December 16, 1944

I went biking yesterday to see the effect of the bombing yesterday and to hear the comments of the people.

Streets were empty. Traffic was paralyzed. Army trucks and cars moved around with camouflage nets. Many sentries posted in street corners.

42 civilians were wounded in Parañaque. Saw them in corridors of the P.G. Hospital. Most of them were hit by Jap A.A. shells which fell short.

Raid yesterday was non-stop –from morning to afternoon. I saw fires burning in the direction of Grace Park and Nichols and Murphy and McKinley.

People from San Juan say that a low-flying plane strafed a Jap truck crossing the bridge killing 4 persons. Consensus of opinion is that much damage was done to military installation.

Last night, conversation was on probability of landings. Some believe Americans have landed already somewhere in Luzon.

Heard three big explosions last night –one at 2 o’clock also.

Raid again.


Vic and Neneng wounded. A Jap shell landed near the house. Yesterday 3 exploded but no one was injured.

May 10, 1936

Sunday. Awakened at 5 a.m. by a ferocious brass band in the nearby barrio “playing” for some church festival. At 10 a.m. it is still at it, and worse than ever. What with dogs, roosters and church bells, this adds new horrors to residence in the Philippines. (The fiesta, with band complete went on steadily until 11 p.m.)

In the afternoon, I went out to McKinley and golfed alone. In the evening six toughs threatened Oleaga and his cook and frightened the family. Oleaga sent his chauffeur to the police station at Parañaque, but the police were all away at the fiesta!

Monday, August 1st, 1898

It is raignen steady we arive at Camp at 10 o Clock cerry tired and hungry after Breakfast or rather Dinner we tired to find Rest in our tents the Evening we where informed that 6 of our Regt where killed and 32 wounded everythink remainded verry wuiet in the Camp the Killed where laid At Rest in a church Yard about 1½ from our Camp and the Wounded where cared for at the general Hospital Sick Landis and Sergt Martin

It is raining steadily. We arrived at camp at 10 o’clock very tired and hungry. After breakfast, or rather dinner, we tried to find rest in our tents. In the evening we were informed that six of our regiment were killed and 32 wounded. Everything remained very quiet in the camp. The killed were laid to rest in a church yard about one and a half miles from our camp and the wounded were cared for at the general hospital. Sick: [Jacob] Landis and Sergeant Martin.

Sunday, July 31st, 1898

It is not raignen in the Morning but very cloudy we are suddenly Ordered out on Outpost the whole Regiment at promptly 8 am we where lined up in Front of the Colonel tent and after recieving our Orders and listened to a good prayer of our chaplain we marched of taken with us Picks Shuffels and Axes we marched to a place called Tambo here a Road turns to the right and about 1/4 Mile out on this Road there is a Bridge across a smal Stream and Cap B. occupied this position and the Rest of the Regt moved on up the road to relieve the First Nebraska Regt at a place called Monastary here the Nebraska Boys had allready begun to build breast work there where 3 Guns of the Utah light Artillery stationed here the second Battalion took their in theese trenches and the first (3 Cop) held there place about 1/2 Mile back of us to the right The Lines of Entrenchment exstended from the Beach to about 75 Yards of the Monastery we where stationed as follows Co A on the Beach with 2 Guns of the Utah Battery – Co H then Co C wich closed the Gab between the Beach and the Monestery then came one more Gun of the Utah Battery and Co D wich closed the remaining trenches all day long we worked hard to strenghten our Breastwork we all took turn about until Night when the Enemy commenced to fire at us about 11:10 pm the firing began between the pickets and Outpost along the Road we all throwed away our Showels and Picks and grabed for our Guns by this thime Mayor Cuthberson who believed that the Enemy was going to make a Night attack ordered Co D E & K to take their position on our right the had no sooner taken their position than the firing began and all along the line the Artillery became engaged in death Earnest and fired Shell after Shell but we soon run out of Ammunition for each of us only had 50 Corporal McCanch was detailed to Camp and get more of the deathly stuff shortly after this we where reinforced by Battery H & K of the Regulars about 180 men strong each armed with the Kraig Jorgeson Riffle also by one Battalion of the First California by this time all Ammunition and the Rest of our Regiment wich had being in Camp on Guard duty had arrived and we all felt verry much relieved the Enemy had being firing right along without stopping ours but now we all started with more vigor then ever wich lasted about 3½ hours more during all this time we had a good opportunity to listen to the Crack of the Mauser and the busting of Spanish Shells all this time it raigned in torrents continuous our trenchs where like Mud holes but in the Morning we where relieved at 8 am by the Colerados. Landis and Sergeant Martin are on the Sick List

