The Philippine Diary Project

Diary Entries From Philippine History.

About William Draper

About William Draper: Brigadier-General William Draper (1721-1787), from Cambridge University database: Adm. at KING’S, a scholar from Eton [ Buckinghamshire ], 1740 . S. of Ingleby, officer of customs, Bristol [ Somerset ]. B. there, 1721 . Matric. 1740 ; B.A. 1744/5 ; M.A. 1749 . Fellow, 1743 . Entered the Army. Served at Culloden [ […]

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About Victor Buencamino

About the author: Victor Buencamino (1888-1977). Father of Felipe Buencamino III, whose diary is also in this project. 1st Filipino to earn the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University (1908) 1st Filipino President of the Philippine Veterinary Medical Association (PVMA, 1919-1920) 1st Filipino Assistant Director of the Bureau of Animal Husbandry (1930) 1st Filipino to establish a […]

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About Venancio Concepcion

About the author: Venancio Concepcion, Major General in the Philippine Army under the First Republic; served as Councilor representing Capiz in the Federal State of the Visayas; represented Iloilo in the Malolos Congress; appointed military commander of Pampanga by Gen. Aguinaldo in 1898. Surrendered to American forces in 1899. Thereafter served as Deputy Collector of […]

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About U.S.S. Canopus

About the U.S.S. Canopus (AS-9): According to the U.S. Dictionary of Naval Fighting Ships, Canopus (AS-9) was launched in 1919 by New York Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N.J., as Santa Leonora; acquired by the Navy from the Shipping Board 22 November 1921; converted to a submarine tender; commissioned at Boston 24 January 1922, Commander A. S. Wadsworth […]

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About Tomas Confesor

About the author: Tomas Confesor 1891-1951. Born in Cabatuan, Iloilo. Parents were Julian Confesor and Prospera Valenzuela. Married to Rosalina Grecia of Jaro, Iloilo, by whom he had a son, Roberto. Educated at Iloilo High School1908, finished with distinction. Bachelor of Science in Commerce, from the University of California and in 1914, bachelor of philosophy in economics, […]

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About the Clinical Record of President Quezon

About the diary: This was the clinical record kept by the doctors and nurses of President Manuel L. Quezon during the last months of his life, from April 18-August 1, 1944. The clinical record, a small notebook, was in the possession of Mrs. Zeneida Quezon Avanceña, President Quezon’s daughter, until the year 2003, when she gave […]

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About Teodoro M. Locsin

About the author: Teodoro Locsin was a well-respected journalist, novelist, short story writer and poet and the editor-in-chief of the Philippines Free Press. He obtained a Bachelor’s Degree in Law from the University of Santo Tomas and subsequently passed the Bar. After a brief law practice, he then joined the Philippines Free Press in 1939 as […]

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About Teodoro M. Kalaw

About the author: Teodoro Manguiat Kalaw (March 31, 1884-December 5, 1940). National Historical Institute of the Philippines biography: Teodoro M. Kalaw was a nationalist scholar, legislator, journalist, educator, and historian. He was born the third child of a prominent couple, Valerio Kalaw and Maria Manguiat, in Lipa, Batangas on March 31, 1884. His older brothers […]

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About Telesforo Carrasco

Telesforo Carrasco y Perez

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About Simeon Villa

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About Santiago Barcelona

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About Salvador H. Laurel

About the author: Salvador Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), popularly known as “Doy.” For more information, visit the official website of the late Vice President Laurel. About the diary: The diary entries of Salvador H. Laurel reproduced here were published in Doy Laurel by Celia Diaz-Laurel, privately published, 2005. Used by permission of Mrs. Celia Diaz-Laurel. The entries represent […]

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About Ramon A. Alcaraz

About the Author: Ramon A. Alcaraz (August 15, 1915 -June 25, 2009). From the May 2012 issue of the Philippine Defense Newsletter: Ramon A. Alacaraz or “Monching” to friends was born on August 31, 1915 in Plaridel, Bulacan, He entered the cadetship at the Philippine Military Academy on June 15, 1936 and received his commission as a […]

