Sunday, Jan. 1st, 1899


Corregidor Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Up early; cooked hasty breakfast. Then away for the Pasig quay down in Barrio San Nicholas. Several comrades met me there; Privates Hines, Berry & Lloyd of the 1st Montana & Private G. Scott of the 1st North Dakota. The latter paid his own & my ferry fare to Corregidor & return $1 Mex to each.

I brought with me my camera, a bundle of S.A. song book and a good supply of food. A run of 25 miles brought us to the sleepy little village of Corregidor. The 1st Colorado brass band played selections on the way across the bay. Quite a large crowd went over. The brass band spoiled our prospects for a service in the hospital & Chaplain Hunter of the 10th Pennsylvania Inf. held a service with the 2 companies of his reg’t stationed here. So we were disappointed also in that quarter. I spoke personally to several men re salvation including Brothers Stockton & Sneiderman of the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. Stockton claims to be saved and Sneiderman is backslidder. Gave them such advice as the dear Lord directed.

Our party crossed the narrow part of the island to the cemetery – Catholic – Near by under a boat shed 2 American sentries were doing outpost duty. Sat down in the shade and lunched; shared our food with the sentries & a can nearly full of salmon gave to a Filipino family.

Visited the monument of Corregidor. It is leaning badly. His tomb is broken open & soldiers are taking his bones away for relics. Also visited the camp of the Pennsylvanians.

At 3.p.m. went on board the steamer “Manila” No. 2 again in a small boat, but before going out I called at the residence & office of Major Owens the surgeon in charge of the convalescents hospital. Had company. Came out to see me in the entrance. Was rabid. Said if he had his say, I should not land on the island. Emphatically no, said he when I asked permission to hold meetings in the town, visit the sick in the hospital etc. Would grant permission to do nothing whatever for the sick under him, nor any minister of other denomination without exception, unless specially requested by a patient to send for some particular individual. Major Owens impressed me as an aggressive infidel.

Our party landed in Manila shortly past 6.p.m.

On the boat I arranged with “General” Tarnsley for a trip to Mariveles tomorrow. God willing.

Went into meeting without supper, a couple of bananas & sip of water had to suffice me. My companions likewise took part (those who accompanied me) supplies – 8 comrades present. New year live of testimonies.

Amie & other comrades brought word tonight that the United States will formally take possession of the Philippines tomorrow at noon & call on all armed bodies other than American troops to lay down their arms.

War Crys (S.F.) sent out. Detached Squad per Scott. 4. No. 572, 6, 573 & 5 No. 574, 1st Mon. 2d & 3d battalions, 15 No. 572; 15, 573; 15, No. 574 per Hines; 1st bat Co., 26, No. 574 and 19 No. 573 per Berry; 1st South Dakota 3d battalion per Georgeson, 15 No. 573, 15 No. 574. Also 5 copies miscel. to Annie & Lloyd.

Visitors today 9.

Saturday, Dec. 31st, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Last day of 1898. Unto the Lord my God be the glory and praise for the good accomplished. He has kept me from disaster in the perilous hour of temptation. He has protected me from physical dangers. Truly the Lord is good to me. Truly ’98 has been an eventful year to me. God has given me opportunity to preach Christ & Him crucified in both the eastern & the western hemispheres & saved souls.

Have just returned from the barracks of the 3d Battalion of the 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf. The night is distributed by the report of exploding firecrackers. My underwear is with perspiration. I led a service in the splendid ex-Spanish mansion in San Miguel St. occupied by the 3d Bat. 1st South Dakota, 12 Salvationists assisted me. Hines, Lloyd, Berry & Freeman, of the 1st Montana, Private Frank Amie 3d Artillery, H. Battery; Private Schurmerhorn 2d Oregon; Pines, Waterman, Bertrand and Georgeson 1st South Dakota; Scott North Dakota & Private Flansberg, 13th Minnesota, Vol. Inf. Audience 85.

Private Georgeson settled details for the service. When I arrived the regimental brass band was playing selections in front the main entrance. Finished about 7.30.p.m. Candles were hurriedly lighted when they were through and entering into the vast vestibule of this elegant mansion we struck up the song “the blood of Jesus cleanseth white as snow don’t you know” etc. Throughout the meeting attention splendid. No souls publicly tried to get saved. After meeting Bertrand showed me thro’ the Battalion quarters. Before service I returned to Private Berry $5 gold of the $15, he put in my care some time ago. Have still $10 of his money. Some of the other Salvationists were talking of making me their banker. This is not of my seeking. Am afraid of getting robbed.

