Wednesday, November 15, 1972

The session hall was like a market. The revised draft of the new Constitution prepared by the Steering Council was being distributed to the delegates.

The Steering Council took over the sponsorship of its own draft Constitution. The Sponsorship Council was completely ignored.

Charlie Ledesma gave what I thought was a candid speech: “Only the starry-eyed or the most idealistic could hope for an ideal Constitution because a Constitution, by its very nature, is always subject to political and partisan considerations.”

Charlie quite impliedly admitted that this Constitution was written under much political pressure, but it nevertheless met many of the needs of the country, including what he had campaigned for as a candidate, namely, the socialization of property.

The next speaker was Arturo Pacificador who, apparently, represented the chairman of the panel of floor leaders.

I did not listen. I was furious. What about Munding Cea? Is he not the chairman? Why Pacificador?

I was already late for my German class. Pacificador started to rumble, so I left in disgust.

Friday, October 27, 1972

Oka Leviste and I met at the Sulo. Tony Velasco came late, as did Inggo Guevarra’s representative. Aying Yñiguez also dropped by.

We met to consolidate the provisions on trade, tariff and commerce and on foreign loans and investments. I then reorganized and integrated the whole article on the national economy, dividing it into five parts—namely, (1) development planning, (2) industrial and commercial policy, (3) agriculture and agrarian reform, 4) monetary and credit policies and (5) public finance. Under the last section on public finance, I grouped budget and appropriations, taxation, public works and audit.

While we were meeting, Sonia Roco (Raul’s wife), Mely and Lito came in. After some pleasantries with them, I went back to my table with Oka, Inggo Guevarra’s representative, and the two secretaries. Soon afterwards, who do you think should appear? Raul Roco and Sonny Alvarez!

What a pleasant surprise. Sonny was grinning; he was spoiling a crew cut. Raul was jubilant.

I was overjoyed to see our “outlaws.”

Sonny told us that he had set the wheels in motion for his freedom. Celso was to meet with Enrile. Also, Father Reuter was supposed to talk to Enrile. Meanwhile, Manong Tony Raquiza was going to see the President.

It was past 1:00 p.m. when I entered the Philippine Sugar Institute building. Oka was speaking at the time. I gave the papers to him. “Thank you, Dr. Espiritu,” he said. Then he announced over the loudspeaker: “Dr. Espiritu has just submitted the draft on economic and fiscal policy.”

I then withdrew to the aisle and accosted Manong Tony Raquiza who was about to leave. I pleaded with him to go to the President on behalf of Sonny. Manong Tony said he had talked to Sonny but he had not seen the President since martial law.

“Well, Sonny needs to be saved; in fact, Romy and Raul have already been removed from ‘the list’ through the efforts of Enrile,” I said.

“And they have been even more critical than Alvarez,” Manong nodded understandingly.

            Manong Tony paused for a while, then continued: “Some of Ninoy’s friends from Tarlac may be Communists, but not Bren Guiao. Bren is not a Communist. And I also want to help Rondon; he is not a Communist either.”

I pressed him to see the President. He promised he would try to see him tomorrow.

Before the Steering Council dispersed, Charlie Ledesma announced that the members of the new Steering Committee of Marcos loyalists should now get their refined sugar.

I know of course that I am not a member of the inner circle; if anything, I am some kind of an enemy. Nevertheless, I jokingly asked my friend, Charlie: “May I also get one?”

He was quite busy looking at the Steering Council members; he did not hear me.

“Can I also get one?” I repeated; it would have been awkward for someone not a member of the “inner circle” to be standing by and not speak. Charlie still did not hear me.

So I uttered in a louder voice for the third time, “May I get one also?”

“Oh, yes, yes, you may get,” was the nonchalant reply.

I froze. Charlie had been friendly with me in the past. We used to recite the poems of the Romantics whenever the sessions were boring. We both love Shelley and Byron and Wordsworth… And of course I did not need the sugar. I was being flippant—because we used to be “comrades.”

Celso Dans, a reporter of the Daily Express, was then eating at the hall. He asked Charlie, “Sir, may I also get one?”

He was swiftly rebuffed: “There are not enough packages.”

I felt somewhat ill at ease. “I did not know that you did not have enough,” I said, returning my package.

