Thursday, June 1st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Early this morning I awoke with a dull headache, which has a clung to me up to the present moment. My opinion is that it is a nervous headache caused by too much work & travel.

Wrote a letter & copied it to Capt. Ver Post, 1139 Market St. San Francisco, Cal. the S.A headquarter’s stenographer. He wrote me for Philippine photos offering to pay for them. Sent him 15 Kodak prints & charged $2, U.S. coin. Directed him to pay the same into the Philippine fund at S.F. for the good of the work generally.

Remained at home all day until 4 p.m. (about) to rest myself. Read portions of Pepy’s Diary, also looked over my diaries for 1897 & 98 to note what I have been doing & where I have been during the past two years. Traveled so much that scenes, places & work have faded largely from my memory. Life is a curious thing – a patch-work, quite often varied events.

Looked thro’ some Texas railroad maps. Read the daily “American”.

Brother Devine (Landon) came over this forenoon & remained several hours. He is badly run down in health. Availed himself of the quietness of No. 2 to rest his nerves. Although there is noise, my place is not like a barrack.

Capt. Morrison came around to see Owens his face wreathed in smiles. Sold his ship “Vigilant” to Spaniards form $10,840 Mex. Rev. Owens went to Col. Pope & secured consent to return to the United States on the s.s. “Newport”. Capts. Morrison & Crow expect to return on the same vessel. Crow lately had his ship the “Selkirk” wrecked on Mindoro island. The 4 sailors too who are living at our expense are in better spirits. They are to leave on the transport “Hancock” in a few days, Gen. Otis concluded to sent them back. No. 2 will appear lonely after all these people depart.

I took street car to the post office & rec’d one paper. Could purchase us supplies because the stores were closed. A holiday. Feast of Corpus Christi, I think is the name. This evening I noticed a stick projecting from over back window. My curiosity was excited. A rope tied to the stick held a bamboo frame on which hung an assortment of fruits etc. and a chicken. On one side of our backyard stand a temporary shrine covered with cloth. Inside was an altar. On front of the altar stand a picture of the Virgin Mary surrounded by children. A picture of the interior of a R. Catholic church above the altar relieved the blank. After dark a procession of Filipino children accompanied by women & holding lighted tapers filed into the yard. Kneeling at the shrine as many as could get in repeated in concert their pater nosters. Then there was a search for something about the yard, all joining. By and bye our Filipino boy, who acts as servant for Rev. Owens & keep my floor clean, straddled the rear window & lowered the frame supporting the fruit within the reach of the small people. A sudden scramble for the fruit followed. This disposed of ceremony ended & a Filipino woman stripped the shrine of its adornments & covering.

News in this evening point to an aggressive campaign on the South line. Two men off the hospital boat “Relief” were drifted ashore Decoration Day near Paranaque. One was killed & the other carried away prisoner by Insurrectos. Word also came that 2, 14th Infantry men have been captured by Filipinos & that the 2d Oregon Inf. is under marching orders to the South line for battle.

Rev. Owens hinted to me this evening that the would like to sell me his furniture for half cost-price, which would be about $30 Mex., the rent due me by him to be subtracted.

This morning read a chapter in Numbers, also a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast and supper. Filled my lamp.


Wednesday, May 31st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Last of May now for June. Would not care to call it the first summer month in this tropical land. Heavy clouds. Sun out at times. Alternate spells of heat & comparative coolness – latter caused by clouds over the sun & breezes.

Read a chapter of “Numbers” & a psalm, then prayed. After that cooked breakfast of bacon, oatmeal & cocoa. Rested myself by sitting in my front room & reading. Also wrote & copied a letter to Geo. Berry, Corregidor Hospital saying I will (D.V) visit the island Sunday or Monday next providing General Tarnsley puts on his excursion boat.

Called at the post office & mailed the letter. Received several War Crys. Three came from New York. Our National H. Q. does but little for me on that line. Three or 4 Chinese War Crys came, probably sent by Ensign May Jackson from HongKong. The edition is Numbered 14 and dated February 1899. This was probably published or rather printed in China. Is an experiment. The last edition preceding this one was gotten out by me & is No. 13 is for May 1898. Publication was about suspended after I ceased to be editor. The HongKong edition brings out several Philippine cuts. Perhaps they have printed one of my articles in Chinese.

