This is the day upon which the treaty says the vol. must all have been discharged –and here we are still upon the firing line. Someone took three shots at Gen. Otis yesterday –and I wish they had killed the old son of a gun. Oh, but he is popular here among the vols. In p.m. some boys bro’t us two wounded niggers. One was a 2nd Lieut and I had a long talk with him. All over the hills are haversacks and ponchos and at least 40,000 rounds of krags. Thrown during the last battle.
Reached N.Y. 10 a.m. April 5th — left at noon on Black Diamond for Mauch Chunk. Went to N.Y. on 7th, returning home on 9th. To Phila on Monday 11th [Error — Monday was the 10th, and he left my house Tuesday the 11th, my son Cornelius’ 6th birthday] remaining over night with Ethan. Left at 10.45 Tuesday-morning for Chicago. Left Chicago Wednesday evening 14th [12th] for San Francisco over Central Pacific reaching S.F. 11 p.m. Saturday 16th [15th]. Pleasant trip from Omaha where met & travelled with Lt Hamilton. Mr. Thomas B. Bishop, Mr. Morse and Baron Richthofen, German Military Attaché at Tokio. Reported to Adjutant-General Lt. Col. Babcock Sunday morning & assigned to detachment of recruits going to Manila on Morgan City and in meantime to temporary duty with recruits at the Presidio. Hamilton & I dined Sunday evening with Mr. & Mrs. Bishop, very delightful people. Left San Francisco 7 p.m. 25th on Morgan City, 8 officers, 2 a.a. surgeons, & 611 men for various organizations. Lt. Col. Van Horne 18th. Inf. cmdg. Sea sick most of the way to Honolulu which place we reached 8 a.m. May 4th. Coaled and left 8.30 a.m. May 6th. Found the “Warren” there but she left on the 5th. with half the 13. Inf. the balance arriving on “Ohio” next morning as we were pulling out. Crossed 180th. meridian on morning of 11th. & dropped a day from our calendars. Have at last gotten my sea legs on. Ships coal bunkers found to be on fire on afternoon of 16th. News kept from command until the danger had passed. Spontaneous combustion, the Australian coal taken on at Honolulu being very resinous — the danger principally arising from an explosion of the gases. Port holes opened with much difficulty & the coal aired & saturated with water. Have not sighted a vessel since leaving San Francisco except in Honolulu harbor. On Friday 19th at 5 p.m. passed Assumption I’d & sighted two others further north of “Ladrones”. First land since Sandwich Ids. Sighted Philippines about 4 p.m. on 24th, encountered gale in China Sea, delaying us 24 hrs. Reached and anchored in Manila Bay 6.30 a.m. 27th. Marched recruits for 14th. to Cuartel Malate. Reported to Major Matile, Comdg Regt. on morning ofg 28th, directed to return for duty on 31st. Spent interim in Manila (Malate) making purchases & seeing old friends. Lunched on 29th with Webster at Genl. Wheaton’s Hdqrs & on 30th, together with Capt. Taylor with Sladen at Genl. Otis’.
San Fernando, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila
Decoration Day. The first service of this character was performed today in Manila out in Battery Knoll cemetery. Out of bed early, read a chapter in Numbers, also part if not all of a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast. Another short prayer. Leaving my dishes unwashed walked down to the Pasig quay and boarded the Dagupan R. R. train. Bought 5 cents worth peanuts to provide against hunger in case I got nothing to eat at the front. Train full of soldiers & a few civilians going north. Met some of the 3d artillery boys below Malolos. Were sent down with the expectation of meeting the enemy.
At Malolos Filipinos young & old, male & female, swarmed the depot with eggs, bananas, roast chicken & fine yellow mangoes for sale. I bought 2 of the latter & gave one to a soldier. He divided bananas with me. At noon partook thereof. The mangoes are excellent – the Malolos production.
The Bagbag bridge span has not been raised out of the water, but a wood frame put in above it.
Arrived in Malolos about 1.30 p.m. Big crowd of soldiers at the depot. A Montana man guided me to the quarter of E. Co. 1st Montana. Quickly found Private D. G. Hines. He conducted me to another building, or rather nipa hut, where Bro. Dave Freeman was rustled up. On further to the cook’s domicile we came up with Bro. A. Lloyd. The latter looks well, as does Freeman, but Hines is not himself. Is not yet over the effects of his sunstroke. Capt. A. Jensen (commander of E. Company) sent word out from town to the effect “Hines is not sick at all; he goes around with Major Milsaps all day.” So Hines informed me.
The three men claim to be doing well in soul, praise God.
At the cook’s domicile a little warm coffee was left over from dinner, Hines put some bamboo under the cooking frame & fried me a couple of duck eggs. These with coffee & bread served me for dinner. After eating the 3 of us knelt down & prayed – each taking turn. I took the photos of the men with their guns, then bidding the unsaved men & Freeman adieu we trudged off to turn.
