Thursday, May 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have just completed a letter & copied it, to Rev. Harlan P. Beach, Educational Secretary, Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 3 West 29th St. New York. He wrote me a letter (date Apr 1st) enclosing me a blank to fill out giving an account of my field of labor. Filled the blank & wrote him a 3-page letter explaining more about the Philippines than was covered by his printed general questions.

Mailed letter to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis. Did so immediately after cooking & eating breakfast. Got on a street car & proceeded to the Imperial photograph gallery in Quiapo Dist. Ordered 6 more photos unmounted of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Also purchased 5 photos for $1 Mex. war views. Although I have sent many pictures with my articles to various S.A. publications I have quite a good collection on hand for stereoschopic purposes in case they are wanted.

Stopped in a second-hand furniture dealer’s store where 2 cases of sea & land shells are for sale ($1000.00) & priced some of the shells separately to get an idea of how the shell market is ruling. Showed me 2 shells – price $4 & $5 Mex. each. I purchased 2 yesterday on the street for less than $2 Mex. I pick up such bargains in rare shells quite often.

Called at the post office. Rec’d a letter from Private D. G. Hines E. Co. 1st  Montana Vol. Inf. Is at San Fernando. Had a hard time getting there. Layed over 5 days at Calumpit. Wants me to come up & bring him envelopes, paper & $1 worth of postage stamps. Purchased the stamps before leaving the office, advancing the money for the same.

Met Rev. Owen on the Escolta. When we parted I called at a Spanish grocer’s & bought 4 lbs sugar for 60 cts. Mex.

Arriving home rested my mind by reading.

Owens paid me back $5. Mex. borrowed money. The Owens’ & myself put our heads together re bearing the expenses of the 4 sailor’s support. They brought their bags in today. A week or 10 days may elapse before they can sail. Mrs. Owens complains because they are so uncertain at mealtimes. They concluded to give them $10 Mex. & let them get meals elsewhere. I am to purchase $20 Mex. worth of food for them when they sail. Have already spent over $4.20 & let them draw on my side of bacon & sugar.

The Owens are preparing to leave soon.

Private (Bro.) Clayton Scott came in about dark. Short talk & prayer. Bro. Merritt got seriously kicked by a horse & lost $60. Scott met a young Hawaiian who claims to be a Salvationist. Prays by his bedside regardless of ridicule. Loaned Scott 50 cts., American Silver.

Bacon, too much, is giving me a touch of dyspepsia. Must slack up. Caught a cold in the head today.

Cooked supper. This morning read 2 chapters in “Numbers”. Also prayed to my God. The Lord was near; praise Him.

May 16th, 1899

Paterno, upon assumption to power, as President of the Council of Secretaries, made the following appointments:

Felipe Buencamino…………………………. Foreign Affairs
Hugo Ilagan………………………………….. Finance
Severino de las Alas………………………… Interior
Mariano Trias………………………………… War and Navy
Leon Ma. Gerra[1]……………………………… Agriculture, Industry and Commerce
Aguedo Velarde……………………………… Public Instruction
Maximino Paterno…………………………… Public Works and Communications
This was known as the Paterno Cabinet.
The Mabini Cabinet was composed of:
Apolinario Mabini……………………………. President
Mabini………………………………………… Department of Foreign Affairs
Teodro Sandico……………………………… Department of Interior
Mariano Trias (Arcadio del Rosario, acting) Department of Agriculture
Gracio Gonzaga…………………………….. Department of Fomento
Baldomero Aguinaldo………………………. Department of War and Navy
Cruz Herrera (acting)……………………….. Department of Public Instruction

The Foreign Affairs portfolio was given to Cayetano Arellano, who, however, did not assume office after taking his oath.

Once the Paterno Cabinet was established, peace negotiations were considered based on a proposal of autonomy patterned after Canada’s. In fact, he gathered in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija, Generals Luna, [Pio del] Pilar, and other chiefs to deliberate on the idea. Buencamino read a well-reasoned proposition; but it was taken by those present with reserve. The officers left for their posts, the majority of whom reserved their opinions.

The American advance, arrested in Calumpit, finally broke the line by attacking Quingua, then Pulilan, from which point they penetrated Calumpit suffering many casualties. They continued advancing to Apalit, Santo Tomas, and San Fernando, where they stationed themselves for a few months. Since the capture of Calumpit, the Filipinos fortified Bambang and established the capital of the Republic at Tarlac.

