22nd day, Jan. 18, 1945

Warsaw has fallen! This is the principal feature of the broadcast this morning. Russia certainly knows how to time her punch to produce the desired effect. This is a fatal blow to Germany. Russians are just now 15 miles from German Silesia. It appears that this Russian drive will throw Germany off balance and probably knock her down for the count should the European Western front be continuously hammered hard and strong by the allied forces as to prevent Germany from sending reinforcements to the Eastern front, The Eastern situation should hasten the collapse of Germany.

The Philippine war front has become front page news all over the world. This war has definitely placed the Philippines conspicuously on the map. At least for the next generation, American and Australian children will be studying closely Philippine geography and history. We are no longer an unknown item in world affairs.

1 1/2 billion dollars for naval construction in the Philippines. What a large sum that would be sunk by America in the Philippines!

Philippine laborers and business men would have a big share. This war is therefore a blessing in disguise.

Poor Peralta. He again committed a big foul by sending a message to Abcede on “crooks.” He exposed once more his idiocy to Abcede.

Today, we receive the message that tomorrow a hydroplane will be picking us up— from our beach.

Should nothing miscarry tomorrow, we could be taking our lunch somewhere in Leyte or on some other point.

May God be with us—during and after the trip.


15th day, January 11,1945

We are still here waiting. Gen. McArthur is still busy. Why be impatient? We might be landed in Manila instead of Leyte. Everything happens for the best, as Joe used to say.

The tuba in Col. Abcede’s place has put my stomach on the blink. Well, but Dr. Sevilla has given me already the pill to get it back in shape.

My name went on the air again from the USA. I feel embarrassed instead of being elated over it.

Hail Gen. McArthur and Adm. Nimitz for the successful landing of American forces in Lingayen! Mabuhay!

Quezon if he only knew what’s going on, he would break out of his grave and join Gen. McArthur.

It can’t all be glory for him, after all.


14th day, Jan. 10, 1945

Had a good sleep last night. We have been walking through the camp this morning. There is order, cleanliness and discipline.

We eat our lunch today in Lt. Rexford’s quarters, where air service communication apparatus is at work.

We are treated to turkey and frosted cake baked by Pvt. Orven, a nice young fellow.

I wonder what the Jap prisoner, an aviator, was saying when he passed by, seeing us having a cheerful time, having plenty of food before us.

If these Japs had the food and the things that these Americans have, I am sure they would refuse to go out and fight like mad dogs as they do now.

Rex is a nice fellow. He is quite intelligent.

We leave Abcede’s HQ at 2 p.m. today.

We got in tonight at 7 o’clock, tired.

Our guess that the unusual air activity during the last few days meant a major operation by Gen. MacArthur came out correct. We have just heard the broadcast that this morning the allied forces made a successful landing in Lingayen. What happy news.

McArthur has commenced his march to Manila. Would he get there on his birthday?


13th day, Jan. 9, 1945

Maj. Soliven came this morning and took us out after lunch to Col. Absede’s CP. We reach the HQ late this evening on a motor boat. The trip has been rather monotonous. We find Col Abcede waiting for us. His HQ is upstream and well hidden. Yet the Japs succeeded in getting in there through the back door. The darned fools did the unexpected as they did also in Panay.

The good Col. has tuba, hash & corned beef ready for us and a good dinner.

To our surprise, after dinner, the HQ band started to play dance music. And the girls of the camp showed up dolled up for the dance. We dance, that is, my party, for the first time in three years. We have a good time. This is my first opportunity to be amidst young girls, with their hair and faces well done up.

I have been introduced to staff officers of the camp. They are a fine group of enthusiastic young officers. I like them. They like me too, I presume. Their air is cordial, friendly & cooperative. They do not have the braggadocio of Panay officers. They do not show the insolence of Peralta’s clique. Here they are respectful to civil officers—friendly and helpful.

Col Abcede is sound and understanding. He does not have the imperious pretensions of Peralta.

Some personalities that strike me as interesting are Lanza, Maj. Cunanan and Manas.

I meet here Mrs. Villamor and Lt. Rexford. Why is Mrs. V. going with Rex and Rubenstein?

I have a nice bed here.

I have drunk several glasses of tuba.


11th day, Jan. 7, 1945

We have done a good day’s job. Col. Abcede came to see us this morning. He impressed me favorably on first sight. He looked modest & humble. He is an understanding fellow. He does not have the arrogance & the condescending air of Peralta. He is charming with his officers, but the latter have a high regard for him. He came in with various officers of his staff. They are all nice fellows. What great things we would have accomplished in Panay if we had officers of their kind and character.

They enjoy listening to our remarks on Peralta. They wonder why Peralta has been behaving as he has towards civil officials.

They are treating us royally here. We have just returned from Maj. Hollero’s CP. He has a fine family and a very charming wife. We got there Palm Olive [soap], tooth brushes and 1,000 rounds of buckshot.

Why didn’t Peralta give us the same things?

We have passed a great day. It’s the first time in ten days that [I] have been out. My strides were firm and steady. Everybody here is telling me [I] look strong & healthy. Thank God.

We are tired but satisfied. A shower has made me feel fine. What a day!


May 25, 1942

Lt. Col. Jesse T. Trayvick USA, Wainwright’s emissary traveling under a flag of truce accompanied by a representative of Gen. Homma, did not find difficulties delivering the “surrender orders” to Visayas-Mindanao USFIP CG, W. F. Sharp who, in turn, immediately issued written surrender orders to all his subordinates:  B/Gen. Albert Christie, Panay; Col. Roger Hilsman, Negros; Col. Irvin Schrader, Cebu; Col. Arthur Grimes, Bohol and Col. Ted Carrol, Samar-Leyte.  It is reported that all USA personnel and a few hundred Filipinos surrendered in compliance with Gen. Wainwright’s orders but many PA units led by their O’s, specially in Panay and Negros refused to surrender.  In Panay where the bulk of the 61st Div. is assigned are my classmates Lts. Amos Francia, Ramon Gelvezon and Pedro M Yap who believe Gen. Wainwright had no more authority to give orders after he became a POW.  Apparently, they were able to convince their Philippine superiors like Majors Macario Peralta and Nick Velarde and so when their Div. Comdr. Christie told them about the surrender at Mt. Baloy, Peralta and Velarde categorically replied their refusal stating their plans to continue to fight the enemy.  Gen. Christie seemed to understand and even left the remaining funds to the Div. Fin. O.  Meanwhile, in Negros my classmates there are Lts. Uldarico Baclagon, Abenir Bornales and Epifanio Segovia and they also were able to convince their superiors, Captains Ernesto Mata and Salvador Abcede, to disregard the surrender orders of Col. Hillsman.  In Southern Luzon and Bicol Area, surrender emissary B/Gen. G. Francisco delivered the orders and like in the Visayas, only the Americans and a few Filipino USFIP members complied and surrendered.