Saturday, May 6th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Cloudy, windy and hot, but the breeze when one is exposed to it takes away the sense of the unusual heat. I arose early, read a chapter in Numbers, and a psalm, then after prayer cooked breakfast, but was too much pressed for time to wash dishes.

That I might catch the evening U.S. mail I forced myself to copy from pencil into ink the article for “All the World” – London England. Rewrote parts of it. With the copy mailed 2 photos – scene on the Pasig river, and front view of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena. Wrote & copied a letter to the Foreign Secretary, 101 Queen Victoria Street, London Eng. & addressed the envelope to him as per Maj. J. Bond’s request. In a separate package sent a photo of myself. Before sealing the envelope to For’n Sec. I took Jolo street car to Quiapo Dist. & called at The Imperial Gallery. Discovered my films to be so badly torn that I shall probably lose almost all. I am very sorry for this. Heron’s portrait was not ready & Freeman’s was too badly mutilated to be of any use so could not forward them to London. While at the gallery purchased several photos.

Returning dropped in at the post office, mailed the “All the World” copy, got shaved in a Spanish barber shop o the Escolta, purchased some bacon for my larder & called at the only news stand (bone fide) in town to see if anything new was to be had. While there a soldier belonging to the 23rd U.S. Infantry accosted me. Asked if my name is Milsaps. Yes. Waited to make my acquaintances as he read my two articles re the Philippines in “Harbor Lights”. Invited him to call & see me at No. 2.

Private Andrew Waterman, Co. H. 1st South Dakota Vol. inf. paid me a visit. Looks thin & is badly run down from too much fighting and hardships. Only about one-third the requirement is fit for active service. Waterman said he took part in 14 actions. The Lord brought him thro’ unscathed. Before returning to his quarters we had prayer together. W. gave me U.S. & Mexican silver equivalent to $2 U.S. coin. The Lord’s tenth. Waterman said he is keeping close to Christ. Promised to come over to 2d Reserve Hospital & help me if possible tomorrow afternoon. I gave W. 20 miscellaneous San Francisco War Crys to distribute among his commanders.

Bro. Clayton Scott made around to No. 2 later. Talked re various matters & prayed before he departed. Said Chief Norton granted him leave of absence tomorrow forenoon to assist me in Bilibid prison.

For Waterman I made a cup of lemonade.

The copy for “All the World” covered 10 pages MS.  & was divided into the subjoined sub-heads. “Fire & Blood”, “Passes Many”, “Homeless”, “Peculiar Environments”, Thru Old Women & a Boy”, “Out at the Front” and “The Montana Tent”.



Friday, May 5th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

I rush around more down on these Philippines than I did in the temperate zone. How my strength holds out is a mystery to me. Can only account for it on the line of Providential strength vouchsafed me. To my God be the glory.

News in today says the troops have moved further north than Apalit. Fighting has been resumed on the north line.

Read a chapter in Numbers, 2 psalms and prayed. The Holy Ghost blessed me with a manifestation of His love last night. God is indeed very good to me.

Cooked breakfast & washed dishes. Bro. Clayton Scott rode up to No. 2 while I was cooking. I gave him a bundle of 50 assorted San Francisco War Crys for distribution in corral & among the patients. Before he rode away (was out pressing carabao carts & drivers into service) he tied the War Crys to his saddle. Together we waited on the Lord in prayer.

Wrote & copied a letter on the Lord in prayer.

Brothers D. G. Hines and Dave Freeman Co. E. 1st Montana Vol. Inf. called. They are recovering from heat prostration. Towards noon after prayer together, Hines & I took street car to the vicinity of the Imperial Photograph Gallery, leaving Freeman to rest at No. 2 as it is a cool & pleasant house. Before going I prepared 3 cups of lemonade for us three.

The Imperial photo gallery, had neither my films or pictures of No. 2 finished.

