More war prisoners released, thank God. The prison camps are death holes.
Attended a meeting of restaurant owners at the Office of the Mayor.
I made the following suggestions subject to the approval of the Naric and subsequently of the Military Administration:
(a) Each restaurant owner shall state the name and address of their restaurant, the amount of rice required and the approximate number of people usually served.
(h) The Naric will study the location of these restaurants and then decide on the method of distribution.
(c) The City of Greater Manila will be tentatively divided into the north and south districts, making the Pasig River as the dividing line. The Naric will appoint one member of the association for each of the two districts, who is to take delivery of the rice, either at the Naric or at designated stations, in accordance with the decision of our Distribution Department.
(d) There shall be levied a fee per sack from each restaurant as a means of financing the situation, say, 10 centavos per bag, but that is up to the association.
(e) The above-mentioned must be presented as soon as possible to the Naric, which will in turn present them to the Military Administration for approval.
Cloudy day. Occasional thunderstorms. Thought they were cannons.
Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.
Weather somewhat cool, with heavy clouds hanging overhead. Like this weather.
Remained at home all day.
As usual Scripture reading & prayer began the morning hours’ serious business.
Wrote & copied Weekly Letter No 19 to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis No. 124 W. 14th St. New York.
Private Hummer of H. Battery 3d Artillery-heavy called. A long talk on the war & God in history followed closing with prayer. Later Private Joe Stahl of the same regiment, a Texan & fellow town’sman of mine –that is of Houston. Gave him some Houston, Texas semi-weekly “Posts” & had quite a conversation re the aforesaid city & it’s affairs. Stahl said he was at one time an alderman & engineered thro’ the city council the scheme to pave Main street with asphalt. Hummer brought me word that Bro. Devine (Landon) is in the General Hospital down with dysentery.
Rev. Owens brought me, from the post office some periodical mail, especially from Madrid Spain, the following: 40 copies of a children’s paper printed in Spanish –“El Amigo de la Infancia.” Año XXVI-No. 296, Jan’y 1st 1899.
Last night the sawmill, a large building about 200 feet from my Headquarters was set on fire. Chinese extinguished the same. Last Sunday, some clothing was discovered buring in the house occupied by me. Tonight the sky is red again from a conflagration somewhere in the distance.
Rev. C. Owens paid me $17. rent today, Mex. money, for 3 rooms & a kitchen in No. 2, which pays up to tomorrow. The right wing of the American army is now sweeping the Filipinos towards Malolos, between Manila, Pasig river & Laguna de Bay.
Sunday morning dawned bright and clear. The sun had no sooner rose bright and clear than the Americans began an advance on their entire lines. The advance was an inspiring sight. Our soldiers fired volleys by the platoons and then advanced under cover of the smoke and lay down behind the convenient rice ridges. Unfortunately our fort was soon behind the firing line and we could not fire. However I got in three shots at a sharp shooter in a tree. At this time a private in Co. C who had come out of the block house with me to get a crack at the sharp-shooter was shot through the shoulder. Then the Col came along and ordered us out of the block house and into the trenches. The men were coming back at this time from their advance and lay there the rest of the day. The Utah Artillery [Utah Volunteer Light Artillery] did fine work in their fire on block house no. 7 which was held by over 200 Filipinos, at San Juan Church at the Filipinos quarters just south of camp, and at two cannons they had mounted. The Filipino heavy cannon were soon silenced and general retreat of the natives took place all along the lines. The gunboat which had specially been prepared for this occasion came up the river Posig [Pasig] and began firing on churches and buildings occupied by the native troops. Many churches and other buildings were built of a sort of soft stone that is bullet proof of rifles, but the guns on the gun boat sent great holes in these buildings and soon there was not a native to be seen in five miles. In the afternoon I visited the battle field where my CO. “D” had been located. I saw there fifteen dead Filipinos, and heard that [Pvt. John L.] Bronson one of our men had been severely wounded in the arm. Many of the boys had killed from one to two Filipinos but they were not there to be found so of course it is hard to tell who killed the luckless fellows laid so low, one with the whole top of his head torn off and others with ghastly holes in them. This shows how deadly a weapon the Springfield is. During the day Dewey took some part in the fight in firing on towns and cutting off trains with reinforcements from Malolos. A whole train load was wrecked it is rumored. In the afternoon our boys crossed the river San Juan and took all of the Filipino works and occupied their headquarters which was the resevoir and filtering station of the waterworks. These places were occupied and held without attack for the night.
Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.
Cloudy and dry. To me a busy day. Was troubled with pain in my right foot and leg up to the knee think it is a touch of rheumatism; my first experience of that pest of human flesh.
After cooking & eating breakfast I struck out for San Miguel. Called at the battalion of 1st South Dakota Inf. to look for Private Alfred Pines of Co. A. Was not there but I found Private O.P. Georgeson of Co. L. and learned to my grief that Georgeson was in a backslidden condition. Would not explain the reason but I partly learned that both men made their first downward step by smoking. I pleaded with Georgeson to return to Jesus, but he would not promise. Pines & G. were such bright Salvationists that I feel specially sad to see them go back. From the 3d battalion I went to Co. H. of the South Dakotas & had a long talk with Private Andrew Waterman re the two fallen comrades & asked him to try to get in touch with them. He promised to do so.
From the Dakotas crossed the Pasig & took a snap shot of the new U.S. gunboat just fitted up for work on the Pasig River & Laguna. When I took the picture the Captain commanding yelled for a guard to stop me, he came but it was too late, I had it safe. Two thicknesses of steel boiler protect the sides from the main about 5 feet high. Saw gatling guns aboard which were being cleaned. The boat had steam up. Part of the South Dakota infantry anf 6th artillery are detailed for service on her. A soldier said the gunboat’s name is “Laguna de Bay.”
At the point office I received 2 letters: (1) Staff Capt. Symons Hongkong re shipment of photo prints (2) Private Edward Stockton, Co. H. 1st Colorado Inf. The latter was on a line with Georgeson’ & Pines’ experience. 5. backslid payday through gambling. Says he is very sad & longs for the peace he lost. Wants prayer in his behalf. I wrote 3 letters to backsliders urginf them to return to their blessed Savior. viz to Pines’, Georgeson and Stockton.
Visitors 10. One of the number was Chaplain S. Wood of the 23d U.S. Infantry. He said in case I want anything to just command him & I should have my desire. I asked the priviledge to hold a meeting with the 23d’s men. Said he would see about the matter.
After supper a number of soldiers arrived & I led the soldiers’ meeting. Audience 7.
Private Peter Schipper of the U.S. Engineers brought me a late S.F. War Cry. I was glad to get it.
The Manila Times of today (p.m.) brings news that this day, January 23d the Filipino temporary or provisional republic is made a permanent Republic with Aguinaldo is president.
Chaplain S. Wood of the 23d U.S. Infantry (regulars) surprised me with thew news that Rev. Father Dougherty or Dorrity, the Paulist priest who came over on the S.S. “Newport” with Gen. Merritt returned to the United States having been ordered to return by the United States military authorities. Cause: Writing back home letters or a letter reflecting on American officers down here. Chaplain Wood said Dorrity was given a grand reception in America on his arrival & much ado was made over his valuable labors. He worked so hard that his nerves gave way –were overtaxed. Such was the explanation given to the public.
From conversation with Father Dorrity & what I saw of him, I thought Rome sent one of its brighest minds to the Philippines: a man who could grasp any situation & adapt himself to it. Personally I liked Dorrity. He impressed me as a very liberal minded, sincere worker for his church.