It is not raining in the morning but very cloudy. At promptly 8 a.m. the whole regiment was suddenly ordered out on outpost. We were lined up in front of the Colonel’s tent; and, after receiving our orders and listening to a good prayer by our chaplain, we marched off taking our picks, shovels and axes. We marched to a place called Tambo. Here a road turns to the right and about 1/4 miles out on this road is a bridge across a stream. Company B occupied this position and the rest of the regiment moved up the road to relieve the First Nebraska Regiment at a place called Monastary. Here the Nebraska boys had already begun to build breastworks. There were 3 guns of the Utah Light Artillery stationed here. The Second Battalion too their [position] in these trenches and the First [Battalion] (3 companies) held their place about 1/2 miles back of us to the right. The lines of entrenchment extended from the beach to tabout 75 yards off the Monastery. We were stationed as follows: Co. A on the beach with 2 guns of the Utah Battery, Co. H, then Co. C which closed the gap between the beach and the Monastery, then came one more gun of the Utah Battery and Co. D which closed the remaining trenches. All day long we worked hard to strengthen our breastworks. We all took turns until night when the enemy began to fire on us at about 11:10 p.m. The firing began between the pickets and outposts along the road. We all threw our shovels and picks aside and grabbed for our guns. By this time, Major Cuthbertson, who believed that the enemy was going to make a night attack, ordered Co. D, E and K to take position on out right. They had no sooner taken their positions when firing began and all along the line the artillery became engaged in death earnest and fired shell after shell. But, we soon ran out of ammunition because each of us only had 50 rounds. Corporal [Alexander] McCanch was detailed to camp to get more of the deathly stuff. Shortly after this we were reinforced by Batteries H and K of the regulars, about 180 men strong each armed with the Krag-Jørgensen Rifle. [We were] also reinforced by one battalion of the First California. By this time all ammunition and the rest of our regiment, which had been in camp on guard duty, had arrived and we all felt very much relieved. The enemy had been firing right along without stopping ours. Now we all started [to return fire] with more vigor than ever which lasted about 3½ hours more. During this time we had a good opportunity to listen to the crack of the Mauser and the bursting of Spanish shells. All this time it rained in torrents continuously. Our trenches were like mud holes but in the morning we were relieved at 8 a.m. by the Colorados. [Jacob] Landis and Sergeant Martin are on the Sick List.

July 15, 1898

Reveille at 4 am. At 6 a.m. boarded an old sampan bound across the bay to establish camp at Tarnbo [Tambo]. Arrived on Bus: at 8.30 a.m. two miles from proposed camp. Lunch at 11 am. Visited the Insurgents headquarters. There had been a fight between the Spanish and the Insurgents earlier that morning and they were bringing in their dead all day. I visited the local church and found a native child waking the dead. She wore a beautiful dress with silk stockings, shoes and an elaborate cap. There was a chime of bells in the church, originally totalling eight bells but now reduced to five. Atkins bruised his finger with the tongue of the bell. Our officers spent hours with the Insurgent officers, with feasting galore. We left town at 2 p.m. and arrived at Camp Dewey at 4 p.m.

Sábado 4 de Junio 1898

Sábese que ha salido de la Península una escuadra española el 28 de Mayo la cual todos creen que viene acá si bien á muchos les parece mal que haya salido de España tan tarde. Reúnese de nuevo la asamblea consultiva para la aprobación del reglamento. Corren noticias alarmantes pero confusas de la Laguna y Bulacán, Dicese que la línea férrea de Manila á Dagúpan está interrumpida en una extensión de 14 kilómetros. El Comandante de Sta. Ana Pío del Pilar se ha dejado copar fraudulentamente por el enemigo cerca de Parañaque con 5 compañías. Algunos de los suyos al ver la estratagema se han venido huyendo a nuestro campo.

Alarming but confusing news about Laguna and Bulacan. They say the railroad from Manila to Dagupan has been destroyed for a distance of fourteen kilometers. The commnander of Santa Ana, Pio del Pilar, with five companies, has allowed himself to be fraudulently captured near Parañaque. Some of his men, observing the strategy, have come fleeing to our camp.

