Thursday, April 27th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Am very tired. Have been rushed all day, from the time I got out of bed until the present moment, with this difference that I am closing the day’s toil. Time flies so fast! Wrote last night part of the article for the New York “Harbor Lights” i.e. the finishing part, which was largely copied with ink; finished it this forenoon.

Before tackling the aforesaid article, read 2 chapters of Leviticus & one psalm; then remembered my precious God in prayer & praise. Going into my kitchen I discovered a monkey clinging to the window. Caught him & gave the scamp (he upset my ink bottle on the table before repairing to the kitchen for further adventures) to the sentry across the street, he belongs to the soldiers. We have a small monkey in No. 2 sent over by the Utah boys. We all the little chap “Old Man”. He is a first class nuisance but amuses us.

Cooked & partook of breakfast but did not wash the dishes. Couldn’t spare the time.

Completed the article “Five Memorable Nights in the Philippines”. Wrote it in the back of blank Tagalog receipts secured at Paombong. They have “La Republica Filipina” crest stamped on them with a rubber stamp. Covered 25 pages MS. when written with a lead pencil, but was written closely with ink & reduced to 21 pages. The article was divided into the following subheads: “A Night With Dewey’s Blockading Fleet”, “A Night in Camp With the Besieging Army”, “A Night of Block house No. 2” and “A Night of Fire.” Wrote & sent a letter with the copy enclosing 2 photos: Lighthouse on Corregidor Is. and Cocoa nut raft & houses at No. 2, addressed the letter to Ms. Lt-Col. Minnie Brewer, Newark, New Jersey. Wrote & copied my 2 Weekly Letter to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis New York city. Several Spanish & mestizo women & children came around to hear my gramophone but went away disappointed. I had no time for that kind of pastime. Copy & letters completed jumped on the Calle Jolo street car & mailed them about 15 minutes before the U.S. mail was advertised to close.

After dinner wrote & copied a 4-page letter to Adj. C.W. Bourne, manager of Ft. Herrick, S.A. Colony at Willoughby, Ohio. Added Philippine news for a local paper at his request.

Cooked supper of bacon, cocoa & oatmeal mush. There is much strength in this trying, enervating climate to do considerable work. Am sometimes surprised.

Read the Houston “Post” & some local papers. Am following the war closely in these parts & also take considerable interest in the progress of Houston and Texas.

Ex-Lieut-Col. Keppel’s letter & the letter of Major Ashley Pebbles re the Booth’s trouble (S.A.) in the U.S. has cast a gloom over my spirits. I very much deprecate strife in the Salvation Army.

Sunday, Feb. 26th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo District.

Cool breeze. Three visitors today. Gave part of my time to conversation with visitors. Prayed with two. Cooked breakfast of coca, oatmeal mush and fried bacon. Dinner & supper together was supplied by Rev. & Mrs. Owens. Put in a little time reading. Wrote three letters & copied them.

(1) Ly-Col. Wm Evans (2) Gilbert Findlay S.F. with his letter at his request, also wrote a one page address to his Sunday School class, Mariner’s church S.F. (3) Lieut-Col. J.J. Keppel in answer to his re his reason for leaving the Salvation Army. In the letter I did not blame him for leaving the S.A. neither did I encourage him. Kept my thoughts re the Booth’s & my opinion of them to myself as I do not wish to injure the leaders of the S.A. in the eyes of other people. Although at times feeling heart sick and ashamed because of the bad treatment of Americans by the Booth’s, I do not pass my thoughts beyond my own mind. Wish to keep peace in the S.A. & prevent discord if possible, even when selfish officers like these great religious leaders sacrifice the hearts, and brains and time & strength and lives of thousands of devoted subordinates to the Moloch of their unworthy ambition. My hope and trust is that God will over rule their doings & make the wrath of man to praise Him & the balance restrain. I have often to myself wondered at the articles written for S.A. publications & the public platform addresses of these people –the Booths– feeling as I have that their public utterances were so foreign to their practice. (Oh, my God I do hope that my conclusions regarding the Booths are not correct!) How gladly I would avail myself of an opportunity to alter my opinion of them! Time was when I thought the Booth family above doing wrong or making mistakes. Wrong doing was always laid at the door of lesser lights. As the years passed by, & officer after officer was pushed aside, many of them of long service & some of world-wide reputation as soul-savers, I always blamed the subordinates and never the Booths, but alas have learned that their heartless elbowing of faithful officers out of the S.A. because they (the officers) did not always think as they thought, showed a very un-Christ like spirit.