Freeman gave me $15 green bucks to keep for him $3 is for his Tenth League payment. Says I can use all of it Hines wants me to take his dues out & he will settle with Freeman. Has Freeman’s consent. Did not give F. a receipt.
Hines, Lloyd & I went as far as the main plaza where I took snaps of the street buildings & 2 of the church.
Hurried back to the depot just in time to catch the train. A teamster who drives for the Utah Artillery joined us. Knew & heard me speak in San Francisco he said. Urged him to seek Christ. Train overcrowded, 86, 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. sick were going to Manila for treatment. Passenger cars crowded out, some troops on the roof of cars. I climbed into a box car. Bade Hines & Lloyd good-bye. Left them S.A. song books. Asked them to arrange a meeting for me with the 20th Kansas & write immediately if they succeed. Bro’t out with me to Hines $1 (U.S. coin) with postage stamps, a package of envelope, writing paper & a War Cry. Envelopes, paper, & Cry gifts.
Sat in the box car door on the floor, a la Turk, among 20th Kans. Sick. Brought Salvation to the attention of several. Also dealt personally with others this day.
From the train going & coming I saw numbers of natives returning to their farms & town homes.
Considerable sugar is raised in the vicinity of San Fernando. This town is well built. But few buildings, excepting the R. Catholic church, are burnt.
There is much talk among the Montana & Kansas troops re returning home. They are weary of this war. The soldiers get the hard knocks & the officers get the glory.
Left S. Fernando 3 p.m. & arrived at Manila about 6 p.m.
Turned to & cooked supper. Very tired & hot.
Rev. & Mrs. Owens were out to Decoration Day ceremonies at Battery Knoll. Chaplains Pierce & Cressy delivered the orations. Owens said the grave of Chief Scout Wm H. Young had a shaft of flowers over it about 6 feet high. Men are often highly honored in death but sadly neglected in life. A short time before his death I met Young on the Escolta. He felt blue & seemed discouraged. Complained that the U.S. Commanding officers would give him no chance to do anything not even to follow civil employment for a living. A little while latter the newspapers began publishing the brave deeds and exploits of Chief Scout Young & his 25 men. His career was brief but was extremely energetic & disastrous to the Filipinos. Y. was wounded in the knee from which he died by rupturing a vein. Young was a man of herculean build & was reputed a dead shot. He would attract attention in any crowd – his splendid physique. I first noticed him out at La Loma trying to borrow a Kragg, to fight the “niggers” – from the 3d Artillery troops. Afterwards, he kept with the Montana regiment, & was driven away from them.
And so it went. He was chased about & finally arrested. The military geniuses would give him no chance to fight. At last Gen’l Lawton utilized Young by making him a scout & sent him forth with 25 men. Y. and this hand full in a few days made a phenomenal record. Now he is dead & the living pile high the flowers on the resting place of one who but a few weeks ago they were arresting.
The outlook is black for our 4 sailors. Orders are that civilians cannot return on U.S. transports until the troops (volunteers) are first returned home. They may have to remain several months if such is the case.
One of the sailors, Rev. Owens said tonight called on Gen’l Otis but was ordered out of his office. They hoped to get back on the “Hancock” but may not succeed. These poor fellows have no money & are now supported chiefly by Owens & myself –
Left with Bro. Hines to distribute among the Filipinos 3 New Testaments, several Spurgeon’s sermons for the Spanish inhabitants of San Fernando and 2 or 3 New Testaments English for the American.
Returning on the train to town – I saw an ingenious trench constructed by the Filipinos. The trench was at the base of a railroad embarkment about 10 feet high. At the based the trench wound like the trail of a serpent /\/\/\/\ with the dirt thrown on the side away from the R.R. embarkment. A soldier informed me that it was used for a “get-away’ trench & curved to protect the retreating enemy from the bullets of a flank fire from either side. The cunning displayed by the Filipinos in the construction of defenses is remarkable, but their best efforts have availed nothing because they will not stand. American troops in these trenches would prove a terrible foe to attack.
[Aguinaldo’s Peace] Commissioners [and Gen.] Otis could not agree so they left & we are advancing. Nothing of note occurred. Mail leaves in a few days. Secured all my pictures from Chrene & sent copies home. Am to take dinner with nurses tomorrow evening.
Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo
Cloudy but no rain. Sun out at times. Cool at times also, when gusto of wind stirred. No trouble to perspire.
Read a chapter in Leviticus & one psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast, washed dishes then with Rev. Owens boarded a Jolo St. car & got off in Quiapo Dist. & proceeded to the Imperial Photograph gallery. Looked at the negative of my house; seems to be quite good. Said they will be printed next Monday. The negatives from Kodak films will also be ready. Purchased 3 photographs.
Went to the post office; no mail.
