Sunday, Mar. 26th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Sky covered with light hazy clouds which hardly broke the force of the sun’s rays. Weather hot.

Bible reading, prayer, breakfast & lesson for Bilibid prisoners. About 10.30 a.m. struck out on Paseo Azcarraga for Bilibid Prison. Arrived there in good season. Met Major Bean first who directed me to Lt. Wolf of the 2d Oregon’s. We had a long talk in the yard re yesterday’s fight. He is quite friendly. Provost Sergeant M. Ryan went around among the military prisoners & invited them to attend my meeting in the yard. Only three responded. The Sergeant then suggested the quarters of the white civil prisoners. Agreed. Had an audience of 25; very rough men; mostly sailors and beach combers –apparently. I was thankful to the Lord for this change. Don’t have to stand in the hot sun. My rough audience joined heartily in the singing. The service was broken off abruptly, by dinner call. Indeed when we entered the cook was already dishing out dinner on the floor to the prisoners of this ward. The food was left standing until the close of the service. At the close I was invited to return again. The Sergeant & I managed to have future meetings in that place as it is the best I have seen up to date in Bilibid.

Walked back home thro’ the hot sun, & found my table covered with mail from the United States. After going thro’ the letters gave my attention the remainder of the day to the War Crys of different countries. The number is increasing in variety. Lt-Col. Alice Lewis sent me a “Dispo.” for Dec. ’98. the first to come so far. Now for the letters:

(1) Feb. 20th ’99 from Capt. V.R. Post enclosed Postal order No. 30678 date Feb 17th. –my salary; am’t $36. U.S. coin.

(2) Brigadier Jno. Complin, Canadian General Secretary acknowledged receipt of my copy for their War Cry re Philippines.

(3) Private G. Bertrand sent his Soldier’s Pass for me to sign

(4) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, pv. B. acknowledges War Cry copy.

(5) Lt-Col. Alice Lewis, New York. Refers to receipt of several weekly letters, says she quoted contents to Commander Booth-Tucker & Consul. Feel anxious about me & ask me to advise them what to do in my case whether to remain or go away. It has been decided for the present that the Philippines remain attached to United States as my work is with the American soldiers & sailors.

This last item at least settles my mind for a short time, as Commandant’s letter greatly unsettled me. Expected Australasian officers to come up from the land of the Kangaroo any day.

Heavy cannonading this afternoon. “Monandnock” shelled Paranaque.

A German prince is reported killed today at our lines. Was a spectator. Colonel of the 22d U.S. Inf. also reported killed.


Sunday, January 22d, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.


Cloudy and cool. No rain. Took breakfast with Rev. & Mrs. Owens. Cooked dinner for myself and Clayton Scott. I remained at home until 2.15 p.m. or thereabouts. Wrote & copied 2 letters. Read an article or two.

The carrier (one of the Utah light artillerymen) brought the “American” around this a.m. Gen’l Otis suppressed this paper. Remained suppressed two days. Cause probably friction with Germans re their friendship for Filipino cause. Printing newspapers in Manila is a ticklish business just now.

Miss Thompson, a New England lady who is writing a book re the Philippines, called this forenoon while the Owens’ were absent. Directed her to the rear room. She comes here to take tub baths in the Owens’ part of our domicile.

After Scott & I talked the matter over went out to Malate to try secure the priviledge of holding a meeting.The Lord favored his efforts. At 2.15 together he & I by street car went out into Malate –the extreme suburbs. In the front vestibule of the Incina cable house, now occupied by Co. B. 1st North Dakota vol. inf. for quarters, we held a service. The soldiers appeared quite indifferent. Had an audience of 10. Dealt with them faithfully: no one responded to the invitation to seek Christ & salvation. From the front door of where we held our meeting can be seen the “Monadnock” lying near shore ready for Filipino trouble. A new dirt breastwork has been thrown up during the past week by Americans, between the building a Fort Polvorin San Antonio de Abad. Scott & I went over to the Fort. The sentry halted him there. I passed the fort sentry, & across the river on the concrete bridge to our trenches which marks out extreme picket line. Down the road past the grave yard I saw groups of Filipino soldiers., about one quarter of a mile distant. Looks like war. Saw some Spanish prisoners (sergeants) come to the American line to view the situation.

