The Philippine Diary Project

Diary Entries From Philippine History.

About William P. Oliver

About the author: William P. Oliver, 1st Lieutenant, US Army (June 1, 1913 — October ?, 1944).Thomas Powers, in Balita mula Maynila: News from Manila, writes: While working towards his master’s degree at The University of Michigan, William P. Oliver was called up by the Army, and ultimately sent to the Philippines in April of 1941. […]

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About William Draper

About the author: Brigadier-General William Draper (1721 — 1787), from Cambridge University database: Adm. at KING’S, a scholar from Eton [ Buckinghamshire ], 1740 . S. of Ingleby, officer of customs, Bristol [ Somerset ]. B. there, 1721 . Matric. 1740 ; B.A. 1744/5 ; M.A. 1749 . Fellow, 1743 . Entered the Army. Served at Culloden […]

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About Victor Buencamino

About the author: Victor Buencamino (1888 — 1977). Father of Felipe Buencamino III, whose diary is also in this project. 1st Filipino to earn the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University (1908) 1st Filipino President of the Philippine Veterinary Medical Association (PVMA, 1919-1920) 1st Filipino Assistant Director of the Bureau of Animal Husbandry (1930) 1st Filipino to […]

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About Venancio Concepcion

About the author: Venancio Concepcion, Major General in the Philippine Army under the First Republic; served as Councilor representing Capiz in the Federal State of the Visayas; represented Iloilo in the Malolos Congress; appointed military commander of Pampanga by Gen. Aguinaldo in 1898. Surrendered to American forces in 1899. Thereafter served as Deputy Collector of Internal […]

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About U.S.S. Canopus

About the author: The  U.S.S. Canopus (AS-9), according to the U.S. Dictionary of Naval Fighting Ships, Canopus (AS-9) was launched in 1919 by New York Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N.J., as Santa Leonora; acquired by the Navy from the Shipping Board 22 November 1921; converted to a submarine tender; commissioned at Boston 24 January 1922, Commander A. […]

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About Tomas Confesor

About the author: Tomas Confesor (1891 — 1951). Born in Cabatuan, Iloilo. Parents were Julian Confesor and Prospera Valenzuela. Married to Rosalina Grecia of Jaro, Iloilo, by whom he had a son, Roberto. Educated at Iloilo High School, 1908, finished with distinction. Bachelor of Science in Commerce, from the University of California and in 1914, bachelor of […]

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About the Clinical Record of President Quezon

About the diary: This was the clinical record kept by the doctors and nurses of President Manuel L. Quezon during the last months of his life, from April 18-August 1, 1944. The clinical record, a small notebook, was in the possession of Mrs. Zeneida Quezon Avanceña, President Quezon’s daughter, until the year 2003, when she gave […]

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About Teodoro M. Locsin

About the author: Teodoro M. Locsin was a well-respected journalist, novelist, short story writer and poet and the editor-in-chief of the Philippines Free Press. He obtained a Bachelor’s Degree in Law from the University of Santo Tomas and subsequently passed the Bar. After a brief law practice, he then joined the Philippines Free Press in 1939 as […]

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About Teodoro M. Kalaw

About the author: Teodoro Manguiat Kalaw (March 31, 1884 — December 5, 1940). National Historical Institute of the Philippines biography: Teodoro M. Kalaw was a nationalist scholar, legislator, journalist, educator, and historian. He was born the third child of a prominent couple, Valerio Kalaw and Maria Manguiat, in Lipa, Batangas on March 31, 1884. His […]

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About Telesforo Carrasco

Telesforo Carrasco y Perez

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About Simeon Villa

About the author: Simeon A. Villa (? — 1945). Personal physician of Emilio Aguinaldo. Had the rank of colonel in the Philippine Army. In 1908, he was elected in the special elections of that year to represent the second district in the Municipal Board. The Online Archives of California summarizes his life as follows: Simeon A. […]

