Diaries Timeline

Age of Exploration

Journal of Antonio Pigafetta October 20, 1518 — September 8, 1522

Logbook of Francisco Albo, 1519 — 1522

Under New Spain (1565–1761)

Logbook of Esteban Rodriguez November 21, 1564 — February 20, 1565

Logbook of Jaime Martinez and Diego Martin November 21, 1564 — February 13, 1565

Logbook of Pierres Plin November 21, 1564 — March 15, 1565

Logbook of Rodrigo de Espinosa November 21, 1564 — April 4, 1565

1 | Miguel López de Legazpi | 27 April 1565 – 20 August 1572
2 | Guido de Lavezaris | 20 August 1572 – 25 August 1575
3 | Francisco de Sande | 25 August 1575 – April 1580
4 | Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa | April 1580 – 10 March 1583
5 | Diego Ronquillo | 10 March 1583 – 16 May 1584
6 | Santiago de Vera | 16 May 1584 – May 1590
7 | Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas | 01 June 1590 – 25 October 1593
8 | Pedro de Rojas | October 1593 – 03 December 1593
9 | Luis Pérez Dasmariñas | 03 December 1593 – 14 July 1596
10 | Francisco Tello de Guzmán | 14 July 1596 – May 1602
11 | Pedro Bravo de Acuña | May 1602 – 24 June 1606
12 | Cristóbal Téllez Almazán (Real Audiencia) | 24 June 1606 – 15 June 1608
13 | Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia, conde del Valle de Orizaba (Interim) | 15 June 1608 – April 1609
14 | Juan de Silva Enríquez | April 1609 – 19 April 1616
15 | Andrés Alcaraz (Real Audiencia) | 1616 – until 03 July 1618
16 | Alonso Fajardo de Tenza | 03 July 1618 – 23 July 1624
17 | Jeronimo de Silva (Real Audiencia) | July 1624 – June 1625
18 | Fernándo de Silva (Interim) | July 1624 – 29 June 1626
19 | Juan Niño de Tabora | 29 June 1626 – 22 July 1632
20 | Lorenzo de Olaza (Real Audiencia) | 22 July 1632 – 1633
21 | Juan Cerezo de Salamanca (Interim) | 29 August 1633 – 25 June 1635
22 | Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera | 25 June 1635 – 11 August 1644
23 | Diego Fajardo Chacón | 11 August 1644 – 25 July 1653
24 | Sabiniano Manrique de Lara | 25 July 1653 – 08 September 1663
25 | Diego de Salcedo | 08 September 1663 – 28 September 1668
26 | Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz (Interim) | 28 September 1668 – 24 September 1669
27 | Manuel de León | 24 September 1669 – 21 September 1677
28 | Francisco Coloma ( Real Audiencia) | 21 September 1677 – 21 September 1677
29 | Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla (Real Audiencia) | 21 September 1677 – 28 September 1678
30 | Juan de Vargas y Hurtado | 28 September 1678 – 24 August 1684

Journal of William Dampier May 30, 1686 — November 2, 1687

31 | Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola | 24 August 1684 – April 1689
32 | Alonso de Avila Fuertes (Real Audiencia) | April 1689 – July 1690
33 | Fausto Cruzat Góngora, gobernador de Filipinas; sargento mayor de México | 25 July 1690 – 08 December 1701
34 | Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri | 08 December 1701 – 25 August 1709
35 | Martín de Urzúa y Arizmendi, Count of Lizárraga | 25 August 1709 – 04 February 1715
36 | José Torralba (Real Audiencia) | 04 February 1715 – 09 August 1717
37 | Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda | 09 August 1717 – 11 October 1719
38 | Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta (Interim) | 11 October 1719 – 06 August 1721
39 | Toribio José Cosio y Campo | 06 August 1721 – 14 August 1729
40 | Fernando Valdés | 14 August 1729 – July 1739
41 | Gaspar de la Torre | July 1739 – 21 September 1745
42 | Archbishop Juan Arrechederra (Interim) | 21 September 1745 – 20 July 1750
43 | Francisco José de Ovando, 1st Marquis of Brindisi | 20 July 1750 – 26 July 1754
44 | Pedro Manuel de Arandía Santisteban | 26 July 1754 – 31 May 1759
45 | Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta (Interim) | June 1759 – 31 May 1761
46 | Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Río y Vieyra (Interim) | July 1761 – 06 October 1762

Seven Years War

Journal of William Draper August 1 — October 6, 1762

Journal of Manuel Rojo September 1 — October 5, 1762

 British Occupation of Manila (1761–1764)

