Saturday, July 1st, 1899

The Weather is fine and overyone is in good Spirits at 1 p.m. we raised Anker and 10 Minutes later sailed leaving the Hancock with the Nebraskan and Utahs behind as soon as we left the Bay the Sea got verry rough and befor Supper time most of the Boys where all ready Sea sick of course I got sick but was allright in 3 or 4 Hours most of us went to Bed right after Souper the Sea is verry rough all during the Night

The weather is fine and everyone is in good spirits. At 1 p.m. we raised anchor and ten minutes later sailed leaving the Hancock with the Nebraska Regiment and the Utah Battery behind. As soon as we left the bay, the sea got very rough and before suppertime, most of the boys were already seasick. Of course I got sick but was alright in three or four hours. Most of us went to bed right after supper. The sea is very rough all during the night.

Friday, June 23rd, 1899

while everything is at Cavite much fighting is done across the Bay all along the line we can hear them from Morning until Night good many are visiting Manila for the last time the Nebraska went abord the Hancock to day the Senator is also comming to put provision aboard we recieved a smal Mail also the Boys are celebrating to a finnich a few of them landed in the Guard House

While everything is at Cavite. Much fighting is done across the bay. All along the line we can hear them from morning until night. Good many are visiting Manila for the last time. The Nebraskans went aboard the Hancock today. The Senator is also coming to put provisions aboard. We received a small mail. Also, the boys are celebrating to a finish, a few of them landed in the guard house.

Wednesday, April 12th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Added one more page to Major Pebbles’ letter; making 10. Private Hines called again. He likes this place (No. 2) better than his quarters. Told him to be at home. Stayed some hours. Prayed before he left. Gave him Pebbles’ letter to mail for me.

I heard two or three shots tonight. One of the Utah men across the street said trouble is expected tonight.

Chaplain Mailie of the Nebraska volunteers dropped in to see Rev. Owens. From Lieut–Col. Pope he secured an order for free transportation to the United States for Owens & wife. Mailie shook hands with me. Seemed to have forgotten the little unpleasantness between us re the meeting I held at Sta. Mesa. I heard Mailie say this forenoon that he recently killed with a gun one “nigger” at 1100 yards distance, wounded another in the left leg and captured a third. Said the latter begged for his life.

About 3 o’clock Rev. Owens & I went to town. Got shaved in a Spanish barber shop.

At the port office I received quite a supply of periodicals. Canadian War Cry (Mar 4th) contains 2 letters re my meetings. One from Berry the other from Lloyd. Another Toronto paper the “Onward” published my Philippine article which appeared in the Toronto Xmas Cry.

I did some reading today. Time goes very fast.

From Bro. Armstrong, Spain – from Madrid came 50 copies of “El Amigo de la Infancia” Año XXVI, No. 298, March 1st 1899 –

Feel tired and sleepy.

The days are dry, nights cool. Am glad the rains are not troubling our troops.

My health is good, praise God. He keeps my soul well too. Bible reading & prayer this morning.

Friday, April 7th, 1899

Malolos, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

It is past 9.p.m. & I am tired and sleepy. Have been away from home 8.a.m. to 8.30.p.m. Got up with the dawn of the day, read Scripture, prayed, cooked breakfast partook thereof, then hurried away leaving the Filipino servant “muchacho” to wash them. Climbed into a section passenger car on the mixed military train down on the wharf below the Port Captain’s office. Two aimed soldiers watch each passenger car. One demanded to see my pass. Examined it & consented to taking me along. The train pulled out at 8.30 am.

The train stopped at several towns or what is left by the ruins: Caloocan, Malinta, Mariliao, Bocaue and Bigaa & Guiguinto. Soldiers everywhere. Two 2d Oregon Vol. Inf. companies got on the train-roof of the cars & alighted at Bocaue. They formed company right dress. One looked back at the train as it pulled out. I was surprised & gratified to see Bro. Geo. Schumerhorn, Salvationist. God bless him. The train passed elaborate trenches constructed by the Insurrecto. We arrived in Malolos at noon. Struck off to the right following a road along which thousands of our troops are encamped (It is their battle line) in a skirt of bamboo forest facing a large open field. I visited the 1st Nebraska vol. Inf. & 1st South Dakota Vol. Inf. Found Bro. V. Heron of the Nebraska, they came with me & we picked Brothers Waterman, Bertrand and Georgeson – all Salvationists – the latter backslidden. Two strangers joined us. We went to the side sluggish stream beneath the bamboos by the main road & sat down on the ground. The main burden of our talk was on salvation lines – personally. Closed with prayer. Waterman, Bertrand, Heron & myself prayed. I urged Georgeson to return to Jesus. Said it is no use he cannot serve God in the army. Also urged 2 other but they excused themselves.

