Saturday, May 6th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy, windy and hot, but the breeze when one is exposed to it takes away the sense of the unusual heat. I arose early, read a chapter in Numbers, and a psalm, then after prayer cooked breakfast, but was too much pressed for time to wash dishes.

That I might catch the evening U.S. mail I forced myself to copy from pencil into ink the article for “All the World” – London England. Rewrote parts of it. With the copy mailed 2 photos – scene on the Pasig river, and front view of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena. Wrote & copied a letter to the Foreign Secretary, 101 Queen Victoria Street, London Eng. & addressed the envelope to him as per Maj. J. Bond’s request. In a separate package sent a photo of myself. Before sealing the envelope to For’n Sec. I took Jolo street car to Quiapo Dist. & called at The Imperial Gallery. Discovered my films to be so badly torn that I shall probably lose almost all. I am very sorry for this. Heron’s portrait was not ready & Freeman’s was too badly mutilated to be of any use so could not forward them to London. While at the gallery purchased several photos.

Returning dropped in at the post office, mailed the “All the World” copy, got shaved in a Spanish barber shop o the Escolta, purchased some bacon for my larder & called at the only news stand (bone fide) in town to see if anything new was to be had. While there a soldier belonging to the 23rd U.S. Infantry accosted me. Asked if my name is Milsaps. Yes. Waited to make my acquaintances as he read my two articles re the Philippines in “Harbor Lights”. Invited him to call & see me at No. 2.

Private Andrew Waterman, Co. H. 1st South Dakota Vol. inf. paid me a visit. Looks thin & is badly run down from too much fighting and hardships. Only about one-third the requirement is fit for active service. Waterman said he took part in 14 actions. The Lord brought him thro’ unscathed. Before returning to his quarters we had prayer together. W. gave me U.S. & Mexican silver equivalent to $2 U.S. coin. The Lord’s tenth. Waterman said he is keeping close to Christ. Promised to come over to 2d Reserve Hospital & help me if possible tomorrow afternoon. I gave W. 20 miscellaneous San Francisco War Crys to distribute among his commanders.

Bro. Clayton Scott made around to No. 2 later. Talked re various matters & prayed before he departed. Said Chief Norton granted him leave of absence tomorrow forenoon to assist me in Bilibid prison.

For Waterman I made a cup of lemonade.

The copy for “All the World” covered 10 pages MS.  & was divided into the subjoined sub-heads. “Fire & Blood”, “Passes Many”, “Homeless”, “Peculiar Environments”, Thru Old Women & a Boy”, “Out at the Front” and “The Montana Tent”.



Friday, May 5th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

I rush around more down on these Philippines than I did in the temperate zone. How my strength holds out is a mystery to me. Can only account for it on the line of Providential strength vouchsafed me. To my God be the glory.

News in today says the troops have moved further north than Apalit. Fighting has been resumed on the north line.

Read a chapter in Numbers, 2 psalms and prayed. The Holy Ghost blessed me with a manifestation of His love last night. God is indeed very good to me.

Cooked breakfast & washed dishes. Bro. Clayton Scott rode up to No. 2 while I was cooking. I gave him a bundle of 50 assorted San Francisco War Crys for distribution in corral & among the patients. Before he rode away (was out pressing carabao carts & drivers into service) he tied the War Crys to his saddle. Together we waited on the Lord in prayer.

Wrote & copied a letter on the Lord in prayer.

Brothers D. G. Hines and Dave Freeman Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. called. They are recovering from heat prostration. Towards noon after prayer together, Hines & I took street car to the vicinity of the Imperial Photograph Gallery, leaving Freeman to rest at No. 2 as it is a cool & pleasant house. Before going I prepared 3 cups of lemonade for us three.

The Imperial photo gallery, had neither my films or pictures of No. 2 finished.