It must have been May 9 when Congress was convened at San Isidro, resulting in the resignation of the entire Mabini Cabinet. Once the “unreasonable” person was out of power, the conservatives spread the news everywhere that peace had been declared. It even reached the mountains, and was a powerful reason for those taking refuge in the environs of Biyak-na-bató to return to their homes. Numerous families went back to the towns believing that very soon peace would be a reality.

I went to Malolos after I left Polo. Then I accompanied the family of Mariano de Santos to Baliuag and San Miguel de Mayumo. When the latter was captured by the Americans, we took to the sitio of Balaong[2] near Biyak-na-bató. We had two houses here for two large families. We had to provide thirty-three cavans of palay or more and some sacks of salt for a year’s supply.

We moved into the houses. The family of Nazario Constantino was joined by his brother-in-law, Santos de Castro of Polo with his three sons, his cousin Teresa, and the family of Lucio Ongsiaco; and that of Santos was joined by the mother-in-law of Nano[3] with her companions. The two houses were full.

With the capture of San Miguel, fearing that the Americans might conduct an inspection, we spent the night in the Tañganan cave. The next day, about midafternoon, we returned to the house and found the other members of the household preparing to return to their respective homes, as news of peace were being circulated all around from mouth to mouth. During the night, all our belongings were placed in the carts that had arrived from San Rafael.

The next day, May 15, all of us, riding on the fifteen carts, were on our way to San Rafael.

Major Soriano and I should have stayed behind; but we believed it to be our duty to take them as far as the environs of said town. It must have been about 5 o’clock in the afternoon when we saw the town proper from afar, but we had to pass through the populous barrio of Caiñgan towards which we were riding. Soriano and I should have returned by now; but at the insistence of the young girls who invited us to dine with them, we accompanied them to the barrio about 7 in the evening.

[1]Leon Ma. Guerrero.


[3]Mariano de los Santos.

Wednesday, May 10th, 1899

Weather is fine Colonel Hawkins went to Coricodor also Mayor Bierer both are sick Cos a. B. are exspected to be relieved by Cos H & E more fighting is going on beyond Columpit over 600 Rebels where Killed 2 amerikans Killed and 29 wounded Co C only has 42 men fit for duty

The weather is fine. Colonel Hawkins went to Corregidor as well as Major Bierer. Both are sick. Companies A and B are expected to be relived by Companies H and E. More fighting is going on beyond Calumpit. Over 600 rebels were killed. Two Americans kill and 29 wounded. Company C has 42 men fit for duty.

Monday, May 8th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

This day was specially given to literary work. Wrote 17 pages MS. Note size, for the San Francisco War Cry, a continuation of my Philippine narrative. The article was divided into the following subheads: “War-Time Visitation”, “Saved in Prison”, “Paombong”, “Bank of the Bagbag” and “Calumpit.” Completed my article then wrote & copied a letter to Lieut. Col. Wm Evans to go with it, hurried on my street wear, jumped on the Calle Jolo house car about 6.p.m. & mailed the latter to catch tomorrow a.m. U.S. mail. While down town purchased 2 ½ lbs ordinary canvas bacon for $1.25 Mex. Then onto a return car & cooked supper after my arrival. This rush wears me out. Have had much writing since coming to the Philippines, to claim part of my time and strength.

The little monkey we call “Old Man” bit me this afternoon. Before dinner visitors claimed quite a slice of my time.

Brother W.J. Mason Co. D. 9th U.S. Infantry and an unconverted comrade dropped in first.

Bro. Mason surprised me very much by making the statement that his regiment was called to arms 3 o’clock yesterday (if my memory serves me) morning & that at present they are not allowed to take their clothes off at night, not even their shoes & leggings, but are kept ready for instant action in anticipation of another uprising in Manila. I thought such an event was far beyond the might-be’s nowadays because their first attempt proved a failure, 2d the the newspaper report President Mabini deposed, Gen’l Luna shot in the right breast, disaster to the Filipino cause of the field and Aguinaldo seeking peace. Able bodied Filipino men are becoming very numerous in the city.