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About Santiago Barcelona

About the author: Santiago Barcelona y de los Reyes (May 23, 1863 — March, 1937). His great-grandson Gene Barcelona in a blog entry, reproduced the biographical information from which the following was gleaned: Born in  Pulilan, Bulacan; attended the Colegio de San Juan de Letran (Bachelor of Arts); studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas. […]

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About Salvador H. Laurel

About the author: Salvador Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928 – January 27, 2004), popularly known as “Doy.” For more information, visit the official website of the late Vice President Laurel. About the diary: The diary entries of Salvador H. Laurel reproduced here were published in Doy Laurel by Celia Diaz-Laurel, privately published, 2005. Used by permission of Mrs. Celia Diaz-Laurel. The […]

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About Raymond Leyerly

About the author: Raymond Leyerly, (July 12, 1881, — February 12, 1945 in Quezon City, aged 63). Married to Adelaida Leyerly-Zaragoza. Two children, Elvira (nicknamed “Butch”) and  Rosario (nicknamed “Charito”). Interned at Santo Tomas. His grand-nephew, Lou Gopal, wrote the following information published in the Raymond Leyerly section of Victims of Circumstance: Santo Tomas Inernment […]

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About Ramon A. Alcaraz

About the Author: Ramon A. Alcaraz (August 15, 1915 — June 25, 2009). From the May 2012 issue of the Philippine Defense Newsletter: Ramon A. Alacaraz or “Monching” to friends was born on August 31, 1915 in Plaridel, Bulacan, He entered the cadetship at the Philippine Military Academy on June 15, 1936 and received his commission as […]

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About Rafael Palma

About the author: Rafael Palma (October 24, 1874 – May 24, 1939). Born in Tondo, Manila, studied at the Ateneo de Manila. Worked in the Bureau of Lands in the Spanish colonial government until he lost his job with the capture of Manila by the Americans in August, 1898. He joined La Independencia, the revolutionary newspaper founded […]

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About Marcial Lichauco

About the author: Marcial Primitivo Lichauco (November 27, 1902– March 4, 1971). Lawyer, author, diplomat. The author’s introduction from Mabuhay! (DLSUPH) says: He “was the youngest son of Don Faustino Lichauco, a successful merchant and a member of Emilio Aguinaldo’s Revolutionary Junta. Marcial was a precocious young lad. Unusual for his time, he received his early education at […]

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About Manuel Rojo

About the author: Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra (September 24, 1708 — January 30, 1764), Born in Tula, Mexico. Archbishop of Manila. Acting Captain-General of the Philippines after he was installed as archbishop in 1761; the previous Governor-General, Pedro Manuel de Arandia, died in office in 1759, and by virtue of the laws […]

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About Manuel L. Quezon

About the author: Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 — August 1, 1944). About the diary: Found in the Quezon Family papers, these are notes dictated at various times and places, quite possibly for future autobiographical use.

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About Lydia C. Gutierrez

About the author: Lydia C. Gutierrez, staff member of The Sunday Times Magazine of the Manila Times in the 1960s. About the diary: This was published as “Liberation Diary: The Longest Wait,” by Lydia C. Gutierrez, in the The Sunday Times Magazine, April 23, 1967. Here is the introductory note as published in the Manila Times: One […]

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About Leon Ma. Guerrero

About the author: Leon Ma. Guerrero y Francisco (March 24, 1915 — June 24, 1982). Lawyer, journalist and diplomat, born in Manila. Wrote for the prewar Philippines Free Press (1935-1940). Admitted to the Bar in 1939, and became an assistant solicitor in the Department of Justice. Prosecuted Ferdinand E. Marcos in the Nalundasan case. Served in […]

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About Leocadio de Asis

About the author: Leocadio de Asis (November 1, 1919 — .  High School in 1936, where he was Editor-In-Chief of “ECOS”, the San Beda College school paper. Managing Editor of the “UST Law Journal,”  University of Sto. Tomas, where he obtainedLLB in 1941-1942.Assigned to the Second Regular Division of the Philippine Army which in turn was inducted […]