Called at a Spanish barbershop on the Escolta & was shaved. Met Rev. Owens there. We bought some groceries etc. & returned home.

Afternoon I remained at home. Wrote “Weekly Letters No. 28” to Lieut.-Col. Alice Lewis, New York.

Rumor says the next aggressive campaign will be down in the directions of Paranaque & surrounding country.

Read two or three chapters or parts of do. in “Yesterdays in the Philippines”.

My coat was covered with dust & badly soiled by oil or grease caused by sitting on the greasy floor of the box car yesterday en route from San Fernando.

Bro. Devine called late this evening. We had a conversation on spiritual & other subjects. He seems to be gradually improving in health.

Tuesday, May 30th, 1899

San Fernando, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila

Decoration Day. The first service of this character was performed today in Manila out in Battery Knoll cemetery. Out of bed early, read a chapter in Numbers, also part if not all of a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast. Another short prayer. Leaving my dishes unwashed walked down to the Pasig quay and boarded the Dagupan R. R. train. Bought 5 cents worth peanuts to provide against hunger in case I got nothing to eat at the front. Train full of soldiers & a few civilians going north. Met some of the 3d artillery boys below Malolos. Were sent down with the expectation of meeting the enemy.

At Malolos Filipinos young & old, male & female, swarmed the depot with eggs, bananas, roast chicken & fine yellow mangoes for sale. I bought 2 of the latter & gave one to a soldier. He divided bananas with me. At noon partook thereof. The mangoes are excellent – the Malolos production.

The Bagbag bridge span has not been raised out of the water, but a wood frame put in above it.

Arrived in Malolos about 1.30 p.m. Big crowd of soldiers at the depot. A Montana man guided me to the quarter of E. Co. 1st Montana. Quickly found Private D. G. Hines. He conducted me to another building, or rather nipa hut, where Bro. Dave Freeman was rustled up. On further to the cook’s domicile we came up with Bro. A. Lloyd. The latter looks well, as does Freeman, but Hines is not himself. Is not yet over the effects of his sunstroke. Capt. A. Jensen (commander of E. Company) sent word out from town to the effect “Hines is not sick at all; he goes around with Major Milsaps all day.” So Hines informed me.

The three men claim to be doing well in soul, praise God.

At the cook’s domicile a little warm coffee was left over from dinner, Hines put some bamboo under the cooking frame & fried me a couple of duck eggs. These with coffee & bread served me for dinner. After eating the 3 of us knelt down & prayed – each taking turn. I took the photos of the men with their guns, then bidding the unsaved men & Freeman adieu we trudged off to turn.

Freeman gave me $15 green bucks to keep for him $3 is for his Tenth League payment. Says I can use all of it Hines wants me to take his dues out & he will settle with Freeman. Has Freeman’s consent. Did not give F. a receipt.

Hines, Lloyd & I went as far as the main plaza where I took snaps of the street buildings & 2 of the church.

Hurried back to the depot just in time to catch the train. A teamster who drives for the Utah Artillery joined us. Knew & heard me speak in San Francisco he said. Urged him to seek Christ. Train overcrowded, 86, 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. sick were going to Manila for treatment. Passenger cars crowded out, some troops on the roof of cars. I climbed into a box car. Bade Hines & Lloyd good-bye. Left them S.A. song books. Asked them to arrange a meeting for me with the 20th Kansas & write immediately if they succeed. Bro’t out with me to Hines $1 (U.S. coin) with postage stamps, a package of envelope, writing paper & a War Cry. Envelopes, paper, & Cry gifts.

Sat in the box car door on the floor, a la Turk, among 20th Kans. Sick. Brought Salvation to the attention of several. Also dealt personally with others this day.

From the train going & coming I saw numbers of natives returning to their farms & town homes.

Considerable sugar is raised in the vicinity of San Fernando. This town is well built. But few buildings, excepting the R. Catholic church, are burnt.

