January 19, 1970

01 Diary of Ferdinand Marcos, 1970, 0001-0099 (Jan01-Feb28) 41 01 Diary of Ferdinand Marcos, 1970, 0001-0099 (Jan01-Feb28) 42

PAGE 39

Malacañang

Manila

Veterans Memorial Hospital

January 19, 1970

Imelda is strong enough to play host to her crowd nightly. We have just eaten Chinese lugao and lumpia brought in by Joe and Betty Campos. I liked most the bajo or powdered beef tapa and the seeweed for the lumpia. It is now 11:00 PM. Last night we went to bed at 11:30 PM. Read De Gaulle’s war memoirs up to 1:30 P.M. after writing my diary.

I must soon write my war memoirs while the events are still fresh in my mind.

Met with the fiscal policy committee at 8:00 AM here in the hospital and gave instructions to Com. Sychangco and Gov. Licaros to reconcile the figures on government deficits. The Central Bank has the figures at P1.1 billion cash deficit. Com. Sychangco says the cash deficit is only P600 million with savings of P283 million.

I have also ordered Gov. Licaros to put down in a formal Aide Memoire to be handed to the IMF consultative committee our position that we will not agree to a devaluation and will take any measures short of it; — and to include the stabilization measures we have adopted including the allowance of the establishment of dollar accounts in Philippine banks with 100% dollar backing and to allow hotels to keep 25% of their dollar earnings because right now the dollar earnings of hotels has gone down to zero.

I met with Piding Montelibano, who was brought to Pangarap by Bobby Benedicto. He has just recovered from the flu which is all over Europe and Asia.

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Malacañang

Manila

[Marginal note: We must now develop rural electrification under the new law passed last year and Schools of Arts and Trades. The British Ambassador who came to say goodbye also seems to agree these will bring about development faster.]

Incidentally Col. Ver reports to me that Terry Adevoso, the mastermind of the assassination and military takeover of the government informed the conferees of the Junta in their meeting at the house of Commodore Alcaraz that the Vice President or the Lopez group has its own liquidation plot for me. I must look into this more deeply.

I intend to have the EEA cases filed against Adevoso and Emmanuel Ocampo his operations man to keep them occupied. But at the same time we must obtain evidence for the filing of a case of conspiracy to commit treason. Apparently included in the plot is Col. Patterson, the U.S. Embassy military attaché, or so Adevoso says. Terry Adevoso said that he spoke to Ambassador Byroade about their plot and while the Ambassador was defending me he said that if he (Adevoso) had anything to ask or tell him, he (Adevoso) should talk to Patterson. Adevoso said that it was Patterson who suggested that Ayala and Nagtahan Bridges should be blown up so as to isolate Malacañang Palace during the attack.

Included in the plot are Alcaraz, David Pelayo, Capt. Acosta of the Navy.

Their target date is June or July this year.

December 24, 1941

News and what happened today are devastating.  I learned that the simulteneous Japanese landings two days ago in Lingayen Gulf and Lamon Bay were not difficult considering the enemy have superiority in the ar and at sea.  They are expanding their beach gains and my thoughts are with my classmates Lt. Ed Navarro wth the 71st Div. in Lingayen Gulf area and Lts. Job Mayo, Fred Filart, David Pelayo and Joe Javier with the 1st Reg Div. in Lamon Bay area.

The Alert Order given for the Q-Boats two days ago was rescinded and the new order is to escort the S.S. Mayon to evacuate ranking officials of the Phil. gov’t led by Pres. Quezon and US High Commisioner Francis B. Sayre from Manila to Corregidor as the new seat of gov’t. Gen. MacArthur declared Manila an Open City and USAFFE HQ is also transferring. S.S. Mayon docked at Corregidor north wharf safely at 2000 H today under the protective eyes of the three Q-Boats.  The US Navy 16th Naval District HQ had moved to Corregidor three days ago.