Returned home, purchased an apple pie, 30 cts. from the Utah battery bakery. Mrs. Owens gave me some farina; with lemonade added & prepared lunch for Freeman & myself from the same. Rested till about 2.45p.m. then struck out again, leaving Freeman asleep in the parlor. Took street car to Intramuros (walled city) where the sentry of 12th U.S. Infantry passed me without trouble into the arsenal. Inside I hunted up Sergeant Leon Chic (ordinance) who I discovered just outside the sally port in the wall, on the bank of the Pasig, where he was receiving a casco load of shells & other ammunition for artillery. He promised me day before yesterday that if I called today he would take me into the notorious Black Hole in Santiago Citadel. Leaving the casco he immediately went to the office, secured the proper keys and led the way. Arriving at the powder magazine the sentry stationed there, challenged us for a pass, but excused himself when he learned that Sergeant Chic is in charge of all these magazines & their contents. Entering a small wooden shed, the Sergeant descended a few stone steps into a tunnel arched with solid masonry, unlocked a door then at the bottom on a line with the ground (the entrance is had from above) unlocked another, heavy wood, with small orifices about 3 inches square for air. This door opened into an arched chamber about 12 feet x 15 feet with no ventilator for air or light save what was admitted thro’ the door. The chamber was dry save when rain water flowed down the steps. Chic pointed out some new masonry near the floor on the farther right hand corner from the entrance, which closed the entrance into another chamber. As near as I remember Chic’s explanation, 160 Filipinos were crowded into these small chamber; they were not drowned, but smothered to death when the door was closed. But the one chamber shown me by Sergt. Chic does not record but a small part of the mysteries of this bastion, as in it & the rear bastion facing the cross moat, are a number of black holes sealed up with masonry. Entrances are low.

The Black Hole is used for powder magazine, likewise the large four-square building with the flagpole at each gable. The back bastion with its chambers of death, if stories of Spanish cruelty are true, is entered from about thro’ a well-like spectators, which like the others are sealed. Serg’t Chic thinks they are likely to remain sealed. The hatred engendered by centuries of Spanish misrule is liable to enrage the Filipinos & cause trouble if the secrets of Santiago castle are revealed to the world.

Serg’t Chic skewed me thro’ the powder magazine above where quantities of death dealing missiles are being stacked up at the present time by Chinese coolies. The Sergeant’s enlistment expires in about 15 or 20 days. He will then return to the U.S. Bidding him adieu. I made my way to the “Corral” in old Manila. Here wagons, mules, pack train accoutrements & a lot of very hard looking men dressed in civilian costume interested me. Met Brother Alvin Merritt, packer (a member of San Francisco No. 2 corps) who took me up stairs to the dormitories or big dens. Very filthy indeed are these quarters & quite different from the quarters of troops. The men belong to the transportation department of Government service & necessarily are on the road much of their time. I saw Bro. Clayton Scott’s cap with a Salvation Army band around it hanging above one bed. God bless Scott.

Merritt & I talked of various matters not by any mean leaving out Salvation subjects & finished by both of us kneeling down at his bedside & praying. Requested Bro. Merritt who is now on the night shift to help me with a service next Sunday p.m. at the 2d Reserve Hospital. Promised to try.

From old Manila returned to No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena & cooked supper ate thereof & washed dishes.

Spoke to soldiers personally about salvation.

Gave a Filipino girl Senorita Romano Francia $1 Mex to purchase cloth for a woman’s jacket, she is making for me.

Thursday, May 4th, 1899

Cavite, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Taps is sounding over in the Cuartel Meisig as I commence to pen these lines. I am weary. Have been absent all day in Cavite including the ferry trip there & back. Read a chapter in Numbers and prayed. Next cooked breakfast & ate thereof but took not the time to wash dishes. Walked to the Cavite ferry. Was set down in C. about 9.45 a.m. My first business was to drop into a Filipino barber shop on Calle Real & get shaved. The sign says: “For Americans Only”. Next called on Bro. Z.K. Miller, engineer of the Ice factory. Had a spiritual talk. I mistake my first call after leaving the barber shop was an Private (Bro.) Chester Blaney of H.C. 10th Penn. Inf. is just pulling thro’ a spell of sickness. Encouraged him on religious lines & prayed with him. This was in the Collegio de Sagrada Familia. Gave Blaney some San Francisco War Crys for distribution among his comrades.

From the Ice factory I went to the Navy Hospital in the Arsenal where I remained sometime with Bro. Wm Eletson of the Flagship “Olympia”. Cheering him, specially on religious line, as the dear Lord is not unmindful of what happens to His servants. Eletson said Admiral Dewey while visiting the hospital recently spoke a few minutes to him & promised him that he should return home with his vessel. Eletson is afflicted with that mysterious & presumably incurable disease, beri-beri. Left some War Crys with Eletson & others to read. Pressed the subject of salvation on the attention of the chief nurse. Before bidding E. good-bye knelt down & prayed with hin. He gave me $1 greenback for the S.A. work. I advised him to help the Hongkong or Yokohama S.A. sailors’ houses, but he insisted that I should take it.

Had dinner, which a Chinese coolie cooked in the establishment of Mr. W.B. Silver on Calle Real. Paid 30 cts Mex for it. Very poor meal. S. said his place does not pay.

