July 15, 1942

More war prisoners released, thank God. The prison camps are death holes.

Attended a meeting of restaurant owners at the Office of the Mayor.

I made the following suggestions subject to the approval of the Naric and subsequently of the Military Administration:

(a) Each restaurant owner shall state the name and address of their restaurant, the amount of rice required and the approximate number of people usually served.

(h) The Naric will study the location of these restaurants and then decide on the method of distribution.

(c) The City of Greater Manila will be tentatively divided into the north and south districts, making the Pasig River as the dividing line. The Naric will appoint one member of the association for each of the two districts, who is to take delivery of the rice, either at the Naric or at designated stations, in accordance with the decision of our Distribution Department.

(d) There shall be levied a fee per sack from each restaurant as a means of financing the situation, say, 10 centavos per bag, but that is up to the association.

(e) The above-mentioned must be presented as soon as possible to the Naric, which will in turn present them to the Military Administration for approval.

Cloudy day. Occasional thunderstorms. Thought they were cannons.

January 2, 1942

The Japanese have entered Manila, but not a single Japanese soldier can yet be seen in the streets, and the looting has become still [portion missing]


Shortly before 10:00 A.M. Colonel Hernández of the Constabulary came, telling us that he would be at City Hall at 10:00 A.M. to surrender his forces and his arms to the Japanese. He asked for our prayers and our blessing so that he would not falter. It was a very touching scene.

Very few really know anything about the entry of the Japanese forces. It is said that some officials have occupied the most important offices. In the afternoon, motorized troops moved through Rizal Avenue and Taft Avenue. There were very few of them and they had not fired a shot. Later in the afternoon, the Japanese officer ordered the police to patrol the streets with fixed bayonets to put a stop to the lootings.

The occupation of Manila could not have been more peaceful. The people are keeping to their homes with total indifference to the occupiers. Only a number of Japanese, released the day before from their concentration, greeted the incoming forces with “Banzai’s” which were barely heard except by their victorious countrymen.