Returned home by streetcar. Arrived too late to cook supper. Made our repast on bananas, dry bread and lemonade. Then it was time for meeting as some of the troops must be in their quarters by 8 p.m.

Private Geo. Berry, drew %10. (the last of his money on deposit) and signed for it.

Audience 10. The Lord gave me liberty & utterance. Last night the Holy Ghost shed His love abroad in my soul & blessed me most graciously; praise His dear name.

Meetings are held now amid rumors of war & shooting of natives by our pickets, & attacks by the Filipinos upon our sentries. This state of affairs unsettles everything.

Private Devine (Landon) K. battery cook, brought me some food before meeting but I had no time to eat it until after meeting.

Wednesday, Dec. 14th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cloudy and cool. Quite agreeable. Cooked breakfast and supper. Bro. Devine (Landon) sent me 2 good steaks as by D. Brown. I cooked one for my supper & gave the other to Rev. & Mrs. Owens. We borrow from each other frequently & occasionally divide food. They are finished for money.

Remained at home during the forenoon & wrote 2 short articles, continuation of “Incidents of Campaigning Days” for the “American Soldier.” Names or subheads. Went out 5 & came back 6, “Contrasts.” Sent them to Mr. Isaac Russell of Utah battery, the proprietor.

Ex-sergeant – Major Ackarett of Ogden Utah of Utah Artillery, has been remaining away from my meetings & attending Owens services in the Christian Commission. He called on the Owens with gifts of family supplies. I took him to task for neglecting his own work to also taking fencing lessons. Prayed for him.

After dinner went down on the Escolta. Purchased some groceries. Rec’d such a large War Cry mail that I hired a caromata. 24 cents Mex. to haul it. I have:

S.F War Crys rec’d. Assorted editions printed years ago copies 469; No. 571 edition Nov. 5th, 120 copies. Total 589.

Sent out for distribution 200 old miscellaneous War Crys (S.F.) to be distributed in G.H.K. & L batteries of the 3d artillery. Private Frank Amie took them. Also sent to the monitor “Monadnock” by Sailor H.M. Hanam, 30 copies miscellaneous Crys (S.F.) & 5 of No. 571.

Lt. Col. Wm Evans sent me in a letter dated the 3d remittance of $18 on my salary. Collected the postal note & set aside $2 for the Lord’s tenth. So this regularly.

The Astor battery is about to return home.

Rumors keep coming in of impending trouble with the insurgents.

Gave a Filipino work to make me a gate for the top landing of the front stains. P’d him $1 Mex & p’d 10 cts. Mex for 2 bamboo poles.

Visitors today 10.


Rec’d several letters for various parties.

Sunday, Dec. 11th, 1898

Cavite, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

The air is full of rumors on impending war with the Filipinos and preparation for some unusual event is evident. For the first time I met since their arrival in force, Kansas (20th reg’t) 51st Iowa’s, (Inf) Nevada Cavalry, Tennessee infantry and Wyoming battery. On my way to & from Cavite.

The 18th infantry privates were rounded up by their “non-coms” today & kept in their quarters ready for instant service. Rumor says the artillery have ammunitions ready. I heard artillery had been sent outside the gate in the wall facing San Roque. I essayed to go thro’ the gate but for the first time was halted by a sentry.

A Spanish woman who lives in the basement of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila, & begs food from us occasionally, told Brother (Rev.) Owens today that she overheard some Filipinos say they intend attacking the Americans.

I have a feeling that we shall soon be in the midst of a war with them, which I would very much deplore.

I was out of bed early. Prayed to my precious God. Cooked breakfast. Private G. Scott arrived. I hastened away without washing dishes. Took 8.30a.m. ferry to Cavite. Scott paid fares both ways.

I noticed the monitor “Monadnock” has taken up her position close to Manila, near mouth of the Pasig. Looks suspicious of impending trouble.

