August 19, 1970


August 19, 1970

11:00 PM

Imelda went alone to Quezon Province on Quezon’s birthday celebration and as usual was mobbed by the people in the five towns she visited with Sen. Pres. Pro Tempore Jose Roy.

Speculations will continue snowballing about her running for President after me.

Assured the German financiers and suppliers of Abaca Pulp and Paper Industry that the government is interested in the project and will push it through. This was necessary as the funds have lain idle for some time.

Scolded Gen. Garcia for announcing that he had ordered 3,000 armalites for the PC. In the first place this is not true as only two thousand five hundred have been bought and it was not his idea. It violates our security measures.

Am pushing the setting up of occupancy installations in Flat Island and Naushan Island because Freedom Island or Itu Ato has been occupied by the Nationalist government. I ordered the Air Force to air-photo the islands and they have submitted their report. The occupancy of Flat Island and Naushan Island will protect our shores – Palawan and our present grant of oil drilling rights in the Palawan shelf to the Seafront.

August 16, 1970

03 Diary of Ferdinand Marcos, 1970, 0261b-0412 (Jul01-Oct07)


August 16, 1970

12:05 AM

Posed for Florante Caedo, the young sculptor, from 10:00-12:00, for a bust from the life mask he made of me last Friday night. Imelda will be next. I will pose for him again Tuesday night.

Imelda visited Nini this afternoon with Dr. Estefania Aldaba Lim to make amends for the hurt that Hartzel Spence’ book on me. And she brought my letter of regrets. For the book had made it appear as if Pres. Quezon had persecuted me when the truth was that the subalterns, Maj. Guado of the NBI, then Fiscal Macadaeg, the Valle brothers of Tarlac, had done the falsification of the evidence specially the testimony of Calixto Aguinaldo from sheer bureaucratic overzealousness. Pres. Quezon had merely ordered justice to be meted out to the guilty party as I do now as President.

I believe I have prevented a PAL strike after I got CAB to increase the domestic rates and PAL increase the wages although this is not apparently acceptable to the unions.

Am working on the inclusion of administration press stories in the news throw-in sheet of the magazines specially the Liwayway Publications.

Am still obsessed about a good publishing house.

May 16, 1970

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May 16, 1970
The Mansion, Baguio

10:50 PM, Sunday
May 17th

I write this only tonight as the trip by boat last night was rough and I went to sleep at 11:00 PM. We started from Pier 15 at 8:15 and arrived at the San Fernando pier at 9:45 AM today. Outside the breakwater we were on a SE course with the wind from the North so we were rolling a little. This stopped when we rounded Cochines point at the south of the Bataan Peninsula. But the swells in the China Sea made Bongbong sick, he had to be given half a bonamine. Stevie Cu Unjieng vomited twice and Tessie Yulo once. But the rest were all good sailors.

In the morning I left at 7:30 AM to Lipa City – Fernando Air Base to speak at the graduation of the Flying Cadets (19) and student officers (12 and PMA’ers). Had to travel by car and it took us one hour and a half because of the fact that the airplane crashes have made Meldy nervous everytime I fly. (We just received from PAL the picture of the AVRO plane that crashed at Pantabangan with its tail section blown off apparently by explosives, then the right wing disintegrating then turning upside down just before impact on the ground). The PAC plane of Boy Tuason, Andy Roxas and Peggy Lim had an engine burn on take-off, the pilot feathered it but banked steeply on the dead engine instead of the functioning one, so stalled and crashed on its nose. The PAL Fokker plane that crashed in Iligan took off below minimal requirements as it was raining heavily and visibility was 100 yards, hit a mound of dirt on the side, twisted around and burned after all the passengers had escaped the plane. The stewardess who was about to put on her belt was thrown off the door that flew open and died of a cracked skull (the only casualty).

Returned to Manila at 10:30 AM to arrive at the Escolta PNB building at 12:00 to address the Rice and Corn


May 16, 1970 ( Cont)



Federation convention.

Then went to Malacañang at 1:00 PM to meet Gen. Menzi on his Pulp and Paper project and the PHILCOX man, Tony Tiotko on the navigational aids valued at $12.5 million they are installing.