Rev. Chas. Owens went to the post office & brought back for me a large newspaper mail & several letters (1) from Maj. Acum London en/c another from L.B. Armstrong of Barcelona. Spain who wants me to put his new Tagalog scriptures into circulation (2) Staff Capt. E.J. Symons, Hongkong endorses bill for $9.20 Mex. for printing 92 Kodak pictures; (3) Capt. Port, S.F. re sending Kodak films to Kline for me. (4) Letter from Lt.-Col. Wm Ewans with salary remittance of $18 U.S. coin. Date,       ’98. I collected the same at the post office and paid $2 to the Lord on Tenth League a/c.

Visitors today about 6.

Comrade Wm Eletson of the Flagship “Olympia” called to see me. Donated $3 Mex to assist my work. He told me interesting anecdotes re Rear Admiral Geo. Dewey that I may relate later in this diary.

I cooked breakfast, then dinner on Eletson’s a/c & last supper.

Rec’d of S.F. War Crys: No. 572, Nov. 12th copies 119

“                     “       “         “   573   “     19         “       120

“                     “       “         “  574   “     26         “       120

Sent 12 copies 4 of each edition by Eletson, for distribution aboard the “Olympian”.

Took 20 copies of No. 572 ed. with me to the 3d Bat. of 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf. & distributed them.

While at the Dakota quarters while waiting for the brass band to finish its old year work I utilized the time by arranging with the Salvationists for a squad to accompany me to Corregidor Island tomorrow. God willing.

Returning from the Dakota quarters tonight the salons were crowded with drinking, noisy American soldiers.

Well the year is almost done. It has in the main been spent in the service of God. His providence has not failed me in a single instance. I am saved & sanctified tonight because my Redeemer kept me. The Holy Ghost has been my guide & comforter. To my God, the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, I give all the glory (for it belongs to God) for whatever good has been accomplished thro’ my feeble instrumentality. I pray & trust my faithful God to keep & use me through the coming year 1899.

~ Good – bye 1898 ~

Wednesday, Dec. 28th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

My underwear is wet with perspiration tonight. Did much walking today. Have just returned from the quarters of the First Battalion 1st reg’t South Dakota Vol. Inf. where I held a Salvation Army meeting in the vestibule, basement. Audience 50. Private Waterman of the command arranged preliminaries. An officer kept order for us. Landon, Amie 3d artillery, Flansberg, 13th Minn. Hines and Freeman 1st Montana & Georgeson 1st South Dakota assisted me. Authorized the latter to arrange with the Chaplain for a meeting Saturday night with the 3d Battalion South Dakotas.

Cooked breakfast. Cleaned up & then went to the post office. Pushed on to the Arsenal. Was passed thro’ the lines by a Corporal. Called on Sergeant Chic who is in charge of the ordinance department – supplies etc. Took dinner with him up on top of the South east bastion near the incline of the Castle of Santiago near the front gate. The cook of the 23d regimental brass band gave us food cheerfully. Dinner over the Sergeant conducted me down to the magazine on the point facing toward the bay & showed me where the notorious Black Holes are situated & the entrances to the horrible dungeons. He has been in them. Promised if I call again & he can find time to take me in.

Bidding Chic good-bye I walked down to the Luneta & took a Kodak of the Black Hole section of the Castle. Then followed the bay out to Malate. Ex – adjutant General Tarsney or Tarsley formerly of Colorado saw me going down Calle Real. Called me up stairs into his lodgings. Introduced me to some acquaintances of his. I mentioned to Mr. Tarsney that I tried several times verbally & by letter to learn how much I owed Mr. Nageeb Hashim the Syrian of No. 17 Calle Gandara for board & lodging – 20 days but could get no answer. Tarsney replied that he had seen Mr. Hashim this very day & that that subject came up & that Mr. Hashim referring to it said he did not intend charging me anything. Concluding Tarsney said I need not bother myself or Hashim any more on that subject.