Wrote 6 pages note size MS. for the S.F. War Cry –narrative of the War & my experiences in the Philippines.

Saturday, Feb. 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo District.

Busy getting over ground today, which always means (usually) new scenes and new experiences. As usual started the day with Bible reading & prayer cooked breakfast and washed dishes. After this Rev. C. Owens & myself started out. Took Calle Jolo street car. Saw Private Lloyd of E. company 1st Montana, driving a poney cart with a chest in the same. Motioned to me that he was taking his baggage to store in my house, yelled back as the car passed him “all right.”

At the post office I received more letters and papers.

Next called at the Imperial photo gallery to see if they had any new battle pictures. None. Next dropped in the California eating & drinking house. I stood treat for dinner. Paid $1.20 Mex. for 2 wretched meals. I patronized the house for the sake of a Syrian friend (one of the 17 Calle Gandara colony) who is clerking there.

Dinner over took street car over the Bridge of Spain to old Manila within the walls (Intramuros). Met a number of 20th U.S. Infantry men strolling about sight seeing. These troops served in the Cuban campaign. They arrived on the Scandia. Feel greatly relieved because they have come. We left the walled city by the Santa Lucia gate & walked down thro’ the hot sun to Malecon at the foot of the Luneta –Manila’s fashionable drive. Talked to some of the men & took a photo of their encampment.

Next walked out to Malate late 14th U.S. Infantry barracks, where I hired a carromata because I was tired of walking thro’ the hot sun. Paid 70 cts Mex. for the same –near 2 hour’s use. Called at the 2d Reserve hospital. Had a short talk with Bro. A. Temple of the same & visited a Christian, brother Herbert Foulkes, Co. C. 14th U.S. Infantry. Talked & prayed with him. Bro. Foulkes is in the surgical ward. Was wounded in the first battle with the Insurrectos thro’ the leg. Artery cut. His foot is black.

From the Second Reserve Hospital drove to the General or Brigade Hospital. Saw Private Clayton Scott of the North Dakotas. Left the hospital too soon & was sent back. Gave him $2. U.S. coin of the money he deposited with me. In the 2 hospitals & elsewhere, spoke (the writer) to individuals about salvation personally. The sentries at both hospitals allowed us to pass without showing passes.

Returned home in the carromata –Owens & I– paid the Filipino driver. Took supper with Rev. & Mrs. Owens.

The influenza has stopped up my head made my voice hoarse, but not otherwise caused any inconvenience.

So far as the the war is concerned everything seemed quiet today. Heard no firing. Rumor says insurrectos are massing troops in front of our lines evidently for a battle. —

My 16th weekly letter to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis, written last night I mailed today.

Drew at the post office $2. donated me by ex-Ensign Gilbert Findlay.

Rec’d several papers & monthlies –S.A. & secular.

Four letters arrived: (1) Lt-Col. Wm Evans of S.F. enclosing one from W.E. Duncan Jr. Att’y & Counsellor at Law, Oroville, Butte Co. California. This gentleman is doing legal business gratis for the S.A. trying to secure property bequeathed to it. Wants me to collect curios historical & otherwise for him. Send quite a formidable list. Evans suggests that I try to accomodate him. I dread this job. (3) Chas R. Fletcher, Auxiliary 3768. He read my article re the Philippines in the Xmas Canadian War Cry, which interested him much. Fletcher was introduced to me at 886 Washington St. Boston, Mass. when I was specializing in New England. Took dinner with him. Is a zealous Christian; a splendid man. Fletcher is a chemical engineer. Was formerly lecturer on metallurgy in Boston University & Mass. state assayer of ores & metals. Writes that he sent my article to a U.S. Senator at Washington D.C. (4) Is headed “The Volunteers of America,” from Grand Rapids, Mich., & is signed J.J. Keppel, who but a short time since was the Divisional Commander of the Pacific Coast Chief Division. He is now runing the Grand Rapids “Post” & in command of a “regiment” of 10 or 11 posts. Is serving under General Ballington Booth. Keppel’s letter is an answer to mine inquiring why he resigned from the Salvation Army. Keppel makes some exceedingly grave charges against the Booth family at large, including the present administration at New York Commander & Consul Booth-Tucker & their cabinet. I quote from the letter: “I left the S.A. because I could no longer endorse the actions of the owners of it. My experience at National Headquarters was such a revelation of the insincerity of the leaders of it, that my conscience forced me out, even when I tried by going out on the field again to overcome the difficulty. To make the story short I objected in a respectful manner to something they were introducing in this country (United States) x x I was not only carpeted for daring to have a mind of my own, but I was informed that my position was only possible & practicable so long as I enjoyed their confidence. (The italics are Keppel’s) Of course I knew as we all knew, that we were employees of the Booth family, from a human standpoint anyway, but when I found them resorting to deceit & intrigue, (lying and policy) to carry their plans, I could no longer as a conscientious man, represent them, & allow my dear officers to think I was a loyal officer when I was not; so I left. x x x x x The Booth family are going to be the ruin of the Salvation Army as sure as the devil tempts the souls of men and women to self seeking, exaltation & power, for they are doing it now, & American officers will not stay in the concern, for they are not wanted. Look at the Chief Divisional Officers of this country today; who are they? Every one of them are from the S.A. milling establishments in England, except Gifford. As you know Brewer is now off the field & is Editor in Chief, & since I am out Gifford is the last one.They have brought over two or three more Divisional Officers since you went away & they are shipping in a lot more field officers, making the U.S. pay London for their training as well as travelling.”