Returned home, purchased an apple pie, 30 cts. from the Utah battery bakery. Mrs. Owens gave me some farina; with lemonade added & prepared lunch for Freeman & myself from the same. Rested till about 2.45p.m. then struck out again, leaving Freeman asleep in the parlor. Took street car to Intramuros (walled city) where the sentry of 12th U.S. Infantry passed me without trouble into the arsenal. Inside I hunted up Sergeant Leon Chic (ordinance) who I discovered just outside the sally port in the wall, on the bank of the Pasig, where he was receiving a casco load of shells & other ammunition for artillery. He promised me day before yesterday that if I called today he would take me into the notorious Black Hole in Santiago Citadel. Leaving the casco he immediately went to the office, secured the proper keys and led the way. Arriving at the powder magazine the sentry stationed there, challenged us for a pass, but excused himself when he learned that Sergeant Chic is in charge of all these magazines & their contents. Entering a small wooden shed, the Sergeant descended a few stone steps into a tunnel arched with solid masonry, unlocked a door then at the bottom on a line with the ground (the entrance is had from above) unlocked another, heavy wood, with small orifices about 3 inches square for air. This door opened into an arched chamber about 12 feet x 15 feet with no ventilator for air or light save what was admitted thro’ the door. The chamber was dry save when rain water flowed down the steps. Chic pointed out some new masonry near the floor on the farther right hand corner from the entrance, which closed the entrance into another chamber. As near as I remember Chic’s explanation, 160 Filipinos were crowded into these small chamber; they were not drowned, but smothered to death when the door was closed. But the one chamber shown me by Sergt. Chic does not record but a small part of the mysteries of this bastion, as in it & the rear bastion facing the cross moat, are a number of black holes sealed up with masonry. Entrances are low.

The Black Hole is used for powder magazine, likewise the large four-square building with the flagpole at each gable. The back bastion with its chambers of death, if stories of Spanish cruelty are true, is entered from about thro’ a well-like spectators, which like the others are sealed. Serg’t Chic thinks they are likely to remain sealed. The hatred engendered by centuries of Spanish misrule is liable to enrage the Filipinos & cause trouble if the secrets of Santiago castle are revealed to the world.

Serg’t Chic skewed me thro’ the powder magazine above where quantities of death dealing missiles are being stacked up at the present time by Chinese coolies. The Sergeant’s enlistment expires in about 15 or 20 days. He will then return to the U.S. Bidding him adieu. I made my way to the “Corral” in old Manila. Here wagons, mules, pack train accoutrements & a lot of very hard looking men dressed in civilian costume interested me. Met Brother Alvin Merritt, packer (a member of San Francisco No. 2 corps) who took me up stairs to the dormitories or big dens. Very filthy indeed are these quarters & quite different from the quarters of troops. The men belong to the transportation department of Government service & necessarily are on the road much of their time. I saw Bro. Clayton Scott’s cap with a Salvation Army band around it hanging above one bed. God bless Scott.

Merritt & I talked of various matters not by any mean leaving out Salvation subjects & finished by both of us kneeling down at his bedside & praying. Requested Bro. Merritt who is now on the night shift to help me with a service next Sunday p.m. at the 2d Reserve Hospital. Promised to try.

From old Manila returned to No. 2 Calle Sta. Elena & cooked supper ate thereof & washed dishes.

Spoke to soldiers personally about salvation.

Gave a Filipino girl Senorita Romano Francia $1 Mex to purchase cloth for a woman’s jacket, she is making for me.

Thursday, May 4th, 1899

Cavite, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Taps is sounding over in the Cuartel Meisig as I commence to pen these lines. I am weary. Have been absent all day in Cavite including the ferry trip there & back. Read a chapter in Numbers and prayed. Next cooked breakfast & ate thereof but took not the time to wash dishes. Walked to the Cavite ferry. Was set down in C. about 9.45 a.m. My first business was to drop into a Filipino barber shop on Calle Real & get shaved. The sign says: “For Americans Only”. Next called on Bro. Z.K. Miller, engineer of the Ice factory. Had a spiritual talk. I mistake my first call after leaving the barber shop was an Private (Bro.) Chester Blaney of H.C. 10th Penn. Inf. is just pulling thro’ a spell of sickness. Encouraged him on religious lines & prayed with him. This was in the Collegio de Sagrada Familia. Gave Blaney some San Francisco War Crys for distribution among his comrades.

From the Ice factory I went to the Navy Hospital in the Arsenal where I remained sometime with Bro. Wm Eletson of the Flagship “Olympia”. Cheering him, specially on religious line, as the dear Lord is not unmindful of what happens to His servants. Eletson said Admiral Dewey while visiting the hospital recently spoke a few minutes to him & promised him that he should return home with his vessel. Eletson is afflicted with that mysterious & presumably incurable disease, beri-beri. Left some War Crys with Eletson & others to read. Pressed the subject of salvation on the attention of the chief nurse. Before bidding E. good-bye knelt down & prayed with hin. He gave me $1 greenback for the S.A. work. I advised him to help the Hongkong or Yokohama S.A. sailors’ houses, but he insisted that I should take it.