Purchased same shells for my collection.

Wrote and copied my 7th weekly letter to Lieut-Col. Alice Lewis, New York. Mailed it.

Visitors today about 5. When I am absent from No. 2 have no way of learning the number of visitors.

Spoke to individuals personally about salvation.

The leading editorial in the “Daily Times” of this evening states that Aguinaldo has virtually retired, his peace cabinet is broken up & Senor Mabini a fire-eater is forming another.

Tuesday, Dec. 27th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Rushed thro’ this day. Am afraid that I am biting off more bread than I can chew. Constant high pressure wears out the physical man, however, I like to be very busy for Jesus.

Cooked breakfast. Washed dishes. After clearing up walked down to the U.S. Quartermaster’s warehouse. On inquiring found 2 boxes there addressed to me. Receipted for them Mr. Norton, chief clerk, detailed a Filipino & caromata in the employ of the Government to take them to No. 2. I went along. Left the boxes there then rode back with him to Binondo plaza. There alighted & called at the post office. Rec’d 2 letters (1) from Capt. W.P. Wood in answer to mine of earlier date, granting permission to hold services on board his vessel, the gun boat “Petrel”; (2) from Calvin Liles, U.S.S. “Charleston” sending a Come Home ad and – seeking whereabouts of his wife & child thro’ New York War Cry & Inquiring Dep’t.

I answered Capt. Wards’ letter immediately & set Sunday next for a service on his ship, God willing.

Made a cold dinner of fried bacon, bread & strawberry jelly and lemonade satisfy my wants physically.

One-thirty p.m. took horse cars to Escolta & out to Calle Real Malate, thence on to 2d Reserve Hospital, where Private Flansberg 13th Minn. (saved over recently) joined me. Hunted up Bro. Temple of Hospital corps. Arranged the dining room & led a service, audience including Salvationists. This is the Convalescent’s hospital. The patients are being removed to Corregidor Island. Rent is said to be $500.00 a month.

No souls forward. Returning I stopped at a Filipino stand & bought some Iloilo shells for my museum.

Returned home & cooked supper. While eating thereof Privates Devine (Landon) Amie & Hoffenstine of the 3d Artillery came in. Leaving dishes unwashed together we proceeded to San Miguel street – back of No. 6 are the q’t’r of Battalions 2 & 3. Had a service in the tent out in the yard. Audience 45 including Salvationists. God was present. Good spirit, much interest manifested but no souls forward. Taking Salvation Army soldiers around to walk for Jesus does them good.

Dealt with several pressures re salvation personally.

Took my camera with me & photographed several scenes.

Paid the Montana soldier $1 Mex for developing a film.

Expected trouble with Aguinaldo’s insurgents seems to have passed, but while the tension is not so great, the U.S. troops are alert. The South Dakota’s are held in their barracks like prisoners for emergencies.

Visitors today about 8.

Monday, Dec. 26th, 1898

Corregidor Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Out of bed early & cooked a hurried breakfast. Rev. Owens hunted a quilez. My meal was very scant, failed to lay in supply of food. Mr. Owens helped me out by bringing me some fried ham & a cup of coffee. Until about 6.30p.m. had nothing more to eat save a small piece of coconut given me in the ferry boat. I loaned Rev. Owens $1 U.S. coin & $1.10 mex. He paid for my supper in a restaurant 60 cts. mex.

Paid $1. Mex for a ticket to Corregidor Island & return. Mr. Tarsley or Tarsney, my old acquaintance of the first night in 17 Calle Gandara) and the Geo. Stirling, put this ferry on. They made this initial excursion yesterday. A voyage of 25 miles (stopped at Cavite) brought us to the entrance to Manila bay to the now world-famous island, words so by Rear Admiral Dewey’s destruction of the Spanish fleet off Cavite. Our party was composed of Rev. & Mrs. Owens, myself & Private Hines. There is no wharf at the landing place, a small village occupied principally by Filipinos. The water is shallow. We (about 20 passengers) went ashore in a row boat manned by Filipinos. Climbed the hill along a rough stone paved horse-path. Got on the wrong path & penetrated the forrest some distance. Returning found the right path & followed it to the summit of the island where the light-house is situated. The Filipino in charge showed us thro’ the building but especially the light in top of the tower. That light apparatus which is run by mercury is a wonderful affair. After seeing the light house descended the hill to the old fort-concrete-on the hillside overlooking the village. The U.S. military authorizations are establishing a convalescent hospital. Most of the patients are now encamped in tents. We left at 3.p.m. for Manila. Arrived about 6.15p.m. On the bay passed the U.S. transports which are about to take troops for the occupation of Iloilo.

