Tuesday, May 30th, 1899

San Fernando, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila

Decoration Day. The first service of this character was performed today in Manila out in Battery Knoll cemetery. Out of bed early, read a chapter in Numbers, also part if not all of a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast. Another short prayer. Leaving my dishes unwashed walked down to the Pasig quay and boarded the Dagupan R. R. train. Bought 5 cents worth peanuts to provide against hunger in case I got nothing to eat at the front. Train full of soldiers & a few civilians going north. Met some of the 3d artillery boys below Malolos. Were sent down with the expectation of meeting the enemy.

At Malolos Filipinos young & old, male & female, swarmed the depot with eggs, bananas, roast chicken & fine yellow mangoes for sale. I bought 2 of the latter & gave one to a soldier. He divided bananas with me. At noon partook thereof. The mangoes are excellent – the Malolos production.

The Bagbag bridge span has not been raised out of the water, but a wood frame put in above it.

Arrived in Malolos about 1.30 p.m. Big crowd of soldiers at the depot. A Montana man guided me to the quarter of E. Co. 1st Montana. Quickly found Private D. G. Hines. He conducted me to another building, or rather nipa hut, where Bro. Dave Freeman was rustled up. On further to the cook’s domicile we came up with Bro. A. Lloyd. The latter looks well, as does Freeman, but Hines is not himself. Is not yet over the effects of his sunstroke. Capt. A. Jensen (commander of E. Company) sent word out from town to the effect “Hines is not sick at all; he goes around with Major Milsaps all day.” So Hines informed me.

The three men claim to be doing well in soul, praise God.

At the cook’s domicile a little warm coffee was left over from dinner, Hines put some bamboo under the cooking frame & fried me a couple of duck eggs. These with coffee & bread served me for dinner. After eating the 3 of us knelt down & prayed – each taking turn. I took the photos of the men with their guns, then bidding the unsaved men & Freeman adieu we trudged off to turn.

Freeman gave me $15 green bucks to keep for him $3 is for his Tenth League payment. Says I can use all of it Hines wants me to take his dues out & he will settle with Freeman. Has Freeman’s consent. Did not give F. a receipt.

Hines, Lloyd & I went as far as the main plaza where I took snaps of the street buildings & 2 of the church.

Hurried back to the depot just in time to catch the train. A teamster who drives for the Utah Artillery joined us. Knew & heard me speak in San Francisco he said. Urged him to seek Christ. Train overcrowded, 86, 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. sick were going to Manila for treatment. Passenger cars crowded out, some troops on the roof of cars. I climbed into a box car. Bade Hines & Lloyd good-bye. Left them S.A. song books. Asked them to arrange a meeting for me with the 20th Kansas & write immediately if they succeed. Bro’t out with me to Hines $1 (U.S. coin) with postage stamps, a package of envelope, writing paper & a War Cry. Envelopes, paper, & Cry gifts.

Sat in the box car door on the floor, a la Turk, among 20th Kans. Sick. Brought Salvation to the attention of several. Also dealt personally with others this day.

From the train going & coming I saw numbers of natives returning to their farms & town homes.

Considerable sugar is raised in the vicinity of San Fernando. This town is well built. But few buildings, excepting the R. Catholic church, are burnt.

There is much talk among the Montana & Kansas troops re returning home. They are weary of this war. The soldiers get the hard knocks & the officers get the glory.

Left S. Fernando 3 p.m. & arrived at Manila about 6 p.m.

Turned to & cooked supper. Very tired & hot.

Rev. & Mrs. Owens were out to Decoration Day ceremonies at Battery Knoll. Chaplains Pierce & Cressy delivered the orations. Owens said the grave of Chief Scout Wm H. Young had a shaft of flowers over it about 6 feet high. Men are often highly honored in death but sadly neglected in life. A short time before his death I met Young on the Escolta. He felt blue & seemed discouraged. Complained that the U.S. Commanding officers would give him no chance to do anything not even to follow civil employment for a living. A little while latter the newspapers began publishing the brave deeds and exploits of Chief Scout Young & his 25 men. His career was brief but was extremely energetic & disastrous to the Filipinos. Y. was wounded in the knee from which he died by rupturing a vein. Young was a man of herculean build & was reputed a dead shot. He would attract attention in any crowd – his splendid physique. I first noticed him out at La Loma trying to borrow a Kragg, to fight the “niggers” – from the 3d Artillery troops. Afterwards, he kept with the Montana regiment, & was driven away from them.

