November 24, 1899

When Aguinaldo confirmed my fears that something serious could happen to the campaign because it was not known under what plans we were going, the President reassured me by saying that Del Pilar had planned everything and had provided for any eventuality, and that it was Del Pilar who was responsible for said campaign. Rifle shots rent the air. Colonel Sityar informed Aguinaldo and Del Pilar about this, but Del Pilar, laughing, told him, “Colonel, you confuse rifle shots with noise produced pounding rice.” This remark somewhat troubled Colonel Sityar who told me within earshot, “If only the General were accustomed to hearing rifle shots.”

June 24-30, 1899

In view of the famous intrigues which resulted in the sensible death of our lamented General Antonio Luna and Colonel Roman, General Aguinaldo who lived under that false impression decided to have me always within his eyesight, and it is this fact which determined my present appointment and also the appointments of General Hizon and Colonel Leyva as first and second chiefs, respectively, of his military room; so that those who were cognizant of the great diplomacy of Aguinaldo called us the three punished ones.

[Kalaw: General Concepcion’s version of the death of Luna after gathering information from other officials is as follows:]

On the 2nd or 3rd of June Luna received a telegram from Aguinaldo asking him to form a new cabinet and asking him to see the President at Cabanatuan. Luna found out upon reaching Cabanatuan that the officer whom he had disarmed was in charge of the bodyguard of the president. Upon going up to the presidency he also found out that Aguinaldo had left for San Isidro. He was naturally disappointed at the apparent failure of the President to keep his appointment. Suddenly a revolver shot was heard from below. Luna walked downstairs to see what was the matter, but before he left the last steps he was stabbed in the back, then he and his aide Colonel Roman were fired upon and boloed, till they died.

June 7, 1899

On the following day, I inquired whether or not the officers of my brigade had been presented to the President, and Del Pilar, with signs of satisfaction, led me to one of the rooms and said to me: “There they are –they are being held incommunicado as a result of an investigation which I am conducting on orders of the Captain General.”


June 6, 1899

[Kalaw: The following morning, June 6th, General Concepcion received a telegram from the President of the Council of Government advising him of the death of General Luna at Cabanatuan the day before, on June 5th.]

Immediately I went to see General Aguinaldo and told him of the lamentable happening showing the telegram I received and he showed great surprise not being able to say a word for five minutes, and then said at last: “Please return to your headquarters; in the meanwhile reserve to yourself such a grave incident and order the presentation to the captain-generalship of all the forces armed with mausers!”


June 5, 1899

As soon as everybody was in front of my headquarters, General Del Pilar separated from us and ordered his men to surround my headquarters. He posted four sentry guards each in front of all the offices. He changed my guards with members of the Presidential Guard and then presented himself to Aguinaldo inviting him to go upstairs with him. Once upstairs, Aguinaldo and Del Pilar held a secret conference. I was later subjected by Aguinaldo to an interrogation about an alleged conspiracy which he said had been planned against him.

May 31, 1899

According to what chiefs and officers closest to General Luna have told me, there had been occasions in which the forces under his command went to the extent of hating him, since in battles, without attending to reasons, circumstances or conveniences, he was taking them to real suicide; in a word he gets mad when he hears the enemy’s fire… People versed in the military art concede to General Luna great merits as chief of a column, whose radius of action he can dominate with his eye, but not as director of great operations, because his foolhardiness