Bro. Hines called. Looks bad. Left a sword with me for one of his comrades, date 1614. A curious relic with silver handle.

I spoke to Bro. Mason’s comrade personally about seeking Christ for salvation. Before the soldiers retired, myself, Hines and Mason had prayer together.

This morning first thing read a chapter of “Numbers” and a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast.

Senorita Romano Francia brought me a woman jacket (Filipino) Paid her $1 Mex for making it.

Price in some lines are very high at present. I paid $1.20 for 200 small pieces or sticks of wood.


Tuesday, May 2nd, 1899

Calumpit, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

My clothes are wet with perspiration & I am still hot. The day has been on of constant rush & work.

Out of bed early. Read the first chapter in Book of Numbers. Prayed. Committed myself into the hands of my God, whose providence is over me. Hurried off without washing dishes. Arrived at the Dagupan R. R. Train near the Port Captain’s office about 7.40 a.m. Boarded the train early to secure a seat. 8.30 the train left Manila. At Malolos saw & spoke to several 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery boys.

Arrived at the Bagbag river about 10.30. The bridge over this stream was partly destroyed on the north bank, an iron span was dropped into the river. A temporary wood wagon bridge has been constructed. At the south end of a long train of cars are standing the “fort” train with its rapid fires General McArthur’s headquarters with his staff, etc. The crowd of soldiers from our train & civilians with supplies etc. struck out northward. The sun was excessively hot. I gave a distributor of “Freedom” a chance to walk under my umbrella & talked salvation to him. Said he is saved; was converted a few years since. At one of our stopping places a number of cigarettes fell out of his pocket. My idea of his salvation fell with the same.

I saw 2 of Aguinaldo’s officers in Gen. McArthur’s car on my way out. Think they are peace representatives. The country back of Bagbag and South of Malolos is getting some of its farmers & they are starting in to repair the wreck of war, plowing their land, etc. “Freedom” is authority for the statement that half a million refugees etc are back of Aguinaldo’s lines. I do not find this statement difficult to believe after noting how completely denuded of population the county & towns are that I have visited. Calumpit is only a name, everything else seems to be ashes. There is a stretch of open country about 2 miles across from the Bagbag river to Calumpit on the Rio Grande, a wide stream with a five iron bridge. Beautiful cornfields with indian corn ripening, covers the 2 miles on either side reminding me of the western states of America. The high railroad grade is cut across in many places with trenches, likewise both sides of the grade & the ditches have been changed for fighting men to use. There are, too, what a Montana soldier calls “get away” trenches. These are so constructed that the Filipinos can slip away under cover, providing they are not flanked. Many iron culverts break this high grade.

At Calumpit, after jumping across quite a number of trenches cut in the grade, & walking 5 inch iron bridge stringers, I crossed the Rio Grande on the Railroad bridge. The track flow including ties and iron have been carried away as were the 2 side foot walks by the Insurrectos. The American troops  crossed by holding to the hand rail & walking sideways under fire, on a 3 inch iron stringer! A brave feat.

Across from Calumpit is situate Apalit, a most peculiarly built town of one street about 3 miles long following the course of the river. The most formidable trenches I have seen up to date are the trenches & forts at this place.

Followed the long street with its nipa huts, embowered in banana bushes, about 2 miles thro’ a very hot sun. Passing the 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. a squad of men of Co. M. invited me to take dinner with them. Accepted the invitation gratefully Y said grace over a cup of coffee, hand tack & Boston baked beans. The men of this company invited me to call again for a hold out meeting; so I understood it.

Half a mile alone M. company I found E. Co. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. likewise Private A. Lloyd who complained of feeling bad. Encouraged him spiritually & prayed together in a native hut where he & others are quartered. A heavy shower with thunder came up. When it ceased, Lloyd accompanied me back to the Rio Grande bridge. Here we parted. I returned to Bagbag bridge & hunted up Private V. Heron Co. L. 1st Nebraska vol. Inf. a convert of the S.A. Claimed that he is saved. We had a long talk including spiritual lines. At my request he got his Springfield & belt of cartridges & I took his photo at the bridge. Also took other photos including Private Peter E. Lamar & a gang of Engineer corps men who are surveying and plotting the country & specially the trenches for the U.S. Gov’t.

