December 16, 1944

I went biking yesterday to see the effect of the bombing yesterday and to hear the comments of the people.

Streets were empty. Traffic was paralyzed. Army trucks and cars moved around with camouflage nets. Many sentries posted in street corners.

42 civilians were wounded in Parañaque. Saw them in corridors of the P.G. Hospital. Most of them were hit by Jap A.A. shells which fell short.

Raid yesterday was non-stop –from morning to afternoon. I saw fires burning in the direction of Grace Park and Nichols and Murphy and McKinley.

People from San Juan say that a low-flying plane strafed a Jap truck crossing the bridge killing 4 persons. Consensus of opinion is that much damage was done to military installation.

Last night, conversation was on probability of landings. Some believe Americans have landed already somewhere in Luzon.

Heard three big explosions last night –one at 2 o’clock also.

Raid again.


Vic and Neneng wounded. A Jap shell landed near the house. Yesterday 3 exploded but no one was injured.

May 10, 1936

Sunday. Awakened at 5 a.m. by a ferocious brass band in the nearby barrio “playing” for some church festival. At 10 a.m. it is still at it, and worse than ever. What with dogs, roosters and church bells, this adds new horrors to residence in the Philippines. (The fiesta, with band complete went on steadily until 11 p.m.)

In the afternoon, I went out to McKinley and golfed alone. In the evening six toughs threatened Oleaga and his cook and frightened the family. Oleaga sent his chauffeur to the police station at Parañaque, but the police were all away at the fiesta!

June 10th-99

Heavy firing at 4 a.m. awakened me. The advance upon Paranaque had begun. The line of the U.S. Army was in sight on the hills to the S.E. and the rebels made a very poor stand, altho’ they were in splendid trenches. Five thousand rebels in our front left their trenches –and while some of them got away south to Batangas, others were driven by the gunboats on the lake– to Paranaque. We went thro’ their trenches clear to the “tree.” They are simply wonderful –shrapnel-proof– all loopholed, and some of them are double-deckers, where two lines of fire could be directed to us –one above the other. Had we attacked them from the front they would have slaughtered us. But they are gone now. This is the last big bunch left now close to Manila. And this may, perhaps, let us have less work. It was a grand sight to see the army from the hills.

Sunday, Mar. 26th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Sky covered with light hazy clouds which hardly broke the force of the sun’s rays. Weather hot.

Bible reading, prayer, breakfast & lesson for Bilibid prisoners. About 10.30 a.m. struck out on Paseo Azcarraga for Bilibid Prison. Arrived there in good season. Met Major Bean first who directed me to Lt. Wolf of the 2d Oregon’s. We had a long talk in the yard re yesterday’s fight. He is quite friendly. Provost Sergeant M. Ryan went around among the military prisoners & invited them to attend my meeting in the yard. Only three responded. The Sergeant then suggested the quarters of the white civil prisoners. Agreed. Had an audience of 25; very rough men; mostly sailors and beach combers –apparently. I was thankful to the Lord for this change. Don’t have to stand in the hot sun. My rough audience joined heartily in the singing. The service was broken off abruptly, by dinner call. Indeed when we entered the cook was already dishing out dinner on the floor to the prisoners of this ward. The food was left standing until the close of the service. At the close I was invited to return again. The Sergeant & I managed to have future meetings in that place as it is the best I have seen up to date in Bilibid.

Walked back home thro’ the hot sun, & found my table covered with mail from the United States. After going thro’ the letters gave my attention the remainder of the day to the War Crys of different countries. The number is increasing in variety. Lt-Col. Alice Lewis sent me a “Dispo.” for Dec. ’98. the first to come so far. Now for the letters:

(1) Feb. 20th ’99 from Capt. V.R. Post enclosed Postal order No. 30678 date Feb 17th. –my salary; am’t $36. U.S. coin.

(2) Brigadier Jno. Complin, Canadian General Secretary acknowledged receipt of my copy for their War Cry re Philippines.

(3) Private G. Bertrand sent his Soldier’s Pass for me to sign

(4) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, pv. B. acknowledges War Cry copy.

(5) Lt-Col. Alice Lewis, New York. Refers to receipt of several weekly letters, says she quoted contents to Commander Booth-Tucker & Consul. Feel anxious about me & ask me to advise them what to do in my case whether to remain or go away. It has been decided for the present that the Philippines remain attached to United States as my work is with the American soldiers & sailors.

This last item at least settles my mind for a short time, as Commandant’s letter greatly unsettled me. Expected Australasian officers to come up from the land of the Kangaroo any day.

Heavy cannonading this afternoon. “Monandnock” shelled Paranaque.

A German prince is reported killed today at our lines. Was a spectator. Colonel of the 22d U.S. Inf. also reported killed.


Monday, August 1st, 1898

It is raignen steady we arive at Camp at 10 o Clock cerry tired and hungry after Breakfast or rather Dinner we tired to find Rest in our tents the Evening we where informed that 6 of our Regt where killed and 32 wounded everythink remainded verry wuiet in the Camp the Killed where laid At Rest in a church Yard about 1½ from our Camp and the Wounded where cared for at the general Hospital Sick Landis and Sergt Martin

It is raining steadily. We arrived at camp at 10 o’clock very tired and hungry. After breakfast, or rather dinner, we tried to find rest in our tents. In the evening we were informed that six of our regiment were killed and 32 wounded. Everything remained very quiet in the camp. The killed were laid to rest in a church yard about one and a half miles from our camp and the wounded were cared for at the general hospital. Sick: [Jacob] Landis and Sergeant Martin.

