Wednesday, May 31st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Last of May now for June. Would not care to call it the first summer month in this tropical land. Heavy clouds. Sun out at times. Alternate spells of heat & comparative coolness – latter caused by clouds over the sun & breezes.

Read a chapter of “Numbers” & a psalm, then prayed. After that cooked breakfast of bacon, oatmeal & cocoa. Rested myself by sitting in my front room & reading. Also wrote & copied a letter to Geo. Berry, Corregidor Hospital saying I will (D.V) visit the island Sunday or Monday next providing General Tarnsley puts on his excursion boat.

Called at the post office & mailed the letter. Received several War Crys. Three came from New York. Our National H. Q. does but little for me on that line. Three or 4 Chinese War Crys came, probably sent by Ensign May Jackson from HongKong. The edition is Numbered 14 and dated February 1899. This was probably published or rather printed in China. Is an experiment. The last edition preceding this one was gotten out by me & is No. 13 is for May 1898. Publication was about suspended after I ceased to be editor. The HongKong edition brings out several Philippine cuts. Perhaps they have printed one of my articles in Chinese.

Called at a Spanish barbershop on the Escolta & was shaved. Met Rev. Owens there. We bought some groceries etc. & returned home.

Afternoon I remained at home. Wrote “Weekly Letters No. 28” to Lieut.-Col. Alice Lewis, New York.

Rumor says the next aggressive campaign will be down in the directions of Paranaque & surrounding country.

Read two or three chapters or parts of do. in “Yesterdays in the Philippines”.

My coat was covered with dust & badly soiled by oil or grease caused by sitting on the greasy floor of the box car yesterday en route from San Fernando.

Bro. Devine called late this evening. We had a conversation on spiritual & other subjects. He seems to be gradually improving in health.

Thursday, May 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have just completed a letter & copied it, to Rev. Harlan P. Beach, Educational Secretary, Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 3 West 29th St. New York. He wrote me a letter (date Apr 1st) enclosing me a blank to fill out giving an account of my field of labor. Filled the blank & wrote him a 3-page letter explaining more about the Philippines than was covered by his printed general questions.

Mailed letter to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis. Did so immediately after cooking & eating breakfast. Got on a street car & proceeded to the Imperial photograph gallery in Quiapo Dist. Ordered 6 more photos unmounted of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Also purchased 5 photos for $1 Mex. war views. Although I have sent many pictures with my articles to various S.A. publications I have quite a good collection on hand for stereoschopic purposes in case they are wanted.

Stopped in a second-hand furniture dealer’s store where 2 cases of sea & land shells are for sale ($1000.00) & priced some of the shells separately to get an idea of how the shell market is ruling. Showed me 2 shells – price $4 & $5 Mex. each. I purchased 2 yesterday on the street for less than $2 Mex. I pick up such bargains in rare shells quite often.

Called at the post office. Rec’d a letter from Private D. G. Hines E. Co. 1st  Montana Vol. Inf. Is at San Fernando. Had a hard time getting there. Layed over 5 days at Calumpit. Wants me to come up & bring him envelopes, paper & $1 worth of postage stamps. Purchased the stamps before leaving the office, advancing the money for the same.

Met Rev. Owen on the Escolta. When we parted I called at a Spanish grocer’s & bought 4 lbs sugar for 60 cts. Mex.

Arriving home rested my mind by reading.

Owens paid me back $5. Mex. borrowed money. The Owens’ & myself put our heads together re bearing the expenses of the 4 sailor’s support. They brought their bags in today. A week or 10 days may elapse before they can sail. Mrs. Owens complains because they are so uncertain at mealtimes. They concluded to give them $10 Mex. & let them get meals elsewhere. I am to purchase $20 Mex. worth of food for them when they sail. Have already spent over $4.20 & let them draw on my side of bacon & sugar.

The Owens are preparing to leave soon.

Private (Bro.) Clayton Scott came in about dark. Short talk & prayer. Bro. Merritt got seriously kicked by a horse & lost $60. Scott met a young Hawaiian who claims to be a Salvationist. Prays by his bedside regardless of ridicule. Loaned Scott 50 cts., American Silver.

Bacon, too much, is giving me a touch of dyspepsia. Must slack up. Caught a cold in the head today.

Cooked supper. This morning read 2 chapters in “Numbers”. Also prayed to my God. The Lord was near; praise Him.

