January 22, 1943

Yesterday three planes flew over and bombed Santa Cruz, 3 km from us. They are bombing along the road again, so we expect the Japanese to pass through any day now.

This morning a plane circled right over our house. We surely were frightened as one never knows what they will do.

We have heard that three Japanese transport ships have arrived off the coast of Capiz (north of the island).

John (our cook) left yesterday for our farm in Barotac to see what the Japanese had taken of our things, and to bring back Coné’s trunk and microscope.

Wednesday 8/17-1899

Sky clear, sun burning. Two Co’s flanked the niggers early in a.m. Slight brush. Several cases of stealing guns occurred this week. One was captured today and will be sent to Bilibib [Bilibid] –the horrible place of the Indio.

Maj Canton today offered me either Serg’t Maj or QM of the 11th Cav if I would stay. My finals would amount to over $500.00.

Strong to heavy wind in p.m. from NW & N and a driving rain until 7 p.m. Rumors that we will be relieved tomorrow. Am restless and apt to think too much.

Ins shoot at fires, so all campfires are out by 8 p.m.

Clouds cleared away from range from our E. to south of StCruz, showing a very beautiful contour running from Calamba Mount (2500 ft) to volcano S. of StCruz which is, perhaps, 4000 ft high. Clouds raked the forest at 1000 ft elevation.

April 18th-99

Last night was on outpost away up river road. Several filips showed themselves within 200 ft. but, rather than betray our outposts we let them go. Outpost to N. were fired upon –but held position. Rained hard and blew last night. We had a large canoe to use in case the outpost was compelled to fall back as the bamboo bridge is such an easy mark. Moon until 1 a.m. Getting hotter everyday. St. Cruz expedition returned after a very successful campaign. We sung tonight upon the balcony and has almost made me homesick.

Tuesday, April 11th ‘99

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Dry weather; a God-send it is too to our troops. The Filipinos are keeping them busy – little “scraps” and skirmishes. The train had trouble. The Filipinos slipped in to the rail road at Guiguinto between Manila and Malolos and tore up the rails of the Dagupan line. A fight followed. Several of our boys of the 2d Oregon Vols. And 13th Minnesota Vols. were killed and quite a few wounded. The natives suffered severely. Much killing was done over at Santa Cruz on Laguna de Bay of Filipinos.

Rev. Owens & I went to the post office where a letter was handed me of more than ordinary interest. Is from Major Ashley Pebbles, Washington D. C. dated Feb. 21st 1899. Mr. Geo F. [Connery] the post master, volunteered the gift of some old Filipino stamps. Accepted the offer.

On the Escolta met one of the sailors confined in Bilibid. Asked me for money; gave him one paseta. Said Frank [Carson], who professed conversion in prison Sunday, April 2d is all right, and is talking to the men in prison about salvation night & day.

Major Pebbles’ letter brought me astonishing news. Himself & wife are appointed to the Texas and Arkansas Division, a new division just formed for him, with headquarters at Dallas, but may move it to Houston. I feel that this move is on a line with preceding anti-American moves. The plan as I understand it is to send American officers away, lift them out of important field commands and put them into departments or relegate them into small divisions. But aside from this appointment of which Pebbles makes no complaint, I will quote from his letter re other matters of national importance:

“There is an awful feeling of dissatisfaction at National Headquarters & several have left; among them Mc Larren, Russell, Irwin & others. I understand that the Consul was jealous of Elizabeth Clark, Adjutant, & froze her out & she has resigned. Clark got into a great many places where the Consul tried and failed. The Consul especially has become odious; she has asserted here authority over the commander & others very much of later. She does not allow the Com. to pass anything for the Cry, & she overrules his decisions often. The spirit of dissatisfaction has spread from National H.Q. to all parts of the field in proportion to distance & resignations are so common that we do not pass a remark when we hear of them; in fact it is getting hard to officer the corps’ & I fear we are rapidly on the decrease in corps & officers. x x The [Cry] is down. The building (Headquarters) has three mortgages & Col. Brewer told me that $100,000 would not begin to clear the National Headquarters of debt. About $10,000 was lost on the General’s last visit. x x I learned that there is a secret plan on foot among the C.D.O’s (Chief Divisional Officer) to petition the General to send [ ______ ] to save the concern. xx Col. Higgins has just returned from International Headquarters. No one seems to know what he went there for; however he started an Insurance Department in this country in connection with the “Metropolitan Insurance Co”, & Brigadier (W. H.) Cox has charge of that department. Brewer is Editor in Chief. I think they are crucifying him, for he is very dissatisfied. He told me that he did not think he could hold out much longer, unless something was done to give the thing a more hopeful appearance.”