And so it went. He was chased about & finally arrested. The military geniuses would give him no chance to fight. At last Gen’l Lawton utilized Young by making him a scout & sent him forth with 25 men. Y. and this hand full in a few days made a phenomenal record. Now he is dead & the living pile high the flowers on the resting place of one who but a few weeks ago they were arresting.

The outlook is black for our 4 sailors. Orders are that civilians cannot return on U.S. transports until the troops (volunteers) are first returned home. They may have to remain several months if such is the case.

One of the sailors, Rev. Owens said tonight called on Gen’l Otis but was ordered out of his office. They hoped to get back on the “Hancock” but may not succeed. These poor fellows have no money & are now supported chiefly by Owens & myself –

Left with Bro. Hines to distribute among the Filipinos 3 New Testaments, several Spurgeon’s sermons for the Spanish inhabitants of San Fernando and 2 or 3 New Testaments English for the American.

Returning on the train to town – I saw an ingenious trench constructed by the Filipinos. The trench was at the base of a railroad embarkment about 10 feet high. At the based the trench wound like the trail of a serpent /\/\/\/\ with the dirt thrown on the side away from the R.R. embarkment. A soldier informed me that it was used for a “get-away’ trench & curved to protect the retreating enemy from the bullets of a flank fire from either side. The cunning displayed by the Filipinos in the construction of defenses is remarkable, but their best efforts have availed nothing because they will not stand. American troops in these trenches would prove a terrible foe to attack.

Thursday, May 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have just completed a letter & copied it, to Rev. Harlan P. Beach, Educational Secretary, Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 3 West 29th St. New York. He wrote me a letter (date Apr 1st) enclosing me a blank to fill out giving an account of my field of labor. Filled the blank & wrote him a 3-page letter explaining more about the Philippines than was covered by his printed general questions.

Mailed letter to Lt-Col. Alice Lewis. Did so immediately after cooking & eating breakfast. Got on a street car & proceeded to the Imperial photograph gallery in Quiapo Dist. Ordered 6 more photos unmounted of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Also purchased 5 photos for $1 Mex. war views. Although I have sent many pictures with my articles to various S.A. publications I have quite a good collection on hand for stereoschopic purposes in case they are wanted.

Stopped in a second-hand furniture dealer’s store where 2 cases of sea & land shells are for sale ($1000.00) & priced some of the shells separately to get an idea of how the shell market is ruling. Showed me 2 shells – price $4 & $5 Mex. each. I purchased 2 yesterday on the street for less than $2 Mex. I pick up such bargains in rare shells quite often.

Called at the post office. Rec’d a letter from Private D. G. Hines E. Co. 1st  Montana Vol. Inf. Is at San Fernando. Had a hard time getting there. Layed over 5 days at Calumpit. Wants me to come up & bring him envelopes, paper & $1 worth of postage stamps. Purchased the stamps before leaving the office, advancing the money for the same.

Met Rev. Owen on the Escolta. When we parted I called at a Spanish grocer’s & bought 4 lbs sugar for 60 cts. Mex.

Arriving home rested my mind by reading.

Owens paid me back $5. Mex. borrowed money. The Owens’ & myself put our heads together re bearing the expenses of the 4 sailor’s support. They brought their bags in today. A week or 10 days may elapse before they can sail. Mrs. Owens complains because they are so uncertain at mealtimes. They concluded to give them $10 Mex. & let them get meals elsewhere. I am to purchase $20 Mex. worth of food for them when they sail. Have already spent over $4.20 & let them draw on my side of bacon & sugar.

The Owens are preparing to leave soon.

Private (Bro.) Clayton Scott came in about dark. Short talk & prayer. Bro. Merritt got seriously kicked by a horse & lost $60. Scott met a young Hawaiian who claims to be a Salvationist. Prays by his bedside regardless of ridicule. Loaned Scott 50 cts., American Silver.

Bacon, too much, is giving me a touch of dyspepsia. Must slack up. Caught a cold in the head today.

Cooked supper. This morning read 2 chapters in “Numbers”. Also prayed to my God. The Lord was near; praise Him.

Friday, May 12th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Busy day. Hot and dry. Clouds but no rain. Chapter in Numbers and a psalm, prayed, then cooked breakfast & the new servant washed dishes.