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About Rafael Palma

About the author: Rafael Palma, October 24, 1874–May 24, 1939. Born in Tondo, Manila, on, he joined La Independencia, the revolutionary newspaper founded and directed by General Antonio Luna. He succeeded General Luna when the latter was killed on June 4, 1899. He also contributed to other newspapers, notablyLa Patria, El Nuevo Dia, and El Renacimiento. After the revolution, he […]

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About Marcial Lichauco

About the author:  Marcial Primitivo Lichauco (November 27, 1902-March 4, 1971). Lawyer, author, diplomat. The author’s introduction from Mabuhay! (DLSUPH) says, “was the youngest son of Don Faustino Lichauco, a successful merchant and a member of Emilio Aguinaldo’s Revolutionary Junta. Marcial was a precocious young lad. Unusual for his time, he received his early education at the […]

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About Manuel Rojo

About Manuel Rojo: Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra, from the Apostolic Succession website: Date Age Event Title 24 Sep 1708 Born Tula, México 19 Dec 1757 49.2 Appointed Archbishop of Manila, Philippines 24 Aug 1758 49.9 Ordained Bishop Archbishop of Manila, Philippines 22 Jul 1759 50.8 Installed Archbishop of Manila, Philippines 30 […]

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About Manuel L. Quezon

  Found in the Quezon Family papers, these are notes dictated at various times and places, quite possibly for future autobiographical use.

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About Lydia C. Gutierrez

About the author and the diary: This was published as “Liberation Diary: The Longest Wait,” by Lydia C. Gutierrez, in the The Sunday Times Magazine, April 23, 1967. Here is the introductory note as published in the Manila Times: One morning in February, 1945, a loud explosion startled the congregation attending Mass at the Malate church. […]

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About Leon Ma. Guerrero

About Leon Ma. Guerrero: Leon Ma. Guerrero y Francisco (March 24, 1915–June 24, 1982). Lawyer, journalist and diplomat, born in Manila. Wrote for the prewar Philippines Free Press (1935-1940). Admitted to the Bar in 1939, and became an assistant solicitor in the Department of Justice. Prosecuted Ferdinand E. Marcos in the Nalundasan case. Served in USAFFE […]

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About Juan Labrador, OP

About the author: -July 12, 1967. Juan Labrador, O.P. Secretary General of Sto. Tomas University, 1930-36. Among the first two moderators of The Varsitarian. Rector of Colegio de San Juan de Letran, 1936-45. Professor and Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and then Rector Magnificus of the University of Santo Tomas, 1961-65. About the diary: Originally written in Spanish, […]

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About Jorge B. Vargas

About the author:  Jorge B. Vargas (August 24, 1890-February 22, 1980). Lawyer, businessman, sportsman, civic leader and philanthropist. From his biography in website of the Department of National Defense of the Republic of the Philippines: He was born in Bago City, Occidental Negros on August 24, 1890, being the eldest son of Angel Vargas Tiongco of Molo, […]

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About Jesus G. Dureza

About the author: Jesus G. Dureza. The following introduction to the author preceded the article in which the diary was published: Dureza had successfully handled past crises situations notably the “detention” by MNLF Saber Malik of Marine Gen. Benjamin Dolorfino and OPAPP Usec Ramon Santos in Sulu in 2007; the handover of Misuari from Malaysian […]

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About Gregorio del Pilar

The entries come from An Acceptable Holocaust: Life and Death of a Boy-General by Teodoro M. Kalaw (National Historical Institute, Manila, 1974: English translation by “MAF”). The entries appeared in two forms in that book: outright quotations, and paraphrased digests. According to Kalaw, they were sourced from Buhay na pinagdaanan namin sa ikalawang paglakad, buhat […]

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About George C. Brundrett

Captain George C. Brundrett   Diary including time at DAPECOL (Davao Penal Colony) to Cabanatuan. With the kind permission of Robert Hudson who originally posted the diary in his BataanSon PhotoBucket account.