At No. 2 Santa Elena St. Manila. Private F. Amie of H. Bat. 3d Art’y, led the Soldiers’ meeting. I closed the same with prayer & appointed Private Hines to lead the next with Private Blaney (10th Penn) as alternate. Attendance in the meeting 14.

Visitors about 13.

Wednesday, Dec. 21st, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Forenoon hot; shower after dinner & quite cool. Disquieting war alarms continue. Soldiers are called to arms, are kept in barracks etc. soldiers are roused up at unseemly hours etc. The First California troops were ordered to the front today. This sort of thing has continued more than a week. The end cannot be far for end it must. In case the Filipinos attack the city from the outside I fear they will attempt to kill, burn and loot inside the city at the same time.

Visitors 10.

Just before noon a quilez drove up to the door of No. 2 with Corporal Alfred E. Scott (who found Christ last night at the meeting at the Montana (2d & 3d battalions) of D. Co. 1st North Dacota Vol. Inf., in charge of an armed soldier. The Corporal came to say good-bye & pray. Comforted & counseled him, also prayed with & for him. Donated $1 Mex. to the S.A. work. Said he is well saved. To God be the glory. The Corporal was court martialed & sentenced to 8 months in Bilibib prison for learning his post while on guard. I gave him 2 song books.

Remained at home until the cool of the evening approached, writing & reading (latter Winchell’s geology). Wrote 4 letters & copied 3.

Visited the post office in the evening & got shave in a Spanish barber shop. Go to the Spaniards twice a week.

Brother Hans Verweibe, the Salvation Army cook in the U.S. general or district hospital at Cavite dropped in upon me after dark. Had a talk & prayer together. He joined the Tenth League & also gave me a Xmas present of $5 gold.

In last Monday’s Soldiers’ Meeting led by a Frank Amie, the soldiers agreed among themselves to collect money for the S.A. work in their several commands. Tonight at their request I wrote out 6 authorizations to collect money viz.,

  • Frank Amie, Battery H. 3d artillery, U.S. regulars
  • Berry. Co. H. 1st Montana Vol. Inf.
  • S. Bertrand, Co. G. 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf.
  • Clayton Scott, Co. D. 1st North Dakota Vol. Inf.
  • G. Hines, Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf.
  • Waterman Co. H. 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf.

Monday, Dec. 19th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cool & hot alternatively. Light shower.

Cooked breakfast & washed dishes, then started in to complete my war – Salvation & otherwise narrative for the War Cry – Wrote 7 pages. Ms. Also wrote & copied a letter to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans to send with it.

Visitors today 10.

About 3.15p.m. started out. Mailed the letter & War Cry copy.

Then away to 2d Reserve Hospital. Asked the dear Lord in prayer not to let me be disappointed again. Met Capt. F. R. Keefer in his office. Treated me very kindly, said he would be glad to have us hold services once a week. The day was made Tuesday & place the dining room. The surgeon in charge also gave me an order to bring help along with me – i.e. pass the sentry at the gate.

Got back late to No. 2. Soon after I arrived U.S. soldiers commenced to arrive. Cooked supper & ate thereof while Private Frank Amie led the meeting, the first of its kind in Manila. I came in about the close & closed it with prayer. Tried to get Landsburger to Jesus, is backslidden.

The article sent to the S.F. War Cry today, was divided into the following subheads: “Dewey’s Terrors”, “The S.A. in Strange Environments”, “Born Symptoms”, “Swearing in Recruits”, “Polynesian Salvationists”, “Dead Heads”, “Inside the Insurgent Lines”, and “Summary”

Friday, Dec. 16th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Yesterday was exciting because of expected fight with the Filipinos; less excitement to day but not less critical. Private Amie says the Filipinos are throwing up entrenchments & fortifying themselves. Probably they mean to fight the Americans. Our picket lines are being strengthened.