There is much talk among the Montana & Kansas troops re returning home. They are weary of this war. The soldiers get the hard knocks & the officers get the glory.

Left S. Fernando 3 p.m. & arrived at Manila about 6 p.m.

Turned to & cooked supper. Very tired & hot.

Rev. & Mrs. Owens were out to Decoration Day ceremonies at Battery Knoll. Chaplains Pierce & Cressy delivered the orations. Owens said the grave of Chief Scout Wm H. Young had a shaft of flowers over it about 6 feet high. Men are often highly honored in death but sadly neglected in life. A short time before his death I met Young on the Escolta. He felt blue & seemed discouraged. Complained that the U.S. Commanding officers would give him no chance to do anything not even to follow civil employment for a living. A little while latter the newspapers began publishing the brave deeds and exploits of Chief Scout Young & his 25 men. His career was brief but was extremely energetic & disastrous to the Filipinos. Y. was wounded in the knee from which he died by rupturing a vein. Young was a man of herculean build & was reputed a dead shot. He would attract attention in any crowd – his splendid physique. I first noticed him out at La Loma trying to borrow a Kragg, to fight the “niggers” – from the 3d Artillery troops. Afterwards, he kept with the Montana regiment, & was driven away from them.

And so it went. He was chased about & finally arrested. The military geniuses would give him no chance to fight. At last Gen’l Lawton utilized Young by making him a scout & sent him forth with 25 men. Y. and this hand full in a few days made a phenomenal record. Now he is dead & the living pile high the flowers on the resting place of one who but a few weeks ago they were arresting.

The outlook is black for our 4 sailors. Orders are that civilians cannot return on U.S. transports until the troops (volunteers) are first returned home. They may have to remain several months if such is the case.

One of the sailors, Rev. Owens said tonight called on Gen’l Otis but was ordered out of his office. They hoped to get back on the “Hancock” but may not succeed. These poor fellows have no money & are now supported chiefly by Owens & myself –

Left with Bro. Hines to distribute among the Filipinos 3 New Testaments, several Spurgeon’s sermons for the Spanish inhabitants of San Fernando and 2 or 3 New Testaments English for the American.

Returning on the train to town – I saw an ingenious trench constructed by the Filipinos. The trench was at the base of a railroad embarkment about 10 feet high. At the based the trench wound like the trail of a serpent /\/\/\/\ with the dirt thrown on the side away from the R.R. embarkment. A soldier informed me that it was used for a “get-away’ trench & curved to protect the retreating enemy from the bullets of a flank fire from either side. The cunning displayed by the Filipinos in the construction of defenses is remarkable, but their best efforts have availed nothing because they will not stand. American troops in these trenches would prove a terrible foe to attack.

Monday, May 29th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy, but rainless. Cool breeze.

Read a chapter in Numbers and prayed. Cooked breakfast next. Ditto supper in the evening. Prepared 2 bowls of lemonade at dinner time, one for Private W. Mason, D. Co. 9th U.S. Infantry, who walked in from Caloocan and whose suit of brown & blue was saturated with perspiration. Tried to purchase a pie at the Utah bakery but failed, so had no food to eat. On his way to Manila Mason saw an old Filipino man tottering along under the weight of a small tree. Very much to the surprise of the old man & other Filipino passers-by, he carried the tree half a mile for him. Before M. returned to camp he & I had prayer together.

Private Devine came in twice today. He is beginning to look better in health. He brought a Filipino mauser rifle for me to take care of for him. We discussed spiritual matters. Before he left we prayed together.

About 5 o’clock p.m. I & Bro. Turner of the Ecclesia mission took the Jolo street car to the post office. I rec’d 2 letters (1) Ensign May Jackson, Kowloon, China. Her health is bad. Her father wants her to return home. She is probably en route now but hopes to come back again. Wants me to write. (2) Capt. V. Post, stenographer S.A. headquarter, San Francisco, Cal. Wants me to send him photos of the Philippines for his album. Is willing to pay for the same.

Victor Peterson, sailor, returned tonight from San Fernando, where he spent several days. Is in good humor from his outing at the battle front.

