Saturday, June 29th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

One year ago today I embarked on the steamship “Newport” & sailed out of San Francisco harbor. An eventful year has passed into eternity and I have during the best part of two days been exploring my Diary to learn what use I made of the time. An epitomized resumé may prove helpful: Souls-professed conversion: 45, Do sanctification 10; swore in 6 recruits.

War Crys (San Francisco) circulated 3928 copies. Account was kept of these. Many more, including foreign Salvation Army publications, Tagalog New Testaments and Spanish Protestant literature, were put into the hands of the people.

Literary Work – Wrote 34 articles for the Salvation Army and secular press viz. San Francisco War Cry 21; Toronto, Canada do, 1; New York City, London, Eng. do. 1; Manila “American Soldier” (secular) 4 New York “Harbor Lights” (monthly) 1; London, “All the World”, 3; Melbourne, Australia, “Victory” (monthly) 2. Up to May 27th’99, the S.F. War Cry printed 25 by cutting the articles & by His process still have several. The New York Cry, reprinted some, ditto New York Swedish, ditto The California Chinese War Cry, No. 14 for Feb. 1899.

Additional to above I kept a Diary (large) in which was covered 1.049 pages and a small one (Vol. IV) from June 29th’98 to Dec. 31st’98 pages 186, making a total of 1,235 pages.

Letters written (copied) 450 pages.

Religious Meetings – led s.s. “Newport” 6 on Pacific Ocean; Honolulu (S.A. hall) 1, street 1 = 2; Dewey’s fleet, Manila bay, 6: Philippine Islands, open-air services, 7: Indoor services in No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, tents & various other shelters, 77 Hospital meetings indoors, 4; Prison services indoors, 17 Total meetings on sea & land, in houses & open – air 119, Bible classes taught on transport “Newport”, 8. on land – Manila 1; total 9. Visitation. Visits to hospitals in Mania & Cavite. 36 – American and Filipino. Visits to prisons, 2, visits to soldiers in barracks, camps, outposts on battle fields in trenches etc. in Manila, Paranaque, Camp Dewey, Ft Rice Cavite, La Loma cemetery, Caloocan, Apalit and San Fernando, 97 –Visit to Christians on H.M.S. “Powerful” I; total 136.

Note: Visits are not counted under this head when services were held. They are entered as services in such cases.

Miles Traveled. Visiting men in the trenches & in various towns caused much travel & took much time. Boats – steam, row boat etc. 807; railroad, 440; in carromatas, quilez’, mule team, etc. 51: walked, 52, total 1350 miles; steamship. San Francisco to Manila via Honolulu, 6,500. Grand total of miles traveled 7,840.

Additional to meetings, visitation, writing of articles etc. I had my own cooking to do, dish washing, bed making & other work which claims time & strength. So at the end of this year I raise my Ebenezer & say to the glory of my God, “Hitherto hath the Lord helped me.” He has protected me from danger on sea & land, supplied my every need & used me.

X                                 X                                 X                                 X

After breakfast went down to the Port Captain’s neighborhood, then to post office. Cashed $36, postal note from S.F. The Utah artillery men embarked & I missed saying good-bye to Bro. Ackarett. Was sorry.

Wrote & copied 4 letters: Lt.-Col Wm Evans, Lewis, Armstrong & S.A. Foreign Secretary Bro. Andrew J Smith, Cavite & Private C. Scott, called. Conversation & prayer together. Scott hopes to assist me in Bilibid prison Sunday next.

To God the Father, Son & Holy Ghost, be praise eternal, amen.


Wednesday, June 28th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Rain all last night & today; at times very hard. Sky looks stormy as night closes in. Remained at home. Ventured not outsider. Closely applied myself to my Diary & have about secured such information as I desired. Although not as busy as I should have liked the year has been busy one.

Read a chapter in Deuteronomy, prayed & cooked breakfast; also cleaned my cooking utensils. Cooked supper.

My neighbors across the street, Utah brass bandsmen, have their chests packed & roped ready to depot for home.

