Thursday, October 12, 1972

On the way to the session hall this afternoon, I met Roseller Lim.

Nakuha na si Guingona,” Ller said grimly.

In the session hall, I sat beside Dr. Pinggoy and we talked about George. He said that actually George was taken in Capiz but was released after one week. He confirmed that the military had captured a subversive book from George. It was entitled The Ecumenical Revolution.

I did not attend the Sponsorship Council meeting any more because I know what was going to be taken up, namely, the assignments in the subcouncil groupings. I have already been informed that I am chairman of the first grouping on economic and fiscal policies and that Joe Concepcion and George Viterbo are my vice-chairmen.

It seems that we might yet finish the draft of the new Constitution earlier than we had previously anticipated. There is now a sense of urgency to finish it. Besides, the opposition has now been somewhat decimated in the Convention. It looks like by the end of December or, at the latest, end of January, the new Constitution will be ready for submission to the Filipino people. The question is when the plebiscite will be held.

In the evening, we went to Hotel Intercontinental to visit Ely Chiongbian Johnston. I had previously made an arrangement with Emil Ong that we were going to meet at the lobby of the hotel. Later, Pabling Trillana, Dancing Alfelor and Amado (Ding) Tolentino decided to join us. Still later, (Aying) Yniguez came along. When I arrived at the hotel lobby, they were all there already. They were chatting with Sen. Sonny Osmeña.

Sonny was insisting that he has it from reliable authority that he is not in the list. In any case, he said, he is not in hiding, and so far, he has not been bothered.

I corrected Sonny—almost impulsively, “You are wrong, Sonny. You and I were both in the list; in fact, our names followed each other. Fortunately for us, this is just the second list.”

Sonny Osmeña’s jaw fell.

Just then, the famous Teodoro (Doroy) Valencia—the super-columnist—appeared. Without provocation, he proclaimed in his soprano voice the latest of his achievements. Newsman Amando (Doro) Doronila would be released soon—on Doroy’s guarantee. Apparently, Doro Doronila was picked up at the Intercontinental Hotel on the very day he had arrived from Mongolia.

Doroy also boasted that it was because he has guaranteed Renato (Tato) Constantino that Tato has not been taken into custody. He added that he was turning three former Politburo men to Camp Crame this morning. And he is also responsible (to some extent) for the release of Flora Lansang.

I do not know how much one can believe Doroy. But he does command some influence in the community. Indeed, he is the most influential of our political columnists. I have disagreed with many of his obnoxiously rightist views many times. At the same time, however, I must admit that occasionally, I conciously massage his colossal ego because I cannot help but praise him for doing a great job of taking care of his kingdom—Rizal Park.

Shortly before we entered the elevator, Adrian Cristobal, a special assistant of Marcos, came by. Adrian is a great writer, just like his brilliant buddy, Blas Ople. I consider him a friend. In fact, when he was appointed secretary of labor, shortly after the inauguration of the Con-Con, he had invited me to his oath-taking in Malacañang. Innocently, I did go to the Palace. Upon seeing me there, the “First Lady,” Imelda, pleasantly greeted me with the words: “Aba, nandito pala ang mga radikal.” “Mabuti naman na paminsan-minsan ay na-dadalaw kayo ng mga radikal, I retorted, also pleasantly. It was then I discovered that the conjugal dictatorship had considered me a radical, and by inference, an enemy of the Marcos regime.

I wanted to test my suspicion that Adrian is the ghost writer of the very well-written book Today’s Revolution: Democracy, officially authored by the “First Gentleman.”

I complimented him on the quality of the book he had written. “It’s really good.”

He did not hide his pleasure on hearing this. “Only I can contradict the assumptions in that book,” he beamed.

We proceeded to Ely’s suite.

Aying Yniguez, son of the powerful Congressman Yniguez who is a close friend of Marcos, was the main character in the meeting. He said that he has been with President Marcos quite a number of times, and that at one session, he had told the President:

“Sir, I am a communist but I am a pro-Marcos communist.”

He said that Marcos is a kind man—very human—and that is the reason why Aying does not really mind being derisively called a Marcos “tuta.

Aying feels that Cong. Roquito Ablan, who is in the stockade, is going to be very deeply involved and his prospects are not very bright. In the case of Sen. Ninoy Aquino, he said, he might be able to save himself because of his popularity.

