Thursday, April 27th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Am very tired. Have been rushed all day, from the time I got out of bed until the present moment, with this difference that I am closing the day’s toil. Time flies so fast! Wrote last night part of the article for the New York “Harbor Lights” i.e. the finishing part, which was largely copied with ink; finished it this forenoon.

Before tackling the aforesaid article, read 2 chapters of Leviticus & one psalm; then remembered my precious God in prayer & praise. Going into my kitchen I discovered a monkey clinging to the window. Caught him & gave the scamp (he upset my ink bottle on the table before repairing to the kitchen for further adventures) to the sentry across the street, he belongs to the soldiers. We have a small monkey in No. 2 sent over by the Utah boys. We all the little chap “Old Man”. He is a first class nuisance but amuses us.

Cooked & partook of breakfast but did not wash the dishes. Couldn’t spare the time.

Completed the article “Five Memorable Nights in the Philippines”. Wrote it in the back of blank Tagalog receipts secured at Paombong. They have “La Republica Filipina” crest stamped on them with a rubber stamp. Covered 25 pages MS. when written with a lead pencil, but was written closely with ink & reduced to 21 pages. The article was divided into the following subheads: “A Night With Dewey’s Blockading Fleet”, “A Night in Camp With the Besieging Army”, “A Night of Block house No. 2” and “A Night of Fire.” Wrote & sent a letter with the copy enclosing 2 photos: Lighthouse on Corregidor Is. and Cocoa nut raft & houses at No. 2, addressed the letter to Ms. Lt-Col. Minnie Brewer, Newark, New Jersey. Wrote & copied my 2 Weekly Letter to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis New York city. Several Spanish & mestizo women & children came around to hear my gramophone but went away disappointed. I had no time for that kind of pastime. Copy & letters completed jumped on the Calle Jolo street car & mailed them about 15 minutes before the U.S. mail was advertised to close.

After dinner wrote & copied a 4-page letter to Adj. C.W. Bourne, manager of Ft. Herrick, S.A. Colony at Willoughby, Ohio. Added Philippine news for a local paper at his request.

Cooked supper of bacon, cocoa & oatmeal mush. There is much strength in this trying, enervating climate to do considerable work. Am sometimes surprised.

Read the Houston “Post” & some local papers. Am following the war closely in these parts & also take considerable interest in the progress of Houston and Texas.

Ex-Lieut-Col. Keppel’s letter & the letter of Major Ashley Pebbles re the Booth’s trouble (S.A.) in the U.S. has cast a gloom over my spirits. I very much deprecate strife in the Salvation Army.

Wednesday, April 12th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Added one more page to Major Pebbles’ letter; making 10. Private Hines called again. He likes this place (No. 2) better than his quarters. Told him to be at home. Stayed some hours. Prayed before he left. Gave him Pebbles’ letter to mail for me.

I heard two or three shots tonight. One of the Utah men across the street said trouble is expected tonight.

Chaplain Mailie of the Nebraska volunteers dropped in to see Rev. Owens. From Lieut–Col. Pope he secured an order for free transportation to the United States for Owens & wife. Mailie shook hands with me. Seemed to have forgotten the little unpleasantness between us re the meeting I held at Sta. Mesa. I heard Mailie say this forenoon that he recently killed with a gun one “nigger” at 1100 yards distance, wounded another in the left leg and captured a third. Said the latter begged for his life.

About 3 o’clock Rev. Owens & I went to town. Got shaved in a Spanish barber shop.

At the port office I received quite a supply of periodicals. Canadian War Cry (Mar 4th) contains 2 letters re my meetings. One from Berry the other from Lloyd. Another Toronto paper the “Onward” published my Philippine article which appeared in the Toronto Xmas Cry.

I did some reading today. Time goes very fast.

From Bro. Armstrong, Spain – from Madrid came 50 copies of “El Amigo de la Infancia” Año XXVI, No. 298, March 1st 1899 –

Feel tired and sleepy.

The days are dry, nights cool. Am glad the rains are not troubling our troops.

My health is good, praise God. He keeps my soul well too. Bible reading & prayer this morning.

Tuesday, April 11th ‘99

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Dry weather; a God-send it is too to our troops. The Filipinos are keeping them busy – little “scraps” and skirmishes. The train had trouble. The Filipinos slipped in to the rail road at Guiguinto between Manila and Malolos and tore up the rails of the Dagupan line. A fight followed. Several of our boys of the 2d Oregon Vols. And 13th Minnesota Vols. were killed and quite a few wounded. The natives suffered severely. Much killing was done over at Santa Cruz on Laguna de Bay of Filipinos.