This afternoon while I was presiding over the pots in the Kitchen Private (Bro.) Bruce Mason, Co. F. 1st Montana Vol. came around in a quilez. We had a lengthy conversation, spiritual & otherwise. Before he departed prayed together. Fixed him a cup of lemonade. Bro. Mason is one of Rev. Owens’ converts; praise the dear Lord.

Tuesday, June 27th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

I am reminded of some incidents related by Bro. Wm Eletson regarding Admiral Dewey Bro. E. served four years on the “Olympian” hence had numerous opportunities to see & hear the Admiral before & after the battle of Manila bay, May 1st1898. That great victory over the dons, brought the fame and the concomitants of fame – danger from enemies and ditto from friends. The Admiral minimized his chances from both. Many baskets of champagne, the finest cakes & the best of other table dainties were sent the American hero by his admirers but he would not drink and eat the presents sent if he could. Enemies might poison the wine and cake.

The Admiral’s mail was bulky yet but few letters ever reached his eyes. Time was required for more valuable work than reading letters written by people who had no good reason for writing them.

Officers who presumed upon their rank to gain access to the presence of the great [_____] without a good excuse for taxing his time, frequently retired crest fallen without seeing him.

The Admiral was easy of access to writers of the Press, and he was very affable to their kind ___ – book authors. Wise Admiral!! This I learned from Ike Russel who at one time owned & edited the Manila “American Soldiers.” Dewey would give literary people a place at his table occasionally.

When Dewey came ashore measure were taken in advance to guard his person from would-be assassins.

One day he was coming ashore in his launch. Seeing a small boat pulling in his direction, the Admiral exclaimed: “Coxswain, is that boat coming towards us?” “I think it is, sir”. “Then put back to the ship.” This last is from Bro. Eletson as near as I remember his story.

The Admiral is no coward, but prudence caused him to not give Spaniards an opportunity to arrange themselves for the destruction of their fleet.

Two chapters in Deuteronomy, prayer, then cooked breakfast.

Remained at home all day, overhauling my Diary for the past year securing statistics of work done by me. A tedious job.

The Filipino letter carrier bro’t me a N.Y. War Cry & letter from Lt.-Col. Wm Evans S.F. date May 26thcontained Postal Order No. 93664, Sta. B.S.F.; 4 weeks’ salary $36 U.S. coin.

Two A. Bat’y, Utah Light Artillery men called this evening. Desire to rent rooms for 6 men. Expect to be mustered out tomorrow.

Saturday, June 26th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Forenoon dry but cloudy, afternoon as usual heavy clouds & a shower, but light rainfall.

Out of bed quickly following reveille over in the Cuartel Meisig. Two chapters in Deuteronomy and prayer; then cooked breakfast of coffee fried ham and oatmeal mush.

Discovered my had to be alive with a tiny white insect barely discernible to the naked eye. These mites multiplied into myriads & were crawling over and into everything on my table when I keep my food and eat. Gave my food & table a general overhauling. Part of the ham I discarded & scalded the remainder, washed the dishes etc. Clean or unclean they were alive. Put the table in the hot sun & washed the surface with petroleum and water.

After cleaning up went down town to the post office. Rec’d nothing. In the afternoon the Filipino carrier brought me a letter from W. J. Mc Alonan, Assistant Foreign Secretary, London, enclosing one from L. B. Armstrong, Barcelona, Spain (date May 18th ’99) stating that but one of my letter reached him. Is suspicious of priests, etc. Inquires the reason, which I am unable to answer.

I met Private A. M. Walcott of the 1st Colorado Inf. lately stenographer for Gen’l Mac Arthur. Have come in to help close up regimental affairs preparatory to returning home, or rather San Francisco & then back to Honolulu where he enlisted. Was a teacher on the island when the war broke out. Is a bright young man. W. accompanied me to No. 2 & remained a couple of hours. Gave him a Kodak picture of himself amid the ruins of Aguinaldo’s palace taken by me at Malolos. I brought the bamboo the table out in the sitting room & prepared him a bunch of mangoes and lemonade.