“Oh, no, no,” Charlie condescended, “you may get one.” And in the same breath he called out to Pepe Abueva, “Doctor, please get your package.”

We walked towards the elevator. Chito Castillo put his arms over the shoulders of his comrades in the new Steering Council: “Mabuti sa economics, tapos na tayo. Ginawa na nila Caesar.”

Tony de Guzman reacted swiftly in a high pitch: “Ah, hindi, hindi... wala ‘yan.” He did not know that I was just behind them.

Chito pulled him aside. “We were just utilizing the brains of Caesar,” he whispered to Tony.

Tony then saw me as I stepped into the elevator to join them. He asked in quick succession: “How much did you shorten the provisions? Did you remove those that should he subject to legislation?”

Was there a note of contempt or of condescension?

“It’s hard to generalize,” I replied. “Why don’t you read what I have prepared?”

There was an awkward silence.

“What a transformation!” Nene Pimentel shook his head in disbelief, when he heard the story later.

September 6, 1972, Wednesday

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(1)

11:15 PM

Sept. 6, 1972

Wednesday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Imee’s grades in ‘O’ level in England is almost perfect. English Language –1 ; English Literature; Spanish –1 ; History (Foreign) –1 ; Economics –1 ; Geography 3 ; Biology –3 ; Art –2 .

I attach the report.

The Concon voted down the ban Marcos resolution by 155 votes against 131. Some of those who pose as friends voted against us. Carlos Ledesma, Angara (Johnny Ponce Enrile’s partner). Tiling Yulo was absent. Ditas Teodoro and Elizabeth Chiongbian voted by teller but these were not recognized.

Macapagal delivered a bitter vicious attack against us. So did Rama. But Sotero Laurel and Cuaderno spoke in our favor.

14 were killed in the Israeli kidnapping by Arabs as the German police ambushed the Arabs and their hostages on the way to the airport.

I have ordered our entire delegation to be pulled out and denounced the senseless brutality.

 

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Sept 6th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Last night 8:30 PM Joes Store in Carredo was blown up, by a time bomb of dynamite, killing one and wounding twenty two. I attach the report.

We lost one helicopter in Palanan, Isabela yesterday morning at 8:30 AM. It crashed into the sea because of engine failure. A Navy boat saved all the occupants. Only one (a co-pilot) was slightly injured.

Yesterday I told Rey Johnson of Caltex that the American businessmen are worried about their properties and profits while we, the Filipinos are worried about national survival. Our lives are at stake.

The message I asked them to convey to their American bosses in business and in government that we would like them to help us fight the communists. Otherwise we cannot help them.

This is the line we must follow.

January 2, 1970

01 Diary of Ferdinand Marcos, 1970, 0001-0099 (Jan01-Feb28) 5 01 Diary of Ferdinand Marcos, 1970, 0001-0099 (Jan01-Feb28) 6

Malacañang

Manila

January 2, 1970

Mrs. Agnew left this morning to join VP Agnew at Taipeh. Meldy had breakfast with her – 7:30 – she was not awake so she (Meldy) waited for 8:30 AM.

Last Dec. 29, 1969 when I was playing golf two sausage twin-rotor navy (U.S.) helicopters for VP Agnew landed at the golf course and obstructed the whole fairway. When we asked that they move a little to the side so we could play through they did not bother but said we could go right ahead and hit the helicopters with our balls. Typical younger generation comment on this was Imee’s “Yabang na manga Cano –”.

Ordered protection for the nine teachers of Batanes testifying about terrorism, a public hearing on the Nawasa rates hike, Com. Vera (BIR) to study a year’s amnesty for untaxed incomes voluntarily disclosed. In Ising’s party I asked Charlie Ledesma, President of the Sugar Planters to bring the planters to the palace on the 14th so I could convince them to pay the sacadas the minimum wage. Also ordered Gen. Yan to implement my original order to retrain the special forces and use them in Central Luzon as a unit.

The children and Meldy had a crying bee on their not attending the Ising party (after lunch) at the dining table ending in our bedroom where we had a frank grievance session, by the way –

Ka Erding’s Party at 8:30 PM after golf with Amante Begoriva and Amang Sabak. The announcement of the

Iglesia support had certainly helped turn the tide but there are doubts as to whether they actually helped at the last minute or just kept neutral. They actually were a sly and cunning lot.