The Battle of Manila, February 3–March 3, 1945

(Updated, February 1, 2019) February 3 to March 3 traditionally marks the period of commemoration for the Battle of Manila in 1945. The first diary to cover this period featured on The Philippine Diary Project was the first-hand account by Lydia C. Gutierrez, who was a young girl at the time. In fact her diary covers only ten days: from …

February 2, 1945

[Separate sheet of paper dated] Febr. 2nd (1945) 1st Friday and Communion – A spiritual happiness & joy which gives strength far beyond mere physical strength – Hope and charity – There are reports – fairly reliable – of landings at Nasugbu Batangas 2 days ago and at Subic Bay 3 days ago – Nasugbu is to the South on the West Coast …

January 28, 1945

[Separate sheet dated] Jan. 28th Tho’ I am weak today, I feel rested and completely peaceful -I went to Confession last night & to Communion this morning – I saw Jose Ossario and know that if I die Dorita & the children will be sent back by the 1st boat and will be taken care of – It is a good thing to …

January 12, 1945

[Separate sheet dated]   Jan. 12th (1945) Landings began Jan. 6th – MacArthur & staff landed Jan. 9th. 9:48 A.M. – Lingayen, Damartis, Dayupan, Mahilaoe taken .20 miles inland – No definite report from South, but it is rumored that the Japs have left Los Banos Camp. Task force shelling Cavite coast & Corregidor – 4-engine bombers went, along Mariquina Valley bombing this …

January 11, 1945

[Separate sheet dated] Jan. 11th Only a scoop of watery rice mush for breakfeast – But our hopes were never higher! The Jap radio said this morning that they were repulsing our landings at Lingayen which had started on the 6th (5 days ago!) There are rumors of a task force & convoy outside Manila Bay – Demolition work is continuing – I …

January 10, 1945

[There are no entries for January 1-9, 1945.] [Separate sheet with date] Jan. 10th Air-raid alarm on now since 7:30 AM Jan 6th Definite reports of landings on Luzon – Anbimonan, Batangas, Cavite Province, San Fernando – Our big planes came over at 10:00 AM and heavily bombed the North Road & Grace Park – Leaflets were dropped (picture of MacArthur & …

December 31, 1944

[Separate sheet with date] Dec. 31st In the midst of life we are in death – Pleasant thought – but true of us – The last day of 1944 – Thank God! This year is over – 1945 will at least, and at last, bring release. I have been kept doped all day – they’ll make me rest, whether I …

December 30, 1944

[Separate sheet with date] Dec. 30th – Two deaths today – The man in front of me died at 3:00 A.M. – And in another section of the hospital another man died – Both from the effects of starvation – I am weaker today, so cannot write much – No news – no action – If this would only come to an …

December 29, 1944

[Separate sheet with date; recto contains text, verso of this sheet contains typewritten document.] Dec. 29th– The man next to me fed himself a spoonful of mush this morning & two spoons of soup this noon – Then I fed him the rest – But it was the first step towards doing something for himself – How wonderful it is to see the …