Sept. 23, 1972, Saturday

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(1)

12:20PM

Sept. 23, 1972

Saturday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Things have moved according to plan although out of the total 200 target personalities in the plan only 52 have been arrested, including the three senators, Aquino, Diokno and Mitra and Chino Roces and Teddy Locsin.

At 7:15 PM I finally appeared on a nationwide TV and Radio broadcast to announce the proclamation of martial law, the general orders and instructions.

I place them in Envelope XXXV-C

I was supposed to broadcast at 12:00AM but technical difficulties prevented it.  We had closed all TV stations.  We had to clear KBS which broadcast it live.  VOP and PBS broadcast it by radio nationwide.

The broadcast turned out rather well and Mons. Gaviola as well as the usual friends liked it.  But my most exacting critic, Imelda, found it impressing.  I watched the replay at 9:00 PM.

 

(2)

Sept. 23rd (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

I have amended curfew from 8-6 to 12-4.

Arms bearing outside residence without permit punishable by death.

Kits Tatad read the proclamation, the orders and the instructions after my talk.

Have started checking on Zone Commanders.  Gen. Encarnacion of the IV does not seem to have been systematic.  He still talks of some people like Mayor Cabili criticizing the proclamation of martial law as premature although grudgingly extending cooperation under Gen. Order No. 3 for all offices to continue functioning.

Talk to Imee and Bongbong.  London newspaper had it I arrested the opposition, no mention of communists.

And called up Sec. Romulo and Amb. Romualdez before them.  New York Times at least was sure handed and spoke of martial law after the attempt of assassination of my Secretary of National Defense.

 

(3)

Sept. 23rd (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Ordered all wire services and embassies to be furnished the speech, proclamation, orders and instructions.


Sept. 22, 1972, Friday, 9:55 p.m.

 

9.50 PM

Sept. 22, 1972

Friday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Sec. Juan Ponce Enrile was ambushed near Wack-Wack at about 8:00 pm tonight. It was a good thing he was riding in his security car as a protective measure. His first car which he usually uses was the one riddled by bullets from a car parked in ambush.

He is now at his DND office.  I have advised him to stay there.

And I have doubled the security of Imelda in the Nayon Pilipino where she is giving dinner to the UPI and AP as well as other wire services.

This makes the martial law proclamation a necessity.

Imelda arrived at 11:35 PM in my Electra bullet proof car to be told that Johnny had been ambushed, it is all over the radio.

 

(2)

Sept. 22nd (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Congress is not adjourning tonight as the conference committee on the Tariff and Customs Code could not agree on a common version.  They adjourn tomorrow.

I conferred with Speaker Villareal, Roces, Yñiguez and Barbero who are going to Moscow and they are ready to leave on Sunday.  So they are decided to finish the session same.

Senate President Gil Puyat insists that the next special session be early January.

And they will not be able to pass the urgent bills like the rehabilitation bill.


September 20, 1972

 

 

(1)

1040 PM

Sept, 20, 1972

Malacañan Palace

Manila

The two Americans paid to assassinate me were supposed to do the job this morning but when they tried out the guns (even the .22 caliber) they were too loud.  This was explained by our penetration man, Talastas.

They have prepared a Comby wagon, put a hole in the back and have tried to park it between the press and the Maharlika or the boathouse and they can swipe at me at the Pangarap boat landing on the golf course.

I declassified two documents which contain reports of Sen. Aquino to Sec. Ponce Enrile and Gen. Ramos July 27th and 29th, this year which show his propensity as a blubber mouth.

I attach copies of the documents in Envelope No. XXXV-A.  The original reports were in my diary.  Then I wrote Sen A. Roxas to inform him that what I wanted to do in the conference was

 

(2)

 

Sept 20th (Con’t)

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Malacañan Palace

Manila

not to blame anyone but to break up a “link-up” of the Liberal Party to the Communist Party if any.  I attach this letter in XXXV-A.

I sent a  copy of the letter to all senators because of the expected privelege speech of Aquino copy of which I attach in XXXV-A.

Sen. Perez put my letter on the record.

