June 30—July 3, 1942

Martial Law: High Commissioner Sayre had recommended to President Roosevelt early in the summer that if war broke out, he should declare martial law in the Philippines. This the President had a right to do, in case of invasion. Quezon also had that right to be exercised in concurrence of the National Assembly. Sayre when questioned..

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July 3, 1942

Met Lt. Col. Carlos Romulo, editor of Quezon's paper the Herald in Manila--noted orator--a.d.c. to MacArthur, i.e., "press agent"--still very shaky, said he was wounded once on Bataan (?). He corrected the newspaper interview ascribed to him on landing at San Francisco. He did not correct the statements to the effect that he was in..

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June 25, 1942

Quezon is very much exercised because he found that the Army Intelligence Service had discovered that Colonel Andres Soriano, his Secretary of Finance, had been one of Franco's fascists. And now they were investigating the loyalty of Soriano and of Quezon himself. Quezon busy dictating a strong letter of protest to Secretary of War Stimson...

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June 22, 1942

Shoreham Hotel. Quezon returned from a conference with Secretary Ickes, whom he greatly likes. He is getting more interested every day in composing ideas for his book, which I am glad to see. Today, he expressed his wish not to have any controversial subjects in this war story, but will save them for the biography..

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June 15-16, 1942

Quezon tells me that when he went to Corregidor on December 24 last, part of the "doubts" about the policy he should adopt were based upon the possibility of a declaration by the Japanese of Philippine independence. This thought was, for him, a "nightmare." We would have been left in an impossible situation, for if..

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June 14, 1942

At the Shoreham in Washington. Quezon came in greatly exhilarated, having just signed the United Nations pact together with the Mexican Ambassador --with whom he left the White House, arm-in-arm, saying to the press: "This is not put on --this is the way our two countries really feel towards one another." Quezon remarked to me:..

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June 13, 1942

At Waldorf-Astoria. Story of Lt. Colonel Andres Soriano: Soriano said that it did a great injustice to Aguinaldo to call him a fifth columnist. The General was perfectly loyal. Bombing of air fields: "The bombing of Baguio was at 7:30 a.m. on December 8th; these enemy planes then turned northwards and bombed the Cagayan valley--Aparri,..

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June 12, 1942

At Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York. I saw Quezon and Osmeña at 9 a.m. They both seemed depressed, and the latter was absent-minded. I learned the reason for this depression while Morgan Shuster and I were questioning Quezon about his war book. He said he had had one of the most discouraging interviews of his life..

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June 10,1942

This is my 62nd day as POW in Malolos Camp.  Today, for the second time since last month, Judge Roldan shared with me for a few minutes, contents of a secret one page underground news tabloid "Free Philippines" with short wave radio foreign news summary.  The first one he shared with me in the confines of his..

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