February 24, 1970 Tuesday



Office of the President

of the Philippines




February 24, 1970




10:35 PM


We go to San Fernando, La Union tomorrow to return at noon. This is a counter demonstration of the Ilocanos who want to show solidity behind me. But my fear is that they will march to Manila armed and cause violence to erupt once more at their instigation. So I must stop them.

Fiscal Policy Committee with the Congressional leaders met to assess the monetary situation. The Senate President and Aytona was helpful. Speaker Laurel complained that the congressmen and he were not informed of the decision for a floating rate before approval. Puyat understood but as usual the Speaker did not understand the need for secrecy.

Will start releasing funds for the provinces. Priority has been given to the Tondo project. I meet Enrique Zobel on the project next Friday afternoon.

The trading this day on dollars quoted ₱5.70 to the dollar – much lower than we expected. The black market had reached ₱6.30. The persons who face dollar loan amortizations are complaining of the new policy for a floating rate as they will pay more in pesos but the exporters specially those not in the copra, sugar, logs and copper category are cheering it.

Looks like we still have no funds in government. We should now have only one appropriation act to include even public works and capital expenditures.

February 23, 1970 Monday



Office of the President

of the Philippines




February 23, 1970




1:10 AM


The Lopezes are more and more vicious through their columnists. Ernesto Granada happily refers to me as snake-like. He probably knows he is suspected as a communist by me. And so does I.P. Soliongco.

But the Lopez contributions to the radicals is their premium payments for insurance. They do not know that they would be the first to go if the communists take over.

Adevoso and his co-conspirators have met again. They are still at it.

Ninoy Aquino attacked the fertilizer plant project of the sugar planters in a privilege speech – a project that I have already ordered to be suspended.

Villalon testified before the Joint Committee to the effect that the Liberals specially Osmeña funded and encouraged the demonstrations. There must be consternation among the Liberals.

Looks like the demonstrations will continue and they may become more violent.

Met with the PACD and barrio officials who reaffirmed their trust and confidence in me.

Imelda went to the Tondo slums and relates how the children are eating only once a day and in some instances three times a week. So we have decided to convert Tondo into a model city – as a priority project.


February 16, 1970, Monday





Office of the President

of the Philippines


February 16, 1970


12:10 AM

Spent practically the whole day attending to the problems of the Tondo foreshoreland  slum dwellers. They ask for the land reclaimed from the sea at North Harbor. Last year I gave ₱350,000 to the Bureau of Lands in their presence to spend for the survey and subdivision of the land into residential lots excluding the customs area and land set aside for roads, parks and recreational facilities which they now wish to do away with.

I have given them the responsibility of deciding the conflicting claims and the problems of more than 5,000 applicants to only 3,000 lots if the parks, roads and recreational facilities are included as residential land. And I explained the program of housing (requesting that if it is necessary to accommodate several families in one lot they should agree to condominiums in three or two storey apartments), education through the foster-parent plan of businessmen and employment.

Met with the business leaders on the Tondo problem of housing, education and employment.

Then talked to the Blue Ladies on the capabilities of government to protect them and what government is doing to bring about change.

Asked Enriquito Zobel in the businessman’s meeting to hurry up the Magalang project of the Filipinas Foundation.

January 11, 1945

Rice flour much and hot water for breakfast. I bummed a piece of ginger and made ginger tea and put some cinnamon in it (also bummed). It wasn’t bad. Thin soup for lunch. but, never mind — the end is near.

A flock of B-24’s came over this morning and plastered what appears to be about the exposition grounds in Quezon City. They did it like Grace Park. There was fires and dirt flying over a spot a mile long. Just before noon two navy planes flew low right over the camp and one of the pilots waved at the internees. It was sure a welcome sight to see the star on the wings of a plane instead of a fried egg.

This afternoon about 20 navy planes bombed and strafed Rizal Avenue extension. Some of them flew low over the camp. Later, they came back and from what we could see, strafed and bombed railroad yards.

This evening there have been a lot of explosions around the waterfront and Tondo, with lots of fires. Looks like the Japs are blowing up things and getting ready to leave. Well, the sooner the better.

Camote stew for supper. Had bacon in it. About like canned pork and beans has pork. Would have enjoyed three times that much. No rice. Did a big washing today and my back is broken.

