Elizabeth Vaughan

Elizabeth Vaughan

Elizabeth Head Vaughan (1905 - September 29, 1957) journalist and Sociologist. Interned in the Bacolod Internment Camp and Santo Tomas internment camp in Manila, 1942-45.

December 8, 1941

On Monday morning, December 8 (it was still Sunday, December 7, in the U.S.), I was up early because my husband was out of town

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Tuesday, December 16, 1941

President Quezon’s first nationwide talk at 3:30, daylight saving time (changed clocks at midnight last night). Everyone listening. Had told servants to come to listen

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Thursday, December 18, 1941

Quezon’s speech on radio—first mention of it since first blocked-out broadcast. Evidently broadcast had been blocked by American headquarters, not Japanese. Puppy lost. Loss seemed

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Sunday, December 21, 1941

Shortest day in year, yet it Seemed interminable. Thoughts of Jim and realization that my conversation answered none of the important questions going through mind

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Monday, December 22, 1941

Noon broadcast announced 80 Japanese transports sighted off northern Luzon, obviously for major offensive against Philippines. Japanese troops in Davao engaged in heavy fighting. Most

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Tuesday, December 23, 1941

Called Mrs. Woods, Hawaiian-Philippine Central, to ask about using vacant staff house after talk with Captain Jones. Captain Jones advised me chances of getting to

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Thursday, December 25, 1941

To Hawaiian-Philippine Central at Silay in afternoon. Spent morning watching things loaded on truck and furniture stored in Bacolod. Took Jim’s clothes from suitcases packed

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Sunday, December 28, 1941

Manila heavily bombed yesterday after having been declared an open city. Santo Domingo Church in Intramuros (Walled City) destroyed by a direct hit. (Santo Domingo,

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Monday, December 29, 1941

Cholera, typhoid, and dysentery shots (first of series of three) for Beth, Clay, and me. First air raid shelter completed—blocks of pressed sugar cane residue,

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Tuesday, December 30, 1941

Dinner at the McMasters’. A real rolled roast, drinks before dinner, Christmas pudding with whipped cream (canned Nestle’s, of course). Bridge game on Central in

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Thursday, January 1, 1942

No Happy New Year today! Manila radio stations quiet during morning. Last station (government operated) 12:45 news broadcast was heartrending. Tears in announcer’s voice as

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Saturday, January 3, 1942

Manila in hands of Japanese, also Cavite naval base, though ships and supplies moved. Lt. Arnold (real name Archangelski), Russian from Manapla Central, sent word

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Sunday, January 4, 1942

Dinner—delayed Christmas dinner of “American milk-fed capon” at McMasters’ house. All talk of the new airport being built at Bacolod to accommodate large bombers. Since

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