Keppel’s letter strikes the Booth family a severe blow, but he a short while since was assistant secretary for the United States. Other high officials think as Keppel does. When the Ballington Booth split was coming to a head, Brigadier Wm H. Cox, then Editor in Chief of all American S.A. publications, told me that the Booths & their chief aids would never promote any American to a high office who had not been to England. More than one important officer in the United States has said to me & to others that an anti-American policy was being pursued by Gen Booth & the Booth-Tucker’s since the advent of the latter in the U.S. Americans seem to be backseated. My confidence in the family has been very much shaken. The conviction has been gaining headway in my mind, to my sorrow of heart, since the time I edited the New York War Cry, that success has changed the Booth’s from the simplicity, Godliness, & self-sacrificing devotion of other days into self-seeking, lying, foxy intrigues. I do not want to think thus & have often hoped & do hope now that I am mistaken.

I would gladly change my opinion, but such is the settle conviction formed in my mind from personal contact with the following members of that remarkable family. (I regard Gen’l Wm Booth as the most remarkable man who has figured on the stage of time since the days of Paul.) Gen. Wm Booth,  Ballington & Mrs. Maud Booth, Commandant H.H. Booth,  Field Commissioner Eva Booth, and Commander & Consul F. De Latour Booth-Tucker.I am convinced that success has turned their heads. That the Salvation Army is regarded the property of the Booth family. That General Booth wants his family to remain perpetually a religio-royal family. That all the chief commands are to be divided among themselves, & for such officers as will support the ambitions of the family on that line. That the General wishes to appoint a member of his own family the next general, & have the succession of generals to run in that family perpetually.

The one cloud now rising above the horizon to threaten the General’s darling plans is the increasing strength of the S.A. in the United States. The S.A. threatens to become stronger in the U.S. than it is in England. With a majority of Americans in the organization, he fears that American ideas and an American policy will shape the course of the future Salvation Army. In such case the Booth family will lose its grip & the generals be elected from the army by the leaders of the army. This woulds kill imperialism, and with it depart the glory, power, prestige and money which are concomitants of the great organization. Lest Americans have too much power & thus become dangerous to the next general in case the present one dies, American officers of high rank (comparatively speaking) are quietly being relieved of power & put in such positions that they cannot imperil the prospect of Booth succession in case they feel so inclined. That is how the present situation and policy appears to my mind. I would gladly change my views & would like to discover that they (the Booths) have been misjudged. I want the S.A. to hold together, not to aggrandize the Booth’s, but to glorify God & by its marvelous machinery & high standard of practical Christianity, win the world to the Lord Jesus Christ thro’ the power of the Holy Ghost. If this is done, I do not care what the name of the General may be, whether Booth or something else.

Saturday, Dec. 24th, 1898

Camp Santa Mesa –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Christmas Eve on a foreign shore, but our environments are radically different from what we have been accustomed to in the home-country. Anywhere for Jesus. Cooked breakfast of ham & chocolate, fried oatmeal mush left over from last night.

Struck out for San Miguel & took 3 photographs there & left a film with a soldier-photographer to develop for me. Comrades Hines (who is a company barber) shaved me for free. From the 2d to 3d battalion barracks I returned to the Escolta. Could not get either a postal money order, note or check at the post office or bank for $3 to remit that am’t to Staff Captain F. Symons at Hongkong for the balance required to print my Kodak films. Returning home about noon near Calle del Rosario passed the quarters of part of the 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. Their guns were stacked in the street, their knapsacks packed & ready inside the building & the soldiers lying around waiting orders. So much for Filipino friendship. The Montana and South Dakota regiments were roused up late last night. False alarm from the outpost. This condition of affairs cannot continue much longer.

