Manuel Rojo

Manuel Rojo

(September 24, 1708 — January 30, 1764), Archbishop of Manila from 1759; Acting Captain-General of the Philippines from 1761 to the British invasion in 1763.

22nd of September, 1762

In this state of defense, on the twenty-second of September, 1762, at half-past five in the evening, a powerful fleet of thirteen vessels was seen.

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23rd of September, 1762

As soon as they had received the answer, the entire squadron began to move about six o’clock on the evening of the twenty-third. They approached

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24th of September, 1762

On the twenty-fourth, about eight o’clock in the morning, they began to salute the enemy with artillery from the boulevards of the foundry and from

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25th of September, 1762

The following night it was resolved to make a vigorous sortie in order to discomfit the enemy who were fortifying themselves with all haste in

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27th of September, 1762

At eight in the morning, some Indian and mestizo spearmen presented themselves before the enemy’s trenches, without that movement on their part having been preceded

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28th of September, 1762

On the morning of the twenty-eighth, a message was received from the English commander-in-chief, who urgently demanded the head of the English officer which the

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29th of September, 1762

On the twenty-ninth,^^ at six in the morning, the flagship and another vessel commenced to cannonade the bastion of the foundry, and made a desperate

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30th of September, 1762

The thirtieth, the bombardment continued, and the vessels fired some shots from their cannons. From the city four chaloupes were seen which had overturned; they

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1st of October, 1762

October first, the Indians of Passay reported that a raft had made the shore, which was built of large masts, small masts, and yards that

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2nd ofOctober, 1762

At daybreak of the second, the enemy placed in operation a battery of eight twenty-four pounders against the flanked angle of the bastion of the

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3rd of October, 1762

At the hour set, our Pampangos and pickets sallied out in the best order, but scarce had they set foot outside the Parian gate, when

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4th of October, 1762

At dawn on the fourth, the enemy began to fire shells into the city. They set fire to several of the  buildings, and together with the

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5th of October, 1762

Finally, at six o’clock in the morning of the fifth, the enemy’s troops left their posts in three columns. The first directed its course toward

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