USAFFE HQ also ordered that War Plans Orange 3 (WPO-3) be enforced. This old plan was opposed by MacArthur and I am surprised the order came out.  It is a defense plan of the Philippines in case of invasion, the country generally believed to be indefensible. The plan calls for the withdrawal of troops to Bataan, defend Luzon by delaying tactics for six months with support from the Asiatic Fleet and USAAC until needed relief from USA reaches the Philippines.

At present, we have no Asiatic Fleet nor USAAC.  Only nine Torpedo Boats are available. What now?

December 19, 1941

Today is a historical day for the OSP.  The whole OSP command was inducted into the USAFFE this morning and two hours after the ceremonies at Muelle del Codo, the Japanese bombed Port Area.  OSP HQ was spared but Engineer Island where eight hulls of new Q-Boats are about to be completed was a direct hit and our hopes for those additional boats are gone with the wind.  I feel sorry for my former boss, Maj. Jose V. Andrada (USNA ’31), who fought vigorously for locally made Q-Boats since last March after the successful test of locally made Q-113.  I suspect his relief as C,OSP had to do with his issue against Gen. MacArthur.

Today is also a historical day for my alma mater PMA.  Through its officers and cadets, it was reborn from an academic institution and activated as an instrument of war renamed, First Regular Division, with Col. Fidel Segundo (USMA 1917), the Superintendent, as Div. Comdr. at UST Campus.

The Div. was inducted into the USAFFE also today.  Lt. Col.Santiago Guevara, Comdt. of Cadets, became the Div. C/S; Asst. Comdt. Capt. Alfredo Santos became Comdr., 1st Regmt.; former PMA Instructors took most of the senior staff jobs.  Among my classmates in this Div. are Lt. Job Mayo as S-1; Lt. Alfredo Filart as S-2; Lt. David Pelayo, & Lt. Jose Javier, Co. Comdrs.

It can be recalled that after Baguio was bombed on Dec. 8, PMA went down and settled later at UST Campus in Manila.

Five days ago, Classes ’42 & ’43 were graduated and ’44 & ’45 were disbanded and sent home disappointed because they wanted to fight for their country.

One of the plebes, Eleuterio Adevoso tearfully expressed to me his disappointment. Japanese forces are poised to attack and land in Hongkong which is defended by the British Forces.

June 7, 1941

As war clouds continue to gather in our Pacific region with intense Jap mil activities in nearby Indo-China, emboldened by their pact with Germany and Italy, US military dependents are being evacuated to the US mainland. The last batch of US dependents departed today aboard the US Army Transport US Grant.

Intense military training are not confined only to the OSP but PA wide also.  My 29 classmates completed their training at the Infantry School, Camp Murphy, QC under Gen Mateo Capinpin.  Their services are in great demand, so I hear from my former high school classmate and fellow Bulakenio, Cav Faustino “Tinoy” Sebastian, who tried PAAC first, washed out to graduate No. 1 in the Infantry School.  These ’40 new graduates are being distributed all over the 10 Mil Districts as key Os.

According to Tinoy, the assignments are as follows:

Infantry School as Instructors: 3d Lts. Faustino Sebastian, Antonio Perez, Hospicio Tuazon & Ricardo Angeles; 1st Reg Div: 3d Lts David Pelayo, Jose Javier, Pedro Dulay, Alfredo Filart, Lucendro Galang, Delfin Argao, Ed Navarro, Joe Esguerra & Charles Corpuz; Albay: Epimaco Orias; Cebu: Daniel Iway; Cotabato: Salvador Piccio, Abenir Bornales, Marcelino Santos & Mel Acosta; Davao; Ramon Q Nosce, Romeo Lising & Francisco del Castillo; Panay – Ramon Gelvezon; Lanao: Felipe Fetalvero;  Leyte:  Sofio  Bayron; Negros Occ: Uldarico Baclagon;  Negros Or: Pacifico Barrios;  Samar;   Eduardo Soliman; Zambales:  Ciceron dela Cruz; 4th MD-Pedro Bersola;  31st Inf – Diosdado Garcia; & 83rd Inf Div – Aristoteles Olayvar.