Bade them good-bye. Saw three troops – E. I. & K. – of the 4th U.S. Cavalry, a rapid fire gun & an ambulance return from a reconnoitering tour of the front.

I passed the 10th Pennsylvania encampment but did not meet Bro. Chester Blaney. Crossed the railroad near the depot & visited the 1st Montana encampment – E company. Boys lying on the ground. Brothers D. G. Hines & Lloyd glad to see me. Did not fail to inquire about their souls. With the other soldiers looking on we three prayed – each one in their presence. Lloyd gave me an order on Chaplain Stull of their reg’t for $10 U.S. coin & Hines $25. Some of this money is for me & some for others.

From the Montana camp crossed a slough by a short cut to the main part of Malolos, accompanied by Bro. Lloyd. I met & shook hands with Lieut England & Private Hammer & some others of the 3d Artillery. Lloyd visited with me the Filipino ex-prison where some American prisoners were incarcerated. Some of them wrote their names on the walls, but had been carried away by the retreating enemy.

Aguinaldo’s “palace”, a church building, was in ruins. Piles of rice in several places were still burning. I saw a group of Filipino non-combatants – coming in town to be fed. Waited in the shade of car an hour or more for the train from Manila. Our train pulled out about 5.15 p.m. for Manila. At the last moment 3 well built athletic Spaniards in the uniform of their country were brought in under guard. Appeared in good condition. Arriving at Bigaa station our train stopped. Suddenly a couple of shots rung out. Looking out of the car window I saw soldiers aiming their gun at the figure of a man who was running across the open field. I saw the poor fellow run. Then he fell flat to the ground, shot, & did not rise. Soldiers quickly reached his prostrate body & carried him back to the depot, but our train did not wait for him. The poor fellow was one of the 3 Spanish prisoners who were brought on our train at Malolos. They were arrested for spies. He jumped out of the car & tried to escape, but American marksmanship was too accurate.

On the train I found the acquaintance of Mr. Chas Ward Macdevitt, reporter of “Freedom”.

Arrived in Manila at about 745 p.m. I got off at the depot when the train slowed up. Was very hungry. Had nothing to eat since morning save an apple & a little water out of a well in Malolos. Turned to, and cooked supper. Mrs. Owens gave me same cold stew. Satisfied the demands of my appetite about 8.45 p.m.

One of the soldiers said it was reported among them that I was killed out at the Water Works.

When our train was approaching Caloocan from Malolos, the flash or rather search lights of a war vessel played upon our train at intervals of a few minutes through the darkness. The bright light would shine thro’ the mist with wonderful clearness. The commanders of our vessels are alert. I gave Mr. Chas Ward Macdevitt a small slip of paper (the latter he furnished) on which I wrote my address and that the Salvation Army, Army and Navy League conduct a reading and writing room there.

An interesting feature of the trip to Malolos was the sight of little groups of farmers – Filipinos – returning to their houses carrying white flags. This region is deserted. It is estimated that 100,000 people lived here. They fled from the American troops & are now somewhere beyond Malolos.

Last Tuesday E. company & other Montana men were ordered out to reconnoiter. They found the enemy in force at Calumpit and had to retire. One man was killed on our side & about 38 overcome with heat, not including those wounded about 7. Some are captains. Brother Hines was prostrated & lost his reason for a short time. Raved. Is recovering again.

Friday, March 31st, 1899

We all got up befor daylight and breakfasted and moved by the right Flank at 7 o Clock the Artilley opened up on the City and every Cannon on the line was brought in Aktion after a few Hours heavy canading we marched on to the City the Nebraskas and South Dacotas had quiet a lively Skirmich in wich several where Killed and quiet good many wounded we then took the City at 11 a.m. with verry little fighting and went into Camp the Wagontrain moved in a few Hours later and went into Camp on the Outscirts of the City here we had plenty to eat such as chickens and Bananas and plenty of good Rain Water to drink


We all got up before daylight and breakfasted and moved by the right flank. At 7 o’clock the artillery opened up on the city and every cannon on the line was brought into action. After a few hours of heavy cannonading we marched on to the city. The Nebraskans and South Dakotas had quite a lively skirmish in which several were killed and quite a good many wounded. We then took the City [of Malolos] at 11 a.m. with very little fighting and went into camp. The wagon train moved in a few hours later and went into camp on the outskirts of the city. Here we had plenty to eat such as chickens and bananas and plenty of good rainwater to drink.