47 | Simón de Anda y Salazar | 06 October 1762 – 10 February 1764
48 | Dawsonne Drake | 02 November 1762 – 31 May 1764

Under New Spain (1764–1821)

49 | Francisco Javier de la Torre (Interim) | 17 March 1764 – 06 July 1765
50 | José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez | 06 July 1765 – July 1770
51 | Simón de Anda y Salazar | July 1770 – 30 October 1776
52 | Pedro de Sarrio (Interim) | 30 October 1776 – July 1778
53 | José Basco y Vargas | July 1778 – 22 September 1787
54 | Pedro de Sarrio (Interim) | 22 September 1787 – 01 July 1788
55 | Félix Berenguer de Marquina | 01 July 1788 – 01 September 1793
56 | Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León | 01 September 1793 – 07 August 1806
57 | Mariano Fernández de Folgueras (Interim) | 07 August 1806 – 04 March 1810
58 | Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar | 04 March 1810 – 04 September 1813
59 | José Gardoqui Jaraveitia | 04 September 1813 – 10 December 1816
60 | Mariano Fernández de Folgueras (Interim) | 10 December 1816 – unknown

Direct Rule from Madrid (1821–1898)

61 | Juan Antonio Martínez | 30 October 1822 -14 October 1825
62 | Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca | 14 October 1825 – 23 December 1830

Diary of Guillermo Galvey January 4-17 1829

Diary of Harriet Low Hillard September 9-15, 1829

63 | Pascual Enrile y Alcedo | 23 December 1830 – 01 March 1, 1835
64 | Gabriel de Torres | 01 March 1835 – 23 April 1835
65 | Joaquín Crame (Interim) | 23 April 1835 – 09 September 1835
66 | Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona (Interim) | 09 September 1835 – 27 August 1837
67 | Andrés García Camba | 27 August 1837 – 29 December 1838
68 | Luis Lardizábal | 29 December 1838 – 14 February 1841
69 | Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri | 14 February 1841 – 17 June 1843
70 | Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre | 17 June 1843 – 16 July 1844
71 | Narciso Clavería, 1st Count of Manila | 16 July 1844 – 26 December 1849

Journal of Benjamin Lincoln Ball November 28, 1848 — March 3, 1849

72| Antonio María Blanco (Interim) | 26 December 1849 – 29 July 1850
73 | Antonio Urbiztondo | 29 July 1850 – 20 December 1853
74 | Ramón Montero y Blandino (Spanish) | 20 December 1853 – 02 February 1854
75 | Manuel Pavía, 1st Marquis of Novaliches (Spanish) | 02 February 1854 – 28 October 1854
76 | Ramón Montero y Blandino (Interim) | 28 October 1854 – 20 November 1854
77 | Manuel Crespo y Cebrían | 20 November 1854 – 05 December 1856
78 | Ramón Montero y Blandino ( Interim) 05 December 1856 – 09 March 1857
79 | Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero | 09 March 1857 – 12 January 1860
80 | Ramón María Solano y Llanderal | 12 January 1860 – 29 August 1860
81 | Juan Herrera Dávila (Interim) | 29 August 1860 – 02 February 1861
82 | José Lémery | 02 February 1861 – 07 July 1862

Journal of Cornelius Gold, July 23 –August 9, 1861

83 | Salvador Valdés (Interim) | 07 July 1862 – 09 July 1862
84 | Rafael Echagüe | 09 July 1862 – 24 March 1865
85 | Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez (Interim) | 24 March 1865 – 25 April 1865
86 | Juan de Lara e Irigoyen | 25 April 1865 – 13 July 1866
88 | José Laureano de Sanz y Posse (Interim) | 13 July 1866 – 21 September 1866
89 | Juan Antonio Osorio (Interim) | 21 September 1866 – 27 September 1866
90 | Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez | 27 September 1866 – 26 October 1866
91 | José de la Gándara | 26 October 1866 – 07 June 1869
92 | Manuel Maldonado (Interim) | 07 June 1869 – 23 June 1869
93 | Carlos María de la Torre | 23 June 1869 – 04 April 1871
94 | Rafael Izquierdo | 04 April 1871 – 08 January 1873
95 | Manuel Mac-Crohon (Interim) | 08 January 1873 – 24 January 1873
96 | Juan Alaminos | 24 January 1873 – 17 March 1874
97 | Manuel Blanco Valderrama (Interim) | 17 March 1874 – 18 June 1874
98 | José Malcampo | 18 June 1874 – 28 February 1877
99 | Domingo Moriones | 28 February 1877 – 20 March 1880
100 | Rafael Rodríguez Arias (Interim) | 20 March 1880 – 15 April 1880
101 | Fernando Primo de Rivera | 15 April 1880 – 10 March 1883