Speculate, speculate, speculate. This is all we can do now.

“The President is leading a leftist revolution, with the rightists being utilized by him to support his leftist revolution. If the President fails, the offshoot would be a military takeover.”

Aying claims that he is a trade unionist (he is supposed to be a labor leader in Leyte), and very anti-military in his orientation.

He feels that the CIA was not initially behind the proclamation of martial law. It was only recently that they supported it. He was actually at Malacanang with his father, Congressman Yniguez, when the top CIA man in Manila went to see the President.

“I know that the CIA is operating in the Philippines, but you did not give me even the courtesy of letting me know about it,” President Marcos was supposed to have ungraciously told the CIA group, as he unceremoniously dismissed them: “Good day, gentlemen.”

Gerry Johnston, the American husband of Delegate Ely Chiongbian, felt differently. He thinks that all the major changes in the political and military sections of the American Embassy tend to show that the Embassy knew all along that this was going to happen. And this Ambassador Byroade, he said, is coincidentally the same man who was involved in some operations in Vietnam.

How strange it was to hear this from Gerry!

My own gut feeling is that a certain amount of American complicity has surely attended the imposition of martial law. Marcos would not have dared take such a drastic move without American approval, express or implied. From President Johnson, who had coaxed Marcos into sending a Filipino engineer batallion to Vietnam, winning for him a state visit to Washington and a glowing endorsement by Johnson as his “right arm in Asia,” to President Nixon, who had openly shown his support for Marcos by sending California Gov. Ronald Reagan to Manila when Marcos ran for reelection three years ago, there have been indications that the U.S. was prepared, from the start, to accept the imposition of martial law because it was upset over the growing demonstrations in Manila and its (wrong) perception was that the Con-Con was taking a strong anti-American stance.

American business in the Philippines was, of course, anything but unsympathetic.

Aying also confided to us that, according to Bebet Duavit, President Marcos supports wholeheartedly the transitory provision of the new Constitution (a rather great understatement!).

Aying then asked my help in getting a unanimous vote.

“But Aying, I might be out of the country when this happens,” I demurred.

Aying was not convinced. “You will still be here because this thing will be taken up next week already. You cannot possibly be out of the country then—even if you wanted to.”

Next week? This is hard to believe. The transitory provision would be taken up next week? Marcos would like a grateful nation to crown him next week? Certainly not! This should be taken up, if at all, next year!

It will be next year, I convinced myself before I went to bed.

