Albert E. Holland

Albert E. Holland

(July 28, 1912 — August 17, 1984), assistant to the vice president of the Ossorio Companies in the Philippines and served as a junior executive with the North Negros Sugar Company in Manila. Interned by the Japanese in the Santo Tomas Internment Camp, Manila, from 1942 to 1945.

November 1, 1944

[133] Nov. 1, 1944 Dearest Hope— In the days to come I shall keep a diary for you – a diary of our last days in

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November 2, 1944

Nov. 2nd No action – but more rumors – a relief ship is supposed to have left Japan for Vladivostok to pick up relief supplies

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November 3, 1944

[138] Still no action. Rumors thick & fast. Atimonan, Maubau, Lamon Bay, Infanta, Vigan, Lingayen – We hear of a great naval victory off Formosa

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November 4, 1944

No action – the morale is very low – jail sentences for stealing rice and mush, or for collecting two meals on one meal ticket.

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November 5, 1944

Very heavy raids all day today – there must have been six waves altogether – the first raid this afternoon was the most savage we

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November 6, 1944

Bombing all day again today – it looks like the real thing – Rumors of landings in Luzon are current again – I wonder –

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November 7, 1944

Quiet today – And the morale drops, of course – And we are always to have bombing and then quiet! I have been reading “The Life

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November 8, 1944

Quiet again – The Japanese are bringing more war materials into this camp for protection – The front grounds are covered with generators, engines, truck

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November 9, 1944

[144] We hear Roosevelt was re-elected – Electoral vote 400+ to 100+, popular vote 18 million to 16 million – From the total of the

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November 10, 1944

Nov. 10th Still no action – Morale very low – Worse than the shortage of food is the shortage of tobacco – Tobacco stills hunger

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November 11, 1944

Nov. 11th No action – The Japanese today distributed to the garden workers 1 pkg tobacco, 1 cake soap, 2 boxes matches & 6 bananas

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November 13, 1944

Nov. 13th The heaviest raid yet – wave after wave all day – This afternoon 13 torpedo planes flew over the camp at 300 feet

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November 14, 1944

Nov. 14th Raids all day – this is fine – It is interesting to note that we have no deaths on air-raid days – Perhaps

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November 15, 1944

Nov. 15th All quiet again – These raids seem to last two days then stop – The Japanese claim they annihilated our task force off

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November 16, 1944

Nov. 16th — No action – I spent the day reading the Modern Library [150] edition of Freud – I realize the importance of this

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November 17, 1944

Nov. 17th What I have expected has come to pass – our camp reserves of rice are exhausted. And starting tomorrow we will receive only

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November 18, 1944

Nov. 18th When the Committee saw the Commandant about an increased ration, he told them “You do not realize that Japan is fighting a total

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November 19, 1944

Nov 19th The air-raid signal sounded at 6:00 AM today – There had been bombing to the South since 5:30 – some of our planes

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November 20, 1944

Nov. 20th Perhaps bodies are not the determining factor in our lives – Wilfred Grenfell, Marie Curie, Pasteur, Mozart, Beethoven, Schiller – all worked under

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November 21, 1944

Nov. 21st The air-raid siren went off at 4:25 AM. Now it is after 10 o’clock, the air-raid alarm is still on, not a plane

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November 22, 1944

Nov. 22nd Still under Air-alert. Some internees say they heard all night the rumbling of guns & flickering of lights far to the South –

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November 23, 1944

Nov. 23rd No action – few rumors – Thanksgiving menu – 1 scoop rice, 4 oz thin vegetable gravy, 1 oz radish tops – But,

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November 24, 1944

Nov. 24th No action – It is interesting to note how intelligent people can torture themselves. Perhaps they derive pleasure from this torture – a

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November 25, 1944

Nov. 25th Air-raid siren at 7:30 – Bombing has started. At 4:00 PM the air raid alarm is still on – The bombing has been

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November 26, 1944

[173] Nov 26th I have had a talk with some of our doctors — they told me that the No. of deaths will increase greatly

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November 27, 1944

Nov 27th In bed – fever – diarrhea – Sulfaguanidine – paregoric30 – utterly miserable – Slept nearly all day – Very dizzy & weak

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November 28, 1944

Nov. 28th Still in bed – The pathologist says the dysentery is worse – Still miserable – Thank God we have had the Flexner bacillus

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November 30, 1944

Nov. 30th Air-raid alert at 8:20 AM. I feel very much better today. Probably because the depressing effect of large dosages of Sulfa-drugs has been

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