While cooking Mr. Randall colporteur of the British Bible Society dropped in. From him secured the correct names (Lallane & Castells) of the 2 men poisoned in the Hotel de Oriente some years ago. They came to the missionary work on non – R – Catholic lines. Wanted these points for my London War Cry article. The latter was enclosed with a letter in an official envelope & also 3 photos for illustrations, one I purchased for 40 cents mex, before closing the envelope. Also forwarded to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco for S. F. War Cry, a mounted photo of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena. The London Cry matter was mailed to the Foreign Secretary.

Rev. Owens & I went to the post office together. My letters were in time to catch today’s U.S. mail by a transport.

A pile of letter were handed me by the delivery clerk.

(1) Commander Booth-Tucker, New York, Apr 8 – a type written circular letter giving account of the S.A. his first of a series.

(2) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, San Francisco, noting mine of 20th March – his date Apr. 17th. Glad I am here to represent S.A. in perilous place. Enclosed 4 weeks salary, date of receipt Apr 11th.

(3) Lt-Col. Wm Evans, S.F. Apr. 11th Enclosing a letter from Lawyer W. E. Duncan Jr. of Oroville, Butte Co. Cal. Latter for legal work for securing Hughs estate legacy for S.A. charge $35, fee. Wants me to collect curios for the same.

(4) H.P. Beach, Educational Sec. Student Volunteer Movement, New York April 1st Wants me to collect data for a missionary geography. Sends a blank with many questions for me to fill out.

(5) Chas R. Fletcher, Boston, Mass. Apr. 11th A good, zealous Christian. Personal friendship. God bless him.

(6) Adjutant Tom. J. McGill. Dawson City, North West Ty-Klondike region – March 10th. Personal letter of friendship. S.A. is doing quite well in the Klondike country.

(7) W. Coy. Barnes, Royal Marines, 48 mess. H. M. S. “Powerful”. Saw my name in a newspaper. Would like me to come out to the vessel. Nine Christians aboard. Wrote him an answer & put up a bundle of papers 15 War Crys, different countries, I Junior Soldier paper, 3 “Harbor Lights” & 13 “Under the Colors” (Army & Navy League Journal. Promised the Lord willing, to visit the “Powerful” Tuesday p.m. next.

From the post office Owens & I visited the Imperial Photo gallery, 6 pictures of No. 2 were turned over to me – 2 mounted & 4 unmounted. Price of $3 Mex. Paid it. Out of 36 views – Kodak only got 8 & they very poor. Will have them ready tomorrow.

Arrived home hot & tired. Went thro’ my mail. Private Chester Blaney, Co. H. 10th Penn. Vol. Inf. of Cavite, dropped in.

Been sick, looks bad. He partook of a lunch with me. Bread & butter & lemonade. Paid me Tenth League money $6.50 Mex. Remained a couple or more hours to rest & talk. Before leaving we prayed together.

Rev. Owens said he rec’d a letter stating Bro. Hines was in No. 16 ward, No 1 Reserve Hospital again. We prepared to call. When about to leave No. 2, Private Clayton Scott rode up. We had a brief conversation & prayer, then Owens & I went to the Hospital. Visited Ward No. 3 to see Private Schumerhorn, D. Co., 2d Oregon Vol. Inf. Gone to Corregidor Is. convalescent.

Owens & I separated. I hurried to post office & collected $36. Apr. 11th postal note, my salary for 4 weeks, then walked down to port captain’s & gave the bundle of papers – Crys – to a British tar (Christian) for Barnes on the “Powerful.” Had a brief spiritual talk. Returned home, filled my lamp with oil, cooked supper, ate thereof & wrote & copied a letter to Lt. Col. Wm Evans. Thus the hot day closes & I am tired in the Lord’s work but not tired of it.

Thursday, May 11th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Did not feel like going out today remained at home. Want to recruit my strength as I felt half sick yesterday. Read Numbers (one Chapter) & a psalm this morning then prayed & cooked breakfast. Took things easy & rested! The cool breeze tempered the hot sun. Away from the breeze the heat was felt.

Wrote first with lead pencil then copied with ink an article of 1,300 words for the London, England “War Cry.” This at request of the Foreign Secretary thro’ Major J. Bond, also wrote a letter to the Foreign  Secretary.

Mrs. Owens invited me to a chicken dinner today. Gladly accepted the invitation, as I grow weary of my table with its sameness of food.

About dark Rev. Mrs. Owens went to the post office and brought back quite a number of War Crys & other papers for me. Two San Francisco War Crys contain my narrative, which has caught up to the fighting. The wrapper on the Houston Port gives my subscription credit up to Mar 20 – 1900.

I paid the Filipino woman Marie Panga for my washing.