October 26, 1966

The White House Date October 26, 1966
President Lyndon B. Johnson Day Wednesday
Daily Diary
The President began his day  at: Manila Hotel, Manila, Philippine Islands
Time Telephone (f or t) Activity (include visited by)
In Out
7:54a t Bill Moyers
8:01a t Lynda Bird Johnson — Wash D.C.
8:20a t Dale Malachek — LBJ Ranch, Texas
8:53a t Walt Rostow
9:25a t Bill Moyers
9:45a t Harry McPherson
The President slept in this morning –up at about 7:45 a.m. –eggs for breakfast instead of chipped beef, apple juice– toast and marmalade — tea
In the room this morning — Leonard Marks, Director of USIA
Jake Jaconsen
(The President asked for Jack Valenti but he couldn’t be located — he stayed at the Palace.)
Harry McPherson in this morning to talk about this morning’s speech.
Leonard Marks discussed the presentation of the television report to the American people which is to be used around the world — it can serve both purposes. Marks reported to the President that he had printed 50,000 copies of the Manila Conference pamphlet containing the declaration, the cmmunique, speeches and had shipped it to the six nations involved. Marks talked about getting instructions out to all of our 105 countries where we have information offices interpreting the Manila Conference. Marks told the President of his plans of getting worldwide distribution as soon as possible. Marks:nf
The President this morning read digests of all the news from back home
As hefiled out of his suite, the President walked by a group of paintings selected for his perusal, and the TWO were selected.
two abstracts
A yellow brown carabao (water buffalo) on grey background — by Oscar Zalameda
Three women w/ fish motif — yellow dominant w/ muted orange –red and dark blue as contrast by MagsaysayO
11:04a In hall outside suite w/ Jake, JV, Mrs. J, Leonard Marks — looking at possible painting to be purchased –selected one of a fishing village
11:10a Depart Manila Hotel, back entrance, by motorcade accompanied his automobile — w/ Mrs. Johnson, MW
On driving the Embassy grounds, the motorcade proceeded to the dock, where the President dropped Mrs. Johnson — then on the U.S. Embassy helicopter pad
11:14a Helicopter U.S. Embassy Pad for Fort Bonifacio w/ Ambassador Blair, Jim Jones, Marie Fehmer, Marvin Watson, Ken Gaddis. agents: Youngblood an Johns.
11:23a Arrive helicopter pad at Philippine Army Headquarters — Fort Bonifacio — for visit to Philippine cemetery (Libingan ng mga Bayani”) (Resting Place of Heroes)
11:25a Depart by motorcade w/ President Marcos, Amb Blair, Amb Romualdez
11:30a Arrive Philippine cemetery for wreath-laying ceremony at tomb of the unknown.
Interred here are the remains of the men who fought at Bataan, Corregidor and those who were killed in guerrilla warfare against the Japanese in different parts of the Philippines. Greeted at the departure point by General Santos Garcia, Commanding General of the Philippine Army and the Secy of National Defense, Alfonso Arellano
official wreath-laying ceremony
The President was assisted by Col. Conmy and Major Robinson
11:40a Depart Philippine Cemetery by motorcade w/ President Marcos, Amb. Blair, Amb. Romualdez
11:45a Arrive gates of American cemetery — drove up right hand driveway and stopped at curbside — greeted by
This is situated six miles from Manila — within the limits of the former Army Reservation Fort William McKinley. The military dead came from temporary cemeteries in New Guinea, the Philippines, and other Islands of the Southwest Pacific and Central Pacific area. Mr. Otto Kaufmann, Superintendent, Manila-American Cemetery and memorial
Lt. James W. Wilson, Commander, 13th Air Force — Clark Air Base, P.I.
Major Gen James R. Winn, Chief, Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group, P.I.
Rear Admiral Herman J. Kossler, Commander, U.S. Navy, P.I.
Hail to the Chief, played — walked over grass toward Troop Commander and Chapel Base. U.S. Marines,sailors, Coast Guard, and army personnel in two files forming honor cordon to Memorial Chapel Plaza.
Two national anthems —
wreath laying —
then taps
(a very moving ceremony)
12:00p 12:05p Departed American cemetery for helicopter pad, Fort Bonifacio
12:05p Arrived pad — departed immediately by helicopter for Los Banos w/ Amb. Blair, Amb. Romualdez, Rufus Youngblood. President Marcos, JV, Ken Gaddis, MW, Dr. Burkley, Jim Jones
12:34p Arrived International Rice Research Institute at Los Banos — a beautiful, but hot place. The weather must have been in the 90 degree range, w/ intermittent –very sparse– drizzle. And the President and First Lady both showed the wear of the heat. The President was perspiring heavily, and Mrs. Johnson’s makeup needed freshening.