At 3:00 PM after some conferences and a 15 minute nap, I was at Del Monte to inaugurate the new 15,000 cavan a day rice polishing and processing plant of the Mindanao Progress Corporation of Roberto Tulio. Conference at Bonifacio 4:30 PM to 7:00. Malacañan to pick up some books, papers and clothes and was at the boat at 7:30 PM where I met Henry Martel on the Navotas reclamation project of Ramon Clinamco and Monching Cojuangco on the PLDT franchise which Maj. Fl. Leader Veloso badly mishandled. I had warned him that his asking ₱200,000 only for Montano the minority

floor leader was going to lead to a scandal. Monching Cojuangco also went ahead and paid the grease money although I do not believe Lening when he says that he did not keep any part of it. The House on the motion of Maning Zosa and the promptings of Danding Cojuangco voted to recall of the franchise and now there is a serious move to change Veloso as majority floor leader.

I scolded Monching a little for the bungling.

Imelda is smarting from Nini Quezon Avanceña’s remarks to Fanny Aldaba Lim that we may be hardworking, intelligent and sincere but we are making too much money. She mentioned Al Yuchengco. We are also supposed to own Atlas, Dole, AG&P and other big corporations. If they only knew!!!!


March 9, 1970



Office of the President

of the Philippines


Mar 9, 1970

I still feel that my greatest contribution to the country will still be saving it from communism. It would be easy to adopt palliatives and delay the confrontation with this deadly peril. But this would be the easy way out. After my term and within the decade or the next the nation would have to confront it anyway. And I would have been guilty of dereliction of duty if not cowardice for not facing up to it and rooting it out while I had the opportunity and the power.

So I am decided that I must risk even the future of my family so as to save our freedoms and individual dignity. The issue has become this simple and brutal. It is a matter of survival. It is a matter of daring or not –on my part. And I decide to dare.



June 24, 1969 — Tuesday

Feast of St. John the Baptist.

This is the 398th foundation anniversary of Manila. Villegas has called it ARAW NANG MAYNILA. and President Marcos has declared it an official holiday for Manila only. Manila was founded by Legaspi and Urdaneta in 1571.

I went to the Lourdes Hospital to see Dr. Aldanese operate on Mr. Garduno a patient of Philippine Cancer Society. It was a very long and tiresome operation so I did not wait for the end.

This afternoon at 3 p.m. I went to Oceanic Store in Escolta to buy the wedding gift for Miss Linda Cantada. I talked to her last night and she specified she wanted a Big Ben alarm clock de Luxe. I then went to Dasmariñas Village. Makati to deliver it. I then had a one hour clinic at Oceanic Pasong Tamo. Returned home 5:30 p.m. I Retired at 9:15 p.m., although I already had a good one hour nap after dinner.