A steam launch was sent ashore for us & took us out to the U.S. Cruiser “Charleston” from the ferry boat. Lieut–Commander Blacklinger & Ensign Evans (officer of the deck) received us courteously. Mess table seats were brought up from below & arranged on the upper deck. Audience about 40. I was told this was the 2d meeting held on board since the cruiser went into commission.

Indeed we Salvationists are the only religionists holding evangelical services on the ships of Dewey’s squadron.

No souls forward. Clayton Scott & Bro. Dansare (seaman) assisted me. Were given dinner with the sailors & put ashore in the arsenal at 1.30p.m.

Called at the Divisional Hospital in Calle Arsenal to seek specially Bro. Hans Verwiebe who is cooking there-pastry. Found him in the kitchen. Belongs to S.F. No. 2. Talked salvation with him & encouraged him to go on.

Next Co. K. 18th U.S. Infantry stationed in the church & urged ex-Capt. Chas Spurgeon of Co. K. to return to Christ & the S.A. Refused. Also urged Private Ed Franzen to get Jesus to heal his backslidings. Said he thinks he is O.K. Was lying on the floor with a piece of mosquito netting about his head. Said he had come off duty & was very tired. So I left him.

I (in company with a soldier) examined this strange gloomy old monastery; also the church building attached to the “Colegio de la Familia Sagrada” on Calle Arsenal.

Returned to Manila on the 4.p.m. ferry boat.

On the trip spoke to a number of men personally about Christ & salvation on the boat, in hospital, on the street and on the war vessel.

Distributed War Crys (S.F) as follows:

In Divisional Hospital, Miscellaneous, copies 10.

On Cruises “Charleston” No. 570 edition, “     25.

18th U.S. Infantry, No. 570 edition Sept.     “     15

“                        “       “ 565     “         Sept. 24 “     3

“                        “       “ 566     “         Oct. 15 “     3

“                        “       “ 567     “         Oct. 18 “     3

Arrived home late & cooked supper for 4 men including myself; Scott, Wm W. Eletson & A. Marquardt _ last 2 of “Olympia”. After eating went into a meeting immediately & led it. Audience 16. No souls forward.

Donations: Calvin Liles, of U.S.C. Charleston $2. Mex.

“         A. Marguardt of Flagship “Olympia” $3 “

The U.S. soldiers make use of wood in the Roman Catholic church buildings for cooking purpose. I noticed during my visit today to the Collegio dela Familia Sagrada, that the timbers are being taken down from the ceiling, floor, etc. The Filipinos first gutted these edifices.

Sunday, November 20th, 1898

Cavite, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Weather comparatively cool when one refrained from exertion.

Cooked breakfast and supper. Up early. Private Clayton Scott came for me before 8am. Breakfast & dishes washed we sauntered leisurely down to the Pasig & arrived there in time to go over to Cavite on the ferry boat. Arrived in the latter town after a run of little more than an hour, a row boat manned by 10 sailors in charge of a a coxswain, came to the wharf for us & in a few minutes set us on the U.S. monitor “Monadnock”. The officer of the deck Lieut J. P. Parker or Paker received us as did also Lieut C. P. Perkins. Seats were brought out & a table to the aft upper deck just beneath the muzzles of the 2, 10 inch rifles. An audience of 24 encouraged us with their presence. Had several petty officers including 1 or 2 lieuts at the service. No souls forward. After service Sailor Hanson by request of Lt. Parker showed us around the vessel. We were then put ashore by the boat’s crew that took us out.

Called at Mr. W. B. Silver‘s American restaurant to get dinner. Mr. W. Silver treated both of us without changing a cent. Going out of the city gate, Scott & I passed the American sentry. Sergeant-major Keohane of A. Battery Cal Heavy artillery, overtook us & made Scott turn back. No enlisted soldiers could go to San Roque (held by the Insurgents) without a pass. Turned & got aboard a new ferry boat, the “Napindan” which left Cavite at 2 p.m.

Scott paid all ferry expenses.