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About Juan Labrador, OP

About the author: Juan Labrador, O.P.  ( –July 12, 1967). Secretary General of Santo Tomas University, 1930-36. Among the first two moderators of The Varsitarian. Rector of Colegio de San Juan de Letran, 1936-45. Professor and Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and then Rector Magnificus of the University of Santo Tomas, 1961-65. About the diary: Originally written in […]

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About Jorge B. Vargas

About the author:  Jorge B. Vargas (August 24, 1890 — February 22, 1980). Lawyer, businessman, sportsman, civic leader and philanthropist. From his biography in website of the Department of National Defense of the Republic of the Philippines: He was born in Bago City, Occidental Negros on August 24, 1890, being the eldest son of Angel Vargas Tiongco […]

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About John P. Horan IV

About the author: John Paul Horan IV (July 5, 1891 — July 31, 1985) from Port Arthur, Texas, was a Colonel, USA. 21st Infantry Regiment, Philippine Army, 21st Division, Philippine Army. Commanding officer of Camp John Hay at the outbreak of World War II.  Received USAFFE permission to organize a guerrilla unit, the 121st Infantry […]

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About Jesus G. Dureza

About the author: Jesus G. Dureza. The following introduction to the author preceded the article in which the diary was published: Dureza had successfully handled past crises situations notably the “detention” by MNLF Saber Malik of Marine Gen. Benjamin Dolorfino and OPAPP Usec Ramon Santos in Sulu in 2007; the handover of Misuari from Malaysian authorities […]

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About Guillermo Galvey

About the author: Guillermo Galvey (? — 1839), Lieutenant-Colonel. The Historia organica de las armas de infanteria y caballeria (etc.), Volumes 1-2 says he was dispatched to Pangasinan and Ilocos; later appointed by Governor General Mariano Ricafort as Comandancia General del Pais de los Igorrotes y las Partidas del Norte de Pangasinan in 1826, holding the position until […]

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About Gregorio del Pilar

About the author: Gregorio del Pilar y Sempio (November 14, 1875 — December 2, 1899). About the diary: The entries come from An Acceptable Holocaust: Life and Death of a Boy-General by Teodoro M. Kalaw (National Historical Institute, Manila, 1974: English translation by “MAF”). The entries appeared in two forms in that book: outright quotations, […]

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About George C. Brundrett

About the author: Captain George C. Brundrett (June 25, 1911 — July 4, 1945). Born in Texas. Texas A&M ’33. Find A Grave contains the following information: Capt. George Brundrett was held as a POW in the Philippine Islands. In December 1944, he was boarded onto the Oryoku Maru for transport to Japan. The ship […]

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About Francis Burton Harrison

About the author: Francis Burton Harrison (1873-1957) from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: HARRISON, Francis Burton, a Representative from New York; born in New York City December 18, 1873; was graduated from Cutler School at New York City, from Yale University in 1895, and from the New York Law School in 1897; instructor in the […]

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About Fidel Segundo

About the author: Fidel V. Segundo (April 24, 1894–January 6, 1945), second Filipino graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and among the founding officers of the present-day Philippine Army and Armed Forces of the Philippines; war hero and resistance martyr. A West Point Association of Graduates article from June, 1986 contains this biography: […]

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About Ferdinand E. Marcos

About the author: Ferdinand E. Marcos (September 11, 1917– September 28, 1989), please see profile in the Presidential Museum and Library website. About the diary: The entries published on this site come from xeroxed copies of portions of the diaries of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. The diaries were written in longhand, more often than not, on official stationery, by President […]

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About Felipe Buencamino III

About the author: Felipe Buencamino III (March 28,1920 — April 28,1949), popularly known as Phillip Buencamino III, ABPL’39, admitted to the bar, March 31, 1948. College debater, served in Bataan, print and radio reporter, and diplomat in the Philippine Foreign Service. Slain with his mother-in-law, Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, sister-in-law, Ma. Aurora Quezon, and others, in […]

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About Eriberto B. Misa Jr.