Walcott brought tidings that the Montana’s will be down in a couple or 3 days & remain 2 or 3 weeks in town then go into the trenches to do light work. The town of Macabebe  & another town friendly to Americans cannot be garrisoned by American troops because Arm. Troops are too scarce. The probability is that but little fighting will be done until the rainey season ends unless the Insurrector prove aggressive. They have been saucy of late over 800 were killed & wounded as the outcome of their late attack on San Fernando.

Private Devine (Landrum) of K. Battery 3Heavy Artillery called next after Walcott’s departure. Devine is cooking again although very weak from his late illness. Brought me soon fresh beef cooked – a luxury indeed in my estimation nowadays. Had more than I could eat, so to keep it from spoiling gave some to the poor Filipinos down stairs. Devine & I prayed.

While cooking supper, Private (Bro.) M. H. Ackarett of Section 4, B. Battery. Utah Light Artillery dropped in to see me. Just arrived from the front 14 miles east of Malolos. A. expects to depart for home in a few days. The feed of fresh beef helped me grandly.

Sunday, June 25th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy but no rain during the forenoon; afternoon heavy rain; night closes in stormy. The atmosphere is becoming cool.

The Utah brass bandsmen across the street are preparing for home; their blasphemous tongues which sting the ear of decency will no longer be heard in this neighborhood. The swearing habit and lewd talk of the American soldiery disgraces our nation. The native women & children are learning the terrible habit. Our soldiers are no credit Christianity; they are wicked in spite of Christian teachings. Poetical & prose writers are already holding up the American soldier as a model of all that is heroic & noble. Daily contact with him dispels the illusion. Extremes meet in our army. Shoulder to shoulder we find the best and worst of men, fighting for the starry flag. I have met some spending men in this army and some – dogs.

Chapter in Deuteronomy was followed by prayer. God the Holy Ghost blessed me by manifesting His presence in my soul last night. God is good to me; promise to His dear name.

I cooked breakfast of coffee and oatmeal. The same with a banana or two constituted my breakfast. Since slacking up on fried ham & “lime-juice” lemonade I feel better.

Following breakfast, got a lesson & selected 2 or 3 songs for my service, then walked down Paseo Azcarraga to Bilibid prison. A man was sent around to open prison down for as many prisoners as cared to attend. A poor specimen  of a regular soldier was detailed to attend my meeting with Kragg-jorgensen, to watch presumably the prisoners. We entered the civil prison where a new batch of incarcerates greeted us. One (a new man) said he was sick & did not want to be disturbed. I did not believe his statement. He kept his tongue busy during the service & made some of the other noisy. The guard too, called time on me. Remarked that he did not want to stay there. The prisoners were too cross to listen to religious talk. Empty stomachs put them in an ugly mood; had no breakfast. In spite of disturbances I went ahead trusting the Lord to bless my efforts. Some one serious face listening to me. We encouraged because when I knelt to pray, one of last Sunday’s seekers, also knelt. At the close several prisoners repeated after me the Lord’s prayer. Closed & distributed 9 San Francisco War Crys – 3 editions. Audience 17. When I was ready to depart Serg’t Williams entered with a basket of bread & other supplies. The aching void in empty stomachs probably was filled after my exit.

High tide backed the estero’s over the street, so to avoid wading thro’ water on my way home, went around by the way of the Hotel de Oriente to Cuartel Meisig. Found even the sidewalk overflowed in front of my domicile in Calle Santa Elena.

Read several magazine articles. Had no callers.

Cooked supper of oatmeal mush and cocoa.

My thoughts often cross the ocean to the United States, I wonder continually what is going on there whether there is a struggle between the Booth-Tuckers & Chief Dismissal Officers. God keep the Salvation Army from ________ strife.

Saturday, June 24th 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Slow falling rain tonight. Seems that the rainy season is upon us. All day long heavy clouds hang upon the horizon & obscure the sun. Another chapter in Deuteronomy. I am very forcibly struck with the inflexible character of God as displayed in His law given to Israel! Outside of Christ God is a consuming fire, the great & dreadful God, but it Christ the most marvelous on personation of pity, love and grace.

Prayer after a chapter in the Bible; then cooked breakfast.