Wednesday, May 24th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Typhoon all day. Bay rough. Elements are calm tonight but sky overcast with clouds. There may be a “recurvature” of this peculiar storm & we have the destroyer return this way again.

Rush marked the flying hours. Visited town twice.

First thing this morning out in my kitchen while washing my face the second of the 2 unconverted sailors entered. Tackled him about his soul & urged him to give up sin & seek salvation thro’ Christ, seemed interested. Returned to my bedroom, locked myself in & read one Chapter of Number & the 32d psalm. Then prayed.

Commenced writing again on my Philippine narrative before breakfast. Rev. Owens invited me in to breakfast. Gladly accepted the offer to save time. After breakfast had family worship together. While at breakfast a Filipino came in & presented a bill for $4 Mex. 2 months – 24th March to 24th May – subscription to the Manila Daily “Times”. Paid it & gave him a list of missing back numbers to send me already paid for. I did not subscribe for the paper. Bro’s Oden & Lloyd paid for the paper one month. They went to the front where they have been up to date. Sub. remained unpaid & I had to make it good.

Applied myself diligently to the narrative & completed it about noon. Added 4 pages foolscap to the 6 of yesterday. Divided the article under the following subheads: “H.M.S. Powerful”, “Malolos”, “Dewey’s Departure”, “Malabon”, “Sailor’s Rest”, “Bilibid Meetings”, “The Black Hole”. Wrote & copied a letter to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans & enclosed it with the War Cry copy. Also sent 3 pictures – photos – main plaza in Malolos, San Bartolome church at Malabon – Santiago Citadel, Manila facing the Malecon. Away I went with it to catch the mail but missed the street car & walked to the post office. Arrived about 1 p.m. U.S. mail closed 12 noon, & U.S. mail via Hongkong at 2 p.m.

Dropped into a Spanish barbershop on the Escolta & got shaved; 20 cts. Mex.

Purchase some beautiful & rare seashells from a Filipino dealer on the Escolta. Shells such as I have never seen even in museums, are kept on sale here at times. By watching the Filipino dealer’s stock I secure prizes for my cabinet.

Rode back home. Took a few peanuts & a cup of lemonade for dinner then read some articles in the North American Review while resting.

Wrote & copied a letter to the Geo. Berry, Hospital, Corregidor Is. Hope to visit the Is. soon. Set no date.

Off to the post office again. Inquired for mail & dropped B’s letter in. Met ex-Private Gerome of 4th U.S. Cavalry on the Escolta. Is just back from San Francisco. Re-enlisted in the hospital corps. Says Honolulu S.A. officer send love to me.

Saw a young soldier on Escolta. Claims to be a Salvationist. Invited him to visit No. 2 & gave him good advice.

Purchased some medicine & condensed milk for Rev. Owens. Asked me for a statement of a/c. For money loaned & supplies bought they owe me $4.01 Mex. I heard Mrs. Owens say she expects to embark for home in a week or week & a half. Sold her sewing machine to Rev. Rodgers today for $30 U.S. coins.

Revs. Rodgers & Hibbard, Presbyterian missionaries called. Rodgers introduced me to his new colleagues. Rev. Hibbard who is a bran new arrival.

The sailors are still with us. Sleep here every night & eat from one to 2 meals per diem.

Cooked supper of 2 duck eggs fried & bacon. A cup of chockolate & hard bread completed my meal.

After supper wrote & copied Weekly Letter No. 27 to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis, 12.4, W. 14th St. New York.

When I commenced to write this entry after supper the boom of a heavy cannon sounded thro’ the night at intervals. Perhaps one of our monitors is bombarding Paranaque or another bay town.

Queen Victoria is 80 years old today.

Saturday, May 20th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Hot and dry. Clammy heat. Wrote a letter to Lieut-Col. Wm Evans soon after prayer, a chapter in Numbers and breakfast which I did not cook. Mrs. Owens prepared the meal I furnished the bread, bacon and some butter. The 4 sailors partook thereof with us.

The letter to Lt.-Col. Evans requested him to send someone to Mrs. Wm Pollock in San Francisco with P. C. War Crys containing my articles re the Philippine expedition.

Had a long talk with Peter Weigner re himself and his fellow sailors. Said Col. Pope will give them transportation back to the United States but they must take some food aboard as food will not be furnished. I agreed to give $10 to purchase the same.

