Saturday, Jan. 21st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Alternately clear and cloudy, no rain; slightly cool. This is called winter. People catch colds and hack & cough much.

Remained at home through the forenoon & up to 2.30p.m. Commenced day with prayer & bible reading; then cooked breakfast & partook of the same. Invited to dinner with Rev. & Mrs. Owens. Accepted their hospitality.

Called at the post office; no mail. Then crossed the Bridge of Spain, on street car to the quarters of the 1st California Volunteer infantry to see Private Thomas Robertson drummer in the regimental brass band. Found him in the barracks minus a shirt. His father A. Robertson of 1014 ½ Tacoma Ave. Tacoma Wash wrote me to visit Tom (his son) & try to lead him to Christ. Spoke to him on this all important subject. He promised to come to my meeting tomorrow evening if possible. Many years ago he acted as the snare drummer for the first Salvation Army meetings held in San Francisco. His father was one of our ablest & most devoted street workers. Much has happened during these sixteen years. Little Tommie is now a big man, but is a stranger to the soaring power of Jesus.

Returning homeward stopped at Chofre & Co’s on the Escolta & paid for 3 books like this made by them for me. Amount $6 Mex. Want them for my diary.

Brothers Hines & Lloyd of the Montana’s called this p.m. to get more photos for their stereopticon outfit.

The daily Manila “American” failed to reach me yesterday as usual. Am a subscriber. Learned today that it has been suppressed by the American military authorities. Within the past 20 days both the “American Soldier’ (weekly) & “American” (daily) have failed. Isaac Russell of the forenoon was put in the guard house for writing disrespectfully of his superior officers.

Visitors 5.

Private Flansberg & I had a long talk. Advised him again not to marry the native woman. Had prayer also. F. said he is an American (B. Booth’s) Volunteer – a Lieutenant.





Sunday, Jan. 15th, 1899

Cavite, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Slow falling rain last night, cloudy all day with stiff breeze, sloppy streets & occasional light falls of rain.

Up early, cooked breakfast and hurried away to the ferry landing without stopping to wash dishes. Private Clayton Scott met me down near the wharf. Together we went to Cavite on the 8.30a.m. boat. Scott paid the expenses of travel & dinner. Upon arrival in Cavite we proceeded to a room in the long one-story building adjoining the Roman Catholic chapel, which connects San Felipe with San Domingo church. Here a Christian Endeavor Society are at work. Have a reading & writing room in which services are also held. Gloomy weather. Including myself only four persons attended, viz., Scott, & Privates Charles Lorentz, Andrew J. Smiths and Graham. Each testified. Had prayer. I read a bible lesson & exhausted the comrades to increased faithfulness to Christ’s cause.

The soldiers of the various commands were kept so close to quarters that they could not come. War is expected to commence anytime. Brothers Lorentz has charge of a detail & is fixing a building for an improvised military hospital. The improvisement of temporary hospitals is a significant sign. The seats we used in our meeting formerly belonged to same Roman Catholic order, for they had the seal of Saint Peter carved on the same.

After dinner we went outside the wall facing San Roque and took long observations of San Roque & the Insurrectos so far or circumstances would permit.

Home again on the 2.p.m. ferryboat.

Spoke to several persons personally about Christ and salvation.

Visitors 4 at No. 2.

From Comrades made up an audience for me in No. 2 for the evening meeting: Scott, Hines, Berry & Lloyd. I led a meeting. God was present. Troops in Manila are kept in their quarters.

Sixteen years ago tonight, in the Eddy street chapel (advent) San Francisco I gave in my name to Sergeant Henry Eden to become a private in the Salvation Army. I consider that to have been one of the most momentous steps of my life. Tremblingly I took the step in obedience to what I regarded as the will of God. The Lord has been my guide and protector from that day to this. He has kept & used me. Praise His dear name, otherwise I should have failed long ago. What long vista of change, of diversified experience, of usefulness stretch back over these 16 years! What a panorama of events unfold before memory’s eye! What a procession of persons (many of them now dead) march past me in solemn review! Oh, what a tremendously important thing is the life of a preacher of Christ and Him crucified! The Lord used me by voice & pen to preach the gospel to many thousands of immortal souls during these 16 blessed years. Without a doubt they have been the happiest of my life. Sixteen years of service in the Salvation Army means much – very much!

Tuesday, Jan. 10th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cool breeze blowing larger part of the day, reminded me of the temperate zone & had a tendency to brace me up, but still the least execution made my underwear wet with perspiration.