Thursday, March 16th, 1899

it has raigned all Night at 8 o Clock the firing open on our exstreme Right and the Nebraskan and California had a good deal to do as it Kept up until noon but started again in the afternoon and Kept up until 4 pm but at 5 pm all along the Lines where engaged the Utah and 6 Attelery done some good work we got some Mail early in the Morning I rec. 3 letters and answered the same befor Night as the Mail leaves in the Morning every thing is quiet on the line but the Rain is coming down in torents at Taps 10 o Clock

It has rained all night. At 8 o’clock, firing opened up on our extreme right and the Nebraskans and Californians had a good deal to do as it kept up until noon but it started again in the afternoon and kept up until 4 p.m. By 5 p.m. all along the line we were engaged. The Utah and 6th Artillery Batteries did some good work. We got some mail early in the morning. I received three letters and answered the same before night as the mail leaves in the morning. Everything is quiet on the line but the rain is coming down in torrents at Taps, 10 o’clock.

Wednesday, March 8th, 1899

the Washington South Dacota and Pennsylvanians was fighting all Night but towards Morning the Enemy ceased firing but at 10 o Clock just as I drove up with a Load of Beef the Enemy suddenly opened up a hot fire 3 of our Men where out to far just about 400 Yards from the Enemy not noticing their trenches of course the 3 opened a fire but finally the Insurgents made a charge on them about 50 of them but the Utah just putt a Shell among them wich raised a Cloud of dust and after it disapeared we could see 20 Rebels who where no doubt Killed all the rest retreated but the Utah put 5 more Shells into them but they never fired another Shot all day we had a fine chance to advance but Orders are to remain in our place the Nebraskas had a heavy Engagement and lost 4-5 Killed and that many wounded

The Washington, South Dakota and Pennsylvania Regiments were fighting all night; but, towards the morning, the enemy ceased firing. But, at 10 o’clock, just as I drove up with a load of beef, the enemy suddenly opened up a hot fire. Three of our men were out too far, just about 400 yards from the enemy not noticing their trenches. Of course the three opened fire but finally the insurgents made a charge on them. About 50 of them charged by the Utah Battery put a shell among them which raised a cloud of dust and after it disappeared we could see 20 rebels who were no doubt killed. All the rest retreated but the Utah Battery put five more shells into them but they never fired another shot all day. We had a fine chance to advance but orders are to remain in our place. The Nebraska Regiment had a heavy engagement and lost four or five killed and as many wounded.

Tuesday, March 7th, 1899

about Midnight the firing opened up all along the line wich lasted until easrly Morning when the Batterie opened up and the soon quit in the City every thing is quiet but some Regiments seemed to be engaged all the times the Insurgents are loosing heavy this day Nebraska claims to have Killed 200 this day all Regiments are doing fine our Outpost was Kept buisy all this day no one was wounded this day

At about midnight, firing opened up all along the line which lasted until early morning when the batteries opened up and then soon quit. In the city, everything is quiet but some regiments seemed to be engaged all the time. The insurgents are losing heavily this day. Nebraska claims to have kill 200 this day. All regiments are doing fine. Our outpost was kept busy all this day. No one was wounded this day.

Saturday, February 25th, 1899

large Fires could be seen burning every place most of them Shacks and firing was Kept up pretty steady to the right of the line where Montana and Nebraska Regt lay Dewys and Utahs Cannon done a good deal all Night but their wasnt much firing done through the day but the Sharpshooter are as thick as ever in the Woods but we dont pay much attention to them verry few are getting hit outr Ration are issued regular fresh Bread and Meat allmost everyday it allways Keeps our 2 Wagons buisy to howle all the Staff besides we Keep 7 Carabus and Carts their with chinese drivers also these stay at the Front the Field Hospital is astablished in the church in the City every thing is verry quiet but a few shots are heard here and their every ones a while fron the Guards and some good arrests are made dayly the Sick and Wounded are doing fine

Large fires could be seen burning every place, most of them shacks. Firing was kept up pretty steady to the right of the line where the Montana and Nebraska Regiments lay. Dewey’s and the Utah Batteries’ cannons did a good deal of night but there wasn’t much firing done through the day. The sharpshooters are as thick as ever in the woods but we don\’t pay much attention to them. Very few are getting hit. Our rations are issued regularly, fresh bread and meat almost every day. It always keeps our two wagons busy to haul all the staff; besides, we keep seven carabaos and carts there with Chinese drivers. Also, these stay at the front. The field hospital is established in the church. In the city everything is very quiet but a few shots are heard here and there every once in a while from the guards and some good arrests are made daily. The sick and wounded are doing fine.