My next move was a hasty one, down to see Harry Kline at the U.S. Private (Bro.) Devine K. Bat. 3d Reg’t, Heavy Artillery. Kline wrote an order to Sergt. Wilson in another dept. the crackers to be charged to him. I paid K. 75 cts. American silver, then hastened thro’ the hot sun to the delivery dep’t near Binondo estero on Pasig quay. Had no trouble to secure an 8 lbs tin of XXX sodas. Now for home. Wrapped the tin with paper, but first wrote & copied a letter to Devine at Malolos re the crackers, tried the package up enclosing the letter therein then over to Cuartel Meisig where the box was left with instructions to send north by the 2 p.m. train. A soldier who said he takes things to the train promised to see that the crackers got off on the aforesaid train.

Returned home wet with perspiration. Settled down in the front room to rest & cool off. Bugler Mendenhall of the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. dropped in having walked from the Water works 6 or 8 miles. Was hot & weary. Rested. We had a long conversation which ended with prayer. Is imbued with the missionary spirit. Mendenhall was a student when the war broke out & like many other students joined the U.S. army.

Rev. C. Owens returned from the post office bringing me several papers & a letter. The latter from Lieut-Col. Alice Lewis, New York; date: April 14th. The second paragraph reads: “The Commander read your 16th weekly letter (it described the Tondo uprising 22 & 23rd Feb) in its entirety to the great audience gathered in the Memorial Hall on April 10th, when the Self-Denial victories were being proclaimed. Your letter was heard with the deepest interest, and I am sure many prayers will be with you as a consequence.”

In the afternoon when the sun became more aslant and less fierce that at noon I pushed down to the post office & mailed 2 letters; also purchased stamps and at a store oatmeal. Going & returning on the Jolo street car I paid no fare because the conductor could not make charge for 10 cts. He made change for Filipino passengers.

Read several articles in Christian Alliance monthly re missions including the Philippines.

See by “Freedom” that Bro. A. W. Prautch, Methodist, has opened in Santa Cruz Dist. a reading, writing, resting & meeting room patterned after the one I am attempting to run.

Owens said he expects to return home by the next or following transport. Bade ex-Serg’t Leon Chic good-bye. Is returning home.

I laid out to purchase food for the S.S. Pennsylvania sailors 20 cts Mex yesterday and $4.20 Mex today. I buy the groceries and the Owens’ cook them.

The “Olympia” weighed anchor this p.m. She leaves for home bearing Admiral Geo. Dewey and – Brother William Eletson. Much noise will be made over George and but little over William; yet both men took part in the battle of Manila Bay, May 1st 1898, one as commanding officer in the bridge. The other as a unit, part of a great fighting machine, below. Why all the honors for George and none for William? Are they not both Americans, loyal, brave and true?

My opinion is that in the eyes of Heaven William is a greater man than George.

What a sorry picture earth’s great ones will present as they troop up to the throne of Judgement, arrayed in the rags and tatters of earthly glory. Give me my lot with Christ and His cause.

Tuesday, May 16th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Feel tired tonight & more like retiring to bed than writing a diary.

Am kept on the jump from morning till night.

Read a chapter in Numbers, a psalm, prayed, cooked breakfast, then turned to & wrote & copied my 26th weekly letter to Lieut Col. Alice Lewis, New York and a letter to Admiral Geo. Dewey, who sails in the “Olympia” next Saturday for home. I thanked the Admiral for permitting me to visit the vessels of his fleet thus making the services possible I led on the “Concord”, “Raleigh”, “Charleston”, “Baltimore”, “Monterey” and “Monadnock”. The letter finished I went down to the post office and mailed them. Rec’d a letter from Bro. Wm Eletson of the Flagship “Olympia”. Requested me to see him in case I have any message to take home. Is to leave the hospital to on the “Olympia” Friday & sail Saturday. Concluded to go over to Cavite tomorrow morning (D.V.)

Met. Rev. C. Owens in the P.O. Together we called at the new American barbershop, opened yesterday for the first time. We waited a weary time for our turn to get shaved & then had to pay 50 cents, Mexican, for the shave!

Rev. Owens paid me $17.50 mex. rent for his room in No. 2, for the month April 16 to May 15th. Receipted for the money. Got back home just in time to escape a heavy shower. Took a lunch & after the shower cleared away. Owens called a quilez or we two drove down to the Post Captains Office. At the quay I hired a sampan for $2.50 mex. 3 Filipino boatmen, to take us out to H.M.S. “Powerful” and back. Crawling in under the low bamboo roof. Owens & I cut down close to the floor on a seat about 2 inches above the bottom. It was on hard row out & back to near the sea wall. Here our boatmen threw a line to some bargemen who were being towed in by a tug. After that we went flying over the bay and up the Pasig.

