I did not measure the sun on account of the constant rain. We sailed 39 leagues in 24 hours southeast by southeast. Tonight we lost the patax San Lucas, due to the the pilot’s fault, for, he had been advised by the Governor not to leave the side of the flagship. Its captain was Alonso de Arellano…
Between 3 and 4 in the afternoon, the maestre de campo and pilots went to the flagship by order of the Governor and they were of the opinion that the armada was sailing west by southwest and the yawing they were experiencing was on the west so that the route should be straight by southwest to go to the Filipinas for that was His Lordship’s order. At this point in time, I was 116 leagues from the port of Navidad. And also at this time, we were sailing west by southwest and I found myself at 14 1/2 degrees latitude according to the point I had. The previous day, I had measured the star at 15 degrees. And from the time that our route had been changed until tonight, the ship must have run around 6 leagues following this aforesaid route 13 days, without being able to hit south. We sailed mostly by guesswork 20, 24, 26 and even 30 leagues. For those thirteen days I could do nothing but guess for, because of the rains, we were not able to measure the sun.
I measured the sun at 14 3/4 degrees; in 24 hours we sailed 15 leagues southwest; we were at the meridian 2/4 of an hour from the sun by south west. This day, the Governor ordered the almirante to have all the pilots, captains and the King’s officials assemble. In their presence, he ordered the instructions of the King that he was bringing, to be read that they might be complied with. After getting the advice of the pilots, he ordered that they sail southeast on their way to the Islas Filipinas.
Day of Sta. Catalina at the latitude of 15 degrees, the General called the captains and pilots to the flagships and proposed that for the interest of the King, our Lord from that day on, we were to look for a route most convenient to the named Isla de los Reyes at a latitude of 9 degrees, and he ordered all the pilots to consult with each other and determine the most direct and shortest route to go to said Island. After a conference, the said pilots unanimously agreed that sailing the turn west by southwest as per distance of the way, was the best and most direct for the navigation. And so that same day they started going on the new route at the hour the sun was going southwest.
The following Monday after midnight, on the 21st of said month, the flagship and the rest of the ships set sail with the land breeze…
Estéban Rodriguez, chief pilot, native of the villa of Huelva, the kingdom of Castille; of the route, latitude, bays and of what took place in the voyage to the Islas Filipinas in the Western Sea, on the armada sent for the discovery of the Islands of the West, of which the Most Illustrious Señor Miguel Lopez de Legazpi went as captain by order of the Royal Majesty of King Don Felipe, our Lord.
We departed from the port of La Navidad on two ships, a galliot, a patax, and a covered boat. The flagship was named San Pedro, of 500 tons more or less; the chief pilot, Esteban Rodriguez, resident of Huelva, and accompanied by Pierres Plin, French; as maestre, Martin de Ybarra, resident of Bilbao; contra maestre, Francisco de Tibaribia.
The almiranta was named San Pablo of around 400 tons with pilots Jayme Martinez Fortun and Diego Martin de Triana; and maestre, Juan Maila; contra maestre, Pedro Juan.
The galliot, San Juan, was around 100 tons with pilot Rodrigo de la Isla; maestre Julian Phelipe, resident of Triana; contra maestre, Nicolas Rodriguez, resident of Huelva.
The patax was named San Lucas of 40 tons; pilot, Lope Martin resident of Ayamonte; maestre Nicolas Griego; contra maestre, Moreto.
On the boat went four men and in charge was Mecina, resident of Veracruz.
On this entire armada, there were 200 soldiers more or less, and around 150 seamen. Its governor and captain general was the Most Illustrious Señor Miguel de Legazpi; maestre de campo Mateo de Saz, captain of infantry, Martin de Goiti;
captain of artillery Juan Maldonado; alferez mayor Andres de Ybarra, chief sergeant Luis de la Haya.
We set out to sail from the port of Navidad, Tuesday, four hours before dawn, 21 November 1564. From that morning we covered seven leagues the whole day, taking the route west southwest on account of the currents which ran west along the coast.
We left the port of Navidad to go to the islands of the West by order of our Captain General. We sailed southeast with the winds calm.
In the year of our Savior Jesus Christ 1564, Monday 20 November at almost midnight. From the port of Navidad coast of Nueva España on the sea they call South Sea, two heavy ships and two pataxes the General of which is the Illustrious Señor Miguel Lopez de Legazpi departed in the hope of success for the Islands of the West called Filipinas named thus because they were discovered during the time of our King of Spain, Don Philipe de Austria, second of that name.
The port of Navidad is at a latitude of 19 1/2 degrees and is separated from the equinoctial line at the septentrional line. The said armada sailed from the port southwest and went down from the latitude of the port to that of 15 degrees.
The compass for sailing follows the position of needles by the old system from north south by half northeast-southwest. And in the port of Navidad, Jaime Martinez Fortun and Diego Martin, fellow pilots, on the almiranta, named San
Pablo, being in the said port, set the pointers in the southwest direction. We set our compass in the manner followed by seamen to be able to determine the variation and separation of the flor de lis of our compass from the true pole.
I measured the sun at the port of Navidad at 19 1/3 degrees and I also took the bearings of the ship at said port. I found the compass point between north by northwest. The Most Illustrious Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, Governor and Captain General of the Islands of the West by His Majesty, on 17 November 1564 went on board the ship.