June 11th-99

This is the day upon which the treaty says the vol. must all have been discharged –and here we are still upon the firing line. Someone took three shots at Gen. Otis yesterday –and I wish they had killed the old son of a gun. Oh, but he is popular here among the vols. In p.m. some boys bro’t us two wounded niggers. One was a 2nd Lieut and I had a long talk with him. All over the hills are haversacks and ponchos and at least 40,000 rounds of krags. Thrown during the last battle.

April 5–May 31, 1899

Reached N.Y. 10 a.m. April 5th — left at noon on Black Diamond for Mauch Chunk. Went to N.Y. on 7th, returning home on 9th. To Phila on Monday 11th [Error — Monday was the 10th, and he left my house Tuesday the 11th, my son Cornelius’ 6th birthday] remaining over night with Ethan. Left at 10.45 Tuesday-morning for Chicago. Left Chicago Wednesday evening 14th [12th] for San Francisco over Central Pacific reaching S.F. 11 p.m. Saturday 16th [15th]. Pleasant trip from Omaha where met & travelled with Lt Hamilton. Mr. Thomas B. Bishop, Mr. Morse and Baron Richthofen, German Military Attaché at Tokio. Reported to Adjutant-General Lt. Col. Babcock Sunday morning & assigned to detachment of recruits going to Manila on Morgan City and in meantime to temporary duty with recruits at the Presidio. Hamilton & I dined Sunday evening with Mr. & Mrs. Bishop, very delightful people. Left San Francisco 7 p.m. 25th on Morgan City, 8 officers, 2 a.a. surgeons, & 611 men for various organizations. Lt. Col. Van Horne 18th. Inf. cmdg. Sea sick most of the way to Honolulu which place we reached 8 a.m. May 4th. Coaled and left 8.30 a.m. May 6th. Found the “Warren” there but she left on the 5th. with half the 13. Inf. the balance arriving on “Ohio” next morning as we were pulling out. Crossed 180th. meridian on morning of 11th. & dropped a day from our calendars. Have at last gotten my sea legs on. Ships coal bunkers found to be on fire on afternoon of 16th. News kept from command until the danger had passed. Spontaneous combustion, the Australian coal taken on at Honolulu being very resinous — the danger principally arising from an explosion of the gases. Port holes opened with much difficulty & the coal aired & saturated with water. Have not sighted a vessel since leaving San Francisco except in Honolulu harbor. On Friday 19th at 5 p.m. passed Assumption I’d & sighted two others further north of “Ladrones”. First land since Sandwich Ids. Sighted Philippines about 4 p.m. on 24th, encountered gale in China Sea, delaying us 24 hrs. Reached and anchored in Manila Bay 6.30 a.m. 27th. Marched recruits for 14th. to Cuartel Malate. Reported to Major Matile, Comdg Regt. on morning ofg 28th, directed to return for duty on 31st. Spent interim in Manila (Malate) making purchases & seeing old friends. Lunched on 29th with Webster at Genl. Wheaton’s Hdqrs & on 30th, together with Capt. Taylor with Sladen at Genl. Otis’.

Saturday, April 29th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy but no rain. Sun out at times. Cool at times also, when gusto of wind stirred. No trouble to perspire.

Read a chapter in Leviticus & one psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast, washed dishes then with Rev. Owens boarded a Jolo St. car & got off in Quiapo Dist. & proceeded to the Imperial Photograph gallery. Looked at the negative of my house; seems to be quite good. Said they will be printed next Monday. The negatives from Kodak films will also be ready. Purchased 3 photographs.

Went to the post office; no mail.

On the Escolta I met Bro. A. J. Merritt, a Salvationist who was converted about 8 months ago in San Francisco No. 2. He is a recent arrival. Is in the Government service as a boss packer. Has charge of Pack Train No. 2, with 13 men & 65 mules under him. Had years of experience as a Gov’t Packer in mountain countries. Expects to leave for Lawton’s command in 2 or 3 days. I believe Merritt is a good man – anyway he looks it. Also said he read my Philippine articles in the War Crys, and that the soldiers & comrades of No. 2 and 6 send regards to me.

Dropped in the “Freedom” office & bought 3 backnumbers; also bought or rather paid in advance for 2 copies of the extra edition for circulation in the U.S.; 1 copy is to be sent to Lt.-Col. Wm Brener, 124 W. 14th St. New York & 1 to the Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco paid 30 cts. Mex a copy, which includes postages.

Commenced an article for “All the World”. Wrote 8 pages. yesterday evening there came in on the train from the north. 2 Filipino officers, Col. Manuel Arguello [Arguelles] & Lieut.-Col. Jose Vernal [Bernal], to see Major General Otis regarding terms of peace. Rumor, newspaper & verbal says Aguinaldo wishes a cessation of hostilities until the Filipino Congress meets in May, when they will consider his proposition. Otis listened but granted not the request.

April 29, 1899

Saturday only work 1/2 day at custom house. Philippine Commissioners left for lines at noon. They asked for armistice of 3 weeks so as to call their congress together & see what could be done. Otis told them he did not recognize their congress [and] did not know they had one. 10 hours after leaving our lines to surrender unconditionally Commissioners logged hard for two weeks Armistice but it was not granted. In afternoon Carr & I made a call on the nurses Miss Bowman, Miss Earhart, Mrs. Biddell, & the one who knows mamma. We staid (sic) a big portion of the afternoon & had a pleasant time.