Had dinner, which a Chinese coolie cooked in the establishment of Mr. W.B. Silver on Calle Real. Paid 30 cts Mex for it. Very poor meal. S. said his place does not pay.

From the restaurant-salon, went over to the General Hospital to visit Bro. Hans Verwiebe (Salvationist) & Bro. [Sutton]. Gave Verweibe some War Crys for himself & the hospital people to read. He donated me 50 cts silver. I spoke to one of the hospital force who knew me in Mendocino county Cal. About the saving power of the Lord Jesus Christ. Prayed with A.J. Smith in his room. He accompanied me across the street to make the acquaintance of Blaney. Two showers in Cavite while I was there.

Returned to Manila on the 4 p.m. ferry. Before going home called “Times Office” at the post office and purchased oatmeal in a Spanish store. Took street car back. Passed Clayton Scott, who brought some commissary supplies from H. Kline.

At home Private (Bro.) W. I. Mason Co. D. 9th U.S. Inf. was awaiting my return. A talk with him. Also did other personal dealing with men today re the importance of seeking Christ & His salvation.

Cooked supper & washed dishes. Am tired.

While standing over the cook pots heard rifle firing apparently in Malate. Sounded familiar.

Shooting is heard outside the city tonight; reminds me of the recent battles in the outskirts of Manila.

Monday, May 1st, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Heavy clouds on the horizon; no rain; cool when quiet; hot when exerting oneself; thunder & lightning tonight.

Finished reading Leviticus this morning. Then prayed. Slept but little last night. Have been very busy today.

Cooked breakfast & supper & washed the dishes.

Agreed to pay Maria Panga, the Filipino widow employed as servant by Rev. Owens, $2 a month Mex. to keep the floor of my rooms clean & to scrub the smoke off my stew pans regularly. Owens pays her $10 a month. After washing dishes, Rev. Owens & I went to the Imperial photo’ gallery. Looked out a specimen print of No. Calle Santa Elena. Is quite good. My films are not ready. Next called at the post office. On the Escolta I bought 3 or 4 sea shells, also groceries.

In the post office Private Chas W. Nelson of Co. L. 13th Minnesota vol. Infantry said Peter Fallon of the same company told him that Marshall (from his description I concluded he meant Brigadier Steve Marshall of Oregon & Washington) left the Salvation Army and joined Ballington Booth’s volunteers. Nelson claims to be a Salvationist.

Brother Geo. Turner & his family visited the Owens; T. is of the Ecclesia mission, or Come Outers. He looks bad. Had diarrhea. I gave him $5 gold, the Lord’s tenth paid in by me. Turner said “God bless you.”

Mounted orderly Clayton Scott rode up on his pony to No. 2. Paid his tenth, $3 with a greenback. Before parting we prayed together.

I then took street car & went out to Malate, 2d Reserve Hospital. Expected first to call on Bro. Mason of Co. D. 9th U.S. Regular Infantry, but on my way to his barracks I passed him on the street. He saw me. Was marching with a squad of men away to do the guard duty.

Called at the 2d Reserve Hospital to see Bros. Temple and Freeman. The former was absent & the latter was sent to the regimental quarters.

My next move was to the 1st Reserve or Divisional Hospital. Bro. Geo. Schumerhorn who is up again, praise God. Seemed glad to have me come. Together we walked around Ward 16 (a row of tents) where lay Bro. D. G. Hines stretched on is back. Was sent here with a high fever but is improving. After some conversation Schumerhorn and I knelt beside his cot & prayed.

On my return home brought more eatables. Bought $5 gold worth of Mex. silver; only received 2 for 1.

The Lord grace me to speak to a number of men about Christ & salvation. Did more writing on my “All the World” article re my Philippine Island experiences.

Sunday, April 30th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Rain last night; cloudy & comparatively cool today.