From the restaurant-salon, went over to the General Hospital to visit Bro. Hans Verwiebe (Salvationist) & Bro. [Sutton]. Gave Verweibe some War Crys for himself & the hospital people to read. He donated me 50 cts silver. I spoke to one of the hospital force who knew me in Mendocino county Cal. About the saving power of the Lord Jesus Christ. Prayed with A.J. Smith in his room. He accompanied me across the street to make the acquaintance of Blaney. Two showers in Cavite while I was there.

Returned to Manila on the 4 p.m. ferry. Before going home called “Times Office” at the post office and purchased oatmeal in a Spanish store. Took street car back. Passed Clayton Scott, who brought some commissary supplies from H. Kline.

At home Private (Bro.) W. I. Mason Co. D. 9th U.S. Inf. was awaiting my return. A talk with him. Also did other personal dealing with men today re the importance of seeking Christ & His salvation.

Cooked supper & washed dishes. Am tired.

While standing over the cook pots heard rifle firing apparently in Malate. Sounded familiar.

Shooting is heard outside the city tonight; reminds me of the recent battles in the outskirts of Manila.

Wednesday, May 3d, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy black clouds obscured the sky; very hot; no rain. Slept well last night; quite weary. Read a chapter in Numbers & a psalm. Cooked breakfast and washed dishes.

After cleaning up went down to Quiapo Dist to the Imperial Photo Gallery. Secured one print of the No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena photograph unmounted, for London “All the World”. The negatives of one film left with this gallery are badly torn. Left another making 3. May be the fault of the hot weather. Photographic work done for me in this city is unsatisfactory. Called at the barracks of the 1st Montana vol. Inf. to see Bro. Dave Freeman. He was asleep when I entered. Awaked him. Requested him to put on cartridge belt to get his Springfield. This he did; then I took a Kodak of him with the tent in which he was save in the background. Called at the post office; then of a Filipino man purchased some sea shells and returned home.

Private (Bro.) Ackarett, Section 4, B. Battery. Utah Light Artillery dropped in. we had a conversation on spiritual & other topics. I made him & Rev. Owens some lemonade. Private (Bro.) Peter Shipper of the U.S. Engineer corps, drove up in the wagon belonging to the corps bringing me a lot of San Francisco War Crys, viz, 28 copies, No. 589 Mar. 11th ’99; 61 of 590, Mar. 18th; 36 of 591, Mar. 25th and 50 of 592, Apr. 1st. This I will distribute. Packages are sent him & not to me. A few copies were taken by various parties which made the number given above, larger. Before Shipper, left, he, Bro. Ackarett & I had prayer together.

Following their departure I wrote & copied a 4 page letter to Brigadier Henry Stillwell & addressed it to 124 W. 14th St. New York marked private. The letter describes the Philippine present & prospective, my work, support etc. and advice re starting work in the future. I took pains with his letter & hurried it, because he expects to farewell from his division & hints that the Philippines may be his future command.

The hour was late when I finished the letter. Hurried to the Commissary warehouse on the rail road street in Barrier San Nicolas, but it was closed. Then inquired my way, abiding place. Found it & my man. Greeted me pleasantly. I took supper with him & the other Commissary clerks & detail. They live quite well. Have a Chinese cook. Supper over Kline accompanied me as far as the Gen. Blanco bridge, where we parted. Gave him good advice. Is backslidden. Will secure supplies for me from the Gov’t for which I am to pay.

Returning home called at the Cuartel Meisig for my evening “Times”. Saw the torn wrapper bearing my name on the seat vacated by the sentry. Got my paper from him. While awaiting the man’s return I pressed the duty of man towards Christ on the attention of a Third Artillery soldier who formerly attended S.A. meetings in San Francisco.

I loaned Rev. Owens $2 Mex. to by supplies. At the post office I was paid on salary a/c for the month of April $34 U.S. coin. Less $3 goes to Gen’l a/c fund as that amount was paid out from that fund.

Tuesday, May 2nd, 1899

Calumpit, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

My clothes are wet with perspiration & I am still hot. The day has been on of constant rush & work.

Out of bed early. Read the first chapter in Book of Numbers. Prayed. Committed myself into the hands of my God, whose providence is over me. Hurried off without washing dishes. Arrived at the Dagupan R. R. Train near the Port Captain’s office about 7.40 a.m. Boarded the train early to secure a seat. 8.30 the train left Manila. At Malolos saw & spoke to several 3d Reg’t Heavy Artillery boys.