I feel very tired tonight. Walked out to San Miguel out to Calle de Gral. Solano. Took a photo of 1st Bat. 1st South Dakota vol. Inf. and called at the 1st Montana barracks. Saw Private Hines re holding a service after dark. Replied he thought it advisable. Returned home, cooked a cup of cocoa, partook of cold food, got my bible lesson, prayed & was off again. Hines, Lloyd, Freeman, Scott & 2 other comrades assisted me. Audience 30. Tried hard but could get no souls forward to seek Christ publicly. After meeting. Hines gave me $20 gold & Lloyd $2 U.S. silver, principally to settle for gramophone exhibition tickets. Will straighten accounts (D.V.) tomorrow.

During day at home wrote & copied 3 letters. Read several chapters in Winchell’s Walks & Talks in Geology. Feel much interest in Natural history as it reflects God’s thoughts. When downtown, the first time today called at the post office & brought back a letter for Rev. Owens. The same was a letter of credit notifying him that he can draw £60. This proved good news to him & his wife. They are $100 in debt. Borrowed money from friends. Recently on the Glooscap they rec’d a donation of $100. They have not paid me any rent since moving into No. 2 Were not able. They talk of squaring accounts.

Invited me to dinner. Special feature – ham & cabbage. Was highly appreciated.

Visitors to No. 2 None. The house remains empty now from noon till night. The U.S. troops are in fighting trim & are kept close to their barracks. Crowds continue to leave the city I am told. This continuous strain of impending battle is a marked feature of everyday life in Manila at the present time. Everything & everyday is kept in a state of suspense. I heard today that the Insurrectos outnumber the American soldiers 3 to 1. Also heard that Gen’l Otis is avoiding the offensive & waiting for reinforcements.

Sunday, Jan. 1st, 1899


Corregidor Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Up early; cooked hasty breakfast. Then away for the Pasig quay down in Barrio San Nicholas. Several comrades met me there; Privates Hines, Berry & Lloyd of the 1st Montana & Private G. Scott of the 1st North Dakota. The latter paid his own & my ferry fare to Corregidor & return $1 Mex to each.

I brought with me my camera, a bundle of S.A. song book and a good supply of food. A run of 25 miles brought us to the sleepy little village of Corregidor. The 1st Colorado brass band played selections on the way across the bay. Quite a large crowd went over. The brass band spoiled our prospects for a service in the hospital & Chaplain Hunter of the 10th Pennsylvania Inf. held a service with the 2 companies of his reg’t stationed here. So we were disappointed also in that quarter. I spoke personally to several men re salvation including Brothers Stockton & Sneiderman of the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. Stockton claims to be saved and Sneiderman is backslidder. Gave them such advice as the dear Lord directed.

Our party crossed the narrow part of the island to the cemetery – Catholic – Near by under a boat shed 2 American sentries were doing outpost duty. Sat down in the shade and lunched; shared our food with the sentries & a can nearly full of salmon gave to a Filipino family.

Visited the monument of Corregidor. It is leaning badly. His tomb is broken open & soldiers are taking his bones away for relics. Also visited the camp of the Pennsylvanians.

At 3.p.m. went on board the steamer “Manila” No. 2 again in a small boat, but before going out I called at the residence & office of Major Owens the surgeon in charge of the convalescents hospital. Had company. Came out to see me in the entrance. Was rabid. Said if he had his say, I should not land on the island. Emphatically no, said he when I asked permission to hold meetings in the town, visit the sick in the hospital etc. Would grant permission to do nothing whatever for the sick under him, nor any minister of other denomination without exception, unless specially requested by a patient to send for some particular individual. Major Owens impressed me as an aggressive infidel.

Our party landed in Manila shortly past 6.p.m.

On the boat I arranged with “General” Tarnsley for a trip to Mariveles tomorrow. God willing.

Went into meeting without supper, a couple of bananas & sip of water had to suffice me. My companions likewise took part (those who accompanied me) supplies – 8 comrades present. New year live of testimonies.

Amie & other comrades brought word tonight that the United States will formally take possession of the Philippines tomorrow at noon & call on all armed bodies other than American troops to lay down their arms.

War Crys (S.F.) sent out. Detached Squad per Scott. 4. No. 572, 6, 573 & 5 No. 574, 1st Mon. 2d & 3d battalions, 15 No. 572; 15, 573; 15, No. 574 per Hines; 1st bat Co., 26, No. 574 and 19 No. 573 per Berry; 1st South Dakota 3d battalion per Georgeson, 15 No. 573, 15 No. 574. Also 5 copies miscel. to Annie & Lloyd.

Visitors today 9.

Sunday, Dec. 25th, 1898

Cavite, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

1898 is fast slipping into eternity. Only one more week and the old year will be gone.