So the chief officer of the Salvation Army in the United States have grown weary of the Booth-Tucker. This feeling has been growing some time. Am tired of the whole Booth tribe; [____} seems to be no end of them. We had Ballington Booth & wife of years, then Eva Booth & now Booth – Tucker & wife. I hope the country will not be afflicted with another Booth. I shall await news from home with great interest. If the C.D.O.’s demand the recall of the Booth-Tuckers, the S.A world will be astonished & the London Booths will be (I fear) paralyzed, for such a request strikes at the family, & threatens their position.

I answered the foregoing letter immediately. Wrote 9 pages. Did not say a word in defense of the Booths for I can not, but urged Pebbles to do all he can to hold the Salvation Army together for God & humanity’s sake & for the sake of the many years we have toiled in its ranks. We must not permit our labors to be destroyed. I ardently hope & pray that the Booths will step down & give the Army a chance to become something.

Private D.G. Hines called. Is in from the front suffering from sunstroke. Asked him to rest himself. He did so. I fried ham, bought bread & made lemonade for the two of us from dinner. Prayed with him when he departed for his quarter.

April 11, 1899

Everything quiet. Expect Jim to go to Corrigedor [Corregidor]. He seems some worse. Oregon & Minn. outposts have all attacked last night. Oregon lost 3 men killed two wounded. The outpost was of five men they were surrounded and could not be reached by company because that was also surrounded. For a while it looked as if Heaths battalion was a goner but he held them off till morning when help came. Co. D & E of Oregon went to assistance of Minn. Co. or they could have been annihilated. Gen. Lawton crossed Lake [Laguna de Bai] and captured Santa Cruz. City next in size to Manila.

Monday, March 13th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cloudy, gloomy, weather with slight showers. A battle started early this morning. American right wing swung around upon Guadeloupe [Guadalupe] on towards Pasig.

Up quite early. Read Scripture, prayed & cooked breakfast. In the forenoon called at the post office. No mail. Also at the Anglo-Australasian bank & with $20. U.S. gold purchased $40.80 Mexican silver dollars. Preparing for paying my rent.

Last night extra guards were put on. An uprising of Filipinos was expected in Quiapo & Santa Cruz Districts but it did not connect. It is now (while I write these lines) about 8.30 p.n. The sky towards Santa Cruz District is alight with the glare of a fire. Half a dozen Filipinos and Spaniards are now in this room. They usually come upstairs from our basement or ground floor when there is trouble. Six or eight mules were brought around this afternoon to the Utah Battery warehouse across from No. 2 Calle Santa Elena to be rigged out in harness. They are to draw cannon & caisons. Preparations are making to advance upon the enemy. Rumor speaks of a general attack tomorrow.

Bishop Thoburn and his private secretary took dinner with Rev. & Mrs. Owens today at No. 2. The Bishop is to leave for India tomorrow.

This afternoon about 3 p.m. I took street car & went out to the General Hospital near the Suspension Bridge to see ex-Corporal A. Scott, in Ward 10. He was not present. Spoke to several men personally about religious matters, one of them on the street car. Met Bro. Jackson at the Christian Commission at the Hospital. Detailed some of the difficulties he is laboring under to do spiritual work among the patients, also at the front. Says himself & Bro. Glunz expects to return to the United States next June. Recommended a local Y.M.C.A. work for Manila. While in conversation Chaplain Stephen Wood of the 23d came up. When returning we three walked back together to vicinity of Bridge of Spain.

Seventeen wounded Americans were brought in from the front today.

Returned home & cooked supper.

Isaac Russell told me last night, that a party of newspaper correspondents were going over a field the other day where “scrapping” had been done. They found a wounded Filipino officer. One of the party approached him to give him a drink of water out of a canteen. Reaching under his body the officer pulled out a knife and made a vicious attempt to cut his would-be friend. Incensed at the man’s ingratitude and treachery, the newspaper correspondents made a target of the officer’s body with their pistols, & left him there dead.

Saturday, March 4th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

7.45 p.m. The night is dark; no moon & heavy clouds in the sky: quite a breeze is blowing. A lurid light over towards Malate & Ermita shows that a building or buildings are on fire. The last thing this evening as the daylight faded that I could see were men –soldiers, up in the tower of Binondo and Tondo Roman Catholic churches, watching the city. Dr. Kellogg brought word this evening that great trouble is expected tonight in Manila. Stiff skirmisheng has been in progress today at San Pedro Macati. Praise God for the news that the transport “Senator” arrived with the 22d U.S. regulars. Will be quite a help in case of an uprising. Have collected some of my valued articles in a valise in case of fire or other causes should drive me out of No. 2.