Read “Freedom” for local news, Ditto articles in various magazines.

Called at the post office; rec’d 6 Toronto War Crys & an S. F. “Call”.

Dropped in a Spanish barbershop & get shaved; price 30 cts. Mex.

Bro. Geo Turner (Ecclesia Mission) called fetching fur gloves & a cap & 2 photos from Bro. (Private) Hines & E. Co. 1stMontana vols. at San Fernando Bro. Turner essayed to hold meetings but failed. Filipinos fired on our lives; neat evening trains out of schedule time. Personnel dealing was all he could do beside distribute religion literature.

Continued arranging my shells. Am feeling better in health; praise God.

It is about 9 o’clock p.m. now, but the Utah brass band is over at the Cuartel Meisig serenading members of A. & B. batteries. Utah Light Artillery. A member returned a few minutes since from San Fernando & Malolos on the train. The men are enthusiastic & rend the night with their cheers. No wonder; they are coming in from the front to return home.

Friday, June 23d 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy clouds hung all around the horizon today, but we had no rain. The typhoon season is near when the weather will assert itself.

Remained at home close. Felt so tired & bad yesterday evening that I thought best to recuperate today & am feeling rested & better in health, praise the dear Lord.

First thing a chapter in Deuteronomy, prayer, breakfast.

Early a wagon drove up to my door. Bro. (Private) Peter Shipper of the U.S. Engineer corpo brought me 51 copies San Francisco War Cry; 25 copies Apr. 29th’99, No. 596 & 26 copies May 6th’99. No. 597. He suggested S. F. Headquarters’ people sent them to him to same postage. Lt.-Col. Wm Evans wrote me that he did not know why I only received 3 copies. Shipper was in a hurry but I insisted that he take time to pray. Did so.

Private (Bro.) Bertrand dropped in next from Camp Santa Mesa where his company & reg’t 1st South Dakota are stationed.

Reiterated the statement of his letter that he will purchase my gramophone & with a sergeant will rent the back room.

Wants to give 2 or 3 months to study. B. does not care to have a partner in with him on the gramophone proposition lest he should insist on using the same in a saloon. Such principle in Bertrand was very gratifying to me.

Before B. said good-bye another footstep was heard ascending the stairs. Private (Bro.) W. I. Mason, Co. D. 9th U.S. Infantry. The perspiration was dripping in a stream from Mason’s chin, his clothes were dirty & ragged his revolver rusty, etc. looked as if he had just got back from the war – exactly the case. During the past 2 weeks poor Mason has “been thro’ the mill” down at Paranaque, Imus. San Francisco de Malabon & other places wading streams & swamps crowding thro’ the grass higher than his head fighting Insurrectos. [Comrades]were killed, wounded & overcome by heat & exhaustion but God kept him thro’ it all, but best the Lord kept him saved in soul. Together we knelt in prayer to remember our precious Lord.

The next visitor rode up on a handsome native poney, Private (Bro.) Clayton Scott, 1stNorth Dakota vols. orderly at the Palace. While Scott was here. Private (Bro) Devine (Landrum) K. Bat’y 3Reg’t Heavy artillery climbed the steps painfully. The three of us: conversation various topics, affairs of Christ’s Kingdome & prayer.

Of the War Cry brought by Shipper gave 10 copies to Mason to distribute in the 9threg’t. Bertrand 4 for the South Dakota & Scott 10 for the Palace & Bro. Merritt, who has returned with a pack [____].

Scott says Merriott reports himself keeping saved.

Between animal & departure of visitors I packed & wrote locality of shells, sea & land, for future identification, overhauled storage list, read a number of magazine articles, news in “Freedom” and cooked supper.

The day Rev. & Mrs. Owens embarked for their homeward voyage to the United States, Bro. Glunz (are of the Christian Commission boys) & I discussed the time of our arrival – in the Philippine Islands. Glunz & Jackson shipped with the Third expedition. They left San Francisco before I did, but embarked on the s.s. “Newport” left the ships of the Third expedition at Honolulu & crossed the ocean alone, arriving in Manila bay a week or ten days ahead of the other vessels, so I just arrived that length of time ahead of the Christian Commission men.