Read Leviticus & part of a psalm this morning; prayed to my precious Lord, then cooked breakfast. After eating thereof and washing dishes, looked up some songs & a bible lesson, by that time the clock marked 10.25 a.m. Prayed for God’s blessings on my prison service & walked down Paseo Azcarraga to Bilibid. Am quite well known there now & am admitted by the sentry of the 20th U.S. Infantry & the Filipino gate keeper without trouble. I found Provost-Sergeant Houser in bed complaining of feeling unwell. However, he got up & opened the wards for such prisoner as cared to attend my service. Six or eight came out & we adjourned to the civil prison, where sailors & beach “comber” are confined –- a pretty hard set are they are too. Had an audience of 22. The men (some) complained because I came just at the time they dished up their one daily meal. Some prisoners went outside but others remained inside & listened attentively. The sergeant went away & looked the irongate behind him leading into the yard & left me alone with the prisoners. At the conclusion of the service, in which I had to do everything alone except distribute song books & sing I bade them adieu. One asked me for 30 cts. I gave the men 2 New Testaments. The military prisoners who came in with me pulled some of the iron rods serving for pickets out of their sock, etc. I squeezed thro’ the opening & got into the main yard. One of the prisoners, a backslider Baptist & I had a talk re his soul; also spoke to another backslider; both seem interested.

Leaving Bilibid walked back via Paseo Azcarraga house. I saw my portrait, cut from a San Francisco War Cry, stuck on the wall of the civil prison over a bunk, with 2 pieces of green ribbons decorating the bottom. Where they secured the picture in a mystery to me.

Arriving home I was surprised to meet 2 U.S. soldiers 9th Reg’t regular waiting to see me –- Bro. (Private) Walter I. Mason of Co. D. & an unconverted friend. I spoke to the latter advising him to be come a Christian. Mason is member of Boston 1 Corps. (Mass.) Saved 3 years. Said Lt.-Col. W J. Cozens & Staff Capt. Sam Wood of Boston send regards to me. We had a long conversation & parted with prayer.

Must not neglect to state that on my return –- passing down Azcarraga, I was stopped by a 20th U.S. Infantry soldier, who introduced himself -– Private Wm Clark Co. M. Was converted in Philadelphia I Corps. (Penn.) 2 years since. Claims to be saved but smokes. Promised to call & see me. After my company left commenced writing more copy for “All the World” magazine. Private Clayton Scott dropped in & I ceased writing. At close of our conversation we prayed together & went down to Binondo Dist., beyond Puerta General Blanco to the “Old Folks at House” restaurant for supper. Three negroes, a Chinese & a white man are connected with this establishment in various capacities. The dinner was so inferior compared to the price charged that we concluded that this our second visit shall be our last. Scott intended to stand treat but his money was not equal to the bill, $1.20 Mex. The 20 cts I paid.

After dark Orderly Kelch of the 3d artillery called with a companion. He (Kelch) brought a letter from Private M. L. Devine (Landon) of K. battery 3d written at Malolos Apr 30th requesting the loan of $5 or $6 Mex. as he is unwell & the food is wretched. I sent by Kelch $3 American silver, also a letter. God bless Landon & the other boys.

Tuesday, April 25th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island – Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo

Paid rent for the month of April, to Mrs. Ysabel Wood – Amount $35. Mexican silver. This money is for No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Manila. My landlady instead of asking rent in advance was content to let the month get pretty well on before sending her usual recibo to “Juan Major Milsaps”. Paid her the money. Read a chapter or two in Leviticus, a psalm & prayed, then cooked breakfast. In company with Rev. Owens went to the post office. Was handed out some more papers.

Purchased some more shells for my cabinet from a Filipino. Am keeping a sharp look out for different for different kinds. Want to make my collections as complete as possible. Also purchased groceries and treated my companion to a couple of oranges.

Hurried back home. Capt. Morrison, his daughter Agnes & a little girl from Australia a sea Captain’s daughter were awaiting my return to hear the gramophone. Gave them their desire in the matter.

Dinner peanuts, an orange & lemonade.

Supper, oatmeal mush, fried bacon and cocoa.

Company claimed more of my time than I cared to give. Private D. G. Hines & “Red” another soldier, called re preparing for a stereopticon. To Hines I gave a New Testament & 2 War Crys to take to Bro. Schumerhorn – No. 1 Reserve Hospital.

Bro. Clayton Scott rode up on his poney. Had a brief spiritual talk & prayer together. He informed me of a Salvationist – a packer – just over with the last batch of U.S. Government mules. His name is A. J. Merritt. Belongs to S. F. No. 2 Corps. Gave Scott 2 War Crys to read & pass on to the new comer.

Tried to write more for “Harbor Lights”, but made little progress. Bothered too much. This knocks an expected trip to the country in the head. I must catch the next mail.