Domingo 1 de Mayo 1898

Hoy nuestra escuadra ha sido incendiada por la escuadra americana (.,.)La componen los barcos ”Boston” y “Baltimore” cruceros protegidos de 1o clase. “Ralleig” y “Olimpia” cruceros protegidos de 2″ clase; cañoneros protegidos “Concord” y “Petrel”, aviso “Mac-Culloch” y transporte “Zafiro” y “Naushau” (…) si el Corazón Divino se dignase conceder la victoria á las armas españolas. Dicha oración es como sigue (…) Los barcos que se han librado del fuego han sido hechados á fondo por sus tripulantes que no han podido sufrir que cayeran en poder del enemigo (…) Son como unas 450 las bajas que han sufrido hoy nuestra marina.

Today our squadron was burned by the Americans. At 2:30 before dawn, it entered the bay through the Boca Chica. lt is composed of the boats Boston and Baltimore, first class armed cruisers; Raleigh and Olympia, second class armed cruisers; the armed gunboats Concord and Petrel; the cutter McCollouch; and the transports Zephyr
and Nanshan. The artillery recently installed on Corregidor fired some rounds, but the Americans ignored them and sped on to Cavite. At 5:15 AM. they entered in single file the hook off Bacoor, positioning themselves between Cavite and Malate. Our squadron anchored in the Cavite navy yard consisted of the wooden-and-iron cruisers Reina Cristina, Castillo, D. Antonio de Ulloa and D. Juan de Austria; the gunboats Marques del Duero and General Lero, the third class armed cruisers Isla de Luzon and lsla de Cuba. Attached to them was the defenseless mail boat lsla de Mindanao. A battery installed in Cavite opened fire, and to these shots were added those from the armada and some batteries in Manila. The enemy, haughty in their colossal barks answered with energy, all of their cannons aimed at destroying our vessels, especially the Reina Cristina aboard which was Admiral Patricio Montojo. At 6:00, the cannonading was veritably infernal. Between 6:30 and 7:00, the American squadron repulsed by the Spanish retreated for a moment in order to resume the fight with greater fury, resorting to firing on our boats with incendiary bombs. One of them set fire to the Reina Cristina whose commanding officer, D. Cadarso, in a fit of valor rammed one of the enemy to board it. But a mortal enemy bullet aimed at the commander stopped him short, while our boat Insignia, its rudder already damaged, was stowed away near the shore. It would be about 7:00 AM. when the Americans retreated towards Bataan quite a distance from Manila. Watching from the Ateneo, we thought they would be throwing corpses into the sea. There was no interruption of the masses in our church during the battle and enough people received holy communion. Hardly had the fighting ceased when we saw from Manila a column of black smoke rising above the first burned vessel, the Castilla, the D. Juan de Austria and perhaps also the Ulloa. It was certainly painful watching the flames flashing from the continued explosions of the ammunition loaded in their holds. An enemy boat, at about 12:30 P.M. pounced upon the batteries of Cavite again, destroying them with a few shots. The others were ranged in battle position as in the early morning, securely contemplating what they accomplished in burning our vessels. The boats which had been saved from the bombardment were scuttled by their crews, unwilling to see them fall into the enemy’s hands. The Isla de Mindanao had been grounded on the shore of Parañaque, and at 1:00 P.M., an American boat approached and put it on fire. Her 125-man crew were saved with not a single scratch. During the battle that morning, only one grenade out of forty hurled at the enemy hit a mast. When the shooting was over, the chaplain, D. Juan Alberti said Mass and harangued the crew, encouraging them to be brave and trust in Saint Joseph whose feast day the whole Church is celebrating today. They had all armed themselves with battle-axes and revolvers to defend the boat to death, rather than see her boarded and taken; but on seeing her burning from a single bomb, they abandoned her, and escaped in boats to the shore, Saint Joseph shielding them from the projectiles of the enemy who, seeing them fleeing from a wrecked ship, continued to fire on them. The casualties suffered by our battle fleet number about 450, due more to the explosion of the ammunition inside our burning boats, the most prominent victim being the chaplain of the Reina Cristina, Fr. Novo, whose head was blown to bits while he was hearing the confession of a wounded marine. He had just brought the entire crew to our church a short while before to help them fulfill their Easter duty. All day long some of our Fathers and  Brothers have been going to Santa Ana, and in the evening, the superiors decided that all of Ours should go to that house. They were afraid the Americans would bombard Manila at 5:00 PM.But at sunset, it was rumored the bombardment was postponed till the next day.