About the author: Identified only as “a German reservist in Manila.”
About the diary: Originally published in December, 1934 to February, 1935, in installments, in Philippine Magazine as “A Tsingtao War Diary,” translated by Gertrude V.G. Hornbostel.
The Philippine Diary Project retains the format of the entries as explained by this Editor’s Note from the first installment of the diary:
Editor’s Note: –The parts of this account printed in italics are taken from the diary of a German at Tsingtao, the rest from the diary of his brother, a German reservist in Manila, who shortly after the declaration of war left to join the German defense forces.