About the author: Major Eriberto B. Misa, Sr., Director of the Bureau of Prisons from 1937 to 1949, served under five Philippine presidents before, during and after World War II. An honest and fearless military man, he initiated reforms in the Philippines’ antiquated prison farms. As a result, prisoners were treated more humanely and their […]

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About Edgardo J. Angara

About the author: Edgardo J. Angara (September 24, 1934 — May 13, 2018). Bachelor of Laws, University of the Philippines, 1958. LL.M., University of Michigan Law School, 1964. Co-founded ACCRA Law Offices, 1974. President of the University of the Philippines, 1981-87. Senator, 1987-1998, Senate President, 1993-1995. Chairman of the Philippine National Bank, 1998-99; Secretary of […]

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About Dwight D. Eisenhower

About Dwight D. Eisenhower: See Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) in the White House website. About the Diary: From Eisenhower The Prewar Diaries and Selected Papers, 1905-1941, Daniel D. Holt, ed., published by the Johns Hopkins University Press for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, 1998. From the Preface and Acknowledgements, the following information is relevant: Eisenhower […]

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About David L. Obert

About the author: David L. Obert (January 14, 1919 — February 24, 1991), a Second Lieutenant at the outbreak of World War II, was one of five flight leaders in the 17th Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, equipped with P-40E fighter aircraft in Nichols Field. He was awarded the Silver Star for “For gallantry in action […]

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About Charles Mock

About the author: Charles Gordon Mock (1908 – 1964) an American originally imprisoned together with other Allied civilians in the University of Santo Tomas, kept a journal of his time in the prisoner of war camp in Los Baños, Laguna. The introduction by Rev. Charles W. Mock follows: Charles Gordon Mock was born in Harper Kansas on October […]

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About Basilio J. Valdes

About the author: Major General Basilio J. Valdes, M.D. (July 10, 1892 –January 26, 1970). Attended La Salle College, Barcelona (1897-1901); San Beda College, (1901-1903); La Salle College Hongkong (1903-1904); American School, Manila (1904); Pagsanjan High School ( 1905-1908); Manila High School (1908-1911); and Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Santo Tomas (1911-1916), graduating meritissimus. Graduate of the Command […]

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About Aurora A. Quezon

About the author: Aurora Aragon Quezon (February 19, 1888 –April 28,1949). Born to Pedro Aragon and Zeneida Molina, in Baler (then in Tayabas Province). During the Philippine Revolution her father was imprisoned in Fort Santiago by the Spanish for being suspected as being a member of the Katipunan. After the Philippine Revolution her father was ruinited […]

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About Aurea Labrador

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About Augusto Caesar Espiritu

About the author: Augusto Caesar Espiritu. Lawyer and Economist. Editor of the Philippine Collegian. Admitted to the Bar, March 20, 1957. Delegate to the 1971-73 Constitutional Convention. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany. Author of Parliamentary Government, Volume 18, Issue 1 of Studies on the evolution of eighteen fundamental ideas in the 1973 constitution; Volume 1 […]

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About Apolinario Mabini

About the author: Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903). Lawyer, prime minister in the First Republic. As he himself wrote: I was born in 1864, in Tanawan, Batangas. I studied in Manila in 1881. I stayed in Bawan in 1882-83. I returned to Manila, in 1884-85 to study Philosophy. I […]

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About Antonio Pigafetta

About the author: Antonio Pigafetta (1491 — 1534). From The Diary Junction, Pigafetta was born into a wealthy Vicenza family, and studied navigation among other things. He served on board the galleys of the Knights of Rhodes, and accompanied the papal nuncio, Monsignor Chieregati, to Spain. Later, he joined the Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan and […]

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About Antonio de las Alas

About the author: Antonio de las Alas. (October 14, 1898, in Taal, Batangas, — 1983). Studied Law at the University of Indiana and Master of Law at Yale University, finishing with highest honors Representative, 9th Philippine Legislature, Batangas (1st District) from 1931 to 1933; 8th Philippine Legislature, Batangas (1st District) from 1928 to 1930; 7th Philippine […]