October 29, 1944

Twenty minutes of eight — heard planes– spotted eight flying high. Thought they might be Japanese, but the anti-aircraft guns soon let loose and bombs began to fall near Nichols Field and the waterfront — circled around several times and at nine a.m. was quiet (They were caught napping).

At 9:25 a.m. 12 Japanese planes went northwest.

One dog fight over Tondo. One plane down. Air raid alarm off at 10:45 a.m. At 1:00 p.m. another wave of planes came over — alarm went at same time. bombing towards piers. Raid over at 2:11 p.m. 3:30 p.m. alarm sounded — planes came over about 4:00 p.m. Bombed waterfront and ships on harbor. All clear sounded at 5:45 p.m.

July 22, 1942

The searching of residences and residents of Manila has begun. Taking advantage of the torrential downpours which prevented many city residents from leaving their houses, the military police is conducting an intensive search for arms and prohibited paraphernalia, tracing every nook and corner for possible signs of communications, collaboration or relationships with the enemy. Ostensibly, the search is being directed towards discovering firearms, radio transmitters and other means of communication. They are also looking for clandestine anti-Japanese propaganda leaflets which are mysteriously circulating in large quantities.

Yesterday, the search was conducted in Tondo, extending today through San Juan and New Manila. Not even the church and the Santuario in San Juan was exempted.

The press reported that 18 persons were sentenced to death by the military court and executed. Some of them were killed for looting military installations, others for propagating false pro-American rumors. There are indications that this was not all there is to it. The press is silent about other death penalties.

Saturday, May 27th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Weather warm. Shower during the day. Last night the influenza became much less troublesome, praise the Lord, and gave me but little trouble.

Read one and part of another chapter in Numbers, then prayed to my God for His protection & guidance.

Cooked breakfast. The dyspeptic feeling has passed since I slacked up on a fried bacon.

While I was at breakfast a Filipino bill collector entered & presented me with a subscription dun – Daily Manila “American” sub. From “2/1 to 6/1” $4.40 Mex. Paid it.

Rev. Owens & myself went down to the Escolta, I inquired at the post office & rec’d several papers. 3 day’s Americans included. The post office delivery is defective. They should come to me every day.

At the post office I met & had conversation with Mr. A. Mc Duff, a Scotchman, who recently came here from Singapore. He is or was chief engineer of the S.S. Kwang-hoi Mr. M. is a Christian & invited me to call & see him.

Leaving my Scotch brother I dropped in at a Spanish barber shop to get shaved. There I found Rev. Owens (who parted from me at the Anglo-Indian bank) and 2 soldier friends. Together we 4 struck out to find a photograph gallery where we could have the group taken, but failed to have the work done by 12 o’ clock so deferred the matter.

Looked over the Houston and San Francisco papers. The War Crys of Apr. 29th brings out the second part of my article describing the Tondo Dist. Filipino uprising. I was glad to read an item in the Cry that a small cylinder press has been added to the printing dep’t. this leads me to infer that the San Francisco War Cry will not be suppressed by its New York enemies. The S.A. powers even as far back as the days of Ballington Booth wanted to suspend the S. F. War Cry but in spite of their wishes, the Lord kept it going.

The p.m. at the delivery window requested me to come again this afternoon. So I called again about 4 o’clock but rec’d nothing. The mail came per S.S. Morgan City.

On my way to the post office, while waiting for a street car I got into a conversation with a soldier. As usual the talk was made to turn on the state of his soul. The soldier confessed himself a backslider Salvationist from Colorado. Invited him to call at No. 2 His name E. S. Crist, Colorado regimental bakery, 28 San Sebastian.

Gave Mr. Peter Weigner, 40 cts. Mex. He bought 1 yard of heavy duck. The sailors patched the tent with it. The sailor for whom I got the powder at the Utah Light Artillery quarters yesterday p.m. is smiling today & look much better says he feels better. This evening’s Daily Manila “Times” is the leading editorial headed “Beachcomber”, styles these sailors by that name & says they should not receive help but be allowed to starve.

Private (Bro) M. L. Devine (Landon) K. Battery 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery came in today. Part of his battery arrived late last night on the train from Malolos. Devine looks bad. He is very much broken in health. Invited him to make this house his resting place. Said he would. Came twice. Can hardly keep anything on his stomach. I made him a cup of lemonade this forenoon ditto this evening.