October 26, 1966

The White House Date October 26, 1966
President Lyndon B. Johnson Day Wednesday
Daily Diary
The President began his day  at: Manila Hotel, Manila, Philippine Islands
Time Telephone (f or t) Activity (include visited by)
In Out
7:54a t Bill Moyers
8:01a t Lynda Bird Johnson — Wash D.C.
8:20a t Dale Malachek — LBJ Ranch, Texas
8:53a t Walt Rostow
9:25a t Bill Moyers
9:45a t Harry McPherson
The President slept in this morning –up at about 7:45 a.m. –eggs for breakfast instead of chipped beef, apple juice– toast and marmalade — tea
In the room this morning — Leonard Marks, Director of USIA
Jake Jaconsen
(The President asked for Jack Valenti but he couldn’t be located — he stayed at the Palace.)
Harry McPherson in this morning to talk about this morning’s speech.
Leonard Marks discussed the presentation of the television report to the American people which is to be used around the world — it can serve both purposes. Marks reported to the President that he had printed 50,000 copies of the Manila Conference pamphlet containing the declaration, the cmmunique, speeches and had shipped it to the six nations involved. Marks talked about getting instructions out to all of our 105 countries where we have information offices interpreting the Manila Conference. Marks told the President of his plans of getting worldwide distribution as soon as possible. Marks:nf
The President this morning read digests of all the news from back home
As hefiled out of his suite, the President walked by a group of paintings selected for his perusal, and the TWO were selected.
two abstracts
A yellow brown carabao (water buffalo) on grey background — by Oscar Zalameda
Three women w/ fish motif — yellow dominant w/ muted orange –red and dark blue as contrast by MagsaysayO
11:04a In hall outside suite w/ Jake, JV, Mrs. J, Leonard Marks — looking at possible painting to be purchased –selected one of a fishing village
11:10a Depart Manila Hotel, back entrance, by motorcade accompanied his automobile — w/ Mrs. Johnson, MW
On driving the Embassy grounds, the motorcade proceeded to the dock, where the President dropped Mrs. Johnson — then on the U.S. Embassy helicopter pad
11:14a Helicopter U.S. Embassy Pad for Fort Bonifacio w/ Ambassador Blair, Jim Jones, Marie Fehmer, Marvin Watson, Ken Gaddis. agents: Youngblood an Johns.
11:23a Arrive helicopter pad at Philippine Army Headquarters — Fort Bonifacio — for visit to Philippine cemetery (Libingan ng mga Bayani”) (Resting Place of Heroes)
11:25a Depart by motorcade w/ President Marcos, Amb Blair, Amb Romualdez
11:30a Arrive Philippine cemetery for wreath-laying ceremony at tomb of the unknown.
Interred here are the remains of the men who fought at Bataan, Corregidor and those who were killed in guerrilla warfare against the Japanese in different parts of the Philippines. Greeted at the departure point by General Santos Garcia, Commanding General of the Philippine Army and the Secy of National Defense, Alfonso Arellano
official wreath-laying ceremony
The President was assisted by Col. Conmy and Major Robinson
11:40a Depart Philippine Cemetery by motorcade w/ President Marcos, Amb. Blair, Amb. Romualdez
11:45a Arrive gates of American cemetery — drove up right hand driveway and stopped at curbside — greeted by
This is situated six miles from Manila — within the limits of the former Army Reservation Fort William McKinley. The military dead came from temporary cemeteries in New Guinea, the Philippines, and other Islands of the Southwest Pacific and Central Pacific area. Mr. Otto Kaufmann, Superintendent, Manila-American Cemetery and memorial
Lt. James W. Wilson, Commander, 13th Air Force — Clark Air Base, P.I.
Major Gen James R. Winn, Chief, Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group, P.I.
Rear Admiral Herman J. Kossler, Commander, U.S. Navy, P.I.
Hail to the Chief, played — walked over grass toward Troop Commander and Chapel Base. U.S. Marines,sailors, Coast Guard, and army personnel in two files forming honor cordon to Memorial Chapel Plaza.
Two national anthems —
wreath laying —
then taps
(a very moving ceremony)
12:00p 12:05p Departed American cemetery for helicopter pad, Fort Bonifacio
12:05p Arrived pad — departed immediately by helicopter for Los Banos w/ Amb. Blair, Amb. Romualdez, Rufus Youngblood. President Marcos, JV, Ken Gaddis, MW, Dr. Burkley, Jim Jones
12:34p Arrived International Rice Research Institute at Los Banos — a beautiful, but hot place. The weather must have been in the 90 degree range, w/ intermittent –very sparse– drizzle. And the President and First Lady both showed the wear of the heat. The President was perspiring heavily, and Mrs. Johnson’s makeup needed freshening.