Arrived at the Bagbag river about 10.30. The bridge over this stream was partly destroyed on the north bank, an iron span was dropped into the river. A temporary wood wagon bridge has been constructed. At the south end of a long train of cars are standing the “fort” train with its rapid fires General McArthur’s headquarters with his staff, etc. The crowd of soldiers from our train & civilians with supplies etc. struck out northward. The sun was excessively hot. I gave a distributor of “Freedom” a chance to walk under my umbrella & talked salvation to him. Said he is saved; was converted a few years since. At one of our stopping places a number of cigarettes fell out of his pocket. My idea of his salvation fell with the same.

I saw 2 of Aguinaldo’s officers in Gen. McArthur’s car on my way out. Think they are peace representatives. The country back of Bagbag and South of Malolos is getting some of its farmers & they are starting in to repair the wreck of war, plowing their land, etc. “Freedom” is authority for the statement that half a million refugees etc are back of Aguinaldo’s lines. I do not find this statement difficult to believe after noting how completely denuded of population the county & towns are that I have visited. Calumpit is only a name, everything else seems to be ashes. There is a stretch of open country about 2 miles across from the Bagbag river to Calumpit on the Rio Grande, a wide stream with a five iron bridge. Beautiful cornfields with indian corn ripening, covers the 2 miles on either side reminding me of the western states of America. The high railroad grade is cut across in many places with trenches, likewise both sides of the grade & the ditches have been changed for fighting men to use. There are, too, what a Montana soldier calls “get away” trenches. These are so constructed that the Filipinos can slip away under cover, providing they are not flanked. Many iron culverts break this high grade.

At Calumpit, after jumping across quite a number of trenches cut in the grade, & walking 5 inch iron bridge stringers, I crossed the Rio Grande on the Railroad bridge. The track flow including ties and iron have been carried away as were the 2 side foot walks by the Insurrectos. The American troops  crossed by holding to the hand rail & walking sideways under fire, on a 3 inch iron stringer! A brave feat.

Across from Calumpit is situate Apalit, a most peculiarly built town of one street about 3 miles long following the course of the river. The most formidable trenches I have seen up to date are the trenches & forts at this place.

Followed the long street with its nipa huts, embowered in banana bushes, about 2 miles thro’ a very hot sun. Passing the 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. a squad of men of Co. M. invited me to take dinner with them. Accepted the invitation gratefully Y said grace over a cup of coffee, hand tack & Boston baked beans. The men of this company invited me to call again for a hold out meeting; so I understood it.

Half a mile alone M. company I found E. Co. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. likewise Private A. Lloyd who complained of feeling bad. Encouraged him spiritually & prayed together in a native hut where he & others are quartered. A heavy shower with thunder came up. When it ceased, Lloyd accompanied me back to the Rio Grande bridge. Here we parted. I returned to Bagbag bridge & hunted up Private V. Heron Co. L. 1st Nebraska vol. Inf. a convert of the S.A. Claimed that he is saved. We had a long talk including spiritual lines. At my request he got his Springfield & belt of cartridges & I took his photo at the bridge. Also took other photos including Private Peter E. Lamar & a gang of Engineer corps men who are surveying and plotting the country & specially the trenches for the U.S. Gov’t.

Spoke to several men re salvation & my Christ.

Met Bro. Glunz of the Christian Commission. He was returning from a trip done from the Master’s cause.

Our train arrived in Manila about 6.30 p.m. Getting home tired & weary & hot I cooked supper. A large mail of letters and papers awaited me.

(1) Lizzie White, Cotton, Cal. wants her boy Cha. Reed Co. I, 14th U.S. Infantry, converted.

(2) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, S.F. re Lawyer Duncan’s curios.

(3) do      do     date March 28th enclosing $34 money order, salary a/c charges me personally with $1.50 with gramophone needles & $3.50 for Bushnell’s copying books –- 3.

(4) Major John Bard, London, Eng. wants me to write a hurry article descriptive of the Philippines, 1,500 words for the London War Cry.

(5) A generalizing letter for Commander F. de Lataur Booth-Tucker which says nothing in particular – date New York March 29th 

(6) Alice Lewis, Rec’d my letter re fares Manila to America. Keeping it for references. Want pictures from me. Says I am representing the S.A. so well, they have no idea of me farewelling at the present – date of letter March 29th – New York

(7) Harry Stillwell, Kansas City, Mo. Much interested in the Philippines. I think a hint has been given him that he may be sent to this archipelago to take charge. Date of letter, March 26th.