Diary of Consuelo Ortiga y Rey September 16, 1882 — May 28, 1884

102 | Emilio Molíns (Interim) | 10 March 1883 – 07 April 1883
103 | Joaquín Jovellar y Soler, Presidente del Consejo de Ministros | 07 April 1883 – 01 April 1885
104 | Emilio Molíns (Interim) | 01 April 1885 – 04 April 1885
105 | Emilio Terrero | 04 April 1885 – 25 April 1888
106 | Antonio Moltó (Interim) | 25 April 1888 – 04 June 1888
107 | Federico Lobatón (Interim) | 04 June 1888 – 05 June 1888
108 | Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, I. duque de Rubí | 05 June 1888 – 17 November 1891
109 | Eulogio Despujol | 17 November 1891 – 01 March 1893
110 | Federico Ochando (Interim) | 01 March 1893 – 04 May 1893

Philippine Revolution, First Phase (August 1896 — December 14, 1897)

Filipinos | Spaniards | American Soldiers | Others (Foreign soldiers/civilians)

Diary of Gregorio del Pilar December 25, 1896 — February 10, 1897

Diary of Rafael Palma December 30, 1896

111 | Ramón Blanco | 04 May 1893 – 13 December 1896
112 | Camilo García de Polavieja (Interim) – 13 December 1896 – 15 April 1897
113 | José de Lachambre (Interim) | 15 April 1897 – 23 April 1897
114 | Fernando Primo de Rivera | 23 April 1897 – 11 April 1898

Spanish-American War (April 21, 1898 — August 13, 1898)

Diary of Miguel Saderra Maso April 22, 1898 — August 15, 1898

Diary of Aime Ernest Motsch (“Lieutenant X”) April 28, 1898 — August 31, 1898

Diary of John T. McCutcheon April 27-30, 1898

Diary of George A. Loud April 30 — May 2, 1898

Philippine Revolution, Second Phase

115 | Basilio Augustín | 11 April 1898 – 24 July 1898

Diary of Chriss A. Bell June 6, 1898 — June 18, 1899

Diary of John Henry Asendorf July 15, 1898 — July 2, 1899

116 | Fermín Jáudenes (Interim) | 24 July 1898 – 13 August 1898

Diary of John B. Kinne August, 1898 — 1899

Journal of E. Huntington Blatchford August 5, 1898 — December 17, 1898

117 | Francisco Rizzo (Interim) | 13 August 1898 – September 1898

First Republic (1898 — 1901)

118 | Diego de los Ríos (Interim) | September 1898 – 03 June 1899

Diary of Venancio Concepcion May 31, 1899 — November 24, 1899

Diary of Gregorio del Pilar December 2, 1899

Diary of Telesforo Carrasco December 2, 1899

United States Military Government (1898–1902)

119 | Wesley Merritt | 14 August 1898 – 30 August 1898
120 | Elwell S. Otis | 08 August 1898 – 05 May 1900

Diary of Albert Burton Welch November 24, 1898 — September 6, 1899

Diary of John E.T. Milsaps October 20, 1898 —

Diary of Joseph John Collins December 18, 1899 —  May 28, 1901

Filipino-American War (February 4, 1899 — July 2, 1902)

Diary of Robert Bruce Payne February 4, 1899 —

Diary of Santiago Barcelona February 4, 1899 —

Diary of William Herman Wilhelm April 5, 1899 — June 7, 1901

Diary of Karl D. White October 12, 1899 —

Diary of Simeon Villa November 13, 1899 — March 22, 1901

121 | Arthur MacArthur Jr. | 05 May 1900 – 04 July 1901

Journal of John Marvin Dean, 1900

Diary of Apolinario Mabini January 15, 1901 — September 23, 1902

122 | Adna Chaffee Sr.- 04 July 1901 – 04 July 1902

Diary of John David DeHuff, July 14, 1901 — April 30, 1907

Diary of Daniel Roderick Williams, August 13-30, 1901 

Diary of Jessie Anglum  July 25 — November 20, 1901

Insular Government (1901–1935)