Reinforcements are arriving – 13th U.S. Inf. regular, have just came from the Western Hemisphere. There is much talk of Volunteers returning home, but if any have gone yet, I do not know of it.

Completed reading my catalogue of bound books to refresh my memory. The number of bound books catalogued up to date is 1908 volumes.

Rev. & Mrs. Owens are preparing to leave, but say the 2d Oregon Inf. will return on the first transport to leave – s.s. “Hancock” All the space is taken, so can’t go on her. Don’t know whether the sailors can go or not.

Sunday, May 28th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Clouds hang on the horizon, but for all that the sun shone upon the city all day. Weather cool for this climate; no rain. Read in Numbers, then prayed & prepared to cook breakfast, but while so engaged the Owens invited me to breakfast with them. Accepted the invitation. Following breakfast Owens prepared for the Christian Commission tent meeting which he was advertised to lead, and I for Bilibid prison.

Private (Bro.) Devine (Landon) dropped in. Made a cup of lemonade for himself with my consent. Complains still of poor health. Devine & I had a quiet talk in the front room about the state of his soul personally & spiritual matters generally. Before I started for Bilibid we prayed together, I then left him in charge of the house & reached the prison about 10 a.m. Inspection was over. Provost-Sergeant J. Houser was quite a different man this Sabbath from what he proved himself last Sunday. Getting Lieut. Wolf to hunt me up a sergeant last week appears to have made Houser more accommodating. He was lying down when I arrived but immediately got up. He hurried off to wards & brought me quite a batch of prisoners. They were taken to the civil prison and a long service was held. Audience 27. Four hands up for prayer. The men were very friendly & invited me to take dinner with them. Refused. Don’t care to do anything contrary to rules. Lt. Wolf said last Sunday that he did not want the prisoners mixed. My meetings in this prison have been changed a number of times, but looking to God to bless them, I go ahead making the most of the situation.

When I got back found that friend Devine had gone back to his quarters. Private (Bro. Methodist) Lyons came in, fresh from Rev. Owens’ service in the tent, where he said one soul was forward, praise God.

Lyons & I had a conversation re education, knowledge, the object of life, salvation etc. I advised him to put God first in everything & do the best of he could to spread the Kingdom of Christ on earth. Lyons is a converted Catholic (Roman) His parents are of that faith.

En route from Bilibid in Paseo Azcarraga, a 13th Minn. soldier came along in quilez. Is fresh from Gen. Lawton’s army. Recognizing me, he jumped out of the vehicle & we had a talk. Tackled him about his soul’s salvation.

Personal dealing with people about the salvation of their souls, if many of them are ever reached at all must be done by this method. Bro. Devine produced a letter written to him from East Berkeley, Cal. by     Putzker, the father of a private Bruno Putzker in K. Battery, 3d Heavy Artillery. The young man was killed. His father secured a discharge for the boy, but death gave him a discharge in battle. The letter Devine enclosed a printed folder, which contained a eulogistic obituary of the soldier. The boy’s parents are Unitarian. The poor fellow was never taught evidently by them, to seek salvation thro’ Christ, the only name given under heaven among men whereby they must be saved. Bro. Devine did so several times, although (so far as he could see) unsuccessfully. Personal dealing reached him with the blessed tidings of eternal life thro’ the Lord Jesus Christ, before the dread summons came to meet his God.

Private Clayton Freeman the Tennessee man belonging to the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. who professed conversion May 7th in Bilibid stood up before his fellow prisoners & exhorted them to turn from their evil ways.

I gave a New Testament to a prisoner.

Saturday, May 27th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Weather warm. Shower during the day. Last night the influenza became much less troublesome, praise the Lord, and gave me but little trouble.

Read one and part of another chapter in Numbers, then prayed to my God for His protection & guidance.

Cooked breakfast. The dyspeptic feeling has passed since I slacked up on a fried bacon.

While I was at breakfast a Filipino bill collector entered & presented me with a subscription dun – Daily Manila “American” sub. From “2/1 to 6/1” $4.40 Mex. Paid it.