Out of bed early & after prayer & bible reading cooked breakfast & hurried down to the 8.30 a.m. Cavite ferry. Reaching Binondo plaza saw by the clock in the Catholic church that I had 5 minutes to make the boat. Jumped into a quilez on General Blanco bridge. Paid the driver one paseta [peseta] fare. As the ferry boat was pulling out a man threw one paseta donation on board which made up the amount thus expended. Paid my own fare. Scott did not come along. Private Hines, Lloyd, Berry & Freeman of the Montana regiment accompanied me.

Arrived in Cavite & called on Capt. D. C. Geary of Battery A. California Vol. heavy artillery, who is provost marshall & acquainted him with the fact that Col. Van Valzah sanctioned open-air meetings. Geary said he did not oppose me & would grant a provost guard for protection if necessary. Thanked him.

Our party called at the Recollector Roman Catholic church or Calle Real. I urged Ex-Capt. Chas. Spurgeon of K. Co. 18th U.S. Inf. Reg. to return to Jesus & the S.A. refused. We knelt down in the wing where the company is quartered & prayed for Spurgeon while he stood. The young man is seeing hard times. Had a newspaper under him to sleep on. Was up last night doing guard duty. The city was filled with guards. Two Filipinos had been overheard saying houses would be blown up with dynamite.

Before dinner I led a service under the porch, on the side of the “Teatro Caviteno” in front, nearest the sally port of the wall of San Roque gate. Audience 22. We were much disturbed by Filipino (boy & men) brass bands & bamboo bands. The latter were very odd. I never saw anything like them before.

From the Teatro Filipino we proceeded to the house on Calle Arsenal notorious for the murder of a Spanish officer. May 1st on the back room on whose walls came blood stains & the inscription “Sextus Gloria”. M. Company of the 18th U.S. Infantry, regulars, occupies the same. We held a service on the street in front. Men noisy and disturbed us. Went ahead in spite of ridicule. Audience 30 not counting natives.

Meeting over we adjourned to Silver’s American restaurant on Calle Real where we took dinner. I paid $1 of the bill. Explored more of the walls, rooms & dungeons of the old Spanish fortifications also San Domingo church.

Visited quarters of Co. A. 18th Regular Inf. to find Corporal Long came, but failed. Expected to hold an open air in front of the building. Time however was lacking and the men were very busy packing up for a voyage to Iloilo. They said tonight or tomorrow.

We returned to Manila by the 2p.m. ferry.

In Manila I cooked supper but had no time to wash dishes. The soldiers gathered while I was at supper.

Led the meeting in No. 2 Calle Santa Elena. Audience 17. The Lord blessed the effort. At the close Private Geo. A. Masser of Co. H. 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. an ex-campbellite claimed to have his backslidings healed thro’ Christ; praise to our blessed Jesus; amen. Our comrades rejoiced thereat.

I am very sleepy. Had but little rest last night. The Filipinos had instrumental music in the yard below my window almost till day light.

Visitors 20.

Two Spanish prisoners held by Insurgents escaped to the American lines last night. Swam from Baker U.S. soldiers gave them clothing. Look starved & hunted.

Thursday, Dec. 15th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

War rumors fill the air. The signal corps or part were hanging a field telegraph out Calle Jolo on the electric light poles, just before dark. The natives & Chinese watched proceedings with deep interest. Word went ‘round that a fight is expected tonight with the Insurgents. They were given until today to lay down their arms says report. Appearances imply that they do not intend to do it. The 3d artillerymen were kept in their quarters all day, & have rations, water & cartridges ready for instant marching orders. General Otis & staff inspected the posts today including the 3d. The General is reported as having said (on authority of Private Rensberger who was acting as orderly & overheard his parting talk) “I depend more upon you four batteries than upon the whole volunteer army”, addressed Brevet Maj. O’ Hara.

Utah batterymen took some of the their guns out last night.

We hear that the Nebraska troops took possession of the Insurgent powder factory. Matters may come to a head by Sunday next. I do hope bloodshed will be avoided.

I met two Astor battery men down on the Escolta this afternoon. They bade me good-bye. Are leaving us. Returning home to the United States.

During the forenoon I remained at home reading, casting up accounts & posting scraps in personal Scrap book.

After dinner sallied forth. Post office first. Rec’d a letter from Staff Capt. Symons at Hongkong. He reports the S.A. work flourishing. Glory to God who doeth wonders.

The Staff Captain writes that my photo films for development & 2 prints to each negative would cost $28. Scares me.

Sent out many War Crys for force distribution by Salvationists in the U.S. army, all were miscellaneous copies, old dates viz. Private Hines for 2d battalion 58 copies: 1st Montana Vol. Private Berry, 50 copies. 1st Battalion. 1st Montana vols. Private Lloyd, 10 copies for the ship “Glooscap”. On my way to town I took 25 copies No. 571 Cry. Nov. 5th to Peter Shipper to distribute among the U.S. Engineers, his comrades.