On the Escolta I met Bro. A. J. Merritt, a Salvationist who was converted about 8 months ago in San Francisco No. 2. He is a recent arrival. Is in the Government service as a boss packer. Has charge of Pack Train No. 2, with 13 men & 65 mules under him. Had years of experience as a Gov’t Packer in mountain countries. Expects to leave for Lawton’s command in 2 or 3 days. I believe Merritt is a good man – anyway he looks it. Also said he read my Philippine articles in the War Crys, and that the soldiers & comrades of No. 2 and 6 send regards to me.
Dropped in the “Freedom” office & bought 3 backnumbers; also bought or rather paid in advance for 2 copies of the extra edition for circulation in the U.S.; 1 copy is to be sent to Lt.-Col. Wm Brener, 124 W. 14th St. New York & 1 to the Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco paid 30 cts. Mex a copy, which includes postages.
Commenced an article for “All the World”. Wrote 8 pages. yesterday evening there came in on the train from the north. 2 Filipino officers, Col. Manuel Arguello [Arguelles] & Lieut.-Col. Jose Vernal [Bernal], to see Major General Otis regarding terms of peace. Rumor, newspaper & verbal says Aguinaldo wishes a cessation of hostilities until the Filipino Congress meets in May, when they will consider his proposition. Otis listened but granted not the request.
Saturday only work 1/2 day at custom house. Philippine Commissioners left for lines at noon. They asked for armistice of 3 weeks so as to call their congress together & see what could be done. Otis told them he did not recognize their congress [and] did not know they had one. 10 hours after leaving our lines to surrender unconditionally Commissioners logged hard for two weeks Armistice but it was not granted. In afternoon Carr & I made a call on the nurses Miss Bowman, Miss Earhart, Mrs. Biddell, & the one who knows mamma. We staid (sic) a big portion of the afternoon & had a pleasant time.
Weather fina all days our Men at Malolas putting in all Morning burying the death Niggers it is also reported that Alguinaldo is trying to consult with Gen Ottis his General and Staff have allready surenderd and are in Manila I came of Guard at 6 o Clock pm
The weather is fine all day. Our men at Malolos put in all morning burying the dead niggers. It is also reported that Aguinaldo is trying to consult with General Otis. His generals and staff have already surrendered and are in Manila. I came off guard at 6 o’clock p.m.
Col. Mas Arguell [Manuel Arguelles] & Lieut Col. Jown [Florentino Torres] [and] [an] Adj. [of] Gen. Luna [Ambrosio Flores] yesterday [went] through McArthur’s lines to proper terms of peace asking for cessation of hostilities. After interview with Otis they were turned over to Press [Provost] Marshall. This is probably ending of the insurrection. Calumpit fell & our troops are still advancing along whole line. The crossing of Rio Grande [in] Pampanga is said by Gen. Wheaton to have been one of greatest feats of modem tactics.
Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.
Heavy shower this afternoon. The weather now reminds me of the climate of last August with its daily rains & masses of black clouds. Have seen but little lightning & heard thunder but rarely during the past 3 months. As usual started the day with Bible reading – Exodus and Psalms. Prayed.
Cooked breakfast. Mrs. Owens gave me some fried beefsteak. It was highly appreciated. Good beef is a rarity down here.
I was agreeably surprised to behold Private M.L. Devine (Landon) of K. Battery 3d Right Heavy Artillery walk into No. 2. His face was somewhat thin. Just in from Corregidor Island. Been discharged from the hospital cured. Was troubled with malaria not dysentery. Spent a couple or 3 hours with me. We did not fail to talk about religious matters.
Reports himself in good spiritual trim praise God. Before saying good-bye he requested me to pray with him. Did so. Devine paid me $5 U.S. gold –Tenth League payment & donation. Gave him writing paper & envelopes to send to Corregidor.
Started a War Cry (San Francisco) narrative of my Philippine Island experiences. Wrote 4 pages.
Rev. Chas Owens & I took the Jolo Street car & called for mail. The writer rec’d several home papers. The “American” (daily) failed to get a frequent experience. The publishers have much trouble to get the paper into the hands of its patrons. The San Francisco “Call” of Feb 22d, prints a cablegram from Major-General E.S. Otis to the Government at Washington repeating a document sent out by Aguinaldo’s government to his followers in Manila, ordering the Territorial militia to rise with bolos’, revolvers, etc. & exterminate all white people. Filipino families only should be spared. The 2d paragraph partly reads “All other individuals of whatever race they be, will be exterminated without any compassion after the extermination of the army occupation.” The prisoners of Bilibid were to be released, armed & set to butchering. The work was to commence the evening & night of Feb. 15th. On the 22d (see this diary) an effort was made in the Tondo District to commence operations. The same, Thank God, ended disastrously to them.
This afternoon Rev. Owens & I on our way home dropped into the Binondo Roman Catholic church at the terminus of Calle del Rosario, when we observed the preparations for Good Friday. Many Filipinos, male & female, were down on their knees on the pavement performing their devotional exercises. Music, many lighted tapers behind the altar & glitter of bright metal made of spectacular display for the eye – but for the heart there was nothing.