My visit to the “Powerful” was in answer to a letter of invitation written by Private Wm Hy. Barnes, Mess 48; Royal Marines. Took 1 copy London War Cry & 1 copy London War Cry & I copy Toronto do, Easter edition. A marine received us at the landing. Had only 30 minutes to 4 p.m. when visitors must go ashore. During this brief period. I met & spoke to 3 of the 9 comrades. One of them is in the hospital. A comrade shared us over part of the vessel. The war vessel is a monster. The Britishers hold service on the upper deck every night, amidships but the attendance is small. There are many backsliders on board. When we left one of the comrades asked me to call again. There are 840 men on the vessel.

From the quay (Pasig) landing O & I walked back to No. 2. Met Mr. Randall, British Bible Society colporteur & a negro sitting in a Chinese store. We halted. Talk. Answered their question stating we were just in from H.M.S. the “Powerful.” “Are you not afraid to go abroad?” inquired. “Oh no,” I replied, “England is our friend.” Negro. “Yes – the most friendly of our enemies.” Owens. “England can whip the United States can whip England”. “We had better part company or there’ll be trouble”. Exit Owens & the writer.

Cooked supper after my return home & now for bed is past 9.

Tuesday, May 9th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have been feeling droopy all day. My stomach is showing a disposition to give me trouble & felt gripy at time.

The weather is exhaustively hot. The rush of work during the past few days have run me down in strength. Am sleepy and tired tonight.

Read a chapter of Numbers, a psalm & prayed. Cooked breakfast next. Bro. D. G. Hines bought some more personal effects to my room to keep for him. He is marked “duty” & (D.V.) leaves for the front tomorrow. Bro. Dave Freeman also returns to his regiment. However before Hines came in I wrote & copied a letter to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans San Francisco, enclosing 2 receipts. Also sent separately by same mail a mounted photo of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Called at the post office & mailed the same; also rec’d some papers. Dropped in at the English Apothecary on Escolta & purchased a book entitled “Yesterday’s the Philippines by Joe E. Stevens.

Before Hines departed I prayed with him & sent by him, 20 copies assorted S.F. War Crys to the front; 10 to Co. M. 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. & 10 to Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf.

Rev. & Mrs. C. Owens paid another visit to Capt. Morrison out in the bay.

Bro. Clayton Scott, rode up on his poney. We had a talk & prayed together. I sent by him 20 assorted S.F. War Crys to the 2d Reserve Hospital. He had a brief conservatism with Bro. Temple. The later confessed loss of spiritual strength.

While sitting around the house to keep cool & recuperate, I read several chapters in “Yesterday’s in the Philippines”, also new in “Freedom” and “American” & “The Times”.

Cooked & partook of a light suffer as I am not hungry.

Felt tho’ tired to wash dishes. Gave my clothes to Maria to wash this forenoon. I supplied the soap.

Spoke to a soldier about his soul in the English Apothecary on the Escolta.

After supper wrote & copied my 25th Weekly Letter to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis, 124 W. 14th St. New York.

Thank God the air is getting cool tonight. Will give me a chance to sleep will.

Tuesday, May 2nd, 1899

Calumpit, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

My clothes are wet with perspiration & I am still hot. The day has been on of constant rush & work.

Out of bed early. Read the first chapter in Book of Numbers. Prayed. Committed myself into the hands of my God, whose providence is over me. Hurried off without washing dishes. Arrived at the Dagupan R. R. Train near the Port Captain’s office about 7.40 a.m. Boarded the train early to secure a seat. 8.30 the train left Manila. At Malolos saw & spoke to several 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery boys.

Arrived at the Bagbag river about 10.30. The bridge over this stream was partly destroyed on the north bank, an iron span was dropped into the river. A temporary wood wagon bridge has been constructed. At the south end of a long train of cars are standing the “fort” train with its rapid fires General McArthur’s headquarters with his staff, etc. The crowd of soldiers from our train & civilians with supplies etc. struck out northward. The sun was excessively hot. I gave a distributor of “Freedom” a chance to walk under my umbrella & talked salvation to him. Said he is saved; was converted a few years since. At one of our stopping places a number of cigarettes fell out of his pocket. My idea of his salvation fell with the same.