Get some notes tonight form Hines for public private.

Visitors 8.

Friday, Dec. 2d, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cool breeze tonight. Hot during the day especially when doing anything.

Gave a Filipino family that was put out of one room in the basement, permission to locate under the front or entrance stairway. Hired another Filipino to wash the floor of several rooms & corridor. Went to town twice. Sold $20 U.S. gold at the India, Australia & China bank for $40.60 Mexican silver.

Spoke to Mr. Clark, a salon-keeper, about his soul.

Visitors 18.

In the afternoon went to the English photographer and bought 3 photographs and $2.50 Mexican. I am collecting photos, in case I may have to lecture on the Philippines with stereoscopic views.

Made out a number of receipts for donations & Tenth League Payments.

Led a holiness meeting after supper in No. 2. Present 15 U.S. soldiers. God present, but no souls came forward.

The Holy Ghost blessed me richly in my soul last night.

Had a talk with Private Hines & Lloyd re selling some gramophone tickets & making other arrangements in their commands – 1st Montana Vol. Inf. Advanced Lloyd 200 tickets to be sold at 25 cts each. U.S. coin.

Thursday, Dec. 1st, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

First clear day in a long time. Heat. No rain. Bright moon at night. Cooked breakfast & dinner took with Rev. and Mrs. Owens furnished 1 two pound cans of apricots. Also cooked super. Frugal meal. Corn meal mush, fried bacon & cocoa. Am living cheap.

“Rev.” Geo. Turner, the pioneer of the “Ecclesia” mission or “Come-Outers” of Washington state arrived this morning with his family on the U.S. Transport “Valencia”. He called at No. 2 house-hunting. The come-outers are said to be violent assailers of churches & all religious organizations excepting their own.

After dinner went to post office with Rev. Owens & Bro. Geo. Turner. The latter took dinner with us. No mail for me. Then went on to the Palace in Old Manila & got 800 gramophone tickets, printed on blotting paper, supplied by me. Paid $1.75 U.S. coin for them.

Comrade L. Sneiderman, bugler of the 1st Colorado Vol. Inf. dropped in to see me. Long time since he called. Been in bad spiritual condition. Says he is much better & asked him to join our One-Tenth League, but he excused himself from doing so. Prayed with him & Comrade Lloyd of the First Montana Vol. Inf.

Visitors 8.

Rev. Owerns shaved me today. My shaving has been done by Spanish barbers lo these many days.

After super, 7.p.m. Devine & Lloyd came over & together we invaded the Cuartel Meisig. Place de Philippe II, where the 3rd artillery regiment is stationed. Christian soldiers brought out some benches. Cariboa [carabao] carts also supplied sitting accomodations. Salvationists Devine (Landon) Lloyd & later Amie assisted as did Bros. Hummer, Rensberger, Tarr*, Nevins, comrades & lanterns were brought out. In the moonlight our meeting was conducted by the cross wall separating the Utah batteries from the 3d artillery. Audience 45. No souls out.

The “Times” quote “Independencia” that Filipino will fight U.S.

Wednesday, Oct. 26th, 1898

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Clear lovely day & not hot, quite a contrast to the storm of yesterday.

After breakfast was cooked, hunger satisfied and dishes out of the way added another page to the write up for the S.F. War Cry, sub-titles to the article of 18 pages: “Tent Tribulations; Holiness Subject to Order; Down on Pasig Quay: Sores & Coughs;

Swamps; Christian Commission; Beggars & Tobacco; Missionary Outlook; Language Barriers; Dewey’s Squadron; Recollections; Future of the Philippines.” Sent with the copy 3 large photographs: negrito in a boat at Mariveles; Dattos or Chiefs of Mindanao Island and Aguinaldo & Staff.

Visitors 9.

Private Herron of 3d Battalion 1st Nebraska Vol. Inf. called. Gave him for force distribution 30 copies No. 564 Sept. 17 War Crys.

Private A.S. Lloyd, Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. came to No. 2 despondent & backsliders. Dealt with him & the Lord Jesus pardoned & healed his soul. Praise the Lord. Salvationists in the US. Army are constantly backsliding.

Bought 3 newspapers. The trouble with the Insurgents seem to have blown over for a short time. They have withdrawn from the immediate suburbs of Manila otherwise they keep this organization. They are bent on having independence, which may lead to war with them after awhile.

Wrote & copied 2 letters (1) to Lt. Col. Wm Evans with copy: (2) to Capt. Coogan of U.S.S. “Baltimore” to arrange for a service next Sunday.