Diary entries on the Leyte Landing: October, 1944

The Philippine Diary Project contains diary entries from a leading figure in the Leyte Landing: Major General Basilio J. Valdes. His diary, as encoded, edited, and provided to researchers by the Valdes family, provides an invaluable, first-person account of the entire Pacific War, from the outbreak of hostilities in 1941 to the restoration of the Commonwealth Government in Manila in …

The Battle of Manila, February 3–March 3, 1945

(Updated, February 1, 2019) February 3 to March 3 traditionally marks the period of commemoration for the Battle of Manila in 1945. The first diary to cover this period featured on The Philippine Diary Project was the first-hand account by Lydia C. Gutierrez, who was a young girl at the time. In fact her diary covers only ten days: from …

The debate on taking the Philippines out of the war: January 28 to February 12, 1942

(entry updated January 25, 2016) The beginning of World War 2, despite the immediate setback represented by Pearl Harbor, was greeted with optimism and a sense of common cause between Americans and Filipinos. See: Telegram from President Quezon to President Roosevelt, December 9, 1941 and Telegram of President Roosevelt to President Quezon, December 11, 1941. However, From late January to mid-February, 1942, the …

Evacuation of the Gold Reserves of the Commonwealth, February 3, 1942

(revised and updated February 3, 2017) Watch: British Pathe newsreel: Treasure Submarine, 1942. The February 3, 1942 diary entry of Gen. Basilio J. Valdes mentions a “secret and delicate mission:” At 10 p.m. I was already in bed when the phone rang. It was the Chief Justice telling me to get dressed as we had to go to the vault, to …

September 13, 1969 — Saturday

I had a bad night. I slept two hours in the arm chair under continuous oxygen. I wanted to rest in bed longer during the morning but I had to introduce Doctor Pacis to Sister Ingoberga at the hospital and then rush back to Cancer Clinic to see a patient from China Bank. I had a light luncheon , and …

May 29, 1969 — Thursday

I had an excellent night last night. I slept in bed for long stretches and woke up at 5 a.m. very well rested. At 9 a.m. I went to Oceanic Commercial central office at Pasong Tamo for my  weekly consultations. Returned home for a needed rest before lunch. It continues to be very hot, with the temperature 100 degrees Fahrenheit …

June 25, 1945 Monday

It is reported in the newspapers that prices in Manila are very high. Meat costs ₱8.00 per kilo; fish ₱4.00, etc. It is also reported that more than one million people live in Manila. They must be suffering very much. I am worried about my family. The immediate cause of course is the operation of the law of supply and …

26th Day, Jan. 22, 1945

I have gone to the Capital of Leyte today. I met Gen. Valdes, Gov. Hayden, Dean Kalaw and many others. The night previous I had a talk with Judge Saguin and Cong. Lopez from Cebu and they informed me about certain tendencies which didn’t please me. So I certainly blew up this morning when I found myself in the very …

December 25, 1944 — Monday

In Tacloban. Had lunch with General Frink Commanding General USASOS in his quarters aboard the SS Mactan, in the bay. Spent the rest of the day quietly. 0