Skip to content

About Angeles Monrayo

About the author: Angeles Monrayo Raymundo (1912 — 2000). From the anthology that reproduced excerpts from the diary, comes this summary of her life:

Angeles left the Philippines with her family when she was only three months old. They were part of the 5,234 Filipinos who arrived in Hawai’i in 1912. Most of these early Filipino immigrants were men. In 1924, Filipino plantation workers began a slow-growing strike that eventually involved about 60 percent of Filipino plantation workers. Their leader was Pablo Manlapit, the leader of the High Wages Movement. Manlapit came to Hawai’i as one of the earliest HSPA recruits in 1910. Plantation owners evicted their workers from their plantation homes in an attempt to break the strike. Like other Filipino workers, the Monrayo family relocated to the Middle Street strike camp in Honolulu. Her parents separated when she was six years old, and Angeles and her father and brother would eventually leave for San Francisco in 1927.

About the diary: Published in 2003 by the University of Hawai’i Press as Tomorrow’s Memories: A Diary, 1924-1928, edited by Rizaline R. Raymundo, and part of its Intersections: Asian and Pacific American Transcultural Studies series. A blurb about the book provides the following information:

Angeles Monrayo (1912–2000) began her diary on January 10, 1924, a few months before she and her father and older brother moved from a sugar plantation in Waipahu to Pablo Manlapit’s strike camp in Honolulu. Here for the first time is a young Filipino girl’s view of life in Hawaii and central California in the first decades of the twentieth century—a significant and often turbulent period for immigrant and migrant labor in both settings. Angeles’ vivid, simple language takes us into the heart of an early Filipino family as its members come to terms with poverty and racism and struggle to build new lives in a new world. But even as Angeles recounts the hardships of immigrant life, her diary of “everyday things” never lets us forget that she and the people around her went to school and church, enjoyed music and dancing, told jokes, went to the movies, and fell in love.

The entries in The Philippine Diary Project appeared in Voices of the Asian American and Pacific Islander Experience, Volume 1 by Sang Chi, Emily Moberg Robinson, editors. As they pointed out,

The following excerpts illustrate the contours of Filipino community life during the plantation strikes of 1924. Life was difficult, but as one of only a handful of girls and women, she and other young girls found ways to help their families survive.Angeles was only 12 years old at the time she wrote these diary entries.