Comrade Eletson of “Olympia & Dansare of the “Charleston” paid me a visit this afternoon likewise Private Harry Kline of Co. K. 1st California Vol. Inf. He brought me 12 Kodak films, sent by Lt.-Col. Wm Evans from San Francisco.

I had a long talk with Kline who is in a backslidder state & advised him to return to Jesus. Prayed with him. Would not give his heart to the Savior.

Write & copied 4 letters. Took dinner with Rev. Owens.

Kline said ex-Lieut-Col. J. J. Keppel & wife are returning to California to take charge of the American volunteer work for the Ballington Booth’s movement. Kline also brought me gloomy tidings officers & soldiers leaving the Salvation Army because of double-dealing on the part of the Booth-Tucker, Mrs. Evans & their respective chief assistants. I hope what K. said is not true. Made me feel bad. May God direct the S.A.

Took a cup of lemonade, 2 bananas & some dry bread for supper. Then hurried away to the Escolta where several Salvationists had agreed to rendezvous. Comrades Hines, Berry, Lloyd & Freeman of the Montana regm’t & Clayton Scott of the North Dacota’s met me there in front of the post office. Two quilez’ were hired & drove us out to Camp Santa Mesa where the 1st Nebraska’s Vol. Inf. are encamped on a hill. We arrived late; found the Chaplains tent filled with singing soldiers. Had an audience of 50 Chaplain Mailie testified, also our 6 Salvationists & some others. While the meeting was in progress I heard an Insurgent bugle blast or call in the distance. The Filipino troops, I heard surround Camp Santa Mesa on three sides.

I read the Scripture – Luke re the birth of our blessed Christ & exhorted the troops to yield to Him. None came forward. Several invitations were extended to us to come again.

An agreeable flutter of excitement struck the Montana boys today while I was in their quarters – Christmas boxes came.

Visitors 7 at No. 2 Calle Santa Elena.

Rev. Owens’ said he heard that tonight is the time set for the Filipinos to break loose.

Bro. Eletson of the Olympia said Rear Admiral Geo. Dewey is troubled much by autograph fiends who annoy him with their importunity. Dewey goes through his waste paper basket & hunts for everything personally bearing his signature & run a knife across it to spoil the signature. Eletson knowing the Admiral’s habit in respect resorted to a stratagem to secure an autograph for Senator Perkins of California. The Senator tried to get it but failed. Eletson sent in a request asking an extended furlough ashore – not expecting as a matter of course to get it. In due course request was returned, with the Admirals signature refusing to grant permission.

Monday, November 28th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Rainey and cool. No heat to trouble us, but still the cold sweat stood on my body – a peculiarity of this climate. The night is closing in with rain.

Remained close at home this forenoon. Wrote 2 letters & copied them (1) to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis; my 3d weekly letter, (2) Lieut-Cal. J. J. Keppel inquiring if the short articles in the Chicago Tribune is correct that he & Mrs. Keppel attended the Grand Council of the American Volunteers –Bal. Booth’s if so why.

Visitors today 15.

Called at the post office; also went to a second hand dealer & purchased 2 vols (there are 3) of History Philppine Islands. Paid $2Mex. It’s in Spanish.

Private Amie presented me with 2 or 3 overshirts, 3 handkerchiefs & pair of cotton socks. He took supper with me.

Arranged to lead a meeting in the 3d Artillery barracks, Thursday P.M.

I felt quite droopy today. Falling barometer probably.

There was a general & special meeting of the U.S. Chaplains today. They are having trouble with the Romish Church. A Filipino father wanted to bury his dead child in a R. Catholic cemetery. Priest demanded $5. Father said he only had $1, would give that. Reply must pay regulation price or bury his brat himself. Father got Chaplain Pierce to perform the last rites. Priest refused to give key to enter cemetery. Pierce with an axe cut his way into the cemetery. Chaplain McKinney Kenna of First Cal Vol. Inf. wrote him that there are Roman C. priests to do that kind of work, that Filipinos are Catholics & protestants should leave them alone. Pierce wrote a reply & the meeting was called to consider the matter.

More transports are arriving with U.S. troops.

Probably some will leave soon for Iloilo.

Rev. Owens told me about the cemetery difficulty between Pierce & the priests.

The current issue of the American soldiers contains War anecdotes written by me. The proof reading is bad. Praise God – peace is declared – rumor tonight.