June 22, 1942

Japanese authorities announced that the use of traveling pass by the public is no longer required.

Saw a Japanese officer’s car crash against a rig. The Japanese got a hold of the “cochero,” boxed his face, kicked his body and whipped the horse. The cochero lay on the street unconscious, his face bleeding. People looked on sullenly, angrily.

Somebody whispered. “Someday… someday…”


June 18, 1942

New rice ration plan adopted yesterday. I hope it works out well. It will meet with a lot of objections. People do not want rationing. We are not used to a regimented economy.

Tony Vasquez dropped in at the office. He asked me to explain the new system. He was breathing hard. He biked from the hospital. I think he is too old to bike.


June 17, 1942

Food production campaign not going on well. People are discouraged to plant. When fields are all planted, the fields are commandeered. Some are transformed to airfields. Payment given does not compensate for value of the products.

This is the trouble with the Japanese. They want the people to like them but they slap the people and torture them.

They want something for nothing all the time.

They can’t eat the cake and keep it.

Lolita baked a cake. Vic ate one-half.


June 16, 1942

Talked to Fukada regarding Mr. Inada. I told Fukada that Inada must be told to change his arrogant ways. He cannot treat Filipinos like dogs. Personally, he has not been rude to me. But I resent his rudeness to fellow Filipinos.

Fukada asked me to be patient.

The Japanese are thinking of introducing Hori rice. They are excited about it. Hori rice seems more glutinous.

Walked home. Walking is a good exercise.


June 15, 1942

Visited Pagu at San Marcelino police station. He was with Unson and several others. They were all thin and pale and their hair was cut short. I thought I would not be allowed to see them but the policemen let me in. They said they were arrested because of alleged distribution of enemy propaganda. I asked them how they were treated in Fort Santiago. They remained silent. I understood.

I promised to work for their release. Just keep on praying to God, I told them.

Talked to Phil about Bataan till past midnight.

June 13, 1942

Mr. Fukada ordered the removal of all pictures of President Manuel Quezon from the Naric. He explained that this was in line with a suggestion issued by Malacañan a month ago.

Presented my resignation again.

Refused again.


June 11, 1942

Heard Pagu was transferred to San Marcelino Police Station. What is the meaning of the transfer? Will he be released? Will try to see him

Held seminar in the office. Made clear my objections to:

1. The threatening, rough, insolent manner of some minor Japanese officials. They must change their attitude if they want cooperation from us Filipinos.

2. The need for better Japanese officials in the Naric. “We want Japanese who can advise us,” I pointed out, “not Japanese whom we have to advise.”

Noticed informer Pascual taking notes of what I said. I precisely wanted him to tell the Japanese my feelings.

Radio Tokyo boasted: Japanese fleet now controls entire Pacific.

Tuned in on KGEI to find out what America had to say about the Japanese claim The radio blared:

“Git along little doggie git along…”

June 10, 1942


Forty-four persons shot to death for violation of military laws.

The death sentences, it was announced, were carried out on June 7. Eleven others were merely given severe penalties.

The Imperial Forces announced that those who commit crimes against the military laws will be punished severely and without the slightest mercy.

Saw several people trembling as they read the papers.

Among those sentenced were the following:

Juanito Acosta, who was connected with the remnants of the Fil-American forces in Northern Luzon and “who spied on the operations of the Japanese forces.”

Cornelio Pagindian and nine others, who listened to news broadcasts from America, England, Australia and other forbidden stations and who spread and enlarged anti-Japanese propaganda among the people.

Juan Operario, saboteur, who set fire to a Japanese warehouse, reducing most of it to ashes.

Federico Antido, who wounded a Japanese soldier.