Rev. Owens & I went to the post office where a letter was handed me of more than ordinary interest. Is from Major Ashley Pebbles, Washington D. C. dated Feb. 21st 1899. Mr. Geo F. [Connery] the post master, volunteered the gift of some old Filipino stamps. Accepted the offer.

On the Escolta met one of the sailors confined in Bilibid. Asked me for money; gave him one paseta. Said Frank [Carson], who professed conversion in prison Sunday, April 2d is all right, and is talking to the men in prison about salvation night & day.

Major Pebbles’ letter brought me astonishing news. Himself & wife are appointed to the Texas and Arkansas Division, a new division just formed for him, with headquarters at Dallas, but may move it to Houston. I feel that this move is on a line with preceding anti-American moves. The plan as I understand it is to send American officers away, lift them out of important field commands and put them into departments or relegate them into small divisions. But aside from this appointment of which Pebbles makes no complaint, I will quote from his letter re other matters of national importance:

“There is an awful feeling of dissatisfaction at National Headquarters & several have left; among them Mc Larren, Russell, Irwin & others. I understand that the Consul was jealous of Elizabeth Clark, Adjutant, & froze her out & she has resigned. Clark got into a great many places where the Consul tried and failed. The Consul especially has become odious; she has asserted here authority over the commander & others very much of later. She does not allow the Com. to pass anything for the Cry, & she overrules his decisions often. The spirit of dissatisfaction has spread from National H.Q. to all parts of the field in proportion to distance & resignations are so common that we do not pass a remark when we hear of them; in fact it is getting hard to officer the corps’ & I fear we are rapidly on the decrease in corps & officers. x x The [Cry] is down. The building (Headquarters) has three mortgages & Col. Brewer told me that $100,000 would not begin to clear the National Headquarters of debt. About $10,000 was lost on the General’s last visit. x x I learned that there is a secret plan on foot among the C.D.O’s (Chief Divisional Officer) to petition the General to send [ ______ ] to save the concern. xx Col. Higgins has just returned from International Headquarters. No one seems to know what he went there for; however he started an Insurance Department in this country in connection with the “Metropolitan Insurance Co”, & Brigadier (W. H.) Cox has charge of that department. Brewer is Editor in Chief. I think they are crucifying him, for he is very dissatisfied. He told me that he did not think he could hold out much longer, unless something was done to give the thing a more hopeful appearance.”

So the chief officer of the Salvation Army in the United States have grown weary of the Booth-Tucker. This feeling has been growing some time. Am tired of the whole Booth tribe; [____} seems to be no end of them. We had Ballington Booth & wife of years, then Eva Booth & now Booth – Tucker & wife. I hope the country will not be afflicted with another Booth. I shall await news from home with great interest. If the C.D.O.’s demand the recall of the Booth-Tuckers, the S.A world will be astonished & the London Booths will be (I fear) paralyzed, for such a request strikes at the family, & threatens their position.

I answered the foregoing letter immediately. Wrote 9 pages. Did not say a word in defense of the Booths for I can not, but urged Pebbles to do all he can to hold the Salvation Army together for God & humanity’s sake & for the sake of the many years we have toiled in its ranks. We must not permit our labors to be destroyed. I ardently hope & pray that the Booths will step down & give the Army a chance to become something.

Private D.G. Hines called. Is in from the front suffering from sunstroke. Asked him to rest himself. He did so. I fried ham, bought bread & made lemonade for the two of us from dinner. Prayed with him when he departed for his quarter.

Friday, Jan. 13th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cloudy gloomy day, but dry and cool. This is the day season.

Was quite busy through the flying hours. Handled considerable money taking in and expending the same.

Commenced the day with bible reading & prayer as usual.

Cooked breakfast; ate thereof, washed dishes then struck out. Went to the post office in a carromata with Rev. C. Owens. He paid the fare. Bought 75 cts. (U.S. coin) worth of stamps, also 2 postal notes: viz., No. 4434 to Major Jno McFarlance, New Orleans, La., $5 U.S. gold to pay for a valise, the second, to Major Ashley Pebbles, Washington D.C. to pay for the gramophone & records & case purchased in New York. No. of postal 4435. Mailed these letters & the one to Ensign Jackson containing the $5 bill, donated her.