Sunday, July 31st, 1898

It is not raignen in the Morning but very cloudy we are suddenly Ordered out on Outpost the whole Regiment at promptly 8 am we where lined up in Front of the Colonel tent and after recieving our Orders and listened to a good prayer of our chaplain we marched of taken with us Picks Shuffels and Axes we marched to a place called Tambo here a Road turns to the right and about 1/4 Mile out on this Road there is a Bridge across a smal Stream and Cap B. occupied this position and the Rest of the Regt moved on up the road to relieve the First Nebraska Regt at a place called Monastary here the Nebraska Boys had allready begun to build breast work there where 3 Guns of the Utah light Artillery stationed here the second Battalion took their in theese trenches and the first (3 Cop) held there place about 1/2 Mile back of us to the right The Lines of Entrenchment exstended from the Beach to about 75 Yards of the Monastery we where stationed as follows Co A on the Beach with 2 Guns of the Utah Battery – Co H then Co C wich closed the Gab between the Beach and the Monestery then came one more Gun of the Utah Battery and Co D wich closed the remaining trenches all day long we worked hard to strenghten our Breastwork we all took turn about until Night when the Enemy commenced to fire at us about 11:10 pm the firing began between the pickets and Outpost along the Road we all throwed away our Showels and Picks and grabed for our Guns by this thime Mayor Cuthberson who believed that the Enemy was going to make a Night attack ordered Co D E & K to take their position on our right the had no sooner taken their position than the firing began and all along the line the Artillery became engaged in death Earnest and fired Shell after Shell but we soon run out of Ammunition for each of us only had 50 Corporal McCanch was detailed to Camp and get more of the deathly stuff shortly after this we where reinforced by Battery H & K of the Regulars about 180 men strong each armed with the Kraig Jorgeson Riffle also by one Battalion of the First California by this time all Ammunition and the Rest of our Regiment wich had being in Camp on Guard duty had arrived and we all felt verry much relieved the Enemy had being firing right along without stopping ours but now we all started with more vigor then ever wich lasted about 3½ hours more during all this time we had a good opportunity to listen to the Crack of the Mauser and the busting of Spanish Shells all this time it raigned in torrents continuous our trenchs where like Mud holes but in the Morning we where relieved at 8 am by the Colerados. Landis and Sergeant Martin are on the Sick List

It is not raining in the morning but very cloudy. At promptly 8 a.m. the whole regiment was suddenly ordered out on outpost. We were lined up in front of the Colonel’s tent; and, after receiving our orders and listening to a good prayer by our chaplain, we marched off taking our picks, shovels and axes. We marched to a place called Tambo. Here a road turns to the right and about 1/4 miles out on this road is a bridge across a stream. Company B occupied this position and the rest of the regiment moved up the road to relieve the First Nebraska Regiment at a place called Monastary. Here the Nebraska boys had already begun to build breastworks. There were 3 guns of the Utah Light Artillery stationed here. The Second Battalion too their [position] in these trenches and the First [Battalion] (3 companies) held their place about 1/2 miles back of us to the right. The lines of entrenchment extended from the beach to tabout 75 yards off the Monastery. We were stationed as follows: Co. A on the beach with 2 guns of the Utah Battery, Co. H, then Co. C which closed the gap between the beach and the Monastery, then came one more gun of the Utah Battery and Co. D which closed the remaining trenches. All day long we worked hard to strengthen our breastworks. We all took turns until night when the enemy began to fire on us at about 11:10 p.m. The firing began between the pickets and outposts along the road. We all threw our shovels and picks aside and grabbed for our guns. By this time, Major Cuthbertson, who believed that the enemy was going to make a night attack, ordered Co. D, E and K to take position on out right. They had no sooner taken their positions when firing began and all along the line the artillery became engaged in death earnest and fired shell after shell. But, we soon ran out of ammunition because each of us only had 50 rounds. Corporal [Alexander] McCanch was detailed to camp to get more of the deathly stuff. Shortly after this we were reinforced by Batteries H and K of the regulars, about 180 men strong each armed with the Krag-Jørgensen Rifle. [We were] also reinforced by one battalion of the First California. By this time all ammunition and the rest of our regiment, which had been in camp on guard duty, had arrived and we all felt very much relieved. The enemy had been firing right along without stopping ours. Now we all started [to return fire] with more vigor than ever which lasted about 3½ hours more. During this time we had a good opportunity to listen to the crack of the Mauser and the bursting of Spanish shells. All this time it rained in torrents continuously. Our trenches were like mud holes but in the morning we were relieved at 8 a.m. by the Colorados. [Jacob] Landis and Sergeant Martin are on the Sick List.

July 15, 1898

Reveille at 4 am. At 6 a.m. boarded an old sampan bound across the bay to establish camp at Tarnbo [Tambo]. Arrived on Bus: at 8.30 a.m. two miles from proposed camp. Lunch at 11 am. Visited the Insurgents headquarters. There had been a fight between the Spanish and the Insurgents earlier that morning and they were bringing in their dead all day. I visited the local church and found a native child waking the dead. She wore a beautiful dress with silk stockings, shoes and an elaborate cap. There was a chime of bells in the church, originally totalling eight bells but now reduced to five. Atkins bruised his finger with the tongue of the bell. Our officers spent hours with the Insurgent officers, with feasting galore. We left town at 2 p.m. and arrived at Camp Dewey at 4 p.m.