The first thing this morning read the Bible & prayed. Cooked breakfast, washed dishes, wrote & copied a letter to Bro. Wm Elletson of the “Olympia”, giving him spiritual advice & enclosing the S.A. Army & Navy League paper (about 8 p.m. 2 Spaniards have just come up stairs to point out a fire which they say is Santa Cruz district.) Also corrected copy of an article –narrative– written for the S.F. War Cry. Added some more matter to it.

About 3.30 p.m. called at the post office. On the street car on Calle Jolo I understood a 13th Minnesota soldier to say that there are 30,000 Insurrectos in Manila.

After returning home to No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Bishop Thoburn and Capt. (Chaplain) Stephenson came in with Rev. & Mrs. Owens & myself, a general conversation ensued in my front room or parlor used for reading & writing. The Bishop inquired my business in this part of the world, replied that I was reporting the country, looking after Salvationists etc. Said he was reporting on the country too. He remarked to Rev. Owens that the present is a good time to see but not to do. Referred specially to missionary enterprises. Cooked supper, & washed dishes after eating supper. The latter work was spiced with the exciting rumors of trouble tonight.

Friday, Feb. 24th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo District.

Cool breeze at times, but withal clammy hot. Although this is the dry season, the atmosphere is heavy with moisture.

Met 3 Salvationists today & spoke to them re the salvation (present state) of their souls: viz., Private Frank Amie of H. Batter 3 Heavy Artillery, Bro. A. Temple, Hospital Corps, 2d Reserve Hospital, and Private Geo. S. Bertrand of the 1st South Dakota vol. inf.

After Bible reading & prayer, cooked breakfast of oatmeal mush & cocoa; dinner bread lemonade & jelly, supper oatmeal mush cocoa & fried bacon. Living is getting high. eggs 15 cts. Mexican.

We are having lovely moonlight nights at present.

Have a cold in my head & a touch of influenza.

Following breakfast Rev. & Mrs. Owens & the writer walked over to the late Divisoria market adjacent ruins. Filipinos were directing water on the still burning ruins. A company of soldiers were sitting on the sidewalk ready for serious work should occasion require their service. The vicinity was full of Filipinos & Chinese humanity. A coffin was resting on a vacant space with a dead person inside. We viewed the charred remains of a Chinese in the ruins. Was past recognition. Blood was oozing from the piece of head left of the dead.

Returned to No. 2 & kept house a few minutes then away for town. Purchased back numbers of the “Times” at its office & secured back nos. of the “American” to complete my file. Also purchased groceries. Personally spoke to U.S. soldiers about salvation.

Spent some time reading then struck out with Rev. Owens again about 3 p.m. Rec’d a letter enclosing $2. postal note  from ex-Ensign Gilbert Findlay of San Francisco. Findlay is doing religious work when at leisure in connection with the Mariner’s church but his wife daughter of Rev. Powell, pastor of that church is serving God as a soldier in S.F. No. 1 corps. This couple are splendid people. When such Godly men as Gilbert Findlay resigns from the Salvation Army it is a reflection on the management of the same. Findlay told Ballington Booth personally that he (Booth) was full of self-conceit; this on the line of not suffering sin on a brother and “faithful are the wounds of a friend.” Findlay (who was a thoroughly conscientious saint & devoted officer, seemed from that time to the day of his resignation to have been under the ban of the S.A.’s chief leaders in the United States. More’s the pity.

In addition to the letter several papers came.

(A shot was just fired near by –is about 10.45 p.m. Manila is like a volcano ready to explode. The Filipinos I fear are bringing destruction upon themselves.)

To get back to the day’s narrative: Owens & I after calling at the post office walked down to the Pasig quay near the Port Captain’s office to see the 20th U.S. Infantry land. Was too late. They arrived on the “Scandia” & most of them (the soldiers) had already disembarked. We saw stone barricades across the streets in several places made by our soldiers to fight behind. Expect trouble with the natives & have already had it.

I must not forget to state that we also visited the burnt district in Santa Cruz near Calle Gandara where I resided when I first came to Manila. Looks bad, the ruins. The little Chinese boy who takes English lessons from Owens, said he had no sleep last night. Watched his father’s factory; fear the natives will set it on fire.