Los Banos is located in Laguna Province, forty miles southeast of Manila. Both Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation have been responsible for construction and operation, of the IRRI. It conducts a comprehensive research program on the rice plant and its desire to find ways to increase rice yields.
Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Marcos joined the party at this stop.
The President walked down a cordon of Philippine troops and then through a very long receiving line –made up of officials of IRRI, the Agricultural College of the Philippines and the town of Los Banos.
12:40p Presidential party leaves by motorcade for a tour of the rice fields —
The President and Mrs. Johnson
President and Mrs. Marcos
Amb Blair
Amb Romualdez
rode in a small air conditioned bus.
One stop was made — the four principals departing the bus and walked to a rice paddy demonstrating techniques of transplanting rice cultivation. A very interesting scene, natives barefooted up to their knees in the rice paddy, water plows being pulled by water buffalo –the President was very interested– and paid particular attention to the water buffalo (a mean looking animal)
Another stop was made at a paddy of new experimental rice — walkways had been built, and the President walked between the paddies of old rice and newly developed rice.
He then walked 50 feet to nearby stand-up microphone for brief remarks —
introduced by Dr. Robert Chandler, Jr., former President of Univ. of New Hampshire
REMARKS by the President
is a very picturesque sight — an umbrella being held over the President to protect him from the hot sun, palm trees in the background, and in the far far, background, great mountains covered in deep green vegetation.
1:05p The President concluded his remarks, and proceeded through large, large crowds — screaming, and waving flags — to the dining room. He merely walked through the dining — CANCELED the planned lunch he was to have there — and went to the helicopter. A surprise move, and staff members had to hustle to get through the crowd. — in the dining room, he greeted briefly about 22 luncheon guests.
1:15p Wheels up — via helicopter — for Corregidor w/ Mrs. Johnson, President and Mrs. Marcos. Amb. Blair, Amb Romualdez
MW, Jim Jones, Okamoto, Jack Valenti, mf
(talk about Philippines GNP, civil side of war in VietNam)
the helicopter circled Corregidor for views of gun emplacements, barracks, etc at Battery Hearn, Battery Crockett, Battery Way, etc.
2:45p Helicopter landed at Bottom Side (surrender site) —
The President walked w/ President Marcos to a spot near where General Wainwright surrendered, and to a small monument “Corregidor” –two microphones, and the President (donned a Veterans cap as did Marcos) and President Marcos stood facing the memorial.
1:55p 2:10p REMARKS by the President
The President received a symbolic title scroll of one square inch of Philippine soil as a gift to the Americans who lost their lives on Philippine soil.
Then in a motorcade the President riding w/ President Marcos — motorcade one-quarter mile to point where they could see tunnel entrance and stopped at Malinta Tunnel Historical marker — the marker explained Malinta Tunnel’s mission, General MacArthur’s departure and return to Corregidor.
Then they drove to see the batteries.
(said goodbye to President and Mrs. Marcos, and Mrs. Johnson)
2:29p Arrive helicopter area, boarded helicopter for w/ Jack Valenti, Dr. Burkley, mf, J Jones, MW, Okamoto, Rufus Youngblood, Lem Johns, Ken Gaddis
2:46p Arrived U.S. Naval Station, Sangley Point
2:50p On AF One 26000 at U.S. Naval Station, Sangley Point, Manila, Philippines
Straight through cabin to bedroom
2:54p Out in pajamas and robe to stateroom for takeoff. Also in cabin were:
Hon. Leonard Marks, Director, USIA
Jack Valenti
Jake Jacobsen
Secretary Dean Rusk
Hon. Clark Clifford
Governor Farris Bryant
Hon. William P. Bundy, Assnt Secy of State for Far Eastern Affairs
3:00p LUNCH in stateroom
3:15p All staff ad others out — PRESS POOL in state room
Hal Pachios
Rufus Youngblood
3:52p To back of plane kidding mf and marys not to get lost with any young officers — also kidding Jack Velenti about taking Mary Esther Garner to the Barrio Fiesta last night.
3:55p To bedroom to rest
3:56p 4:20p Clark Clifford in bedroom
Aboard AF One 26000 from Sangley Point to
The President Clark Clifford
Secretary Rusk Jack Valenti
Marvin Watson HMCS Mills
Gov. Bryant William Bundy
Jim Jones Mr. Jordan
Ken Gaddis Mr. Hardesty
Okamoto Leonard Marks
Lt. Atkins Paul Glynn
Dr. Burkley Youngblood, USSS
Marie Fehmer L. Johns, USSS
Jake Jacobsen Johnsen, USSS
Godfrey, USSS Nunn, USSS
Mary Slater Hal Pachlos
Mr. Schoen Mr. Sparks
K. Lynch PRESS POOL: Merriman Smith
Mr. McNulty B. Thompson F. Ward Joe Pinto
S. Davis G. Silk J. Atherton
R. Shakford F.Cormier F. Lara
H. Georges Hofferman P. Lisagor
G. Peleuses
(The portion onward, fron wheels down in Cam Ranh Bay at 4:34p are not included in The Philippine Diary Project)