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About Albert E. Holland

About the author: Albert E. Holland, Trinity College (Hartford, CT) Class of 1934, was interned by the Japanese in the Santo Tomas Internment Camp, Manila, from 1942 to 1945. His obituary in The New York Times contains the following information: A graduate of Trinity and earned a master’s degree in history from the college in 1958. […]

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The cavalry and their last charge, December 1941-January 1942

December 30, 2016

One of the great romantic stories of World War II, is of Polish lancers bravely –and desperately– charging German tanks in the opening days of World War II. Shades of the famed charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava during the Crimean War, which led a French general, Pierre Bosquet, observing the brave but pointless […]

Railways in Mindanao: Then and Now

May 6, 2015

  News is that the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) has approved a Feasibility Study to proceed for the proposed Mindanao Railway Project. The map above gives an indication of the scope of the proposed railway system.It’s been a long time coming. An overview of railways in the past can be found in The Colonial Iron […]

Philippine wartime views on the future of Indonesia, China and Japan

April 27, 2015

  This 1942 New World Order map attributed to Maurice Gomberg is interesting in that it gives a snapshot of emerging thought about the United States and its sphere of influence after World War II. The map above also seems to include an expansion of the Philippines. See this detail:   Which may have had […]

The sinking of the S.S. Corregidor, December 16-17, 1941

December 17, 2014

On December 16-17, 1941 (around midnight, hence the event straddling two dates), the S.S. Corregidor, an inter-island steamship of the Compañia Maritima, hit a mine off Corregidor Island and sank, resulting in a tremendous loss of life. Here is a map of the area (click on this link for the original scan). There is a […]

Hugh Gibson’s Food Mission Diary: Herbert Hoover in Manila, 1946

April 25, 2014

(above) British Pathé newsreel of a portion of former President Herbert Hoover’s mission to assess food requirements for devastated parts of the world, 1946. While this diary is part of the Herbert Hoover papers, the diary of Hugh Gibson gives a useful glimpse into an interesting mission –Hoover’s task to survey the globe to see […]

Diary entries on the Leyte Landing: October, 1944

October 18, 2013

The Philippine Diary Project contains diary entries from a leading figure in the Leyte Landing: Major General Basilio J. Valdes. His diary, as encoded, edited, and provided to researchers by the Valdes family, provides an invaluable, first-person account of the entire Pacific War, from the outbreak of hostilities in 1941 to the restoration of the […]

The Delegate and the President: Contrasting Diaries on Martial Law

September 21, 2013

September 23 marks the 41st anniversary of the proclamation of martial law by President Marcos, although Marcos himself insisted on September 21. The Philippine Diary Project has two diaries that give contrasting views on martial law. The first is the diary of Ferdinand E. Marcos, the second, the diary of Constitutional Convention delegate Augusto Caesar […]

Life, death, decisions, during the Japanese Occupation

May 25, 2013

In October, 2013, the country will mark the 70th anniversary of the so-called Second Republic established under Japanese auspices. In anticipation of that event, the project aims to complete the publication of the Iwahig Prison Diary of Antonio de las Alas, a prominent prewar political and business figure, and member of the Laurel government. His […]

Bataan, 1942: views of a father and his son

April 2, 2013

  (Revised, April 8, 2017) The Philippine Diary Project includes the diaries of a father and his son: Victor Buencamino, and Felipe Buencamino III. At the outbreak of the war, Victor Buencamino was head of the National Rice and Corn Corporation, precursor of today’s National Food Authority. His published diary covers the period from the […]

EDSA through the eyes of Doy Laurel

February 21, 2013

Salvador H. Laurel wrote intermittent diary entries for June 1985, August 1985, September 1985, October 1985, November 1985, and December 1985. They trace the initial vigor, then collapse, of his campaign for the presidency, and the negotiations for his sliding down to be the candidate for the vice-presidency in what emerged as the Aquino-Laurel ticket. This […]