Remained at home this forenoon & wrote an anecdote for the “American Soldier” & “Incidents of Campaigning Days” entitled “Struck Bottom”. Sent it to Private Isaac Russell the Editor.

Visitors 17.

Manila’s streets are not so populous of late as a few days ago. There are many more troops in the city but they are kept in their quarters ready for battle.

Captain and Mrs. Spicer called to see Rev. & Mrs. Owens this forenoon. The Captain related to me that 35 native Salvationists well dressed & speaking good English came on board his ship the “Glooscap” in November 1897 from the island of Pengalape one of the Caroline group. They bought all the bibles they could get. There are three small islands together containing a population of 800 souls.

I went to post office; no mail for me. Purchased groceries.

The Lord encouraged me with more visitors than I expected to see, considering these days of trouble & threatened bloodshed.

Cooked breakfast & supper & fasted dinner time.

Following supper led the holiness meeting in Calle No. 2. Present 15 soldiers. The Holy Ghost was present. Testimonies free. At the close Frank Freeman of the Montana’s who sought Jesus at our tent meeting in San Miguel came forward again. He is evidently sincere. God bless him. Hines told a beautiful incident re him: After meeting his comrades re him, offered drinks etc. Bore it: finally said “Boys let us pray about it”. Got on his knees. Stampede of persecution.

A backslidder Salvationist also came forward & professed to get victory in Christ Jesus – Private F. Rathmoumer of L. Battery 3d Art’y. Glory to God for the victories. The Lord won.

After meeting closed the following comrades signed the articles of war & were sworn in as soldiers up the Salvation Army: Private Clayton J. Scott D. Co. 1st North Dakota. This comrade had been a Salvationist, but left the S.A. & did the work for an evangelist.

Private Frank Amie, H. Battery 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery was a backslider. Saved over in our meeting in Honolulu. Archer E. Temple, Hospital Corps 2d Reserve Hospital was the third. More are to follow.

War Crys sent out to the U.S. troops today (Old numbers)

Private Schurmerhorn,  to 2d Oregon Volunteer                           50 copies.

Private Sam Jensen to 1st Washington       “                                   50   “

Private Archer Temple to 2d Reserve Hopital Patients               10 “   (new 571)

Private Clayton Scott to U.S. Quartermasters force Old Manila 10 “


Wednesday, Dec. 14th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cloudy and cool. Quite agreeable. Cooked breakfast and supper. Bro. Devine (Landon) sent me 2 good steaks as by D. Brown. I cooked one for my supper & gave the other to Rev. & Mrs. Owens. We borrow from each other frequently & occasionally divide food. They are finished for money.

Remained at home during the forenoon & wrote 2 short articles, continuation of “Incidents of Campaigning Days” for the “American Soldier.” Names or subheads. Went out 5 & came back 6, “Contrasts.” Sent them to Mr. Isaac Russell of Utah battery, the proprietor.

Ex-sergeant – Major Ackarett of Ogden Utah of Utah Artillery, has been remaining away from my meetings & attending Owens services in the Christian Commission. He called on the Owens with gifts of family supplies. I took him to task for neglecting his own work to also taking fencing lessons. Prayed for him.

After dinner went down on the Escolta. Purchased some groceries. Rec’d such a large War Cry mail that I hired a caromata. 24 cents Mex. to haul it. I have:

S.F War Crys rec’d. Assorted editions printed years ago copies 469; No. 571 edition Nov. 5th, 120 copies. Total 589.

Sent out for distribution 200 old miscellaneous War Crys (S.F.) to be distributed in G.H.K. & L batteries of the 3d artillery. Private Frank Amie took them. Also sent to the monitor “Monadnock” by Sailor H.M. Hanam, 30 copies miscellaneous Crys (S.F.) & 5 of No. 571.

Lt. Col. Wm Evans sent me in a letter dated the 3d remittance of $18 on my salary. Collected the postal note & set aside $2 for the Lord’s tenth. So this regularly.

The Astor battery is about to return home.

Rumors keep coming in of impending trouble with the insurgents.

Gave a Filipino work to make me a gate for the top landing of the front stains. P’d him $1 Mex & p’d 10 cts. Mex for 2 bamboo poles.

Visitors today 10.


Rec’d several letters for various parties.