Spoke to several men re salvation & my Christ.

Met Bro. Glunz of the Christian Commission. He was returning from a trip done from the Master’s cause.

Our train arrived in Manila about 6.30 p.m. Getting home tired & weary & hot I cooked supper. A large mail of letters and papers awaited me.

(1) Lizzie White, Cotton, Cal. wants her boy Cha. Reed Co. I, 14th U.S. Infantry, converted.

(2) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, S.F. re Lawyer Duncan’s curios.

(3) do      do     date March 28th enclosing $34 money order, salary a/c charges me personally with $1.50 with gramophone needles & $3.50 for Bushnell’s copying books –- 3.

(4) Major John Bard, London, Eng. wants me to write a hurry article descriptive of the Philippines, 1,500 words for the London War Cry.

(5) A generalizing letter for Commander F. de Lataur Booth-Tucker which says nothing in particular – date New York March 29th 

(6) Alice Lewis, Rec’d my letter re fares Manila to America. Keeping it for references. Want pictures from me. Says I am representing the S.A. so well, they have no idea of me farewelling at the present – date of letter March 29th – New York

(7) Harry Stillwell, Kansas City, Mo. Much interested in the Philippines. I think a hint has been given him that he may be sent to this archipelago to take charge. Date of letter, March 26th.

April 28, 1899

Col. Mas Arguell [Manuel Arguelles]  & Lieut Col. Jown [Florentino Torres] [and] [an] Adj.  [of] Gen. Luna [Ambrosio Flores] yesterday [went] through McArthur’s lines to proper terms of peace asking for cessation of hostilities. After interview with Otis they were turned over to Press [Provost] Marshall. This is probably ending of the insurrection. Calumpit fell & our troops are still advancing along whole line. The crossing of Rio Grande [in] Pampanga is said by Gen. Wheaton to have been one of greatest feats of modem tactics.

Thursday, April 27th, 1899

We had a heavy Rain all Night had regular Drill recieved a smal Mail the Sheridan left taken with her lots of Mail I send 6 letters some Filipnio Books wich are Relics from Malolas and 3 pair of Slippers she had 950 men (discharged) on Board of her 12 men from Tenth from wich 2 where from C. Co Robert Griffith and W. Collins Albert McMaster T. Knight Wm Insly and Frank Kelly are in the Hospital here at Cavite and Ashcraft Wm Howard W Engelhard, Coriner and Benny Miller are at Manila the rest of our Wounded are in Company Quarters of duty and about 12 are laid up with sore Feet and Leg good many suffer with the Darby Itch most of our Boys are drawing new Blue Uniforms and Underwear I went on Guard at 5 o Clock it was a beautifull Night it is reportet that a heavy Battle was fought at Columpit over 600 Niggers Killed and verry smal losses on our Side.

We had a heavy rain all night. We had regular drills. We received a small mail. The Sheridan left taking with her lots of mail. I sent six letters, some Filipino books which are relics from Malolos and three pairs of slippers. She also had 950 men (discharged) on board, twelve of which were from the Tenth. From Company C were Company Robert Griffith and William Collins. Albert McMasters, Daniel Knight, William Insley and Frank Kelley are in the hospital here at Cavite. Charles Ashcraft, William Howard W. Englehart, Louis Coyner and Benny Miller are at Manila. The rest of our wounded are in company quarters off duty and about twelve are laid up with sore feet and legs. A good many suffer with the Darby Itch. Most of our boys are drawing new blue uniforms and underwear. I went on guard at 5 o’clock. It was a beautiful night. It is reported that a heavy battle was fought at Calumpit. Over 600 niggers killed and very small losses on our side.

April 27, 1899

Calumpit fell yesterday with loss smaller on side although the city was entrenched behind the most formidable trenches yet uncountered [encountered]. No further news from Lawton & Summers. We are a wondering as to plans of the movement. From maps & what is known of plan of campaign cannot see how much can be accomplished lie in way of capturing Aguinaldo’s men It appearing that he is not surrounded and can easily retire. Same old routine of duty at Co. H. [I have] Guard every other night. Nothing news is good to home going. Sheridan left yesterday carrying again sick but no troops. Dillon came up from visit at Corrigedor (sic) where Jim W is. Jim no better but in good spirits.