The Houston Post says that at last the U.S. Government will commence work on the Ship Channel (Buffalo Bayou). This marks an epoch in the history of that city.

I feel greatly relieved now that the London War Cry article is written & no longer burdens my mind as work undone.

Rev. Owens brought me word this p.m. that Bro. Hines is back in the hospital again Ward No. 16.

According to the tone of Manila Press the American-Filipino war is not ended yet. The natives act like madmen. They have not a ghost of a chance & yet they prolong the fight. The continuation of hostilities means the death of their people without any recompense for the loss of life.

Tuesday, May 9th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Have been feeling droopy all day. My stomach is showing a disposition to give me trouble & felt gripy at time.

The weather is exhaustively hot. The rush of work during the past few days have run me down in strength. Am sleepy and tired tonight.

Read a chapter of Numbers, a psalm & prayed. Cooked breakfast next. Bro. D. G. Hines bought some more personal effects to my room to keep for him. He is marked “duty” & (D.V.) leaves for the front tomorrow. Bro. Dave Freeman also returns to his regiment. However before Hines came in I wrote & copied a letter to Lt.-Col. Wm Evans San Francisco, enclosing 2 receipts. Also sent separately by same mail a mounted photo of No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena. Called at the post office & mailed the same; also rec’d some papers. Dropped in at the English Apothecary on Escolta & purchased a book entitled “Yesterday’s the Philippines by Joe E. Stevens.

Before Hines departed I prayed with him & sent by him, 20 copies assorted S.F. War Crys to the front; 10 to Co. M. 20th Kansas Vol. Inf. & 10 to Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf.

Rev. & Mrs. C. Owens paid another visit to Capt. Morrison out in the bay.

Bro. Clayton Scott, rode up on his poney. We had a talk & prayed together. I sent by him 20 assorted S.F. War Crys to the 2d Reserve Hospital. He had a brief conservatism with Bro. Temple. The later confessed loss of spiritual strength.

While sitting around the house to keep cool & recuperate, I read several chapters in “Yesterday’s in the Philippines”, also new in “Freedom” and “American” & “The Times”.

Cooked & partook of a light suffer as I am not hungry.

Felt tho’ tired to wash dishes. Gave my clothes to Maria to wash this forenoon. I supplied the soap.

Spoke to a soldier about his soul in the English Apothecary on the Escolta.

After supper wrote & copied my 25th Weekly Letter to Lt.-Col. Alice Lewis, 124 W. 14th St. New York.

Thank God the air is getting cool tonight. Will give me a chance to sleep will.

Monday, May 8th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo Dist.

This day was specially given to literary work. Wrote 17 pages MS. Note size, for the San Francisco War Cry, a continuation of my Philippine narrative. The article was divided into the following subheads: “War-Time Visitation”, “Saved in Prison”, “Paombong”, “Bank of the Bagbag” and “Calumpit.” Completed my article then wrote & copied a letter to Lieut. Col. Wm Evans to go with it, hurried on my street wear, jumped on the Calle Jolo house car about 6.p.m. & mailed the latter to catch tomorrow a.m. U.S. mail. While down town purchased 2 ½ lbs ordinary canvas bacon for $1.25 Mex. Then onto a return car & cooked supper after my arrival. This rush wears me out. Have had much writing since coming to the Philippines, to claim part of my time and strength.

The little monkey we call “Old Man” bit me this afternoon. Before dinner visitors claimed quite a slice of my time.

Brother W.J. Mason Co. D. 9th U.S. Infantry and an unconverted comrade dropped in first.

Bro. Mason surprised me very much by making the statement that his regiment was called to arms 3 o’clock yesterday (if my memory serves me) morning & that at present they are not allowed to take their clothes off at night, not even their shoes & leggings, but are kept ready for instant action in anticipation of another uprising in Manila. I thought such an event was far beyond the might-be’s nowadays because their first attempt proved a failure, 2d the the newspaper report President Mabini deposed, Gen’l Luna shot in the right breast, disaster to the Filipino cause of the field and Aguinaldo seeking peace. Able bodied Filipino men are becoming very numerous in the city.

Bro. Hines called. Looks bad. Left a sword with me for one of his comrades, date 1614. A curious relic with silver handle.

I spoke to Bro. Mason’s comrade personally about seeking Christ for salvation. Before the soldiers retired, myself, Hines and Mason had prayer together.

This morning first thing read a chapter of “Numbers” and a psalm. Prayed. Cooked breakfast.