I am thankful to the Lord that my health is better. The climate here is trying. Many strange diseases assail human flesh. The enervating tropical heat taken away the vigor from one’s frame.

Down at the intersection of the Escolta & Calle del Rosario Mr. G. W. Peters, sketch artist for several American publications, bade me good-bye. He returns to the United States via HongKong and Nagasaka. Peter came over on the steamer “Newport” with Gen’l Merritt’s party.

Saturday, May 20th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Hot and dry. Clammy heat. Wrote a letter to Lieut-Col. Wm Evans soon after prayer, a chapter in Numbers and breakfast which I did not cook. Mrs. Owens prepared the meal I furnished the bread, bacon and some butter. The 4 sailors partook thereof with us.

The letter to Lt.-Col. Evans requested him to send someone to Mrs. Wm Pollock in San Francisco with P. C. War Crys containing my articles re the Philippine expedition.

Had a long talk with Peter Weigner re himself and his fellow sailors. Said Col. Pope will give them transportation back to the United States but they must take some food aboard as food will not be furnished. I agreed to give $10 to purchase the same.

My next move was a hasty one, down to see Harry Kline at the U.S. Private (Bro.) Devine K. Bat. 3d Reg’t, Heavy Artillery. Kline wrote an order to Sergt. Wilson in another dept. the crackers to be charged to him. I paid K. 75 cts. American silver, then hastened thro’ the hot sun to the delivery dep’t near Binondo estero on Pasig quay. Had no trouble to secure an 8 lbs tin of XXX sodas. Now for home. Wrapped the tin with paper, but first wrote & copied a letter to Devine at Malolos re the crackers, tried the package up enclosing the letter therein then over to Cuartel Meisig where the box was left with instructions to send north by the 2 p.m. train. A soldier who said he takes things to the train promised to see that the crackers got off on the aforesaid train.

Returned home wet with perspiration. Settled down in the front room to rest & cool off. Bugler Mendenhall of the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. dropped in having walked from the Water works 6 or 8 miles. Was hot & weary. Rested. We had a long conversation which ended with prayer. Is imbued with the missionary spirit. Mendenhall was a student when the war broke out & like many other students joined the U.S. army.

Rev. C. Owens returned from the post office bringing me several papers & a letter. The latter from Lieut-Col. Alice Lewis, New York; date: April 14th. The second paragraph reads: “The Commander read your 16th weekly letter (it described the Tondo uprising 22 & 23rd Feb) in its entirety to the great audience gathered in the Memorial Hall on April 10th, when the Self-Denial victories were being proclaimed. Your letter was heard with the deepest interest, and I am sure many prayers will be with you as a consequence.”

In the afternoon when the sun became more aslant and less fierce that at noon I pushed down to the post office & mailed 2 letters; also purchased stamps and at a store oatmeal. Going & returning on the Jolo street car I paid no fare because the conductor could not make charge for 10 cts. He made change for Filipino passengers.

Read several articles in Christian Alliance monthly re missions including the Philippines.

See by “Freedom” that Bro. A. W. Prautch, Methodist, has opened in Santa Cruz Dist. a reading, writing, resting & meeting room patterned after the one I am attempting to run.

Owens said he expects to return home by the next or following transport. Bade ex-Serg’t Leon Chic good-bye. Is returning home.

I laid out to purchase food for the S.S. Pennsylvania sailors 20 cts Mex yesterday and $4.20 Mex today. I buy the groceries and the Owens’ cook them.

The “Olympia” weighed anchor this p.m. She leaves for home bearing Admiral Geo. Dewey and – Brother William Eletson. Much noise will be made over George and but little over William; yet both men took part in the battle of Manila Bay, May 1st 1898, one as commanding officer in the bridge. The other as a unit, part of a great fighting machine, below. Why all the honors for George and none for William? Are they not both Americans, loyal, brave and true?

My opinion is that in the eyes of Heaven William is a greater man than George.

What a sorry picture earth’s great ones will present as they troop up to the throne of Judgement, arrayed in the rags and tatters of earthly glory. Give me my lot with Christ and His cause.