October 25, 1966

The White House Date October 25, 1966
President Lyndon B. Johnson Day Wednesday
Daily Diary
The President began his day  at: Manila Hotel, Manila, Philippine Islands
Time Telephone (f or t) Activity (include visited by)
In Out
12:06a t Mary Slater
8:00a Awake —
Breakfasted on scrambled eggs, two pieces of bacon, toast, melon balls and hot tea
Staff in
Jake Jacobsen, Marvin Watson
Harry McPherson, Walt Rostow
9:48a t Bill Moyers
10:47a Depart Manila Hotel
10:55a 7:34p Malacanang Palace
7:58p Returned to suite and changed into a native shirt –for visit to Palace– and Barrio Fiesta
8:31p Departed Manila Hotel via motorcade
Riding w/ the President — Mrs. Johnson, MF, YB, and Paul Glynn
His Excellency Benjamin R. Romualdez, Amb. of the Philippines
8:36p 11:41p Malacanang Palace
11:47p Arrive Manila Hotel

October 24, 1966

The White House Date October 24 1966
President Lyndon B. Johnson Day Monday
Daily Diary
The President began his day  at: Manila Hotel, Manila, Philippine Islands
Time Telephone (f or t) Activity (include visited by)
In Out 12:07a t Mary Slater
7:02 f Bill Moyers
7:04 t Bill Moyers
7:00 AM The President awakened and gotup and shaved immediately. He then had breakfast of chipped beef, melon balls, and tea. (The President was alone in his room this morning, Mrs. Johnson did not join him. At about 8:00a Jake Jacobsen came to the President’s suite. He did not go into the President’s room because the President was asleep –he was reading the papers, and had fallen asleep. Paul Glynn and Jake Jacobsen lt him sleep until about 8:25a. Then Paul waked the President, and the President asked for Jake and Marvin. They went into his room. Marvin Watson showed the President some Lady Hamilton watches, cigarette case with seal (small and large) and then went over a little bit of the President’s schedule for today with him. The President told Marvin Watson he would have Bill Moyers in tonight with the foreign correspondents in his suite at about 7:00p for drinks and a briefing. And, Mrs. Johnson had agreed to meet with the Thai group in the suite, and he might drop by to see them also. The President seemed rather tired –a peaceful tired– a calmness about him. Paul Glynn: mf
8:41a The President departed his suite with Mrs. Johnson for Congress of the Philippines Building.
8:43 Depart Manila Hotel
8:56 10:08a Congressional Building
4:37p REMARKS at Manila Summit Conference, Malacanang Palace (per Bill Moyers’ briefing using extensive qotes) –carried almost verbatim in Manila newspapers
10:03a 6:08p Malacanang Palace
6:18p Returned to suite, stopped in room 407where Juanita, mary esther, yb and mf were looking at native crafts. The President looked around the room, and asked mjdr about some paintings. He said he liked the one of the farmer and rooster which was over his bed. He then went to his room, and called for mjdr to come in.
To bedroom.
Lying on bed and watching television while talking on the phone —
Talked to Mary S about getting dresses for his girls for tomorrow’s fiesta —
7:07p t Walt Rostow
7:13p t Walt Rostow
7:25p 8:40p Bill Moyers, Walt Rostow, Bob Fleming, Leonard Marks w/ foreign correspondents:
Francis Lara, Agence France Press
Pat Heffernan, Reuters
Stewart Hensely, UPI
John Hightower, AP
Ralph Champion, London Daily Mirror
Vincent Ryder, London Daily Telegraph
Jacque Francillon, Le Figaro
Kina Kawamura
Jack Brooks, Vancouver Sun
Lothar Loewe, German radio and television
Hans Westerman, West German radio and television
After the newsmen left, Leonard Marks stayed behind for a short visit w/ the President.
9:45p DINNER w/ Marvin Watson, Jake Jacobsen
Mary Slater, Mary Esther Garner, Yolanda Boozer, mf
During dinner the President –visibly tired– talked of small things. He inquired about churchgoing activities yesterday. He talked about the hard work Secret Service was doing, saying he hoped they would get some rest because he really saw them take the punishment. He talked about High Sidey’s column in the latest issue of LIFE concerning the President’s talking to a group of newsmen before his last press conference, and suggested that Bill correct Sidey, since records show that the President did not talk to the newsmen before the conferece as Sidey suggested.
10:30p To the bedroom w/ MW and JJ
a rub by Wes King — and retired at 12:00 midnight
The President today signed a birthday letter to Amb Blair and had it delivered to the Ambassador w/ a pair of gold cufflinks.
11:18p t Bill Moyers