Senorita Romano Francia brought me a woman jacket (Filipino) Paid her $1 Mex for making it.

Price in some lines are very high at present. I paid $1.20 for 200 small pieces or sticks of wood.


Friday, May 5th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

I rush around more down on these Philippines than I did in the temperate zone. How my strength holds out is a mystery to me. Can only account for it on the line of Providential strength vouchsafed me. To my God be the glory.

News in today says the troops have moved further north than Apalit. Fighting has been resumed on the north line.

Read a chapter in Numbers, 2 psalms and prayed. The Holy Ghost blessed me with a manifestation of His love last night. God is indeed very good to me.

Cooked breakfast & washed dishes. Bro. Clayton Scott rode up to No. 2 while I was cooking. I gave him a bundle of 50 assorted San Francisco War Crys for distribution in corral & among the patients. Before he rode away (was out pressing carabao carts & drivers into service) he tied the War Crys to his saddle. Together we waited on the Lord in prayer.

Wrote & copied a letter on the Lord in prayer.

Brothers D. G. Hines and Dave Freeman Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. called. They are recovering from heat prostration. Towards noon after prayer together, Hines & I took street car to the vicinity of the Imperial Photograph Gallery, leaving Freeman to rest at No. 2 as it is a cool & pleasant house. Before going I prepared 3 cups of lemonade for us three.

The Imperial photo gallery, had neither my films or pictures of No. 2 finished.

Returned home, purchased an apple pie, 30 cts. from the Utah battery bakery. Mrs. Owens gave me some farina; with lemonade added & prepared lunch for Freeman & myself from the same. Rested till about 2.45p.m. then struck out again, leaving Freeman asleep in the parlor. Took street car to Intramuros (walled city) where the sentry of 12th U.S. Infantry passed me without trouble into the arsenal. Inside I hunted up Sergeant Leon Chic (ordinance) who I discovered just outside the sally port in the wall, on the bank of the Pasig, where he was receiving a casco load of shells & other ammunition for artillery. He promised me day before yesterday that if I called today he would take me into the notorious Black Hole in Santiago Citadel. Leaving the casco he immediately went to the office, secured the proper keys and led the way. Arriving at the powder magazine the sentry stationed there, challenged us for a pass, but excused himself when he learned that Sergeant Chic is in charge of all these magazines & their contents. Entering a small wooden shed, the Sergeant descended a few stone steps into a tunnel arched with solid masonry, unlocked a door then at the bottom on a line with the ground (the entrance is had from above) unlocked another, heavy wood, with small orifices about 3 inches square for air. This door opened into an arched chamber about 12 feet x 15 feet with no ventilator for air or light save what was admitted thro’ the door. The chamber was dry save when rain water flowed down the steps. Chic pointed out some new masonry near the floor on the farther right hand corner from the entrance, which closed the entrance into another chamber. As near as I remember Chic’s explanation, 160 Filipinos were crowded into these small chamber; they were not drowned, but smothered to death when the door was closed. But the one chamber shown me by Sergt. Chic does not record but a small part of the mysteries of this bastion, as in it & the rear bastion facing the cross moat, are a number of black holes sealed up with masonry. Entrances are low.

The Black Hole is used for powder magazine, likewise the large four-square building with the flagpole at each gable. The back bastion with its chambers of death, if stories of Spanish cruelty are true, is entered from about thro’ a well-like spectators, which like the others are sealed. Serg’t Chic thinks they are likely to remain sealed. The hatred engendered by centuries of Spanish misrule is liable to enrage the Filipinos & cause trouble if the secrets of Santiago castle are revealed to the world.

Serg’t Chic skewed me thro’ the powder magazine above where quantities of death dealing missiles are being stacked up at the present time by Chinese coolies. The Sergeant’s enlistment expires in about 15 or 20 days. He will then return to the U.S. Bidding him adieu. I made my way to the “Corral” in old Manila. Here wagons, mules, pack train accoutrements & a lot of very hard looking men dressed in civilian costume interested me. Met Brother Alvin Merritt, packer (a member of San Francisco No. 2 corps) who took me up stairs to the dormitories or big dens. Very filthy indeed are these quarters & quite different from the quarters of troops. The men belong to the transportation department of Government service & necessarily are on the road much of their time. I saw Bro. Clayton Scott’s cap with a Salvation Army band around it hanging above one bed. God bless Scott.

Merritt & I talked of various matters not by any mean leaving out Salvation subjects & finished by both of us kneeling down at his bedside & praying. Requested Bro. Merritt who is now on the night shift to help me with a service next Sunday p.m. at the 2d Reserve Hospital. Promised to try.