Arrived in Manila earlier than we expected & found Sailor Lille & another sailor from the U.S. “Charleston” waiting for us.

After supper U.S. soldiers gathered at No. 2 from various regiments _ 16 _ & a meeting was led by me. Comrades testified & sung. The Lord set his seal upon the service. At the close 3 soldiers kneeled at the table – one – a backslider, for reclamation. Duane H. Kennedy, Battery L. 3d regt U.S. Art’y; & 2 for sanctification. Geo. Wortsen, Co. E. 1st South Dakota vols & Emil Wold, Co. E do reg’t. all 3 claimed victory.

I authorized Private Frank Amie H. Bat’y, 3d Art’y to collect money for me at his request. On the Monadnock distributed War Crys, No. 565, Sept. 24th ’98 (15) & No. 567, Oct. 18 – ’98 (15)

M. Nagerb F. Hashim, Syrian, formerly of No. 7 Calle Gandara now of No. 1 San Jose St. dropped in to see me. Said we were getting No. 2 too cheap; is worth $50 a month; pays 33 for his house much smaller than this; rents gone up. I do not know why he hinted at this. May want the house for himself.

Sunday, November 13th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

The storm of the past three days was a surprise for its duration. The night closes in with a hard wind.

Very busy all day. Cooked 3 meals. Had Private Clayton Scott to dinner & supper.

Expected to visit Cavite & hold a service on the “Monadnock” but heard the bay was so rough that the ferry did not run. On that account remained in Manila & sent Scott out to Malate to arrange for a meeting there. This done after dinner went out, Private Lloyd accompanying us to the thatched building occupied by the Y.M.C.A where I led and the service. Stormy day, wind blowing a gale & the waves breaking in the beach back of the house with a roar. Audience 28. Chaplain W.D. Stephenson of the Idaho’s assisted. Distributed 50 War Crys to the soldiers 25 of No.     & 25 of           No.

After supper held service in No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena parlor. Small audience. God present. At close Private Walter Lang Co. D. 13th Minn. professed to get reclaimed thru Christ. This was the first meeting he attended since leaving home.

Was formerly a member of the Burr St. Baptist church St. Paul. Minn. Glory to my God for victory. Lang came to our service with Private E. F. Flansberg, G. Co. 13th Minn. Confessed to be in a backslide condition, but refused to get right. Only a short time ago he commenced holding meetings on his own account so zealous was he; now is in the dumps. May God help him. We parted rejoicing.

Visitors 8.

On our way to Malate found the Christian Commission tent flat on the ground. Perhaps the storm did it.

The news reached us yesterday that Uncle Sam is shipping 7,000 more soldiers out to the Philippines, ditto war vessels. Looks suspicious.


Saturday, November 12th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Wind and rain storm last night, and during a large part of this day. Slacked up a little this afternoon. Tonight weather is wild. Busy day for me. All days are.

Commenced with prayer & bible reading. Went to town in the forenoon. Bought Vol. 1 bound of Spanish account of the Philippine insurrection. Rec’d a letter from Private A. Waterman asking me to call & see him. Went after dinner out to San Miguel, saw him at his company barracks. Troubled with the mumps. Prayed with him. Private Hines of the Montana reg’t accompanied me. Waterman paid me $6. Mex; his 1/10. Private D. C. Hines also paid me $10 gold, 1/10 part is for arrears from last month. Glory to God.

After praying with Watermann we walked over to the General Hospital across the Pasig & saw Privates Berry of the Montana and Private A. Pines of the South Dakota. Conversation on religious lines then kneeled down & prayed with them.

I bought a bound book, History of the Philippine Insurrection – Spanish a/c Vol. I. No 2d volume out & may never be. Dealt with other soldiers personally about their souls.

Rec’d a letter from Capt. W. H. Whiting of the “Monadnock” granting permission to hold service on his vessel.

Major O. Hara of the 3d Reg’t Artillery, regular, called. Expressed himself very friendly. Said I am one of the 3d artillery boys because I came over with them on the “Newport”. The Major is a Roman Catholic. Said Father Doughty who accompanied Gen’l Merritt to Manila, said I was one of the best Christians or men outside of his Church that he was acquainted with. If there is any good in me at all, unto God be the glory for I am nothing of myself.