123 | William Howard Taft | 04 July 1901 – 01 February 1904

Diary of Philinda Anglemyer September 12, 1901-1909

Diary of John J. Pershing March 15, 1902 — 

Diary of Levi K. Case January 12, 1903 — October 26, 1905

Diary of an Anonymous American Lady May 19, 1903

124 | Luke Edward Wright | February 1, 1904 – November 3, 1905

Diary of Joseph Stilwell October 1, 1904 — December 31, 1904 — April 16, 1906

Diary of Dean Worcester December 24, 1904 — February 9, 1905

Diary of Young American Woman in the Philippines March 21 — September 19, 1905

125 | Henry Clay Ide | 03 November 1905 – 19 September 1906
126 | James Francis Smith | 20 September 1906 – 11 November 1909

Diary of Warren D. Smith December 16, 1907 — January 2, 1908

Diary of Joseph Stilwell January — September, 1911

Diary of Jacob Cuznar December 1, 1911 — May 7, 1912

127 | William Cameron Forbes | 11 November 1909 – 01 September 1913

Diary of Olivia Salamanca July 24, 1910 — February 27, 1913

Diary of Vernon L. Burge December 1, 1911 — February 9, 1912

Diary of Carrie Chapman Catt  July 19 — August 20, 1912

128 | Newton W. Gilbert (Interim) | 01 September 1913 – 06 October 1913
129 | Francis Burton Harrison | 06 October 1913 – 05 March 1921

Diary of Anonymous German Reservist in Manila (Tsingtao War Diary) August 1914

Diary of William C. Allen February 8-20, 1915

Diary of Joseph Stilwell August 13, 1920 — September 14, 1920

130 | Charles Yeater (Interim) | 05 March 1921 – 14 October 1921
131 | Leonard Wood | 14 October 1921 – 07 August 1927

Diary of Teodoro M. Kalaw March 1, 1922 — October 26, 1922

Diary Notes of Manuel L. Quezon December 2, 1925

132 | Eugene Allen Gilmore | 07 August 1927 – 27 December 1927
133 | Henry Lewis Stimson | 27 December 1927 – 23 February 1929

Diary of Aurora A. Quezon April 29 — July 3, 1928

134 | Eugene Allen Gilmore (Interim) | 23 February 1929 – 08 July 1929
135 | Dwight F. Davis | 08 July 1929 – 09 January 1932

Diary of Marcial Lichauco December 5, 1931 —

136 | George C. Butte (Interim) | 09 January 1932 – 29 February 1932
137 | Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. | 29 February 1932 – 15 July 1933
138 | Frank Murphy | 15 July 1933 – 14 November 1935

Commonwealth of the Philippines

Manuel L. Quezon | November 15, 1935 — August 1, 1944

Diary of Francis Burton Harrison July 6, 1935 — January 21, 1937; November 21 — December 27, 1938

Diary of Joseph Stilwell November 4-16, 1935; July 3-24, 1939

Diary Notes of Manuel L. Quezon January 4, 1938 — April 21, 1939

Diary of Dwight D. Eisenhower November 15, 1935 — December 14, 1939

Diary of Fidel Segundo January 1, 1938 — July 16, 1940

Diary of Ramon A. Alcaraz May 27, 1941 — February 25, 1943

Diary of John P. Burns November 4, 1941 — April 11, 1942

Diary of Arthur L. Shreve November 29, 1941 — December 27, 1944

Diary of Lucy Hardee Olsen December 7, 1941 — February 3, 1945

Diary of Juan Labrador, OP December 7, 1941 — May 7, 1945

World War II

Military POWs, Guerrillas, and other Officers | Civilian Internees | Filipino and Foreign Civilians | Filipinos in Japan | Battle of Manila |