Rev. Owens & myself went down to the Escolta, I inquired at the post office & rec’d several papers. 3 day’s Americans included. The post office delivery is defective. They should come to me every day.

At the post office I met & had conversation with Mr. A. Mc Duff, a Scotchman, who recently came here from Singapore. He is or was chief engineer of the S.S. Kwang-hoi Mr. M. is a Christian & invited me to call & see him.

Leaving my Scotch brother I dropped in at a Spanish barber shop to get shaved. There I found Rev. Owens (who parted from me at the Anglo-Indian bank) and 2 soldier friends. Together we 4 struck out to find a photograph gallery where we could have the group taken, but failed to have the work done by 12 o’ clock so deferred the matter.

Looked over the Houston and San Francisco papers. The War Crys of Apr. 29th brings out the second part of my article describing the Tondo Dist. Filipino uprising. I was glad to read an item in the Cry that a small cylinder press has been added to the printing dep’t. this leads me to infer that the San Francisco War Cry will not be suppressed by its New York enemies. The S.A. powers even as far back as the days of Ballington Booth wanted to suspend the S. F. War Cry but in spite of their wishes, the Lord kept it going.

The p.m. at the delivery window requested me to come again this afternoon. So I called again about 4 o’clock but rec’d nothing. The mail came per S.S. Morgan City.

On my way to the post office, while waiting for a street car I got into a conversation with a soldier. As usual the talk was made to turn on the state of his soul. The soldier confessed himself a backslider Salvationist from Colorado. Invited him to call at No. 2 His name E. S. Crist, Colorado regimental bakery, 28 San Sebastian.

Gave Mr. Peter Weigner, 40 cts. Mex. He bought 1 yard of heavy duck. The sailors patched the tent with it. The sailor for whom I got the powder at the Utah Light Artillery quarters yesterday p.m. is smiling today & look much better says he feels better. This evening’s Daily Manila “Times” is the leading editorial headed “Beachcomber”, styles these sailors by that name & says they should not receive help but be allowed to starve.

Private (Bro) M. L. Devine (Landon) K. Battery 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery came in today. Part of his battery arrived late last night on the train from Malolos. Devine looks bad. He is very much broken in health. Invited him to make this house his resting place. Said he would. Came twice. Can hardly keep anything on his stomach. I made him a cup of lemonade this forenoon ditto this evening.

I am thankful to the Lord that my health is better. The climate here is trying. Many strange diseases assail human flesh. The enervating tropical heat taken away the vigor from one’s frame.

Down at the intersection of the Escolta & Calle del Rosario Mr. G. W. Peters, sketch artist for several American publications, bade me good-bye. He returns to the United States via HongKong and Nagasaka. Peter came over on the steamer “Newport” with Gen’l Merritt’s party.

Friday, May 26th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

Am troubled with influenza tonight. Heard running all day. A tropical climate does not exempt one from such pests. The Lord has blessed me with good health since coming to the Philippines; praise to His dear name.

Got up before 6 this morning with the intention of going to San Fernando, but while cooking a hasty breakfast, a Filipino boy bought a copy of today’s “Freedom”, which stated that the Montana’s, 3d Reg’t & South Dakotas were going to Manila in a short time, so I concluded to remain in the city.

After breakfast went down to San Nicolas Dist. with the sailor, Peter Weigner. My object was to order thro’ H. Kline same groceries for Weigner & 6 other sailors to take on the transport for food. I expected to foot the bill. Learned at the U.S. Commissary warehouse that K went south to join his reg’t (1st California vol. Inf.) & return home. This upset my plans for supplies. I went over to the post office & Weigner returned home.

We have been furnishing meals (Owens & myself) at No. 2 to the sailors. This was not only costly but very troublesome as there was no certainty when they would return to meals, so Owens gave $5 Mex. & I gave $5 Mex (from the money I set aside personally as the Lord’s tenth). Weigner is treasurer to purchase meals for the men. I have so far from the Lord’s tenth paid out $4.40 Mex. for their food & expect to spend $10. more.

