Monday, 22 January 1565

Around ten in the morning, land was discovered which seemed to be at the turn northwest around ten leagues. Its coast seemed northeast southwest and at the south southwest there was a round headland across the sea and on top of it 2 or 3 cliffs with a flat crown; at the turn north, there was a ravine and on it a cliff a little bigger than the others, then there was a highland and from there the land was lower and looked like a galley on the high seas. And beyond the north there were low lands and high lands in some parts; and at the land and headland which seemed to be on the high seas, at the turn south emanated a plain, low and inhabited, 1/4 of a league long. And then there was an island at the turn south-southwest about a league away from the land protruding from the headland; and from the island to this land there was a reef surrounded by the sea, on which were small stones. And this island, as far as I could see was small, around 9 leagues away. Then after going two leagues, we saw 45 canoes sailing which looked like lateen boats on each of which there were 6 or 8 men; in some, 12 and others 12 or 13 and more. Each one told us to anchor in their land where they lived which was along the seashore. Tonight, we reached southwest of this small island and the flagship was able to anchor past midnight, between 3 and 4 in the morning. And the galleon San Juan and almiranta anchored later on a bay at the back of the islet. From this islet, to a point three leagues going north-northwest, south-southeast; at the part north-northwest, there was an islet about a quarter of a league which was all stone, and from this islet to the land there was a reef with big stones on top.

This same day, Tuesday, at dawn, with the flagship and the rest of the ships anchored, around 250 paraos or more came alongside to trade. They had plenty of coconuts and bananas, rice and fish and other produce of the land. The people of the armada bartered these with playing cards. Some soldiers tied a cord around their necks and hung kerchiefs of all colors from it. When the Indios saw these, they gave whatever they had for these fabrics. I saw a seaman put a cord around his neck and hang a cow’s horn from it and when the Indios saw this, they gave 6 or 7 coconuts for it. And when the Indios had this on hand, they did nothing but look at it and this gave everyone a big laugh. Others bartered with old shoes and did as the others and with this bartered for what was brought. These Indios said that they did not want anything but nails and knives. These Indios are such great shameless cheats that the rice they brought in baskets had sand or coconut shells under and a little rice on top that made it appear that the
baskets were full. They are so shameless that they offered us their women and brought them on their canoes and asked us if we wanted them and this gave both them and the women a big laugh.

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