William P. Oliver

William P. Oliver

(June 1, 1913 — October ?, 1944), 1st Lieutenant, US Army; P.O.W., perished on Arisan Maru in October, 1944.

April 30, 1942

Hosp. # 1 Bataan, P.I. April 30 12:05 AM. Warned to be ready to leave hospital for PW Camp at any time — left at

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May 1, 1942

Taken by truck to San Fernando & there stripped of razor, small knife, silver pencil, flash light, cigarette case, Compass, etc whistle & letters from

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May 2, 1942

Getting rattled a bit. Three meals of rice –1st with sugar, second with squash, 3rd with comotes– plenty to eat but we need proteins &

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May 3, 1942

Sunday — went to church with Dixon — went to see Col G in the afternoon. Tex Hill Dixon, Miles & I had the last

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May 4, 1942

Gave Col G. half of my soap & half (2) of my cigarettes. Hill sent a cigar for me I gave the Sp Troops gang

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May 5, 1942

— Rumors too numerous to record — All false but one is wild enough — to merit writing down. Some driver reported that Manila papers

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May 6, 1942

— Many versions of the “exchange” are floating around. We pay little attention but they are good to listen to despite the part that there

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May 7, 1942

— Will begin a log of rumors in order to amuse myself. Cooler last 2 days. Gen. Brougher inspected Casual Area this morning. Back still

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May 8, 1942

— Arrived Manila one year ago today. Wiley, Ed & I here out of 5. Rumors good but nothing confirmed — Back very mean in

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9 May 1942

Breakfast cut & no sugar. Lunch good, dinner weak on rice — broth good. Heard that W.O. Anderson is dying. Gave Col. G. the watch

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10 May 1942

— On detail at Stotsenburg — Didn’t get to buy a thing due to misconduct of soldiers beyond my control. Returned to Camp at 6

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11 May 1942

— Back raising H — Very warm today — Expect river detail tomorrow — Wiley doesn’t look too well. In fact he looks pretty ill.

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12 May 1942

No change; Wiley much better — he must get back to his wife & Baby. I am so sorry for young married couples!! — Almost

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13 May 1942

Water detail in the afternoon. No rumors. No doubt we are here for the duration. Out of 7000 Americans our daily death rate is about

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14 May 1942

“Exchange” Rumor weakening — It never had much sense — But hope is wonderful for Morale — So is the Holy Bible. Although weak I

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15 May 1942

— Feeling much better today — Spent the morning on duty on the river checking Filipinos getting water. Wind & dust storms are getting bad

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16 May 1942

Stomach upset today. Hope it is not the start of something. Rumors also upset with orders to repair buildings for rainy season. Profiteering checked a

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17 May 1942

Sunday — To church with Gouman & then rest then lunch & to duty at the River. Rumors at night were good — chow excellent

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18 May 1942

Monday — Eyes sore — hope it was from the sun. Feeling a little better due to rumors that may be in part worth something.

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19 May 1942

— Tues — On water faucet detail this AM very warm — 43 died yesterday. I am very worried with loose Bowel movements hourly. Once

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20 May — 1942

Had a tough night between rain, cramps, dysentery & FEAR — No blood this morning but very weak. Rumors of moving someplace — we all

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21 May 1942

On detail to Tarlac to had rice. Had we stopped for food I would have enjoyed it more. Dysentery & cramps still pretty mean. No

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22 May 1942

No medicine today. Rumors of moving getting weaker with no evidence of a change. I am getting weaker too from Dys. Had dinner with Dixon

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25th May 1942

Up all night — Very mean. No medicine. On water detail again. Dys. pretty bad — Hope we can try the burned flour treatment Heth.

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27 May 1942

Not much change in condition. Rain bad — On detail in O’Donnell for wood ordered ready for outside detail.

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29 May 1942

Moved with 40 men to Tarlac. C.O. Major Chenoweth, Capt. Bubaltz, Presnell & I 200 men. (Good Chow — company — Quarters.)

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30 May 1942

— Detail on lumber — Meat, catsup, beans, shrimp, fish, raisins stewed, canned raisins, fresh carabao, mongos, banana, & Vienna sausage, etc — eggs —

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