I saw 2 of Aguinaldo’s officers in Gen. McArthur’s car on my way out. Think they are peace representatives. The country back of Bagbag and South of Malolos is getting some of its farmers & they are starting in to repair the wreck of war, plowing their land, etc. “Freedom” is authority for the statement that half a million refugees etc are back of Aguinaldo’s lines. I do not find this statement difficult to believe after noting how completely denuded of population the county & towns are that I have visited. Calumpit is only a name, everything else seems to be ashes. There is a stretch of open country about 2 miles across from the Bagbag river to Calumpit on the Rio Grande, a wide stream with a five iron bridge. Beautiful cornfields with indian corn ripening, covers the 2 miles on either side reminding me of the western states of America. The high railroad grade is cut across in many places with trenches, likewise both sides of the grade & the ditches have been changed for fighting men to use. There are, too, what a Montana soldier calls “get away” trenches. These are so constructed that the Filipinos can slip away under cover, providing they are not flanked. Many iron culverts break this high grade.

At Calumpit, after jumping across quite a number of trenches cut in the grade, & walking 5 inch iron bridge stringers, I crossed the Rio Grande on the Railroad bridge. The track flow including ties and iron have been carried away as were the 2 side foot walks by the Insurrectos. The American troops  crossed by holding to the hand rail & walking sideways under fire, on a 3 inch iron stringer! A brave feat.

Across from Calumpit is situate Apalit, a most peculiarly built town of one street about 3 miles long following the course of the river. The most formidable trenches I have seen up to date are the trenches & forts at this place.

Followed the long street with its nipa huts, embowered in banana bushes, about 2 miles thro’ a very hot sun. Passing the 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. a squad of men of Co. M. invited me to take dinner with them. Accepted the invitation gratefully Y said grace over a cup of coffee, hand tack & Boston baked beans. The men of this company invited me to call again for a hold out meeting; so I understood it.

Half a mile alone M. company I found E. Co. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. likewise Private A. Lloyd who complained of feeling bad. Encouraged him spiritually & prayed together in a native hut where he & others are quartered. A heavy shower with thunder came up. When it ceased, Lloyd accompanied me back to the Rio Grande bridge. Here we parted. I returned to Bagbag bridge & hunted up Private V. Heron Co. L. 1st Nebraska vol. Inf. a convert of the S.A. Claimed that he is saved. We had a long talk including spiritual lines. At my request he got his Springfield & belt of cartridges & I took his photo at the bridge. Also took other photos including Private Peter E. Lamar & a gang of Engineer corps men who are surveying and plotting the country & specially the trenches for the U.S. Gov’t.

Spoke to several men re salvation & my Christ.

Met Bro. Glunz of the Christian Commission. He was returning from a trip done from the Master’s cause.

Our train arrived in Manila about 6.30 p.m. Getting home tired & weary & hot I cooked supper. A large mail of letters and papers awaited me.

(1) Lizzie White, Cotton, Cal. wants her boy Cha. Reed Co. I, 14th U.S. Infantry, converted.

(2) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, S.F. re Lawyer Duncan’s curios.

(3) do      do     date March 28th enclosing $34 money order, salary a/c charges me personally with $1.50 with gramophone needles & $3.50 for Bushnell’s copying books –- 3.

(4) Major John Bard, London, Eng. wants me to write a hurry article descriptive of the Philippines, 1,500 words for the London War Cry.

(5) A generalizing letter for Commander F. de Lataur Booth-Tucker which says nothing in particular – date New York March 29th 

(6) Alice Lewis, Rec’d my letter re fares Manila to America. Keeping it for references. Want pictures from me. Says I am representing the S.A. so well, they have no idea of me farewelling at the present – date of letter March 29th – New York

(7) Harry Stillwell, Kansas City, Mo. Much interested in the Philippines. I think a hint has been given him that he may be sent to this archipelago to take charge. Date of letter, March 26th.

Thursday, April 27th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Am very tired. Have been rushed all day, from the time I got out of bed until the present moment, with this difference that I am closing the day’s toil. Time flies so fast! Wrote last night part of the article for the New York “Harbor Lights” i.e. the finishing part, which was largely copied with ink; finished it this forenoon.

Before tackling the aforesaid article, read 2 chapters of Leviticus & one psalm; then remembered my precious God in prayer & praise. Going into my kitchen I discovered a monkey clinging to the window. Caught him & gave the scamp (he upset my ink bottle on the table before repairing to the kitchen for further adventures) to the sentry across the street, he belongs to the soldiers. We have a small monkey in No. 2 sent over by the Utah boys. We all the little chap “Old Man”. He is a first class nuisance but amuses us.