From the post office, I walked out to corner of San Miguel & Pascual de Casal streets & took a snap shot of the South Dakota quarters. Then called at the Montana qtrs. Met Berry & Freeman. Exchanged greeting & inquired re state of souls. Thence back to the Escolta & visited a photograph gallery to inspect their pictures. Also called at a couple of stores & purchased 4 blank note books, 65 cts Mex.

In the post office met Rev. (Chaplain) Mailie of the 1st Nebraska Vol. Inf. who inquired when I expected to come out again to Camp Santa Mesa. When I returned home, after thinking the matter over, wrote Private V. Herron of the Nebraska’s to arrange details with the Chaplain for a service next Monday night, the Lord willing. On my way down town I sent a letter into the Third Artillery barracks, Cuartel de Meisig, to meet me at the main entrance 2 p.m. or

The youngest son of my landlady, Mrs. Ysabel Wood, called for rent – No. 2 Calle Santa Elena – Paid him $35. Mex for the month of January & took her receipt.

About 2 p.m. I appeared at the main entrance of the artillery quarters. The sentry called the Sergeant & he felt disinclined to let me in without a pass. Private Frank Amie of Battery H. had been awaiting my arrival & met me inside the sentry line & according to a prearranged plan handed me a paper parcel. Returning home counted the contents which amounted to $35. 52 ½ in U.S. coin. That devoted man collected this money principally from batteries H. & K, 3d Reg’t Heavy artillery. 104 persons contributed. Wrote Annie & the men a letter of thanks.

Private D.C. Hines of the Montana vols. called to show me his photos, collected for stereopticon purposes. He brought me $3 U.S. coins from O.P. Georgeson, South Dakota Vol. Tenth League payment. With Hines I arranged as near as I could for a gramophone exhibition next week with the South Dakota troops, also Tuesday night service with the Montana men.

Visitors 3 again; prayed with them.

After supper our usual weekly holiness meeting did not materialize, only Scott, Flansberg, Rev. & Mrs. Owens & myself were present. We read paragraphically Micah IV & had prayer all around. I spoke to Flansberg about his soul; he is shaky again. Is in love with a mestizo woman against God’s will.

The U.S. troops are kept close in their barracks. In the meanwhile commissions appointed by General Otis & Aguinaldo are discussing differences. The two armies are keeping close watch on each other.

Financial standing today: Personal money (U.S.) $37.75

Salvation Army money-raised here (U.S. coin)    $77.63

Spanish money, silver & bills (S.A.) —                      $16.04

Value of S.A. money on hand as per Mex rate       $171.30

I have also on hand of Private Berry’s U.S. gold       $20.00

The Lord is causing the soldiers to assist me liberally with money, praise His dear name. The personal money is savings from my $9 weekly salary.

Thursday, Jan. 12th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Sky overcast with clouds all day and the temperature cool to such an extent that I am reminded of America. Cooked breakfast & supper & washed dishes. Made cold food suffice me for dinner.

This forenoon went to town. Called at the post office. No mail. Visited the Imperial photograph gallery and purchased photographs for future use; also dropped into a Spanish book store and purchased some. These pictures may be used for stereopticon exhibitions providing that kind of work is assigned me in the future. I think best to take time by the forelock and prepare now.

Privates Andrew Waterman and Alfred Pines both of the South Dakota volunteers, called & paid their Tenth League dues; God bless them amen. I am much encouraged by the willingness exhibited by quite a few comrades to render back to God one-tenth of His gifts to them. Waterman said the Lord is prospering him.

Wrote & copied two letters (1) to Major Ashley Pebbles No. 928 R. street Washington D.C. to make payment of $30. 74 for the gramophone & $8.74 worth of records & 1 case purchased from him on credit (2) Major John McHarlane, No. 1139 Baronne street New Orleans, La. paying him $5 for a valise. Went to catch tomorrow’s U.S. mail.

The wave of excitement that thrilled Manila like electricity yesterday was caused by the three shots I heard over on Calle Jolo yesterday afternoon. The American troops sprang to arms – the entire force in a remarkably short time. Cause of shooting: American soldiers – police shot a cur that snapped at him. We are now living in Manila at such high tension that it needs but a slight disturbance to thrill the whole populace.

Waterman brought word that the American & Filipino pickets fired at each other last night. Fred Schmidt of Co. F. South Dakota Vols. killed 2 Filipino soldiers night before last. He permitted them to pass. They tried to kill him, cut his face. – Visitors today 3; prayed with them.