The One Tenth League is proving a great assistance to me, glory to my King.

Newspapers state the Philippines will be retained by the United States. – Water is flooding the street – Sta. Elena.

Tuesday, November 1st , 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Sometimes a day comes which stands out from its fellows as a red letter day or day of crisis. The present day give promise of making a radical change in my future. A letter dated September 7th ’98 was received from Commandant Herbert H. Booth who is in command of the Salvation Army in Australia & Oceanica. The Com’dt informs me that I am poaching on his territory, for which he does not blame me, but he is writing London & New York re the matter. Intended to occupy the Islands but hesitated because of Spain having control. The war put a new face on affairs. He now intends to occupy them. Would like me to take charge, but fears New York will never consent to giving me up. However, if the Australasian Division cannot have my services, I must return home via Australia & see the work there & will be a “great hit” for the American War Crys, ask me to write him an exhaustive report re the Philippines – also one for their publications & wants photos. Promises to send a contingent of officers here. Evidently, the archipelago will go under his wing. I commenced writing the report. Did 3 pages.

Called at the port office twice. Another letter of importance came from Deputy Surgeon-General Henry Lippincott, who sent me a written permit to visit the U.S. hospital. Divisional – at all times. To my God be the praise.

The post office clerks furnished at my request the full names of all the captains in Rear Admiral Dewey’s fleet as follows:

“ Olympia” Capt. B. P. Lamberton;

“Boston” Capt. H. Wilds;

“Charleston” Capt. H. Glass;

“Raleigh” Capt. J. B. Coughlan;

“Baltimore” Capt. W. H. Dyer;

“Monadnock” Capt. W. H. Whiting;

“Concord” Capt. Asa Walker;

“Petnel” Capt E. P. Wood;

“Nero” Capt. G. Belknap

“Monterey” Capt. E. H. C. Lentz;

“McCullock” Capt. C. H. Hooper; also

“Brutus,” Capt. V. L. Coltman; “Manila”, Capt. F. Singer; “Callao”, B. Tappan; “Manshan”, Capt. B. W. Hughes.

This list will be of value to me when planning for services on board the main vessels.

Took Bro. Clayton T. Scott’s photo, on horseback. Also gave him for distribution among the Astor battery men, 10 copies No. 557 War Cry (S.F.) July 30th ’98, containing my first published report of Philippine expedition. (20) copies No. 563 Cry, Sept. 10th ’98 printing 2d report. Scott brought me a gift of fresh steak – Australian brought in a refrigerator ship, which was highly relished fried with onion for supper.

Visitors 4.

Spoke to several soldiers on the street personally about Christ & salvation.

Saturday, August 27, 1898

“United States Supremacy Must Be Absolute”

On August 18, Admiral Dewey, through his aide-de-camp, informed his squadron that as a result of the preliminary talks in Paris, Manila would fall under American jurisdiction until a definite treaty would be signed.

A few days later, on the occasion of the farewell visit of a foreign admiral, Admiral Dewey was heard to say, “I am very pleased to have the Monterey and Monadnoch as reinforcement but I am disturbed by these insurgents who are becoming increasingly demanding.” General Merritt totally agreed with him. Nothing is more cumbersome than trying to dislodge a people from their own land. The law instituted by Judge Lynch is by its very nature the only means of extricating his American compatriots from this complicated situation.

On the 21st of August, Aguinaldo sent President McKinley a telegram requesting the representation of the revolutionary government of the Philippines at the Paris Conference. The request went unanswered. And yet, General Merritt, this “gringo” officer who wielded his authority over Manila with such clumsiness, has been designated to participate in this conference. The absence of a Filipino representative clearly proves that the United States intends to push its objectives to the utmost limits.

The Americans are keeping the Philippine capital under the strictest surveillance and unscrupulously maintain that their duty is to govern the entire archipelago. United States supremacy must be absolute.