Thursday, June 22d 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Shower at time of writing – about 7.30 p.m. Sun out this forenoon & hot. Afternoon as usual a thunder shower.

Out of bed about 6.30 a.m. Read a chapter in Deuteronomy. Prayed Cooked breakfast of ham, cocoa & oatmeal mush. Coffee seems to excite my never too much & ham does not agree with my stomach, so have slacked up on the two latter. Am feeling droopy. Indisposed and run down.

Read “England Possesions in Africa” & articles in “Freedom” S. F. & New York, War Crys. Also glanced over London War Cry & 2 S. A. magazines, “The Officer” & “Local Officer”. Some of the latter today came from S. F. & New York by mail.

Paid the carrier 2 cents.

From letter I rec’d from the delivery clerk: (4) Mrs. Annie E. Goffin, 1001 Center St. Oakland Cal. answer to my letter of sympathy re the sad death of her husband, (2) Com. Booth-Tucker’s weekly letter (3) Com. B.-Tucker announcing withdrawal of Major Winant from New York H. Q. & resignation of his rank. Letter does not give details – says financial reasons. A dark omen at the present time. Winant is an American & one of the most Godly officers at the national center. (4) Dr. (Adjutant) F. Nice of Social Dept. N. York, requesting me to hunt up one Fred Wilson of the 17th U.S. Infantry.

Just before dinner – went out to Malate next to the 2Reserve Hospital to the Nipa barracks. Wanted to see the 1st Nebraska Vols. break camp & bid Bro. Heron & others good-bye. Was too late. The troop embarked this morning. Hurried homeward & stopped in at the Cuartel Meisig of H. Battery, 3Reg’t Heavy Artillery to bid Bro. Nevin farewell. He returns to Los Angeles Cal. on the steamer too.

Private (Bro.) Landrum called to see me this afternoon. His come back to his quarters from the hospital. Much better in health. Remained about 2 hours. We had prayer before he departed.

Following Landrum’s departure, I arranged my collection of Philippine shells 124 varieties, numbering 1,000 shells large & small. Also have 28 varieties of land shells, numbering 97. Theconchological cabinet is becoming valuable.

Wednesday, June 21st 1899

Cavite, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Warm day. About 3 p.m. or there about afternoon [now] clouds roll down from the north accompanied by thunder & lightnings & a show ensues sometimes light & sometimes otherwise.

Morning chapter in Deuteronomy & prayer. Cooked breakfast of coffee & oatmel mush. Since my stomach commenced to trouble me I have slacked up a lime juice & fried ham.

Bought & read the daily “Freedom”. During the afternoon in the missionary magazine (3) “The Gospel in All Lands” Nos. 3, 9, & 11. I read: “Part of the Concern”, “The World Need Evangelism”, “Missions as Related to the War With Spain”, “Some Facts About the Philippines”, “Mission Work Among the Malays”, “Religion in China”, “The African” magazine no. 1 read the Preface, “Africa Generally”, “Repatriation of American Negroes”. Also read several articles in the San Francisco “Examiner”.

Went to post office this a.m. about 10.30 o’ clock. The General Delivery clerk said no letter. Two p.m. or thereabouts the Filipino brought a New York letter. Did not give him a fee. I cannot understand why the letter was not given me at the windom. The letter is from Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis, dated May 12th & refers to No. 21 weekly letter written by me. Lewis letters is guarded but reading between the lines I gather that Com. & Counsel Booth-Tucker will soon be sending me farewell orders to leave the Philippines.

Rev. Rodgers, Presbyterian missionary called to see me re the Filipino servant boy who worked for Owens & I re his character etc. Invited me to call & see him.

With the prospect of impending change, I commenced to arrange my collection of Philippine land & sea shells with a view to cataloguing & packing them for shipment. Cooked supper of oatmeal mush & cocoa. While so engaged Private (Bro.) Devine (Landrum) K. Battery 3Heavy Artillery, came in unexpectedly from the 1stReserve Hospital. Is improving in health; praise the Lord.

I felt a little weak & somewhat droopy today.