Late this afternoon one of the Swedes August Hagerlund, who has been ailing several days ago was attacked by a high fever. I went over to the Utah Light Artillery Quarters (Cuartel Meisig) to get the doctor, but he was absent. The steward put up several powders to be taken at 2 hour intervals. Said he would tell the doctor, but the latter failed to appear up to time of writing. Took the medicine to him. The poor fellow is lying on the floor with only a tent under him. The 4 sailors brought their baggage up to the room.

Unpacked Private Frank Amie’s baggage & hung his clothing on a line to prevent mildew, as per his order; also hung his two blankets out in the sun. Also arranged some of my letters & memoranda & catalogued & counted the Spanish & Tagalog publication sent me by Rev. Rodgers Presbyterian missionary. He is about to depart for Hongkong but will come for them after his return. I opened 3 packages rec’d from the post office recently amounting to 50 copies “El Evangelista” Año XVI, No. 184, April 1899. 50 copies “El Amigo de la Infancia.” Año XXV!, Apr 1 – 99 No. 299. I do not want any of these wasted. The Lord may use them for the salvation of souls. So may it be. Amen.

Private Hall of H. Co. 1st Nebraska Vol. Inf. last January 19th wrote me offering to buy my gramophone. I delayed answering his letter until this afternoon. Wrote & copied one to him requesting him to call & see me. I will sell probably if he gives me enough. Since I purchase the machine the Sal. Army adopted the gramophone, but forbids the use of only certain records approved & purchased from the S.A.’s trade dep’t. This ruling will probably make my records useless.

Looked over vols. 1 & 2 of my book catalogue to familiarize my memory with the contents of the library.

Wrote Private Salas C. Johnson, K. Co. 10 Penn. Vol. Inf., a postal card giving address of Peter Dutkewich, photographs, who took pictures the day of the advance from La Loma to Malolos. He works for G. M. Davis, 21 Washington St. New York – I took dinner with Owens. They are packing up their household effects.

Thursday, May 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have just completed a letter & copied it, to Rev. Harlan P. Beach, Educational Secretary, Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 3 West 29th St. New York. He wrote me a letter (date Apr 1st) enclosing me a blank to fill out giving an account of my field of labor. Filled the blank & wrote him a 3-page letter explaining more about the Philippines than was covered by his printed general questions.

Mailed letter to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis. Did so immediately after cooking & eating breakfast. Got on a street car & proceeded to the Imperial photograph gallery in Quiapo Dist. Ordered 6 more photos unmounted of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Also purchased 5 photos for $1 Mex. war views. Although I have sent many pictures with my articles to various S.A. publications I have quite a good collection on hand for stereoschopic purposes in case they are wanted.

Stopped in a second-hand furniture dealer’s store where 2 cases of sea & land shells are for sale ($1000.00) & priced some of the shells separately to get an idea of how the shell market is ruling. Showed me 2 shells – price $4 & $5 Mex. each. I purchased 2 yesterday on the street for less than $2 Mex. I pick up such bargains in rare shells quite often.

Called at the post office. Rec’d a letter from Private D. G. Hines E. Co. 1st  Montana Vol. Inf. Is at San Fernando. Had a hard time getting there. Layed over 5 days at Calumpit. Wants me to come up & bring him envelopes, paper & $1 worth of postage stamps. Purchased the stamps before leaving the office, advancing the money for the same.

Met Rev. Owen on the Escolta. When we parted I called at a Spanish grocer’s & bought 4 lbs sugar for 60 cts. Mex.

Arriving home rested my mind by reading.

Owens paid me back $5. Mex. borrowed money. The Owens’ & myself put our heads together re bearing the expenses of the 4 sailor’s support. They brought their bags in today. A week or 10 days may elapse before they can sail. Mrs. Owens complains because they are so uncertain at mealtimes. They concluded to give them $10 Mex. & let them get meals elsewhere. I am to purchase $20 Mex. worth of food for them when they sail. Have already spent over $4.20 & let them draw on my side of bacon & sugar.

The Owens are preparing to leave soon.