Sec. Ponce Enrile dared Aquino who had denied his report, to a confrontation which the latter refused.

Sen. Maceda filed a motion to investigate Aquino but he withdrew it when Roxas objected.

I also sent copies of the affidavits of the other witnesses against Aquino to seven senators — Perez, Maceda, Almendras, Pelaez, Tevez, Tolentino, copy in XXXV-A.

 

(3)

 

Sept. 20th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

This afternoon General Staff with the SND and the Chiefs of the major services came to see us to submit the Assessment of Public Order wherein they recommend the use of  “other forms of countering subversion/insurgency should be considered.” This means they recommend the use of Emergency Powers including Martial Law, formally.  Envelope No. XXXV-B.

Then we gave an interview where we kept silent on Emergency Powers but spoke of listing Arrival (?) syndicates in the Order of Battle of the communist armed elements, the Self-Reliant Defense Posture as it relates to internal threats, expenditures, additional armaments and personnel etc.

I was surprised to hear Sec. Melchor say he was now in favor of Martial Law although he was against it a year and a half ago.  And all Sec. Abad Santos said was, Let us not talk about it publicly.

I asked Sec. Melchor to submit a study and recommendation in writing and to prepare to use his American contacts to see the U.S. does not oppose us.

 

(4)

 

Sept 20th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Johnny and I again reviewed the proclamation which we again amended.  He wrote out the orders on carrying firearms and on control of shipping.

While we were working on the list of target personalities, Amb. Byroade called to see me on the conversation I had with Robert Wales, President of the American community.  I see him at 11.00 AM.

I could not sign the proclamation and orders because they have to be re-typed.

Imelda is at the house of Imelda Cojuangco celebrating the latter’s birthday.


September 18, 1972, Monday

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(1)

12:50 PM

Sept. 18, 1972

Monday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

The Concon and the sala of Judge Lustre of Quezon City trying the subversives were bombed by unidentified person this afternoon at 3:40 PM. It caused extensive damage and injured about thirty people.

Two of the subversives were almost able to escape.

This is apparently the answer of the subversives to the raids on their headquarters in Manila, Quezon and Pasay last Sunday morning at 4:30 where about 48 were arrested including Cabardo, a former PMA cadet who is tagged as the Visayan NPA head.

Ex Sec. Peding Montelibano, after bringing the problems of the PNB and the sugar industry, pledged that he and his family (one governor and one congressman) were behind me and Imelda even if I proclaimed martial law.

One thing about this man, he has a good nose for survival.

(2)

Sept. 18th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

We finalized the plans for the proclamation of martial law at 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm with the SND, the Chief of Staff, major service commanders, J-2, Gen. Paz, 1st PC Zone Commander, Gen. Diaz and Metrocom commander, Co. Montoya, with Gen. Ver in attendance.

They all agreed the earlier we do it the better because the media is waging a propaganda campaign that distorts and twists the facts and they may succeed in weakening our support among the people if it is allowed to continue.

So after the bombing of the Concon, we agreed on the 21st without any postponement.

We finalized the target personalities, the assignments, and the procedures.

Our communications network will center in Malacañan as before.


September 16, 1972

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[Note: the first page of this entry is missing]

 

Sept. 16th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

As I expected the Liberals and the Manila Times have started to make much of Oplan Saggitarius.

So I have openly appealed to the Liberals not to connive with the communists, revealing that Jose Mari Sison and other communists met with Liberals for a common front and consolidation of forces on propaganda, logistics, armed support and prevent the use of emergency powers — giving details.

I am sure this will start another raging controversy.

The reason there is a clamor for martial law is the open threat of the communists to punish the officers including me even after the termination of their office ; the fact that if nothing is done the Communists will take over and the half measures like the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus will not do: and the society has to be reformed.


September 13, 1972, Wednesday

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(1)

11:30 PM

Sept. 13, 1972

Wednesday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

Bongbong’s Birthday. Right now they have converted Suite I into a nightclub complete with strobe lights and blow-up pictures of Bongbong.

And there are more girls than boys. In fact there are only a handful of boys and about five times of girls.