Friday, April 28th, 1899

Weather fina all days our Men at Malolas putting in all Morning burying the death Niggers it is also reported that Alguinaldo is trying to consult with Gen Ottis his General and Staff have allready surenderd and are in Manila I came of Guard at 6 o Clock pm

The weather is fine all day. Our men at Malolos put in all morning burying the dead niggers. It is also reported that Aguinaldo is trying to consult with General Otis. His generals and staff have already surrendered and are in Manila. I came off guard at 6 o’clock p.m.

April 28, 1899

Col. Mas Arguell [Manuel Arguelles]  & Lieut Col. Jown [Florentino Torres] [and] [an] Adj.  [of] Gen. Luna [Ambrosio Flores] yesterday [went] through McArthur’s lines to proper terms of peace asking for cessation of hostilities. After interview with Otis they were turned over to Press [Provost] Marshall. This is probably ending of the insurrection. Calumpit fell & our troops are still advancing along whole line. The crossing of Rio Grande [in] Pampanga is said by Gen. Wheaton to have been one of greatest feats of modem tactics.

Thursday, March 30th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Heavy shower this afternoon. The weather now reminds me of the climate of last August with its daily rains & masses of black clouds. Have seen but little lightning & heard thunder but rarely during the past 3 months. As usual started the day with Bible reading – Exodus and Psalms. Prayed.

Cooked breakfast. Mrs. Owens gave me some fried beefsteak. It was highly appreciated. Good beef is a rarity down here.

I was agreeably surprised to behold Private M.L. Devine (Landon) of K. Battery 3d Right Heavy Artillery walk into No. 2. His face was somewhat thin. Just in from Corregidor Island. Been discharged from the hospital cured. Was troubled with malaria not dysentery. Spent a couple or 3 hours with me. We did not fail to talk about religious matters.

Reports himself in good spiritual trim praise God. Before saying good-bye he requested me to pray with him. Did so. Devine paid me $5 U.S. gold –Tenth League payment & donation. Gave him writing paper & envelopes to send to Corregidor.

Started a War Cry (San Francisco) narrative of my Philippine Island experiences. Wrote 4 pages.

Rev. Chas Owens & I took the Jolo Street car & called for mail. The writer rec’d several home papers. The “American” (daily) failed to get a frequent experience. The publishers have much trouble to get the paper into the hands of its patrons. The San Francisco “Call” of Feb 22d, prints a cablegram from Major-General E.S. Otis to the Government at Washington repeating a document sent out by Aguinaldo’s government to his followers in Manila, ordering the Territorial militia to rise with bolos’, revolvers, etc. & exterminate all white people. Filipino families only should be spared. The 2d paragraph partly reads “All other individuals of whatever race they be, will be exterminated without any compassion after the extermination of the army occupation.” The prisoners of Bilibid were to be released, armed & set to butchering. The work was to commence the evening & night of Feb. 15th. On the 22d (see this diary) an effort was made in the Tondo District to commence operations. The same, Thank God, ended disastrously to them.

This afternoon Rev. Owens & I on our way home dropped into the Binondo Roman Catholic church at the terminus of Calle del Rosario, when we observed the preparations for Good Friday. Many Filipinos, male & female, were down on their knees on the pavement performing their devotional exercises. Music, many lighted tapers behind the altar & glitter of bright metal made of spectacular display for the eye – but for the heart there was nothing.

Wednesday, March 29th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Heavy shower this afternoon. Have had a long dry spell. Hope it will continue until this distressing war is ended or else our troops will have a very uncomfortable time out in the field. Private David Freeman Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. came in from the front –16 miles from Malolos. He said the right & left wing of the army are nearer that city; seem to be surrounding it. Freeman was ordered in by the doctor. The troops were engaged: he felt himself overheated; something like “soap-bubbles” passed before his eyes. Came to town to get medicine & recuperate. I requested him to rest himself & prepared him a cup of lemonade. Freeman reports himself saved. God is keeping him in perfect peace amid the horrors of battle. I feel greatly encouraged because of Freeman. He was a miserable drunkard whe the Lord Jesus saved his soul. With the sole exception of using tobacco he is a bright convert; to God be all the glory. My comrade hinted that he sent in some money for me; gave it to Hines & the latter passed it on to some one else. I did not get it.

Freeman gave me a tiny pair of baby shoes, which he picked up on the battlefield alongside a dead woman, Filipino, who he thinks was the mother of the babe, & that the latter was carried away by the fleeing Filipinos. The natives had to leave their houses so quick that they could not get away with their household goods: the country is strewed with family odds & ends including provisions. The food supplies are destroyed by the Americans. The report is out according to Freeman (we were discussing the game fight the natives are making, that General Otis said if the Filipinos could shoot as skillfully as the Americans, with their courage it is doubtful whether the Americans could retain even Manila.

I encouraged Freeman to keep close to Christ & prayed with him.

This forenoon early urged a German unbeliever –member of the Utah battery with a Mormon wife– to accept Jesus as his Savior. Left for the front to fight. On a street car coming down the Escolta urged a soldier of the 20th U.S. Inf. regulars to seek Christ. Replied that he often thought of that subject : his people are christians.

This afternoon past 3, visited the Imperial photograph gallery to secure recent pictures. Failed.

Gave a Filipino woman downstairs an opportunity to patch my uniform. Is poor & starving. Paid her tres pesetas (60 cents Mex). Did poor work. I cannot understand how some of the people in this house manage to live.

Wrote a letter to Miss Eva Milsaps, Shawnee P.O. Oklahoma. Is my niece. Gave her religious advice among other things.