Private (Bro.) Clayton Scott came in about dark. Short talk & prayer. Bro. Merritt got seriously kicked by a horse & lost $60. Scott met a young Hawaiian who claims to be a Salvationist. Prays by his bedside regardless of ridicule. Loaned Scott 50 cts., American Silver.

Bacon, too much, is giving me a touch of dyspepsia. Must slack up. Caught a cold in the head today.

Cooked supper. This morning read 2 chapters in “Numbers”. Also prayed to my God. The Lord was near; praise Him.

Wednesday, May 24th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Typhoon all day. Bay rough. Elements are calm tonight but sky overcast with clouds. There may be a “recurvature” of this peculiar storm & we have the destroyer return this way again.

Rush marked the flying hours. Visited town twice.

First thing this morning out in my kitchen while washing my face the second of the 2 unconverted sailors entered. Tackled him about his soul & urged him to give up sin & seek salvation thro’ Christ, seemed interested. Returned to my bedroom, locked myself in & read one Chapter of Number & the 32d psalm. Then prayed.

Commenced writing again on my Philippine narrative before breakfast. Rev. Owens invited me in to breakfast. Gladly accepted the offer to save time. After breakfast had family worship together. While at breakfast a Filipino came in & presented a bill for $4 Mex. 2 months – 24th March to 24th May – subscription to the Manila Daily “Times”. Paid it & gave him a list of missing back numbers to send me already paid for. I did not subscribe for the paper. Bro’s Oden & Lloyd paid for the paper one month. They went to the front where they have been up to date. Sub. remained unpaid & I had to make it good.

Applied myself diligently to the narrative & completed it about noon. Added 4 pages foolscap to the 6 of yesterday. Divided the article under the following subheads: “H.M.S. Powerful”, “Malolos”, “Dewey’s Departure”, “Malabon”, “Sailor’s Rest”, “Bilibid Meetings”, “The Black Hole”. Wrote & copied a letter to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans & enclosed it with the War Cry copy. Also sent 3 pictures – photos – main plaza in Malolos, San Bartolome church at Malabon – Santiago Citadel, Manila facing the Malecon. Away I went with it to catch the mail but missed the street car & walked to the post office. Arrived about 1 p.m. U.S. mail closed 12 noon, & U.S. mail via Hongkong at 2 p.m.

Dropped into a Spanish barbershop on the Escolta & got shaved; 20 cts. Mex.

Purchase some beautiful & rare seashells from a Filipino dealer on the Escolta. Shells such as I have never seen even in museums, are kept on sale here at times. By watching the Filipino dealer’s stock I secure prizes for my cabinet.

Rode back home. Took a few peanuts & a cup of lemonade for dinner then read some articles in the North American Review while resting.

Wrote & copied a letter to the Geo. Berry, Hospital, Corregidor Is. Hope to visit the Is. soon. Set no date.

Off to the post office again. Inquired for mail & dropped B’s letter in. Met ex-Private Gerome of 4th U.S. Cavalry on the Escolta. Is just back from San Francisco. Re-enlisted in the hospital corps. Says Honolulu S.A. officer send love to me.

Saw a young soldier on Escolta. Claims to be a Salvationist. Invited him to visit No. 2 & gave him good advice.

Purchased some medicine & condensed milk for Rev. Owens. Asked me for a statement of a/c. For money loaned & supplies bought they owe me $4.01 Mex. I heard Mrs. Owens say she expects to embark for home in a week or week & a half. Sold her sewing machine to Rev. Rodgers today for $30 U.S. coins.

Revs. Rodgers & Hibbard, Presbyterian missionaries called. Rodgers introduced me to his new colleagues. Rev. Hibbard who is a bran new arrival.

The sailors are still with us. Sleep here every night & eat from one to 2 meals per diem.

Cooked supper of 2 duck eggs fried & bacon. A cup of chockolate & hard bread completed my meal.

After supper wrote & copied Weekly Letter No. 27 to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis, 12.4, W. 14th St. New York.

When I commenced to write this entry after supper the boom of a heavy cannon sounded thro’ the night at intervals. Perhaps one of our monitors is bombarding Paranaque or another bay town.

Queen Victoria is 80 years old today.