At the rate the tension and hysteria in Manila continues, I may have to declare martial law soon. Many people are not leaving their houses.

Threats to bomb and blackmail is rampant. KBS and the Daily Express were told to raise P200,000 otherwise there would be a bomb for them. This was conveyed by a certain Policarpio, a KBS labor leader. He probably cooked it up.

So I met with Johnny Ponce Enrile, Gen. Tom Diaz, Col. Montoya, Col. Romy Gatan, and Danding Cojuangco this evening at Pangarap and we agreed to set the 21st of this month as the deadline.

In the meantime Sen. Aquino in a privilege speech, today, claims we have an OPLAN Sagitarrius, which allegedly includes placing Greater Manila under PC Control preparatory to proclaiming martial law.

(2)

Sept. 13th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

This is nothing but the contingency plan for the coordination of the local police forces and the Armed Forces in case of insurgency.

It is ridiculous to ascribe it to the plan of martial law since it referts to calling out the troops to quell a disorder.

But of course the media will give it all kind of meaning.

But, again, perhaps it is best that the political opposition start a debate that will get the people used to the idea of emergency powers.


September 9, 1972, Saturday

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12:35 PM

Sept. 9, 1972

Saturday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Calamity Workers Golf Tournament–

 

Bongbong arrived early this morning at about 3:40 AM from his date with the Veloso girls (he has been frank with me about what he does on his dates).

We slept with Irene at her room, putting the two beds in her room together, because she cannot sleep in our room.

Then brought Irene to the airport to take the KLM jumbo jet for Amsterdam and London at 5:00. Lucy accompanied her. Alberting and Cobadouga Romulo were in the same plane. Dits Adriano took the plane too, apparently to accompany her.

Sec. Ponce Enrile and I finished the material for any possible proclamation of martial law. 6:00-7:30 PM. Then TV-Radio interview by KBS, Rey Pedrahe and Emil Jurado 8-9:00 PM.


September 7, 1972, Thursday

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(1)

9:10 PM

Sept. 7, 1972

Thursday

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

Contingency Plans —

National Level

City of Manila Level

 

USAFIP, NL — the first greeters in this year’s birthday.

They came to see me at 1:00 PM after all the visitors and gave me five books, three of Marcuse, one of The Kennedy Legacy by Sorensen.

In the morning I met with Mayor Bagatsing with his Chief of Police, Gen. Tamayo, Deputy Chief, Col. Barbers, Col. Montoya,  CO of the Metrocom, Dir. Deleña and Com. Aquino as well as Deputy Com. Agcaoili of the Budget Commission.

The police will in the event of a contingency attend to what may be merely a local peace and order problem, but the moment there is street fighting the police leave the streets and allow the Metrocom and Gen. Ver’s forces to engage the enemy.

 

(2)

Sept. 7th (Con’t)

Malacañan Palace

Manila

 

This will prevent mistake encounters between our own men and forces as happened in Malaysia and even now in Ireland.

Sec. Ponce Enrile has just called me up to tell me that Sen. Aquino has asked to see him tonight on a matter of the highest urgency and of national importance.

I asked him to take security measures and to meet him only at a place of his choosing as Aquino is treacherous.

This afternoon I spent in finishing all papers needed for a possible proclamation of martial law, just in case it is necessary to do so.

 


September 23, 1944 — Saturday

At 3:30 a.m. I left Lennon’s hotel by car for Amberley Air Field. Arrived there at 4:35 a.m.Took off from Amberley Air Field on a C-54 at 6:35 a.m. I am occupy my Compartment — C. At 8:00 a.m. I heard on the radio that U.S Navy planes are bombing Manila and that Martial Law has been declared in the Philippines. We landed at 12:17 p.m. in Tantoula (1:17 p.m. local Time) Ate lunch. At 1:20 p.m. we took off (2:20 p.m. local Time) and landed at Nandi. Repeated Saturday due to date line. From Nandi we landed at Honolulu (Hickham Field). At 3:30 p.m. Had late luncheon and took off at 7:45 p.m.