — and that the communist threat was increasing.
We talked of the parity decision, the Lustovaco decision as well as the other developments against the Americans. He claimed that the US senators had indicated a desire to dismantle the sugar quota.
I told him he might start something that would have no end; and that anyway the sugar industry was ready to lose the quota for the national welfare and sell our sugar in the world market.
I suggested that while we in the Philippines were talking of survival, the Americans were talking of property and profits. And we were not thinking in the same plane.
He said he had heard from other persons
Sept. 14th (Con’t)
that I had said I could not get through to the State Department and I confirmed this.
So he explained his reports direct to the White House.
Met the Japanese Parliamentary delegation decorated with the Datu of the Order of Kalantiao. The Grand Chancellor of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Quintin Jeremy Goyn.
And finalized the agreements with the governor and mayors of Isabela:
1. Unified Command — Gen. Zapala comes back to run the PA.
2. No evacuation of civilians but civic action
3. Mobile check points with policemen included
4. Training and arming of chosen policemen but Armed Forces was to be always with them.
Sen. Aquino is, of course, playing a double game. He was in danger from the Maoists, as reported by him to Sec. Juan Ponce Enrile.
So I believe he negotiated in a meeting with Jose Maria Sison and is protected from that side.
But now he is convinced he is also in danger, from the government. So he goes through the motions of giving information to the Secretary of National Defense to get protection from government.
And I believe that he will, however, help the Moaists more than the government.
Sept. 8th (Con’t)
3. Quedans without sugar. The PNB should with the DBP guarranty $5 million loan to the Bueno and Pasuvil payable over ten years, and with sufficient collateral, so that Pasuvil can pay off the ₱25 million shortage of sugar in its warehouses.
Carebi is holding 130,000 piculs worth of gredans of the Pasuvil shortage of 190,000 piculs.
I told them that I did not feel like helping a scoundrel but that if it was necessary to do so, we would have to.
4. We will be able to fill up our quota in the U.S. of 1,401,000 tons. We now have a 200,000 ton shortage. And we can make it up by early milling which started Sept 1st.
Conferred with Sec. Ponce Enrile and Gen. Ver on the need to prepare for an early attempt of the Maoists to terrorize Manila.