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About Francis Burton Harrison

About the author: Francis Burton Harrison (1873-1957) from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: HARRISON, Francis Burton, a Representative from New York; born in New York City December 18, 1873; was graduated from Cutler School at New York City, from Yale University in 1895, and from the New York Law School in 1897; instructor in […]

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About Fidel Segundo

About the author: Fidel V. Segundo (April 24, 1894–January 6, 1945), second Filipino graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and among the founding officers of the present-day Philippine Army and Armed Forces of the Philippines; war hero and resistance martyr. A West Point Association of Graduates article from June, 1986 contains this biography: […]

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About Ferdinand E. Marcos

About the author: Ferdinand E. Marcos (September 11, 1917- September 28, 1989), please see profile in the Presidential Museum and Library website. About the diary: The entries published on this site come from xeroxed copies of portions of the diaries of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. The diaries were written in longhand, more often than not, on official stationery, by President Marcos. […]

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About Felipe Buencamino III

  About the author: Felipe Buencamino III (March 28,1920-April 28,1949), popularly known as Phillip Buencamino III, ABPL’39, admitted to the bar, March 31, 1948. College debater, served in Bataan, print and radio reporter, and diplomat in the Philippine Foreign Service. Slain with his mother-in-law, Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, sister-in-law, Ma. Aurora Quezon, and others, in […]

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About Eriberto B. Misa Jr.

About the author: Major Eriberto B. Misa, Sr., Director of the Bureau of Prisons from 1937 to 1949, served under five Philippine presidents before, during and after World War II. An honest and fearless military man, he initiated reforms in the Philippines’ antiquated prison farms. As a result, prisoners were treated more humanely and their […]

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About Edgardo J. Angara

About the author: The official profile of Edgardo J. Angara may be found on his website, About the diary: Edgardo J. Angara was Executive Secretary of President Joseph Ejercito Estrada from January 1, 2001-January 21, 2001. This diary was published in two installments in the Philippine Daily Inquirer, chronicling the last days of the Estrada administration. […]

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About Dwight D. Eisenhower

About Dwight D. Eisenhower: See Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) in the White House website. About the Diary: From Eisenhower The Prewar Diaries and Selected Papers, 1905-1941, Daniel D. Holt, ed., published by the Johns Hopkins University Press for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, 1998. From the Preface and Acknowledgements, the following information is relevant: Eisenhower […]

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About Charles Mock

  About the author: Charles Gordon Mock (1908 – 1964) an American originally imprisoned together with other Allied civilians in the University of Santo Tomas, kept a journal of his time in the prisoner of war camp in Los Baños, Laguna. The introduction by Rev. Charles W. Mock follows: Charles Gordon Mock was born in Harper Kansas […]

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About Basilio J. Valdes

About the author: Major General Basilio J. Valdes, M.D., July 10, 1892–January 26, 1970. Attended La Salle College, Barcelona (1897-1901); San Beda College, (1901-1903); La Salle College Hongkong (1903-1904); American School, Manila (1904); Pagsanjan High School ( 1905-1908); Manila High School (1908-1911); and Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Santo Tomas (1911-1916), graduating meritissimus. Graduate of the Command […]

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About Aurora A. Quezon

About the author: Aurora Aragon Quezon was born on February 19, 1888 to Pedro Aragon and Zeneida Molina, in Baler (then in Tayabas Province). During the Philippine Revolution her father was imprisoned in Fort Santiago by the Spanish for being suspected as being a member of the Katipunan. After the Philippine Revolution her father was […]

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About Aurea Labrador

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About Augusto Caesar Espiritu

This diary was published as How Democracy Was Lost; a Political Diary of the 1971-1972 Constitutional Convention, New Day, Quezon City, 1993. (ISBN: 9711005336), now out of print. Readers are urged to consult the original publication, which includes introductory and other notes.