Los Banos is located in Laguna Province, forty miles southeast of Manila. Both Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation have been responsible for construction and operation, of the IRRI. It conducts a comprehensive research program on the rice plant and its desire to find ways to increase rice yields.
Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Marcos joined the party at this stop.
The President walked down a cordon of Philippine troops and then through a very long receiving line –made up of officials of IRRI, the Agricultural College of the Philippines and the town of Los Banos.
12:40p Presidential party leaves by motorcade for a tour of the rice fields —
The President and Mrs. Johnson
President and Mrs. Marcos
Amb Blair
Amb Romualdez
rode in a small air conditioned bus.
One stop was made — the four principals departing the bus and walked to a rice paddy demonstrating techniques of transplanting rice cultivation. A very interesting scene, natives barefooted up to their knees in the rice paddy, water plows being pulled by water buffalo –the President was very interested– and paid particular attention to the water buffalo (a mean looking animal)
Another stop was made at a paddy of new experimental rice — walkways had been built, and the President walked between the paddies of old rice and newly developed rice.
He then walked 50 feet to nearby stand-up microphone for brief remarks —
introduced by Dr. Robert Chandler, Jr., former President of Univ. of New Hampshire
REMARKS by the President
is a very picturesque sight — an umbrella being held over the President to protect him from the hot sun, palm trees in the background, and in the far far, background, great mountains covered in deep green vegetation.
1:05p The President concluded his remarks, and proceeded through large, large crowds — screaming, and waving flags — to the dining room. He merely walked through the dining — CANCELED the planned lunch he was to have there — and went to the helicopter. A surprise move, and staff members had to hustle to get through the crowd. — in the dining room, he greeted briefly about 22 luncheon guests.
1:15p Wheels up — via helicopter — for Corregidor w/ Mrs. Johnson, President and Mrs. Marcos. Amb. Blair, Amb Romualdez
MW, Jim Jones, Okamoto, Jack Valenti, mf
(talk about Philippines GNP, civil side of war in VietNam)
the helicopter circled Corregidor for views of gun emplacements, barracks, etc at Battery Hearn, Battery Crockett, Battery Way, etc.
2:45p Helicopter landed at Bottom Side (surrender site) —
The President walked w/ President Marcos to a spot near where General Wainwright surrendered, and to a small monument “Corregidor” –two microphones, and the President (donned a Veterans cap as did Marcos) and President Marcos stood facing the memorial.
1:55p 2:10p REMARKS by the President
The President received a symbolic title scroll of one square inch of Philippine soil as a gift to the Americans who lost their lives on Philippine soil.
Then in a motorcade the President riding w/ President Marcos — motorcade one-quarter mile to point where they could see tunnel entrance and stopped at Malinta Tunnel Historical marker — the marker explained Malinta Tunnel’s mission, General MacArthur’s departure and return to Corregidor.
Then they drove to see the batteries.
(said goodbye to President and Mrs. Marcos, and Mrs. Johnson)
2:29p Arrive helicopter area, boarded helicopter for w/ Jack Valenti, Dr. Burkley, mf, J Jones, MW, Okamoto, Rufus Youngblood, Lem Johns, Ken Gaddis
2:46p Arrived U.S. Naval Station, Sangley Point
2:50p On AF One 26000 at U.S. Naval Station, Sangley Point, Manila, Philippines
Straight through cabin to bedroom
2:54p Out in pajamas and robe to stateroom for takeoff. Also in cabin were:
Hon. Leonard Marks, Director, USIA
Jack Valenti
Jake Jacobsen
Secretary Dean Rusk
Hon. Clark Clifford
Governor Farris Bryant
Hon. William P. Bundy, Assnt Secy of State for Far Eastern Affairs
3:00p LUNCH in stateroom
3:15p All staff ad others out — PRESS POOL in state room
Hal Pachios
Rufus Youngblood
3:52p To back of plane kidding mf and marys not to get lost with any young officers — also kidding Jack Velenti about taking Mary Esther Garner to the Barrio Fiesta last night.
3:55p To bedroom to rest
3:56p 4:20p Clark Clifford in bedroom
Aboard AF One 26000 from Sangley Point to
The President Clark Clifford
Secretary Rusk Jack Valenti
Marvin Watson HMCS Mills
Gov. Bryant William Bundy
Jim Jones Mr. Jordan
Ken Gaddis Mr. Hardesty
Okamoto Leonard Marks
Lt. Atkins Paul Glynn
Dr. Burkley Youngblood, USSS
Marie Fehmer L. Johns, USSS
Jake Jacobsen Johnsen, USSS
Godfrey, USSS Nunn, USSS
Mary Slater Hal Pachlos
Mr. Schoen Mr. Sparks
K. Lynch PRESS POOL: Merriman Smith
Mr. McNulty B. Thompson F. Ward Joe Pinto
S. Davis G. Silk J. Atherton
R. Shakford F.Cormier F. Lara
H. Georges Hofferman P. Lisagor
G. Peleuses
(The portion onward, fron wheels down in Cam Ranh Bay at 4:34p are not included in The Philippine Diary Project)