The Utah Artillery sentinel captured a Filipino man this afternoon with his revolver. The Filipino is a prisoner of war. Was taken to the Utah quarters & by making himself useful to the soldiers won their good will & secured the freedom of the troops. Commenced to dress in spotless white. Lately he contracted the habit of holding up Chinese & robbing them. Tried it this afternoon. Struck a Chinese on the head. When I saw the men, blood was running down the face of the Chinese. Mr. Filipino’s priviledges will probably be restricted now.

News is coming in this evening late that Calumpit was captured. Some of our men were killed & wounded; ditto the enemy. I heard that an advance to be made to the next town forthwith.

God blessed me with His love last night.

Sunday, Jan. 15th, 1899

Cavite, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Slow falling rain last night, cloudy all day with stiff breeze, sloppy streets & occasional light falls of rain.

Up early, cooked breakfast and hurried away to the ferry landing without stopping to wash dishes. Private Clayton Scott met me down near the wharf. Together we went to Cavite on the 8.30a.m. boat. Scott paid the expenses of travel & dinner. Upon arrival in Cavite we proceeded to a room in the long one-story building adjoining the Roman Catholic chapel, which connects San Felipe with San Domingo church. Here a Christian Endeavor Society are at work. Have a reading & writing room in which services are also held. Gloomy weather. Including myself only four persons attended, viz., Scott, & Privates Charles Lorentz, Andrew J. Smiths and Graham. Each testified. Had prayer. I read a bible lesson & exhausted the comrades to increased faithfulness to Christ’s cause.

The soldiers of the various commands were kept so close to quarters that they could not come. War is expected to commence anytime. Brothers Lorentz has charge of a detail & is fixing a building for an improvised military hospital. The improvisement of temporary hospitals is a significant sign. The seats we used in our meeting formerly belonged to same Roman Catholic order, for they had the seal of Saint Peter carved on the same.

After dinner we went outside the wall facing San Roque and took long observations of San Roque & the Insurrectos so far or circumstances would permit.

Home again on the 2.p.m. ferryboat.

Spoke to several persons personally about Christ and salvation.

Visitors 4 at No. 2.

From Comrades made up an audience for me in No. 2 for the evening meeting: Scott, Hines, Berry & Lloyd. I led a meeting. God was present. Troops in Manila are kept in their quarters.

Sixteen years ago tonight, in the Eddy street chapel (advent) San Francisco I gave in my name to Sergeant Henry Eden to become a private in the Salvation Army. I consider that to have been one of the most momentous steps of my life. Tremblingly I took the step in obedience to what I regarded as the will of God. The Lord has been my guide and protector from that day to this. He has kept & used me. Praise His dear name, otherwise I should have failed long ago. What long vista of change, of diversified experience, of usefulness stretch back over these 16 years! What a panorama of events unfold before memory’s eye! What a procession of persons (many of them now dead) march past me in solemn review! Oh, what a tremendously important thing is the life of a preacher of Christ and Him crucified! The Lord used me by voice & pen to preach the gospel to many thousands of immortal souls during these 16 blessed years. Without a doubt they have been the happiest of my life. Sixteen years of service in the Salvation Army means much – very much!

Friday, Jan. 13th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cloudy gloomy day, but dry and cool. This is the day season.

Was quite busy through the flying hours. Handled considerable money taking in and expending the same.

Commenced the day with bible reading & prayer as usual.

Cooked breakfast; ate thereof, washed dishes then struck out. Went to the post office in a carromata with Rev. C. Owens. He paid the fare. Bought 75 cts. (U.S. coin) worth of stamps, also 2 postal notes: viz., No. 4434 to Major Jno McFarlance, New Orleans, La., $5 U.S. gold to pay for a valise, the second, to Major Ashley Pebbles, Washington D.C. to pay for the gramophone & records & case purchased in New York. No. of postal 4435. Mailed these letters & the one to Ensign Jackson containing the $5 bill, donated her.

From the post office, I walked out to corner of San Miguel & Pascual de Casal streets & took a snap shot of the South Dakota quarters. Then called at the Montana qtrs. Met Berry & Freeman. Exchanged greeting & inquired re state of souls. Thence back to the Escolta & visited a photograph gallery to inspect their pictures. Also called at a couple of stores & purchased 4 blank note books, 65 cts Mex.