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About Apolinario Mabini

This diary was written by Apolinario Mabini during his period of exile in Guam, after he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. They were written in the form of notes, and published as such (titled “Memoirs of Guam”), covering the period  January 15, 1901 to September 23, 1902. The notes […]

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About Antonio de las Alas

About the author: Born October 14, 1898, in Taal, Batangas, died, 1983. Studied Law at the University of Indiana and Master of Law at Yale University, finishing with highest honors Representative, 9th Philippine Legislature, Batangas (1st District) from 1931 to 1933; 8th Philippine Legislature, Batangas (1st District) from 1928 to 1930; 7th Philippine Legislature, Batangas […]

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About Albert E. Holland

About Albert E. Holland: Albert E. Holland, Trinity College (Hartford, CT) Class of 1934, was interned by the Japanese in the Santo Tomas Internment Camp, Manila, from 1942 to 1945. His obituary in The New York Times contains the following information: A graduate of Trinity and earned a master’s degree in history from the college in […]

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The cavalry and their last charge, December 1941-January 1942

December 30, 2016

One of the great romantic stories of World War II, is of Polish lancers bravely –and desperately– charging German tanks in the opening days of World War II. Shades of the famed charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava during the Crimean War, which led a French general, Pierre Bosquet, observing the brave but pointless […]

Railways in Mindanao: Then and Now

May 6, 2015

  News is that the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) has approved a Feasibility Study to proceed for the proposed Mindanao Railway Project. The map above gives an indication of the scope of the proposed railway system.It’s been a long time coming. An overview of railways in the past can be found in The Colonial Iron […]

Philippine wartime views on the future of Indonesia, China and Japan

April 27, 2015

  This 1942 New World Order map attributed to Maurice Gomberg is interesting in that it gives a snapshot of emerging thought about the United States and its sphere of influence after World War II. The map above also seems to include an expansion of the Philippines. See this detail:   Which may have had […]

The sinking of the S.S. Corregidor, December 16-17, 1941

December 17, 2014

On December 16-17, 1941 (around midnight, hence the event straddling two dates), the S.S. Corregidor, an inter-island steamship of the Compañia Maritima, hit a mine off Corregidor Island and sank, resulting in a tremendous loss of life. Here is a map of the area (click on this link for the original scan). There is a […]

Hugh Gibson’s Food Mission Diary: Herbert Hoover in Manila, 1946

April 25, 2014

(above) British Pathé newsreel of a portion of former President Herbert Hoover’s mission to assess food requirements for devastated parts of the world, 1946. While this diary is part of the Herbert Hoover papers, the diary of Hugh Gibson gives a useful glimpse into an interesting mission –Hoover’s task to survey the globe to see […]

Diary entries on the Leyte Landing: October, 1944

October 18, 2013

The Philippine Diary Project contains diary entries from a leading figure in the Leyte Landing: Major General Basilio J. Valdes. His diary, as encoded, edited, and provided to researchers by the Valdes family, provides an invaluable, first-person account of the entire Pacific War, from the outbreak of hostilities in 1941 to the restoration of the […]

The Delegate and the President: Contrasting Diaries on Martial Law

September 21, 2013

September 23 marks the 41st anniversary of the proclamation of martial law by President Marcos, although Marcos himself insisted on September 21. The Philippine Diary Project has two diaries that give contrasting views on martial law. The first is the diary of Ferdinand E. Marcos, the second, the diary of Constitutional Convention delegate Augusto Caesar […]

Life, death, decisions, during the Japanese Occupation

May 25, 2013

In October, 2013, the country will mark the 70th anniversary of the so-called Second Republic established under Japanese auspices. In anticipation of that event, the project aims to complete the publication of the Iwahig Prison Diary of Antonio de las Alas, a prominent prewar political and business figure, and member of the Laurel government. His […]

Bataan, 1942: views of a father and his son

April 2, 2013

  (Revised, April 8, 2017) The Philippine Diary Project includes the diaries of a father and his son: Victor Buencamino, and Felipe Buencamino III. At the outbreak of the war, Victor Buencamino was head of the National Rice and Corn Corporation, precursor of today’s National Food Authority. His published diary covers the period from the […]

EDSA through the eyes of Doy Laurel

February 21, 2013

Salvador H. Laurel wrote intermittent diary entries for June 1985, August 1985, September 1985, October 1985, November 1985, and December 1985. They trace the initial vigor, then collapse, of his campaign for the presidency, and the negotiations for his sliding down to be the candidate for the vice-presidency in what emerged as the Aquino-Laurel ticket. This […]