Monday, May 1st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy clouds on the horizon; no rain; cool when quiet; hot when exerting oneself; thunder & lightning tonight.

Finished reading Leviticus this morning. Then prayed. Slept but little last night. Have been very busy today.

Cooked breakfast & supper & washed the dishes.

Agreed to pay Maria Panga, the Filipino widow employed as servant by Rev. Owens, $2 a month Mex. to keep the floor of my rooms clean & to scrub the smoke off my stew pans regularly. Owens pays her $10 a month. After washing dishes, Rev. Owens & I went to the Imperial photo’ gallery. Looked out a specimen print of No. Calle Santa Elena. Is quite good. My films are not ready. Next called at the post office. On the Escolta I bought 3 or 4 sea shells, also groceries.

In the post office Private Chas W. Nelson of Co. L. 13th Minnesota vol. Infantry said Peter Fallon of the same company told him that Marshall (from his description I concluded he meant Brigadier Steve Marshall of Oregon & Washington) left the Salvation Army and joined Ballington Booth’s volunteers. Nelson claims to be a Salvationist.

Brother Geo. Turner & his family visited the Owens; T. is of the Ecclesia mission, or Come Outers. He looks bad. Had diarrhea. I gave him $5 gold, the Lord’s tenth paid in by me. Turner said “God bless you.”

Mounted orderly Clayton Scott rode up on his pony to No. 2. Paid his tenth, $3 with a greenback. Before parting we prayed together.

I then took street car & went out to Malate, 2d Reserve Hospital. Expected first to call on Bro. Mason of Co. D. 9th U.S. Regular Infantry, but on my way to his barracks I passed him on the street. He saw me. Was marching with a squad of men away to do the guard duty.

Called at the 2d Reserve Hospital to see Bros. Temple and Freeman. The former was absent & the latter was sent to the regimental quarters.

My next move was to the 1st Reserve or Divisional Hospital. Bro. Geo. Schumerhorn who is up again, praise God. Seemed glad to have me come. Together we walked around Ward 16 (a row of tents) where lay Bro. D. G. Hines stretched on is back. Was sent here with a high fever but is improving. After some conversation Schumerhorn and I knelt beside his cot & prayed.

On my return home brought more eatables. Bought $5 gold worth of Mex. silver; only received 2 for 1.

The Lord grace me to speak to a number of men about Christ & salvation. Did more writing on my “All the World” article re my Philippine Island experiences.

Sunday, April 30th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Rain last night; cloudy & comparatively cool today.

Read Leviticus & part of a psalm this morning; prayed to my precious Lord, then cooked breakfast. After eating thereof and washing dishes, looked up some songs & a bible lesson, by that time the clock marked 10.25 a.m. Prayed for God’s blessings on my prison service & walked down Paseo Azcarraga to Bilibid. Am quite well known there now & am admitted by the sentry of the 20th U.S. Infantry & the Filipino gate keeper without trouble. I found Provost-Sergeant Houser in bed complaining of feeling unwell. However, he got up & opened the wards for such prisoner as cared to attend my service. Six or eight came out & we adjourned to the civil prison, where sailors & beach “comber” are confined –- a pretty hard set are they are too. Had an audience of 22. The men (some) complained because I came just at the time they dished up their one daily meal. Some prisoners went outside but others remained inside & listened attentively. The sergeant went away & looked the irongate behind him leading into the yard & left me alone with the prisoners. At the conclusion of the service, in which I had to do everything alone except distribute song books & sing I bade them adieu. One asked me for 30 cts. I gave the men 2 New Testaments. The military prisoners who came in with me pulled some of the iron rods serving for pickets out of their sock, etc. I squeezed thro’ the opening & got into the main yard. One of the prisoners, a backslider Baptist & I had a talk re his soul; also spoke to another backslider; both seem interested.

Leaving Bilibid walked back via Paseo Azcarraga house. I saw my portrait, cut from a San Francisco War Cry, stuck on the wall of the civil prison over a bunk, with 2 pieces of green ribbons decorating the bottom. Where they secured the picture in a mystery to me.

Arriving home I was surprised to meet 2 U.S. soldiers 9th Reg’t regular waiting to see me –- Bro. (Private) Walter I. Mason of Co. D. & an unconverted friend. I spoke to the latter advising him to be come a Christian. Mason is member of Boston 1 Corps. (Mass.) Saved 3 years. Said Lt.-Col. W J. Cozens & Staff Capt. Sam Wood of Boston send regards to me. We had a long conversation & parted with prayer.

