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About Probationary Officer Baba

About the author: Identified only as “Diary by Probationary Officer Baba.” This appears in the last section, “Documents and Orders Captured in the Field.”

About the diary: A single entry, from a diary retrieved by American forces in Manila and subsequently included in documents for war crimes trials. Included in Gyokusai (Honorable Defeat) or Gyakusatsu (Massacre): Japanese accounts of the Battle of Manila, by Ricardo Trota Jose, Department of History, University of the Philippines.