Cooked & partook of breakfast but did not wash the dishes. Couldn’t spare the time.

Completed the article “Five Memorable Nights in the Philippines”. Wrote it in the back of blank Tagalog receipts secured at Paombong. They have “La Republica Filipina” crest stamped on them with a rubber stamp. Covered 25 pages MS. when written with a lead pencil, but was written closely with ink & reduced to 21 pages. The article was divided into the following subheads: “A Night With Dewey’s Blockading Fleet”, “A Night in Camp With the Besieging Army”, “A Night of Block house No. 2” and “A Night of Fire.” Wrote & sent a letter with the copy enclosing 2 photos: Lighthouse on Corregidor Is. and Cocoa nut raft & houses at No. 2, addressed the letter to Ms. Lt-Col. Minnie Brewer, Newark, New Jersey. Wrote & copied my 2 Weekly Letter to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis New York city. Several Spanish & mestizo women & children came around to hear my gramophone but went away disappointed. I had no time for that kind of pastime. Copy & letters completed jumped on the Calle Jolo street car & mailed them about 15 minutes before the U.S. mail was advertised to close.

After dinner wrote & copied a 4-page letter to Adj. C.W. Bourne, manager of Ft. Herrick, S.A. Colony at Willoughby, Ohio. Added Philippine news for a local paper at his request.

Cooked supper of bacon, cocoa & oatmeal mush. There is much strength in this trying, enervating climate to do considerable work. Am sometimes surprised.

Read the Houston “Post” & some local papers. Am following the war closely in these parts & also take considerable interest in the progress of Houston and Texas.

Ex-Lieut-Col. Keppel’s letter & the letter of Major Ashley Pebbles re the Booth’s trouble (S.A.) in the U.S. has cast a gloom over my spirits. I very much deprecate strife in the Salvation Army.

Saturday, April 8th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Heavy black clouds threatening a storm rolled up today, but no storm followed save a slight fall of raindrops.

Felt quite tired from my yesterday’s trip to Malolos with resulting fast and heat. The heat of this country enervates. Started the day with Bible reading & prayer. Cooked my simple meals – breakfast & supper, made dinner of lemonade and dry bread. Washed dishes and cleaned up.

Wrote & copied 2 letters (1) to Lieut-Col. Alice Lewis, New York my 22d weekly letter (2) Chaplain H. Stull of the 1st Montana Vol. Inf. notifying him that 3 comrades of his regiment, Salvationists, want money paid over to me. I requested the Chaplain to name a place & time to meet him.

In the afternoon, past 3 o’ clock, Rev. Owens & myself proceeded to the post office when I rec’d quite a pile of War Cry and newspaper mail. A strange feature of this mail was a package containing 7 copies of the “American”, viz. No. 72 March 29th to No. 78 April 7th. This daily arrives very irregularly.

The Houston “Post” brings news that Houston is putting for the energetic efforts to be something of importance. One encouraging thing is the fact that the city voted $2,400 to the “Lyceum”, which is the only library approaching importance that Houston can boast of. About 2 years ago the Lyceum contained 9,000 volumes. Is a depository for U.S. Gov’t reports. The Lyceum was so poor when I passed thro’ Houston in that the lady librarian then in charge, hoped to sell a piano to raise money to purchase books. I called on her expressly to learn something about this organization a halfway public literary & self-improvement club. I owned quite a large private library which I was willing to give to the public, but did not care to trust it to the Lyceum as it was operated at that time. I am willing to give my collection of books, minerals, curios etc. to the public, providing the city takes charge of the same. If the Lord blesses my efforts I hope to have before a great while 2,000 bound volumes, besides hundreds of pamphlets. A collection not to be despised.

Rev. Owens & the writer visited Messrs. Glunz & Jackson, of the Christian Commission. The boys are now living in a room across the bridge of Spain, in the old ex-Spanish military barracks. I wanted 3 testaments for 3 men in Bilibid prison. Bro. Glunz gave me 21 copies. I purchased over $5 worth of food supplies today for my cubhoard, the same gets quite empty at times.

The S.F. weekly “Call” of 2d March says the European air is charged heavy with war electricity. Great preparations are under way secretly.

To me this has been a day of temptation.

Polished & cleaned some seashells & read papers.

The war situation is at a status quo. I fear the natives are set on fighting to a finish.