Edward R. Wernitznig

Edward R. Wernitznig

March 9, 1906 -- May 4, 1976), Captain in the U.S. Army serving in the 12th Medical Regiment of the Philippine Scouts. P.O.W.

Dec. 6, 1941

Reported to 57th Inf (PS) as Bgd Surgeon. Col. Clarke CO of57th. Nice fellow will get started to work Monday the 8th; how true this

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Dec. 7th, 1941

Mary’s Birthday: Lim Con came over this afternoon so I bought Mary: 1 Mandarin coat, 2 prs. lounging pajamas, 1 knit blouse, 3 slips, 1

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Dec. 8th, 1941

The event that everyone knew was to take place sooner or later took place. I went to work at 7:30 a.m. and saw Capt. Francis

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Dec. 9th, 1941

At 3:00 AM awakened by small arms fire shooting at enemy planes overhead. Considerable enemy aerial observation during the day. Nichols Field and Neilson airport

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December [15th], 1941

Moved from sugar central to a hacienda about 3 kilometer away. Were to stay until Christmas eve. On Dec. 13th officers of 57th were recommended

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Dec. 18, 1941

Maj. Ruth 12th med. Bn. visited today and explained various forms I am to fill out. Raveston has his collecting company at GUAGUA. NELL near

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Dec. 24-30, 1941

Left Del Carmen 9:00 PM 12/24 for position in vicinity of Angeles. Regt. C.P. 1 KM north of PORAC. Plenty of enemy aerial activity but

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Dec. 31st, 1941

Promoted to rank of Major; first war promotion in the 57th. Helped Raulston take care of bomb casualties from ORANI. What a sight.

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Jan. 1st, 1942

NEW YEAR’S DAY, what will 1942 bring for us. Many promotions in regiment today. No contact with enemy yet but considerable Japanese aerial observation.

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Jan. 4th, 1942

First contact with enemy. Went up to see how 1st & 3rd Bn Aid Stations were functioning. 2nd Bn in reserve. Glattly and Peters went

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Jan. 5-23, 1942

Constantly engaged with enemy. Both sides suffering considerable number of casualties. Enemy snipers inflicting damage to our men especially officers. Capt McCurdy D.C. killed by

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Dec. 30th-Jan. 24th, 1942

Arrived Abucay 5:00 A.M. 12/30; preparation of Abucay defense position. C.P. 300 yds West of church in Abucay. Immediately began digging fox holes.

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Jan. 24th, 1942

Withdrawal of the 57th from Abucay to vicinity Mt. Natib. Left Abucay at about 9:00 P.M. Traffic jam in BALANGA. While in town enemy opened

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Jan. 25-26, 1942

In bivouac north of Limay; movement after dark on the 26th for area north of Mariveles to engage enemy at LONGOSKAWAYAN.

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Jan. 27th-30th, 1942

Operation against enemy at LONGOSKAWAYAN POINT just beyond Mariveles. Enemy suffered heavy casualties. 2nd Bn 57th did most of the fighting. Enemy firmly entrenched in

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Jan. 31st, 1942

Moved up to vicinty of KM 200 to halt enemy on several points. 45th Inf (PS) & Constabulary not having much luck against them.

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Feb. 7th, 1942

Francis and I were to go to Hosps 1 & 2 Left KM 200 shortly before 2:00 P.M. with dive bombers overhead. At 2:02 P.M.

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Feb. 1 to 13th, 1942

On the 1st we engaged the enemy on SILAIM POINT, ANAYSAN POINT and were to continue this through the 12th. Heavy action throughout this period

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April 4th, 1942

Left late in AM for Gen. Hosp. # 1 at Little Baguio. Had supper at 4:00 P.M. Received word we were to move from signal

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April 6th, 1942

Today seemed the longest day I have lived. Planes and artillery firing heard all day from dawn to dark. Believe it or not we had

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April 7th, 1942

Bombers overhead shortly after dawn. Ceaseless flying of enemy observation and dive bombers. Regt CP moved forward about 300 yds on south slope of hill.

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April 8th, 1942

We walked all night and arrived at # 2 at 7:40 AM. tired, hungry and clothes torn. Had only 1 raincoat, 1 gas mask, 1

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April 9th, 1942

Bataan forces have surrendered however fighting continues in isolated spots due to all unit being unaware of the surrender. Heard nurses had left Mariveles for

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