In the post office met Rev. (Chaplain) Mailie of the 1st Nebraska Vol. Inf. who inquired when I expected to come out again to Camp Santa Mesa. When I returned home, after thinking the matter over, wrote Private V. Herron of the Nebraska’s to arrange details with the Chaplain for a service next Monday night, the Lord willing. On my way down town I sent a letter into the Third Artillery barracks, Cuartel de Meisig, to meet me at the main entrance 2 p.m. or

The youngest son of my landlady, Mrs. Ysabel Wood, called for rent – No. 2 Calle Santa Elena – Paid him $35. Mex for the month of January & took her receipt.

About 2 p.m. I appeared at the main entrance of the artillery quarters. The sentry called the Sergeant & he felt disinclined to let me in without a pass. Private Frank Amie of Battery H. had been awaiting my arrival & met me inside the sentry line & according to a prearranged plan handed me a paper parcel. Returning home counted the contents which amounted to $35. 52 ½ in U.S. coin. That devoted man collected this money principally from batteries H. & K, 3d Reg’t Heavy artillery. 104 persons contributed. Wrote Annie & the men a letter of thanks.

Private D.C. Hines of the Montana vols. called to show me his photos, collected for stereopticon purposes. He brought me $3 U.S. coins from O.P. Georgeson, South Dakota Vol. Tenth League payment. With Hines I arranged as near as I could for a gramophone exhibition next week with the South Dakota troops, also Tuesday night service with the Montana men.

Visitors 3 again; prayed with them.

After supper our usual weekly holiness meeting did not materialize, only Scott, Flansberg, Rev. & Mrs. Owens & myself were present. We read paragraphically Micah IV & had prayer all around. I spoke to Flansberg about his soul; he is shaky again. Is in love with a mestizo woman against God’s will.

The U.S. troops are kept close in their barracks. In the meanwhile commissions appointed by General Otis & Aguinaldo are discussing differences. The two armies are keeping close watch on each other.

Financial standing today: Personal money (U.S.) $37.75

Salvation Army money-raised here (U.S. coin)    $77.63

Spanish money, silver & bills (S.A.) —                      $16.04

Value of S.A. money on hand as per Mex rate       $171.30

I have also on hand of Private Berry’s U.S. gold       $20.00

The Lord is causing the soldiers to assist me liberally with money, praise His dear name. The personal money is savings from my $9 weekly salary.

Tuesday, Jan. 10th, 1899

Manila, Luzon Island –Entry made in parlor of No. 2 Calle Santa Elena, Tondo.

Cool breeze blowing larger part of the day, reminded me of the temperate zone & had a tendency to brace me up, but still the least execution made my underwear wet with perspiration.

I feel very tired tonight. Walked out to San Miguel out to Calle de Gral. Solano. Took a photo of 1st Bat. 1st South Dakota vol. Inf. and called at the 1st Montana barracks. Saw Private Hines re holding a service after dark. Replied he thought it advisable. Returned home, cooked a cup of cocoa, partook of cold food, got my bible lesson, prayed & was off again. Hines, Lloyd, Freeman, Scott & 2 other comrades assisted me. Audience 30. Tried hard but could get no souls forward to seek Christ publicly. After meeting. Hines gave me $20 gold & Lloyd $2 U.S. silver, principally to settle for gramophone exhibition tickets. Will straighten accounts (D.V.) tomorrow.

During day at home wrote & copied 3 letters. Read several chapters in Winchell’s Walks & Talks in Geology. Feel much interest in Natural history as it reflects God’s thoughts. When downtown, the first time today called at the post office & brought back a letter for Rev. Owens. The same was a letter of credit notifying him that he can draw £60. This proved good news to him & his wife. They are $100 in debt. Borrowed money from friends. Recently on the Glooscap they rec’d a donation of $100. They have not paid me any rent since moving into No. 2 Were not able. They talk of squaring accounts.

Invited me to dinner. Special feature – ham & cabbage. Was highly appreciated.

Visitors to No. 2 None. The house remains empty now from noon till night. The U.S. troops are in fighting trim & are kept close to their barracks. Crowds continue to leave the city I am told. This continuous strain of impending battle is a marked feature of everyday life in Manila at the present time. Everything & everyday is kept in a state of suspense. I heard today that the Insurrectos outnumber the American soldiers 3 to 1. Also heard that Gen’l Otis is avoiding the offensive & waiting for reinforcements.