From old Manila returned to No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena & cooked supper ate thereof & washed dishes.

Spoke to soldiers personally about salvation.

Gave a Filipino girl Senorita Romano Francia $1 Mex to purchase cloth for a woman’s jacket, she is making for me.

Tuesday, April 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Paid rent for the month of April, to Mrs. Ysabel Wood – Amount $35. Mexican silver. This money is for No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila. My landlady instead of asking rent in advance was content to let the month get pretty well on before sending her usual recibo to “Juan Major Milsaps”. Paid her the money. Read a chapter or two in Leviticus, a psalm & prayed, then cooked breakfast. In company with Rev. Owens went to the post office. Was handed out some more papers.

Purchased some more shells for my cabinet from a Filipino. Am keeping a sharp look out for different for different kinds. Want to make my collections as complete as possible. Also purchased groceries and treated my companion to a couple of oranges.

Hurried back home. Capt. Morrison, his daughter Agnes & a little girl from Australia a sea Captain’s daughter were awaiting my return to hear the gramophone. Gave them their desire in the matter.

Dinner peanuts, an orange & lemonade.

Supper, oatmeal mush, fried bacon and cocoa.

Company claimed more of my time than I cared to give. Private D. G. Hines & “Red” another soldier, called re preparing for a stereopticon. To Hines I gave a New Testament & 2 War Crys to take to Bro. Schumerhorn – No. 1 Reserve Hospital.

Bro. Clayton Scott rode up on his poney. Had a brief spiritual talk & prayer together. He informed me of a Salvationist – a packer – just over with the last batch of U.S. Government mules. His name is A. J. Merritt. Belongs to S. F. No. 2 Corps. Gave Scott 2 War Crys to read & pass on to the new comer.

Tried to write more for “Harbor Lights”, but made little progress. Bothered too much. This knocks an expected trip to the country in the head. I must catch the next mail.

The Utah Artillery sentinel captured a Filipino man this afternoon with his revolver. The Filipino is a prisoner of war. Was taken to the Utah quarters & by making himself useful to the soldiers won their good will & secured the freedom of the troops. Commenced to dress in spotless white. Lately he contracted the habit of holding up Chinese & robbing them. Tried it this afternoon. Struck a Chinese on the head. When I saw the men, blood was running down the face of the Chinese. Mr. Filipino’s priviledges will probably be restricted now.

News is coming in this evening late that Calumpit was captured. Some of our men were killed & wounded; ditto the enemy. I heard that an advance to be made to the next town forthwith.

God blessed me with His love last night.

Saturday, April 22, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Blinding flashes of lightning, thunder and a rain is at the time of writing relieving the monotony of hot day. The weather was unusually warm, although quite breezy.

The rumored uprising of Filipinos last night failed to materialize. I am glad to state. Capt. Morrison & his daughter Agnes stayed in No. 2 Agnes slept with Mrs. Owens & the Captain & Rev. Owens occupied on of my rooms.

God the Holy Ghost manifested His love & presence in my soul last night. Glory to His ever blessed name.

This morning a chaplain in Leviticus & one in the Song of Solomon claimed my attention; then prayer, after this I cooked breakfast, washed dishes & struck out for the post office. Received quite a few War Crys & other papers & letters for Rev. Owens & myself. While in town purchased a pitcher & 2 glazed cups from a Chinese firm for house keeping purposes. Also bought some beautiful shells for my collection from a Filipino woman. The variety of beautiful & strange shells in my possession make my cabinet quite respectible in size & value.

Was shaved in a Spanish barber shop on the Escolta. My last shave was in a Filipino barber shop at Cavite. I do not like to take chances on Filipinos. They are considered treacherous.

Private D.G. Hines dropped in again. Treated the 2 of us to prune pie (30 cts, Mex) & lemonade for dinner.

Arose from this morning with a headache, which troubled me all day. Felt like resting. Put in several hours reading War Crys, Houston “Ports” etc. The ship channel (Buffalo Bayon) from Galveston Bay to Houston interests me much.

Recommenced another article for the S.A. magazines “Harbor Lights.” Have been tumbled by visitors of late who spoiled my time for literary work.

Wrote & copied a letter to Bro. Hans Veiweibe, Brigade Hospital, Cavite, sending receipt for $7. Tenth League Payment also encouraged him spiritually.

I am much concerned to know how the trouble between the U.S. field staff & Booth-Tucker is shaping.