Must not neglect to state that on my return –- passing down Azcarraga, I was stopped by a 20th U.S. Infantry soldier, who introduced himself -– Private Wm Clark Co. M. Was converted in Philadelphia I Corps. (Penn.) 2 years since. Claims to be saved but smokes. Promised to call & see me. After my company left commenced writing more copy for “All the World” magazine. Private Clayton Scott dropped in & I ceased writing. At close of our conversation we prayed together & went down to Binondo Dist., beyond Puerta General Blanco to the “Old Folks at House” restaurant for supper. Three negroes, a Chinese & a white man are connected with this establishment in various capacities. The dinner was so inferior compared to the price charged that we concluded that this our second visit shall be our last. Scott intended to stand treat but his money was not equal to the bill, $1.20 Mex. The 20 cts I paid.

After dark Orderly Kelch of the 3d artillery called with a companion. He (Kelch) brought a letter from Private M. L. Devine (Landon) of K. battery 3d written at Malolos Apr 30th requesting the loan of $5 or $6 Mex. as he is unwell & the food is wretched. I sent by Kelch $3 American silver, also a letter. God bless Landon & the other boys.

Saturday, April 29th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy but no rain. Sun out at times. Cool at times also, when gusto of wind stirred. No trouble to perspire.

Read a chapter in Leviticus & one psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast, washed dishes then with Rev. Owens boarded a Jolo St. car & got off in Quiapo Dist. & proceeded to the Imperial Photograph gallery. Looked at the negative of my house; seems to be quite good. Said they will be printed next Monday. The negatives from Kodak films will also be ready. Purchased 3 photographs.

Went to the post office; no mail.

On the Escolta I met Bro. A. J. Merritt, a Salvationist who was converted about 8 months ago in San Francisco No. 2. He is a recent arrival. Is in the Government service as a boss packer. Has charge of Pack Train No. 2, with 13 men & 65 mules under him. Had years of experience as a Gov’t Packer in mountain countries. Expects to leave for Lawton’s command in 2 or 3 days. I believe Merritt is a good man – anyway he looks it. Also said he read my Philippine articles in the War Crys, and that the soldiers & comrades of No. 2 and 6 send regards to me.

Dropped in the “Freedom” office & bought 3 backnumbers; also bought or rather paid in advance for 2 copies of the extra edition for circulation in the U.S.; 1 copy is to be sent to Lt.-Col. Wm Brener, 124 W. 14th St. New York & 1 to the Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco paid 30 cts. Mex a copy, which includes postages.

Commenced an article for “All the World”. Wrote 8 pages. yesterday evening there came in on the train from the north. 2 Filipino officers, Col. Manuel Arguello [Arguelles] & Lieut.-Col. Jose Vernal [Bernal], to see Major General Otis regarding terms of peace. Rumor, newspaper & verbal says Aguinaldo wishes a cessation of hostilities until the Filipino Congress meets in May, when they will consider his proposition. Otis listened but granted not the request.

Friday, April 28th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Feel weary and hot tonight as I sit down to pen this day’s record.

Two chapters in Leviticus, one psalm and prayer started the morning. Cooked breakfast; after eating & cleansing in company with Rev. Owens went down town on the Calle Jolo Street car. Got off in the vicinity of the Imperial Photograph gallery. Purchased 5 unmounted pictures – war scenes – 2 of death in Tondo on the memorable day following the uprising. I likewise left with Senor 2 undeveloped Kodak films for development at $1 Mex per dry negatives. Will print at 10 cents each, Mex. In the afternoon a man came around to No. 2 Calle Santa Elena & took a photo of the first building occupied by the Salvation Army for meetings on the Philippine Islands. Did this because “All the World” wants pictures to illustrate my article. Returned home & laid off a plan of my proposed article for “All the World”, & commenced writing it.

While down town I also purchased some more shells for my collection, rare species or varieties. Also bot’ groceries.

Mrs. Owens & Romana Francia bought a piece of cloth for me & gave Romana the job to make a Filipino woman’s jacket. I have a couple of skirts & want to complete the suits. They may be of use to me in street marches in the United States, providing I am detailed to lecture on the Philippines.

About sunset Private Harry Kline of K Co. 1st California Vol. Inf., called to see me. We talked of home news, his falling away from the Lord Jesus etc. Part of the time during the conversation, I was engaged cooking supper in the kitchen. Supper cooked Kline knelt down with me on brick floor & I prayed the blessed God to heal his backsliding. K. promised to return some day, but would not make today the time.