Battle of the Philippines December 8, 1941 — May 8, 1942

Diary of Aurea Labrador December 8, 1941 — February 19, 1942

Diary of Basilio J. Valdes December 8, 1941 — March 30, 1946

Diary of Clinton S. Maupin December 8, 1941 —

Diary of David L. Obert December 8, 1941 —

Diary of U.S.S. Canopus December 8, 1941 — April 9, 1942

Diary of John P. Horan IV December 8, 1941 — May 1, 1942

Diary of Carter B. Simpson December 8, 1941 — October 12, 1944

Diary of Louise Fillmore Blancaflor December 8, 1941 — March 19, 1945

Diary of Teodoro M. Locsin December 15-29, 1941

Diary of Felipe Buencamino III December 23, 1941 — April 21, 1942

Diary of Natalie Crouter December 27, 1941 — February 5, 1945

Diary of William P. Oliver April 30, 1942 — June 24, 1944

Commonwealth Government-in-Exile 

Manuel L. Quezon (second term) | December 30, 1941 — August 1, 1944

Diary of Victor Buencamino January 1, 1942 — December 16, 1944

Diary of Francis Burton Harrison May 30, 1942 — August 5, 1944

Clinical Record of President Quezon April 18, 1944 — August 1, 1944

Sergio Osmeña | August 1, 1944 — May 28, 1946

Japanese Military Administration

Diary of Paulino Santos January 1, 1942 — August 26, 1942

Diary of Hiroshi Horikoshi January 1, 1942 — August 16, 1943

143 | Masaharu Homma | 03 January 1942 – 08 June 1942

Diary of Tressa R. Cates January 5, 1942 — June 24, 1945

144 | Shizuichi Tanaka | 08 June 1942 – 28 May 1943

Diary of Warren A. Starr September 4-28, 1942

Diary of David Nash September 22, 1942 — May 29, 1944

Diary of Charles Mock May 14, 1943 — October 15, 1943

145 | Shigenori Kuroda | 28 May 1943 – 26 September 1944

Second Republic 

Jose P. Laurel | October 14, 1943 — August , 1945

Diary of Leocadio de Asis June 27, 1943 –October 3, 1944

Notes of Raymond Leyerley August 22, 1944 — February 3, 1945

Diary of Joseph B. Chicco September 6, 1944 — July 7, 1945

Diary of Felipe Buencamino III September 21, 1944 — December 26, 1944

146 | Tomoyuki Yamashita | 26 September 1944 – 02 September 1945

Diary of William Ritchie October 2, 1944 — November 18, 1944

Diary of Reese F. Lukei October 7 — November 18, 1944

Diary of J. Thomas Chestnutt October 9-26, 1944; November 17, 1944 — March 21, 1945

Diary of Warren A. Wilson October 15, 1944 — February 8, 1945

Diary of James Rudolph Sorenson October 18, 1944 — October 4, 1945

Diary of Vincent Perrone October 21-28, 1944

Diary of Albert A. Holland November 1, 1944 — February 2, 1945

Diary of Samuel Anthony Culotta November 2-24, 1944

Journal of Charles C. Statler November 11, 1944 — January 9, 1945

Journal of Cecil Jesse Peart December 13-31, 1944 

Diary of Tomas Confesor December 29, 1944 — February 3, 1945

Diary of Leon Ma. Guerrero January 1, 1945 — July 4, 1946

Diary of Ike Thomas February 1-10, 1945

Diary of Lydia C. Gutierrez February 3-13, 1945

Diary of Salvador H. Laurel March 21, 1945 — August 17, 1945

Commonwealth of the Philippines (March, 1945– July 4, 1946)

Diary of Antonio de las Alas April 29, 1945 — September 15, 1945

Diary of Dale E. Detrick September 23, 1945 — November 29, 1945

Diary of Jorge B. Vargas December 24, 1945 — July 22, 1946

Manuel Roxas | May 28, 1946 —

Third Republic (July 4, 1946 — September 23, 1972)

Elpidio Quirino |

Diary of Lester Knox Little February 1-27, 1950

Diary of Basilio J. Valdes March 14, 1955

Ramon Magsaysay |

Diary of Jaime Gil de Biedma 1956

Carlos P. Garcia |
Diosdado Macapagal |

Diary of Basilio J. Valdes February 6, 1962 — September 14, 1969

Ferdinand E. Marcos | December 30, 1965 — February 23, 1986

Daily Diary of Lyndon Johnson October 24-26, 1966

Diary of Lady Bird Johnson October 25-26, 1966

Diary of Ferdinand E. Marcos July 4, 1969 — January 1, 1983

Diary of Augusto Caesar Espiritu September 15, 1972 — November 30, 1972

Martial Law (September 23, 1972 — June 30, 1981)

Fourth Republic (June 30, 1981 — 1986)

Diary of Salvador H. Laurel June 12, 1985 — February 27, 1986

Corazon C. Aquino | February 23, 1986 — June 30, 1992

Revolutionary Government (1986 — 1987)

Fifth Republic (1987 to the present)

`Fidel V. Ramos | June 30, 1992 — June 30, 1998
Joseph Ejercito Estrada | June 30, 1998
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo |

Diary of Edgardo J. Angara January 6-20, 2001

Diary of Jessica Hagedorn September 21, 2001

Diary of Jesus G. Dureza November 23-26, 2009

Benigno S. Aquino III | June 30, 2010 — June 30, 2016
Rodrigo R. Duterte | June 30, 2016 —